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人教版九年级英语Unit4_What_would_you_do

发布时间:2013-10-26 10:48:38  

Unit 4

1a

If you had a lot of money,what would you do?

medical research (医学研究) If I had a lot of money, I would give it to medical research.

give it to charity

If I had a lot of money,
I would give it to charity.

put it in a bank

If I had a million dollars,

I would put it in a bank.

英语有三种语气: 陈述语气,祈使语气和虚拟语气 陈述语气:用来表示所说的话是 事实或提出疑问。

祈使语气:表示所说的话是请求, 命令,指示或劝告等。

虚拟语气:表示说话人的所说
的话不是客观存在的事实,表 示说话人认为所说的话是和事 实相反的内容,只是说话者的 主观愿望,假设,建议和空想 等。

Eg : We met in this room .
陈述语气 Come to the meeting next Friday . 祈使语气 If I were you , I would study hard .

虚拟语气

1、 真实条件句:用于陈述语气, 假设的情况可能发生,其中 if 是 如果的意思。 时态关系:主将从现 主情从现 主祈从现 If he comes, he will bring his violin. If he wants to go to university, he must study hard. If it rains tomorrow, please don’t come .

一、虚拟语气在非真实条件句中

从句
与过去 事实相 反的假 设

主句
would/should/ could/might+ have+过去分词

If+主+had +过去分词

与现在 相反的 假设
与将来 相反的 假设

If+主语+过去式 注意:be用were

主语+would+V原
(should/could/might)

If+主语+were to+ 动词原形 主语+would+V原 If+主语+should +动词原形
(should/could/might)

现在事实相反
? 1. If I had time, I would go for a walk.

? ?

(事实上我现在没有时间,不能去散步.) (事实上没有人邀请我,我也不能去参加宴会.)

? 2. If I were invited, I would go to the dinner.

? 3.If I had a million dollars, I would put it in the bank.

? (事实上我没有一百万美圆,也不可能存在银行.)

tomorrow

now

If it is fine , we will go to the park. If it doesn’t rain, we will go to the 真实条件句 park.

If it was fine , I would go out. If it wasn’t raining, I would go out.
非真实条件句

were I wish I ____(be)as tall as you.

were I wish every day ____(be)my birthday.

medical research (医学研究) If I had a lot of money, I would give it to medical research.

would ? 1.What teacher?

were you do if you

our

were ? 2.Helen isn’t here.If she would know (be)here, ? will fell she (know)what to do

doesn’t come ? 3.I (fell)unhappy,if my moth ? (come)tomorrow.

if 的用法 ? 1] 在虚拟条件句中,当if从句的谓语动词为Be时, 任何人称都可用were. ? If I were you,I would take an umbrella. ? 2] if引导真实条件状语从句时,意为“如果”, 主句用一般将来时,从句用一般现在时。 ? I will go home if it does not rain tomorrow. ? 3] if引导宾语从句时,意为“是否”,相当于 whether,如果主句是一

般现在时,从句根据实际 情况确定时态。 ? I want to know if it will rain tomorrow.

1b

1b

Listen and number the pictures [1-4] in the order you hear them.

1

4

3

2

2a

Why is Larry nervous? Listen and circle the reasons.

1.He‘s late for the party. 2.He doesn’t know what to wear. 3.He doesn’t know if he should bring a present.

4.He can’t find his shoes.
5.He might not know anyone at the party.

? I don’t know what to say or do.

? what to say or do做know的宾语,其结 构为 “疑问词+动词不定式”,此结构 作宾主时,可转换为相应的宾语从句,即 “疑问词+句子”。
? 改:I don’t know what I should say or do. ? 例:He doesn’t know how to do it. ? 改:He doesn’t know how he should do it.

2b

Listen again. Check (√) the four things Larry’s sister says to him,

√ __1.If I were you, I’d wear a shirt and tie. __2.You shouldn’t worry about what other √
people are wearing.

__3.If I were you, I’d be a little late.
__4.If √ __5.If √ I were you, I’d take a small present. you don’t know anyone, you can talk

to Tom.

__6.But if you’re still nervous, you don’t

have to go.

短语

? 1 talk to= talk with 和........谈话 ? 2 tie名词领带,动词“系,拴, 绑”tie.....to 把......系到....上。 ? 3 what if...?用来表示询问或提建议,意为" 如果.....怎么办?“”即使....又有什么关系? “

2c
Student A, talk about your worries. Student B, give advice.

Larry’s worries
1. I don’t know what to wear.
2. I don’t have a present. What if everyone else brings a present? 3. What if I don’t know anyone?

Put these sentences into English. 1. 如果我是你,我就穿上套装. 2. 如果我有一百万美圆,我就买一栋大房子. 3. 我不知道是否该去参加那个聚会. 4. 如果你是我,你该怎么办?

5. 如果你努力学习英语,你会通过考试的.
6. 他不知道是否该带礼物去.

Unit 4

A: I’m afraid of
speaking in public.

B: If I were you, I…

A: I argued with my best friend. B: If I were you, I…

A: I failed in the English test. B: If I were you, I…

3a

Match each problem with the correct advice.

a

b

?

?
? ? ? ? ?

friendly adj.友好的 be friendly to sb 对……友好 too...to... 太……而不能, 常与...enough to...或so...that相互改写 He is too young to go to school. He is not old enough to go to school. He is so young that he can’t go to school. let sb do sth.

?

3b
Think of different advice for the problem in 3a. Role play conversations with your partner.

A: I can’t sleep the night before an exam.

Then I’m too tired to do well.
What should I do?

B: If I were you, I’d …

4
We meet problems every day .Work in groups to ask others’ problems and give advice. Then Report the result according to your survey. Name At home Advice At school Advice

Lily

can’t have get a a dog small pet like a gol

dfish

has few friends

be more friendly

Jim

Answer the questions and try to think what you are like.
?Are you afraid to speak in public?

?Do you like to meet new people?
?Do you like art and music?

?Do you often get nervous when you have to
meet new people? ?Do you often feel tired?

1a
1.

Complete the definitions.

outgoing energetic shy confident creative

confident

people aren’t afraid to speak in public. people like to meet new people.

2. outgoing

3. creative
4.

people usually like art and music.
people get nervous when they have to meet new people. people are hardly ever tired.

shy

5. energetic

?
?

be confident of

对……有信心/有把握

其名词形式为:confidence in public 在公共场合,当众,公开

?

?
?

hardly ever

几乎不

位于be动词、情态动词、助动词之后,行为动 词之前。

1b
Which words in activity 1a describe you? Tell your partner.

What are you like ?
I think I’m creative and outgoing.

Who is this?
It’s Xie Na.

What is she like?
She is ____________. Personality:

outgoing, serious, funny, smart, friendly, shy,
unfriendly ,confident,

? ? ? ?

be like 像……常指性格、品质方面,但有时 也指长相。 如:What is the man like? 这个人怎么样? He is very outgoing. look like 像……只能指长相。 如:What does your brother look like? He is tall but very thin.

? ? ?

Who is this?

It’s ...
What is he like?

He is ____________.

Who is this? It’s ...

What is he like?
He is ____________.

2a

Listen and check the questions.

2b

Listen again and circle Bill’s responses.

? ? ? ? ? ? ?

give a speech 做演讲,发表讲话 相当于 give a talk in front of 在……的前面(范围外) in the front of 在……的前面(范围之内) the whole school 全校 相当于all the school whole修饰名词时,放在冠词和其他限定词 之后;all修饰名词时,放在冠词和其他限定 词之前。

?
?

borrow 表示主语“借入”
borrow sth from sb.

?
? ? ?

lend 表示主语“借出”
lend sth to sb. keep 保留,保存

延续性动词,与表示一段时间的状语连用

?

permission n.允许,许可,准许

?
?

permission 不可数名词,动词是permit
give sb permission to do sth 准许某人做

某事
?

ask permission from sb 下

征求某人的许可

?

with one’s permission 在某人许可的情况 without one’s permission 未经许可

?

Taking notes’ time
a. I’d tell him to ask my permission before ____________ he borrows something next time. tell sb. to b. I wouldn’t say anything.

do sth

c. I would start borrowing his clothes _____________ start without permission.
a. I’d introduce myself. _____________

doing sth. introduce sb.to sb. introduce oneself.

b. I’d wait for him/her to introduce himself/ ________ ______________ herself to me. wait for sb.to do sth c. I’d invite him/her

to have dinner at my house. _________________

invite sb.to do sth.

Unit 4

3a

Read and fill

Look at activity 2a and write your own personality survey. Choose a, b, or c .


If you answered ___ for most questions, then you are probably pretty confident. Social situations don’t bother you in the slightest.You know what you want, and you know how to get it. Sometimes you might annoy people because you’re so confident.

C

● If you answerd ____ for most questions, you are outgoing and fairly confident. You have plenty of friends, and you enjoy the company of other people. People come to you when they want advice. Your friends would probably say

a

that you are easy to get along with.

If most of your answers were ___ , you are ● probably a shy person. You like talking to one or two people rather than to a group. You would also rather stay at home and read a good book than go to a party. You have a small circle of

b

very good friends. Your friends would probably
say you are a good listener.

Taking notes’ time
be pretty confident If you answered ___ for most questions, then you are probably _____________ Social pretty confident. situations don’t bother you_____________ You in the slightest. _____ know ___________ Sometimes you might annoy how to get it. people because you’re so confident.

If you answer ____ for most questions, you

are outgoing and _____________ You have fairly confident.
plenty of friends, ______________ and you enjoy the company _______ a lot of of other people. People come to you when they ________ want advice. Your friends would probably say that you are easy to get along with. ___________ on

If most of your answer were ___ , you are

probably a shy person. You like talking to one ___________
or two people rather than to a group. You would also rather stay at home and read a good book _____________ than go to a party. You have a small circle of very good friends. Your friends would probably say you are a good listener.

rather than: 而不是 rather … than…: 宁愿… 而不愿…

4
Ask students in your group the questions from their survey.

Example:
As for Question 1, how many people would talk to the friend right away? Three. And two people would say nothing. …

Discuss in groups : ? ◆ If you were all grow-ups now, ? what were you like?
?
?

◆ What

personality would you

like ? to have? Why?
?

◆ Then

give us a report.

Summary
? ? ? ? ?

New words: pimple exam herself permission confident energetic Key sentences: What would you do if …? If I were …,I’d…. You should …. Important phrases: without permission(未经 允许), ask one’s permission (征询某人的允许), be confident of (对自信) ,give a speech (作演 讲), get pimples (起丘疹) ,introduce oneself to sb. (向某人介绍自己)

SELF CHECK

1

Fill in the blanks.

nervous shy tired terrible friendly
tired 1.I’m really ________. I’ve been studying all day. nervous 2.I don

’t like making speeches. I feel ______

talking in front of many people.
3.If you were more _______ to people, you would have more friends.
terrible 4.My stomach feels _______. I think I ate friendly

something bad at lunch time.
shy 5.Paul is a bit ______ at first, but when he knows

you, he talks a lot.

SELF CHECK

2

Pre-reading
Some of us are afraid of speaking in public, discuss in groups why that happens!

A: I’m afraid of

speaking in public. B: I think that’s because…

while-reading
Read the passage and answer the questions:
1.Who is this e-mail from? It’s from Fran. 2. Who is this e-mail to? Are you Knowledgeable? It’s to Knowledgeable. Yes/No… 3.What ’s Mei’s problem? Her classmates wants her to … But she... 4. Why do his classmates want Mei to take part in the contest? Because she… 5.How can we help Mei?
I think if I were Mei, ...

Taking notes’ time
Dear Konwledgeable:

My best friend, Mei, has a problem. There is a
really important English speech contest for our ________________ to _______ the class __the school contest. represent in Everyone is sure she will win. It’s probably true.
代表 参加

whole city next month. Our classmates want her

英语演讲比赛

Mei is very clever, and can speak English really
well. ______ she always ________ the school In fact, comes top in

exams. The problem is that she’s very shy. She

实际上

名列前茅

doesn’t want to let friends down, but she’s ______________________
be terrified of doing sth.

terrified of speaking in front of other people. ______________ She’s my friend, so she can tell me that she’s shy. but she can’t tell everyone that. I don’t think they would ________________ believe her. I can’t ______ any good advice to give think of ________ her, but you always come up with good solutions to people’s problems. What do you think I should tell Mei?
想出,想起

不想让朋友们失望

我想他们会不相信她

What do you think I should tell the rest of the
students?

Fran

The rest of the water is dirty.
The rest of the students are doing homework carefully.

He has 8 pens. He gave one to me, and gave the rest to others.
Only ten students attended the class because all the rest were off sick.

Post-reading
1) Discussion

Discuss in groups, if you were Fran, what would you say to Mei? 2) Writing
If you are Knowledgeable, please write back to Fran to help Mei.

写作训练营!

For e-mail writing, we must pay attention to the following: 1. Keep your message short. 2. Keep your message simple. 3. Give your main idea using a few sentences so people can understand you immediately. 4. Don’t type all in capital letters.

One sample version:
Subject: Reply From: Knowledgeable Dear Fran, Shyness is extremely common, especially among teens. As shy people, most of us are worrying about ourselves—about how we look, what we say and whether other people will like us—to stop to think about what we can do for other people.

But really, that’s what being social is about—the other person, not us. So you can tell her two ways to overcome shyness.

First, tell her that she should let people know that she is shy in case she is misunderstood. Second, tell her that it is better to make things easy for the other person. Tell her to remember that she is the best person for the job; she can practise in various ways. And tell the rest of the students that you should all help and encourage her to overcome shyness. Knowledgeable

?
? ? ? ?

1) Oral work: Read 3a after the tape. 2) Written work: Finish the letter in self check 2 Make a survey, find your classmates’ accidents and problems

accidents 1. 2. 3. 4. 1. 2. 3. 4.

problems

? Write a short passage according to your discussion in class. ? If I were...I’d…

Unit 4

A: I’m going to CCTV for a party show. B: If I were you, I…

A: I win in a lottery .

What would you do if you had RMB 5 million yuan?
B: If I had RMB 5 million yuan, I…

A: They are in the desert. B: If I were in the desert, I would…

A: A friend said something bad about me. B: If I were you, I…

A: I cut my finger

by accident
yesterday. B: If I were you, I…

A: My finger got

burned by
accident yesterday.

B: If I were you,
I…

A: A friend offered me a cigarette yesterday.
B: If I were you, I…

A: An “ Internet friend” has asked

if I could meet.
B: If I were you, I…

Pre-reading What would you do if…
What kinds of accidents do you know of ? What problems do teenagers have these days? What is the biggest problem a teenager has?

accidents Give us a report, please 1. 2. 3. 4.

problems 1. 2. 3. 4.

Martin Robinson is a famous doctor who has a lot of experience dealing with teenagers. His new book, What Would You Do If… came out last month. It gives advice on what to do in lots of
different situations.

Fast reading:
? ?

What should we do if we get pimples when we are nervous?
A. We should lie down to have a rest . B. We should shout loudly for help.

C. First drink much water then lie down. D. We should drink more water and ask our doctors for advice.

While reading
Read the passage and find, what situations are mentioned ,fill in the chart below:
accidents 1. 2. 3. 4. advice 1. 2. 3. 4. problems 1. 2. 3. 4. advice 1. 2. 3. 4.

Taking notes’ time
1.You know more than you think.

你知道的要比你以为的要多.
2.are faced with: be faced with

面临,面对
3.has a lot of experience dealing with teenagers

?

①have experience (in) doing sth. 在做某事方面有经验. ②deal with 对付,应付,处理,和…打交道
4.came out: come out

出版
5.give advice on:

提出关于…的建议

Taking notes’ time
6.in lots of different situations

在许多不同的情形中
7.cut yourself by accident

无意中划伤了自己
8.cover the cut with a clean cloth

用一块干净的布将伤口包起来
9.two pages from the book 10.press...hard 11.fall downstairs

书上

的两页 按紧 从楼上摔下

Taking notes’ time
12.get the medical help first
13.burn oneself 14.find out how bad it is 15.put sth. under sth. 16.burned area 17.cold running water 18.injure one’s knee

?
先求得医疗帮助
烧伤自己 弄清伤势如何 把…放在…下 烧伤部位 自来水 伤了某人的膝盖

19.feel some pain

感到疼痛

Taking notes’ time
20.offer sb. cigarettes 递给某人烟 21.the dangers of smoking 吸烟的危害 22.hide sth. from sb. 避开某人掩藏某物 23.meet an internet friend alone 单独见网友

?

Post-reading Make a survey, Then give us a report.

Do a class survey on accidents and problems. Ask questions like :
Have you ever had an accident? What happened? What did you do? Have you ever had a problem? Did you ask for advice? Did the advice help?

A: Have you ever had an accident?
B: Yes , I have. A: What happened? B: … A: What did you do? B: I … A: Have you ever had a problem? B: yes , I have. A: Did you ask for advice? B: yes, I did . A: Did the advice help? B: …

Report
Give us a report according your survey chart:
Names accidents advice problems advice

1.

1.

1.

1.

1.

2.
3. …

2.
3.

2.
3. …

2.
3. …

2.
3. …

For example: Sam cut his finger by accident. …

Out of reading:

Discuss in groups:
If you hurt somebody badly by accident and you were in prison now, what would you do? Why? Then give us a report.

1.Read the article.

2. Copy the new words.
3.Write down the survey report in your composition book.

4. Review the unit .


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