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人教版新目标八年级Unit5 Do you want to wactch a game show 知识点归纳

发布时间:2013-10-25 13:39:18  

短语

think of认为 learn from从……获得;向……学习 find out查明;弄清楚

talk show谈话节目 game show游戏节目 soap opera肥皂剧

go on发生 watch a movie看电影 a pair of一双;一对

try one’s best尽某人最大努力 such as例如 have a discussion about就……讨论

one day有一天 as famous as与……一样有名 dress up打扮;梳理

take sb.’s place代替;替换 do a good job干得好 something enjoyable令人愉快的东西

interesting information有趣的资料 one of……之一 look like看起来像

around the world全世界 a symbol of……的象征 be famous for 以…而出名

come out 出版,发表,出现,出来,开花,发芽

固定结构

let sb. do sth.让某人做某事 plan to do sth.计划/打算做某事 hope to do sth.希望做某事

happen to do sth.碰巧做某事 expect to do sth.盼望做某事 How about doing…?做……怎么样?

be ready to do sth.乐于做某事 try one’s best to do sth.尽力做某事

知识点与语法

1.follow( v.) 跟随,跟着, 遵守,听从

听从某人的建议: follow\take one’s advice

她听从了我的建议现在一切顺利。She followed my advice and everything goes well.

1. go on 发生,与 take place

I wonder what was going on.

翻译:隔壁发生了什么?

2.happen v.发生,一般指偶然发生,主语为事,不能为人。

Sth + happens to sb. A traffic accident happened to his elder brother yesterday.

Sth + happens + 地点/时间,意为:某地/某时发生了某事

An accident happened on Park Street.

happen v,表示“碰巧”,主语可以是人,后常跟动词不定式to,表示“碰巧??”.

Sb + happens to do sth.

I happened to see my uncle on the street.

* take place 意为“发生,举行,举办”,一般指非偶然性事件的“发生”,即这种事件的发生一定有某种原因或事先的安排。例:

Great changes have taken place in China.

The meeting will take place next Friday.

3.expect v. 期待,盼望,预期,后常接四种结构:

1)expect + 名词/代词,期待某事/某人,预计??可能发生。

I’m expecting Li Lin’s letter.

2)expect to do sth. 预计做某事

Lily expects to come back next week.

3)expect sb. to do sth.

I expect my mother to come back early.

4)expect + 从句 预计??I expected that I’ll come back next Monday.

4. serious a. 严肃的,认真的。

He is a serious man.

be serious about sb/sth.

对某人/某事当真Peter is serious about Jenny. He wants to get married to her.

be serious about doing sth. 对某事当真 ____He’s serious about selling his house.

5. mind的用法

mind作及物动词,意为_______________,常用于疑问句、否定句和条件句中,后接名词、代词、动词-ing形式或从句。

Eg: Do you mind my opening the window?(疑问句)

I don’t mind where we go.(否定句)

拓展:Would you mind sb.s\sb doing sth.? 你介意某人做某事吗?

同意(不介意)常用:No,of course not. \ No not at all.\No, please do.\Certainly not.

不同意(介意)常用:Sorry you’d better not…\I’m sorry…。

如:你介意我把窗户打开吗?Would you mind my\I opening the window?

短语:never mind 别介意,没关系。 make up one’s mind下决心 change one’s mind改变主意

6.meaningless 毫无意义的 n. meaning 意义 v. mean意味着

n+less后缀的词:use hope care help home end…

7.successful (adj.) 成功的 n. success

v. succeed adv. successfully

Succeed in (doing) sth=be successful in (doing) sth= have success in (doing) sth.成功地做某事

他成功的解决了这个问题。

8.stand v。忍受,忍耐,经受(疼痛、煎熬、寒暑等)常用于否定和疑问句中。

结构:stand to do sth. stand doing sth.

翻译:她受不了一直这样等着。

你受得了明天再到那里去吗?

9.You can expect to learn a lot from them. 你可以从中学到很多东西。

expect vt.期待,期盼,预期;其后常接名词,代词,复合宾语或从句。

look forward to (doing)期盼

10.询问别人观点的句型:

What do you think of . . .? = How do you like......?

What does he/she think of . . .? = How does he/she like......?

b.表达自己的观点:

I love/like/ don’t mind/ don’t like/can’t stand......

I agree with you. / I don’t agree with you.

Eg: ---What do you think of your English teacher?

---We all love him.

语法要点

动词不定式作宾语

1.可以接带to的动词不定式作宾语的动词主要有:要求、选择、同意(ask, choose, agree),期望、决定、学习(expect, hope, decide, learn),宁可、假装、知道(prefer, pretend, know),希望、想要、愿意(wish, want, would like / love)。如:

1)We decided to talk to some students about why they go there.

2)He prefers to eat white bread and rice.

3)I’d love to visit Mexico

2.动词decide, know, learn, show, teach, tell...,介词结构on...可用疑问词带to的不定式短语作宾语,但why后面的不定式不带to。如:

1)Could you please tell me where to park my car?

2)It gives advice on what to do in lots of different situations.

注意:疑问词带不定式在句中作成分时,谓语动词用单数。

The question is how to put it into practice. 问题是怎样把它付诸实施。

3.动词feel, find, make, think等后面,可以用it作形式宾语代替真正的宾语——动词不定式,句子结构是...feel / find / make / ... it+adj. / n.+to do...。如:

I find it difficult to remember everything.

4.既可接动词不定式又可接ving形式作宾语,意思差别不太大的动词有begin, start, like, love等。一般说来,动词不定式表一次、数次的具体动作、将来动作或动作的全过程,ving形式表习惯性的连续动作。但是这种区别并不很严格,特别是美国英语,即使是习惯性的动作也可以用动词不定式。如:

1)Then I started to watch English-language TV.

2)I’m beginning to understand my Chinese roots, and who I am.

begin用了进行时态,后面只接不定式作宾语,表示事情刚开始,还要继续下去。

3)I like to eat vegetables.

感知动词like, love, know等一般不用进行时态。

5.后接动词不定式或ving形式作宾语,意思差别较大的动词有forget, remember等。后接不定式作宾语,表动作尚未发生;后接ving形式作宾语,表动作已经发生。

1、stop to do 停止,中断做某事后去做另一件事。

stop doing 停止做某事。

2、forget to do 忘记要去做某事。 (未做) forget doing 忘记做过某事。 (已做)

3、remember to do 记得去做某事 (未做) remember doing 记得做过某事 (已做)

4、regret to do 对要做的事遗憾。 (未做) regret doing 对做过的事遗憾、后悔。 (已做)

5、cease to do 长时间,甚至永远停做某事。 cease doing 短时停止做某事,以后还会接着做。

6、try to do 努力,企图做某事。

try doing 试验,试着做某事。

7、go on to do 做了一件事后,接着做另一件事。 go on doing 继续做原来做的事。

8、mean to do 打算、想

mean doing 意味着

如:1)When I left home, I had forgotten to bring it with me.

2)I stopped using them last year.

及物动词+不定式一般形式:

典型例题

用所给词的正确形式填空。

1.People in the west often think that the number thirteen is ______ (luck)

2.The students are having a _____ (discuss) about TV shows.

3.I can’t stand ______(watch) the soap opera.

4.My brother with my father _____(be) going to Shanghai tomorrow.

5.He planned _____(go) to Beijing next holiday.

选择(1)Can you help me _____ what time the train leaves?

A. find out B. look for C. watch D. see

(2)I like watching news. I want to know what is _____ around the world.

A. go on B. goes on C. going on D. went on

下列各句均有一处错误,请找出并改正。

1. He don’t mind the wallet. ____________

2. I don’t have a watch, a scarf and sunglasses.____________

3. Each student in our school wear a uniform.____________

4. How does your mother think of the belt? ____________

课堂练习

一.单项选择

1. My friend , Henry,was born _____June 10,1997.

A. In B.on C.at D.for

2. --- Could you please show me ______.

--- sure,no problem.

A. How i can use the computer

B. How can i use the computer

C. What i can use the computer

3. Why not _____a meeting at once?

A.have B.to have C.having D.had

4. ---when ______it ______?

--- about two days ago.

A.do,start B.did,start C.does,start D.did,started

5. Does your father have _____to say?

A.important anything B.anything important C.important something D.something important

6. One of the students ______doing some reading now.

A.are B.is C.was D.were

7. He gets up early_____ the early bus.

A.catch B.to catch C.caught d.catching

8. I’ll try my best ____you.

A.help B.to help C.helping D.to helping

9. This math problem is ____that one.

A.as easy as B.more easy than C.as easier as D.easy than

10. You can do a lot of things on holiday, such as _____.

A.practice swimming B.to practice swimming

C.practiced swimming D.practicing swimming

二.用所给单词的适当形式填空

1. Thank you for the ______ (enjoy) evening

2. Can you tell me more about ___________ (America) festivals?

3. Her ______(one) book came out in 1960.

4. We are ready _____(face) the challenge.

5. I am ________(lucky) enough to miss the last train.

三.根据汉语提示翻译句子。

1.长城是中国的标志。

2.我会尽我最大的努力使你高兴。

3.他新创作的小说什么时候出版?

4.丽丽像她的双胞胎妹妹露西。

5.迈克化装成猴王。

6.木兰代替她爸爸去从军作战。

课后练习

单项选择

( )1."________do you_________sitcoms?"

"I love them."

A.How, think of B.What, like of C. What, think of D.What, like

()2.My mother wants me ________.

A. help her B.not help her C.not to watch TV D.to not watch TV

( )3.Mickey is one of _________ in the world.

A. famousest cartoon character

B.the most famous cartoon characters

C. famousest cartoon characters

D. the most famous cartoon character

( )4. I don’t like action movies. I think they’re ________.

A.boring B.difficult C.interesting D.exciting

()5. He even ________ a Beijing Opera artist.

A.want to be B.wants to be C.want is D.is want

()6.I don’t mind what _________.

A .do you think of me B .do you think of me

C. you think of me D. you like of me

( )7.I don’t mind _____ the window. .It’s too cold.

A, close B. closing C. to close D. closes

( )8. .He looks rich. ______, he is very poor.

A. But B. However C. While D.Yet

( )9.She expect ______ the film Tiny Times directed by Guo Jingming.

A. see B. to see C. seeing D. to seeing

( )10.Pleasant Goat and Big Big Wolf is _____.

A .serous B. meaningless C. enjoyable D. simple

二.完形填空。

Yesterday Princess Eva (夏娃公主)was happy. She went to great party. The weather was sunny. And the food was 31 . There were a lot of clowns and a band. She had a good time. 32 there was a bad magician at the party. Princess Eva saw the magician and she laughed. But the magician didn’t 33 . He touched her mouth with a want.(魔杖) He said“From now on, you can’t talk..You can’t laugh.”And Princess Eva 34 make a sound. Princess Eva could feel, hear see, and taste. But she couldn’t 35 . She couldn’t laugh. A doctor came and look at her fingers, her 36 , her eyes, her nose, and her tongue. She wasn’t ill.But something was 37 . Even a clown couldn’t make her laugh!But then one day, a nice man came to the town. He had a band of 38 . His dog, his cat, and his horse sang for the princess. They made loud noises. They sounded 39 ! But it was very happy they the princess started to 40 . “Look! I can laugh! I can talk! ”She cried. It was a happy day.

( ) 11. A. bad B. terrible C. delicious D. awful

( ) 12. A. Because B. But C. So D. Though

( ) 13. A. tell B. shout C. say D. laugh

( ) 14. A. can’t B. mustn’t C. needn’t D. couldn’t

( ) 15. A. talk B. listen C. smile D. laugh

( )16. A. leg B. ears C. neck D. feet

( ) 17. A. right B. OK C. nice D. wrong

( )18. A. plants B. colors C. animals D. shapes

( ) 19. A. good B. terrible C. nice D. happy

( ) 20. A. cry B. walk C. run D. laugh

阅读部分

三.阅读理解。

A

Helen's eyes are not good, so she usually wears glasses. But when she goes out with a young man, she doesn't wear her glasses. When she comes back home, she begins to wear her glasses again. One day her mother asks her," But Helen, why don't you wear your glasses when you are with Jim? He takes you to many beautiful places in his car, but you don't see anything." "Yes, mother," says Helen, "but I look nice to Jim when I am not wearing my glasses, and he looks nice to me, too."

( )21. Why does Helen usually wear glasses?

A. Because her eyes are good.

B. Because her eyes are bad.

C. Because she looks nice when she wears glasses.

D. Because she wants to wear glasses.

( ) 22. Does the young man often take her to beautiful places?

A. Yes, he did. B. No, he didn't C. Yes, he didn't . D. No, he did.

( )23.Does Helen wear glasses at home?

A. Yes, she does. B. No, she doesn't C. Sometimes D. Never.

( )24. What does she usually do when she is with the young man?

A. She often goes to the cinema.

B. She doesn't wear glasses.

C. She wears glasses.

D. She is often at home.

( )25. Why doesn't Helen wear glasses when she is with Jim?

A. She doesn't like glasses. B. Her eyes are good.

C. The young man doesn't like the girls with glasses.

D. She can look nice to Jim. Jim also can look nice to her.

B 阅读短文,判断下列句子是否符合短文内容。符合的写(T),不符合的写(F)。

RIO de Janeiro (里约热内卢) will host the 2016 Olympic Games. The International Olympic Committee (国际奥委会) announced it on October 2. Rio beat Chicago, Tokyo and Madrid to win the bid (赢得举办权). It will be the first South American city to host the Games. The city will also host the 2014 World Cup. Rio de Janeiro is the second largest city in Brazil (巴西). Rio has the world's largest urban (城市中的) forest, the Tijuca forest. Every year Rio de Janeiro holds a carnival (狂欢节). It is like a big party. People dress up, dance samba (桑巴) and have fun. It usually lasts for a week. More than 2 million tourists come to Rio every year. Half a million people visit the city for the carnival each year. People celebrated when Rio won the 2016 Olympic bid.

( )26. RIO de Janeiro is the capital of Brazil.

( )27. Tokyo will host the 2014 World Cup.

( )28. A carnival usually lasts for a month.

()29. RIO de Janeiro will be the first South American city to host the Olympic Games.

()30. Lots of people visit RIO de Janeiro for the Olympic Games each year.

四.句子。(每小题2分,共20分)

A.根据所给中文提示完成英文句子。

61.I think game shows are _____ ______(更有教育意义) than sitcoms.

62.One symbol ____ ____ ____(在美国的文化中) is a cartoon.

63. ____ ______ ______(在二十世纪三十年代),he made 87 cartoons with Mickey.

64. Lei Feng ____ _____ _____ ____(总是准备) help others.

65.Today’s cartoons are usually _____ _____ _____ _____ (不像那么简单) little Mickey Mouse, but everyone still knows and loves him.

B.按要求完成下列各题。

66. I don’对画线部分提问)

_____ _____ _____ _____this movie? 对画线部分提问)

_____ ______he want ____ _____?

对画线部分提问)

_____ _____ ______ ______ ______ the comedies.

69.You can’t play soccer in the hallways.(改为祈使句)

_____ _____soccer in the hallways.

70. I think scary movies are fantastic.(改为否定句)

I _____ _____scary movies _____ fantastic.

五.书面表达。

写出你所喜欢的一部电影,并对此片做一些介绍及发表自己的评论。

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