Unit 2 I used to be afraid of dark
? 本课教学目标： 会用used to do 句型描述 自己或他人在学习、生活方式 上的变化。
? 本课重点句型: Did she use to …? She used to …
Medium build Medium height Fat/heavy Tall/short Beautiful/ugly handsome Curly/blonde hair
outgoing serious friendly shy Hard-working
How to talk about the appearance and personality?
What does Tom look like?
He is tall and he has short black hair.
What is Tom like? He is a little serious but he is very kind.
quiet outgoing friendly sports
Section A 2b
［单元课文重点分析］ 1. I’m on the swim team. 我是游泳队成员。/我参加了游泳队. 类似的说法还有： I’m on the soccer team 或 I play on the soccer team. 2. People sure change. 人们的确是要变的。/人们肯定会变化的. sure在这里为副词。 如：It sure was cold. 天气确实很冷。
3. I’m more interested in sports.
be interested in 对……感兴趣
used to do和be used to doing. ①be used to 是“习惯于”某一客观事实和状态， 不强调动作，to是介词，后面接名词或动名词， 如： I am used to the weather here.
我已经习惯于这里的天气了。 He is used to hard work. 他习惯于艰苦的工作。 ②get（或become）used to指的是从不习惯到习惯 这一过程的转变，另外，它往往包含着克服困难去适 应的意思。 如： You will soon get used to the weather here. 你会习惯于这里的天气的。 In the end, I got used to doing the hard work. 最后，我终于习惯干苦活了。
Target Language: 1. I used to be short when I was young. 我年轻时个子很矮。 2. —Did you use to have straight hair? 你过去是直发吗？ —Yes, I did. 是的。 3. —Did you use to play the piano? 你过去弹钢琴吗？ —No, I didn’t. 不，我不弹。
4. I used to be afraid of dark. 我过去害怕黑暗。
5. I’m terrified of the snakes. 我害怕蛇。 6. Did you use to be afraid of being alone? 你过去害怕独自一人呆着吗？ Yes, I did. 是的，我怕。 7. I used to walk to school. 我过去走着上学。
SectionA 3a. ※be afraid of 害怕……, 后面可接名词、 代词和动词－ing 形式。 例：Are you afraid of snakes? 你害怕蛇吗？ He is afraid of going out alone at night. 他害怕在夜里独自外出。 ※be afraid 后面还可接动词不定式，和宾 语从句。 例：Don’t be afraid to ask for help if you need it. 如果你需要，不要害怕向别
※注意区分alone和lonely alone的意义是“单独、独自的”， 而lonely则指“孤独的、寂寞的”。试看下 面这个句子： The old man’s wife died a year ago. He lives alone now, but he never feels lonely. 这位老人的妻子一年前去世了， 他独自生活，但从不感
※still 我们用still来说明某人或某物没有变化。 eg.She still lives in Mexico. still应放在主要动词前面 eg.He still lives in New Zealand. still应放在be动词后面。 eg.He is still crazy after all these year
s. still 应放在像can, may, should这样的 助动词之后 eg.She can still play the piano.
Section A 3b
→- Are you still afraid of the dark? - I’m terrified of the dark. afraid的词组有be afraid of sth 害怕某物 eg. She’s afraid of dogs. eg. He’s afraid of seeing strangers. 在口语中也说 eg.I’m afraid he’s out at the moment. 我想他现在出去了。 be terrified of doing sth 是个同义词组。 eg. I’m terrified of being alone. 我害怕独自一人呆着。 → - I go to sleep with my bedroom light on. 我把卧室的灯开着睡觉。 on是形容词 ，“开着的 ， 接通的 ” The lights in the classroom were on . Who was on duty yesterday ?
→ I’m terrified of the dark. 我怕黑. “be terrified of”的害怕程度比 “be afraid of”大些. →I go to sleep with my bedroom light on .我开灯睡 觉.(表伴随) 例如: The teacher came into the classroom with a big smile.
Section B,1a: 1.exercising in gym class 在体育课上运动 2.painting pictures 画画
I used to like playing games with friends. I used to like listening to the music . I used to like painting pictures . I used to enjoy swimming . I used to enjoy eating candy .
play walk gym
take the bus
Listen ! What do the girl and the boy say about things in the past and now? Fill in the chart. In the past Now
I didn’t use to like tests ________. play We used to _____every day after school. walk We used to _____ to school.
tests I don’t worry about _______. study We ________ all the time.
We have to take the bus to ____________ school. love I __________ gym.
I used to hate ______.
? I used to be afraid of the dark. 我过去怕黑. ? “used to +动词原形”表过去的习惯或过去经 常反复发生的动作或状态。例如: ? I used to be short . ? He used to like playing games.
You used to be short.
Did you use to be short ?
He used to play tennis.
Did he use to play tennis?
2.You used to be quiet, didn’t you?你以前很静 的,是不是? 反意疑问句: 陈述句, 动词+主语? 肯定/否定 否定/肯定
isn’t he 练习: He is a student, _______________?
is he He isn’t a student,______________?
He likes basketball, doesn’t he _____________? They’ll go to Shiqi tomorrow, won’t ___________? Your Tom
they can she mother can’t swim ,____________? hasn’t he has had his supper,___________? isn’t football,_____________?
Li Ping is playing
hedidn’t He went to school yesterday, __________?
go to school by bus = take the bus to school
walk to a place = go to a place on foot
ride to a place = go
to a place by bike
drive to the shop = go to the shop by car
fly to Beijing = go to Beijing by air / plane
Section B 3a
1.Where dose Rose Tang study ?
She studies in a high school.
2.Who is Rose Tang? She is a high school student.
3.What is Rose Tang’s biggest problem? Her biggest problem is that she is too busy.
4.What did she use to do before she started high school?
She used to spend a lot of time playing games with friends.
5.What did she use to do in the evening?
She used to watch TV or chat with her grandmother.
6. Did she use to go to concerts with her father?
Yes, she did.
7.Dose she still have time for concerts? What does she usually do now?
She hardly ever has time for concerts now. She usually studies and does her homework.
Rose Tang then
Rose Tang now
had so much time, spent a lot of time playing with friends, watched TV or chatted with her grandmother , went to concerts with her father
gets up early,
stays in school all day, no time for playing games, has to study , Hardly ever have time for concerts, does homework and goes to bed
My biggest problem
My biggest problem is that I’m too _____ . When I was young, I used busy so much early to have ___ ____ time, but these days I get up _____ and stay in school all day. Then I go right home and eat dinner.Before Istarted __________ high spend playing school, I used to ______ a lot of time ____________ with my friends, but I just don’t have the time _________.In the evening, I used towatch TV _____ anymore or ______ with my grandmother, but now I have to study love _______, ___.I chat music take concerts and my father used to ______ me to ___________. These days I ____, hardly concerts ___________ ever have time for _____.
※right Then I go right home and eat dinner. right在这里是副词，意为“直接地”。 如：The wind blew right in our faces. 风迎面吹来。 ※not …anymore ?She used to live in NewYork, but she doesn’t live there any more. 如果动词（或动词短语）相同，则第二个动词 可省略。 She used to live in London, but she doesn’t anymore. ※not…anymore可不与used to连用 She doesn’t live in NewYork anymore. ※anymore只能和否定词连用, 相当于no more ?We don’t go there anymore.
=we go there no more .
?They never talk to me anymore. ?No one likes him anymore.
※have to but now I have to study. have to意为“必须”侧重于客观上的必 要。 其句型为have (has) to+动词原形 如：We have to leave now. He has to work on Sunday. I had to do my homework last Sunday
My biggest problem :too busy
used to …
so much time,
get up early, stay in school all day, go right home, eat dinner not, have time, anymore have to, study hardly ever, do homework, go to bed
spend time, play games, watch TV , chat
take ..to concerts,
How I’ve changed !
My life has changed a lot ……For didn’t use to example, I __________ like tests. used to hate them Now I don’t
mind them. I ______. Now it’s my favorite class. I used every day after class to play _______________ . Now, I_____________ . I _____________to study all the time used to walk I have to take the school. Now , I ________________.
bus to school.
1. these days 目前,如今 2. get up 起床 3. go right home 马上回家 4.Sb. spend… (in) doing sth.做某事花费(时间/ 金钱)… on sth. 在某方面花( 时间/金钱) It take sb. …to do sth. 花费某人(多长时 间)去 做某事
5. not…any more =no more not…any longer = no longer 6. chat with sb. 和某人聊天
7.take sb. to sw. 带某人去某地 8. hardly ever 几乎没有 9. have time =be free 有空/时间 10.do one’s homework 做作业 11. go to bed 去睡觉 怀念,想念,惦念 12. miss 错过 Miss 小姐 13. in the last few years 在过去的几年里(用 于现 在完成时) 14. daily life 日常生活 15. favorite subject at school 在学校最喜欢 的科目
Difficult sentences :
1.My big problem is that I’m too busy. 最大的问题是我太忙. 2.I used to spend a lot of time playing games with my friends . 我过去花太多时间和朋友一起玩游戏. 3. My life has changed a lot in the last few years. 在过去的几年里我的生活改变了很多. 在句型变化中不用另找助动词,即 My life has not changed a lot in the last few years. Has my life changed a lot in the last few years?
Yes ,it has./No, it hasn’t.
Ask your group members question and fill in the chart, then do a report.
Name What did he/she use to like/ hate to do ?
Report: XX used to like…. He/She used to hate….
Expressions for 3b : 1. used to 过去常常/经常 2. be afraid of 害怕…… 3. go to sleep 去睡觉 4. be interested in 对……感兴趣 5. be terrified of 害怕……/恐惧……. 6. worry about (=be worried about ) 担 心….. 7. all the time 一直/总是 8. after school 放学后 9. walk to … 走路/步行去…….. 10. take a bus to… 乘公交车去…….
am afraid of worry about have to miss used to
Self check :
!: 1)am afraid of (因为be包括is/ am / are)
of +名词/动名词 be afraid to+ 动词原形 that +句子(主语+谓语+……) 2) worry about ? have to 4) miss 5) used to
It seems that Yu Mei has changed a lot . She used to be short when she was younger , but now she is tall . Yu Mei used to have long hair , but now she has short hair . She used to play soccer , but now she plays tennis . She used to be quiet , but now she is very outgoing .
写作：请从外貌、性格、爱好、 理想和为什么想要成为这样的人 五个方面介绍自己的变化和理想。
I have changed a lot in the last few years. I used to be very thin and shy before, but now I have a medium build and I become outgoing and friendly. And I used to like playing computer games very much, but now I’m interested in computer science but not only computer games. Because I want to be a computer programmer
when I grow up, which can make me earn lots of money.
Section 1 Before You Read
PAIRWORK Tell your partner about a time your parents helped you with a problem. Make notes. 1. Liu Qing – didn’t use to study hard at school – got bad grades – father helped him to understand that it was important to do well at school 2.
Learning Strategy: USING CONTEXT Always use the information around the word or phrase you don’t understand. You can learn new language in this way, or understand what is necessary to complete a task.
Martin Murray is a fifteen-year-old boy. He used to be a but a recent conversation with his “problem child”, mother changed his life (1) . He didn’t use to give his mother many problems.
Section 2 While You Read He used to cause a lot of trouble
However, after his father’s death a few years ago,
Martin’s life became much more difficult. His mother
couldn’t afford to pay for her child’s education. To do
this, she n. 死;死亡 death had to work, and so was not often at home.
afford v.买得起;负担得起(常与can 或be able to连用)
His mother looked after him as well as she could. Unfortunately, Martin still caused problems for himself and his family. He was not interested in studying, and he often got into trouble with the police. Luckily, his mother was very patient, (2) and didn’t give up trying to help . In the end, she made him a difficult decision: to send him to a boy’s boarding school. Martin hated it and used to cause a lot of trouble. One day, he told his teacher he wanted to Even the teacher agreed that Martin leave the school. (3) was wasting his time . cause v. 造成；使发生 himself pron. (反身代词)他自己；他本身
in the end 最后；终于
decision n.决定；决心 make a decision
patient adj. 有耐性的；忍耐的 下决定；下决心
1.His mother looked after him as well as she could.
as well as 是并列连词,意为”又;和….一样,连接两 个相等的句子,但强调前面的部分. The girl is as well as beautiful.
Your grandmother as well as your parents is going to take you to the park. 你的奶奶和你的父母准备带你去公园． 注意：as well as 连接并列成分作主语时，谓 语动应与其前面的名词或代词在人称和数上保持一 一致
２．He was not interested in studying ,and he often got into trouble with the police.
get into 陷入 ,后面接表示困难的词
They got us into trouble. 他们使我们陷入了困境.
５．and didn’t give up trying to help him. give up 放弃,认输,投降
The little girl gave up her seat to an old man.
那个小女孩将座位让给了一位老人. try to do sth努力做某事 He tried to climb up the tree,buthe could not.
The head teacher said it was necessary to talk with his mother. Martin called his mother, but to his surprise, this phone call changed his life. “It was exactly what I needed,” he said. “
My mother helped me to understand how much she had given me. She also told me that even though my father was no longer with us, he was watching me, and would always take pride in everything good I do. (4) That’s when I decided to change . I realize that since my father died, I have been afraid of being alone, and have tried to make my mother pay more attention to me.” head teacher 班主任 even though 即使；纵然；尽管 necessary adj. no longer 不再；已不 必须的；必需的 take pride in 对…感到自豪 to one’s attention n. 注意；专心；留心 surprise 令某人惊 pay attention to 对…注意;留心 exactly adv. 正；恰恰 奇的(是)…
3.Martin called his mother, but to his surprise , this phone call changed his life.
1)to one’s surprise 使某人感到吃惊的
To their surprise , the poor boy didn’t die. 使他们感到吃惊的是那个可怜的小男孩 没有死．
２）change one’s life 改变某人的生活
The exam changed his life.
４．She also told me that even though my
father was no longer with us, he was watching me, and would always take pride in everything good I do. even though=even if 即使，尽管
Even though /if you have passed the exam , you shouldn’t be conceited. 即使你通过了这次考试，你也不能骄傲自满．
Even though you had wings, you can’t be there on time . 即使你长了翅膀，你也不能及时到那儿．
take pride in 引以为自豪；对…感到满意
The young man took pride in his work. 这个年轻人以他的工作为荣． They are taking pride in singing. 他们以唱歌为荣．
６. what his mother said didn’t change Martin’s mind. change one’s mind 改变某人的主意
You haven’t changed your mind, have you?
你还没有改变你的主意，对吗？ You must try to change your idea. 你必须要改变你的主意．
Now Martin has really changed. He has been working hard, and he is now a top student in his class. (5) How was he able to change? . His mother’s love helped him to feel good about himself, and as Martin himself says, “It’s very important for parents to be there for their children.”
Section 3 After you Read 3a Put these sentences into the correct place in the reading.
How was he able to change? and didn’t give up trying to help him That’s when I decided to change but a recent conversation with his mother changed his life Even the teacher agreed that Martin was wasting his time
Place in reading 5
3b Read the statements below. Circle “TRUE”, “FALSE”, or “DON’T KNOW” according to the reading. 1. Martin is still a bad boy. TRUE FALSE DON’T KNOW 2. There wasn’t enough money for the family. 3. Martin finally understand what his problem was.
TRUE FALSE DON’T KNOW
TRUE FALSE DON’T KNOW
4. Martin’s father didn’t TRUE FALSE DON’T KNOW use to help him. 5. What his mother said didn’t change Ma
TRUE FALSE DON’T KNOW
简要介绍你自己的成长变化，词数60~ 80。 从爱好、外貌、性格等方面去描写。 I am now different from what I used to be like . I used to like to … , but now I enjoy doing sth. …
Thank you for listening