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(精品)go for it 人教版 九年级英语重点短语unit7

发布时间:2013-09-18 14:08:16  

(精品)go for it 人教版Unit7 短语


1. tired 累的 tiring 令人疲惫的 bored 讨厌的 boring 令人厌烦/讨厌的 excited 兴奋的 exciting 令人兴奋/激动的

education n. 教育 educational 有教育意义的


would like to do sth 想要做某事=want to do sth=would love to do sth =feel like doing sth would like sth. 想要某物: 常用的句型有:

①What would you like to do? 你想要做什么? I would like to visit GuiLin. 我想去参观桂林。 ②What would you like ? 你想要什么?

I would like some tea. 我想来些茶。

③Would you like to go to my party? 你来不来参加我的晚会?(表邀请) 肯定回答:Yes, I’d love/ like to .

否定回答:I’d love to, but I -----/ No, thanks.

④Would you like some tea or coffee? 你是要点茶还是咖啡? 肯定回答:yes,please/ Yes, I’d love/ Yes, I’d love like. 否定回答:No. thanks.

Where would you like to visit/ go? 你想去哪呢?(本单元的重点句型) 4. go on vacation 去度假 go on a trip 去旅行 go on a picnic 去野炊

5. hope to do 希望做某事 I hope to go to Beijing. 我希望去北京。 hope (that) + 从句 希望….

I hope that I can go to Beijing.我希望我能去北京。 I hope (that) she can pass the test.我希望她能通过考试。 祝愿你成功! 从句(should/ could do sth )

6. I love places where the people are friendly. 我喜欢人们友好的地方。

where 是关系副词作引导词,引导定语从句,where所代替的先行词places在定语从句中充当地点状语;where

引导定语从句修饰表示地点的先行词有the place, the city等

That is the school where I studied 10 years ago. 那就是我10年前所就读的学校。

如表地点的先行词place / school 等在定语从句中充当主语,则引导词就用that.


7. 不定代词 参看课本P140


8. consider doing考虑做某事 I am considering changing my job. 我正在考虑换工作。 consider -----as----- 把----看作----- 从句 考虑----

9. 某物花费某人---钱 The book cost me 10 yuan 这本书花了我10元。

某人花费----钱买某物 某人花钱买的某物

某人花费---时间/ 钱在某物上 某人花费----时间 /钱做某事 做某事花费某人---时间 10. in general 一般来说, 大体上, 通常

11. be supposed to do = should do sth应该做…. 如: Scientists are supposed to know a lot. 科学家们应该知道更多。 12. take a trip 去旅行

13. provide sb. with sth 供应某人某物= provide sth for sb. 如:They provide us with water. They provide water for us.

问路程 多远(20 kilometers , five munites’ walk) how old 问年龄 多少岁(13 years old) how long 问时间 多久;多长(since, for)

how often 问频率 多久一次(sometimes, often, 3 times a day, every day) 离开 (表状态,能和一段时间连用)

leave 离开 (结束性v, 表动作,不能和一段时间连用)

I was away from here 2 days ago.=I left here 2 days ago. 我两天前离开了这儿。

I will be away for a few days. 我将离开一些天。( ∨ )

I will leave for a few days. 我将离开一些天。( ╳ ) (leave不能和一段时间状语for a few days连用) 16. inexpensive adj. “不贵的” 反义词 expensive adj. “贵的” 17. let sb. do 让某人做某事 Let me help you.让我帮你吧。

let sb. not do 让某人不要做某Let us not laugh. 让我们不要笑了。

◇ 在主动结构中,下列动词后作宾补的动词不定式应“省略to”:

(see, watch, look at,observe,notice, ) (let ,make, have) (hear, listen to) (feel)

“一帮助” (help)

例如: Who made him work all night long? 谁让他整夜工作的?

但是,改为被动结构后,应 “补出省略的to”.例如:He was seen to break the window. 有人看见他打碎了玻璃 18. in the future 将来

She will be a good mother in the future. 在将来她将会是一个好妈妈。 19. 用to 表示 “的”有:

answers to question 问题的答案 the key to the door 这扇门的钥匙 20. as soon as possible 尽可能的快

21. continue doing == go on doing 继续做某事 如:

She continued singing. == She went on singing. 她继续唱歌。 22. according to +n. 根据 ---- 23. be willing to do 愿意做某事 如: I am willing to help you. 我愿意帮你。 24. on the other hands 另一方面 25. hold on to sth. 保持,不要放弃

Please hold on to my hand. 不要放开我的手。 26. come true 实现 如:

My dream has come true. 我的梦实现了。

27 through prep. 穿过,通过(---空间/ 内部/ 氛围) 含有“in”的意思;

trek through the jungle 在热带丛林旅行 walk through the forest 穿过森林 run through the tunnel 穿过隧道

② across prep. 横过,穿过,通过(---表面,从表面的一边到另一边) 含有“on”的意思 go across the road 过马路

The Great Green Wall is across the northwest of China 绿色长城横跨中国西北 ③ over prep. 越过,飞过 (---障碍物) fly over a line of mountains 飞过一系列山脉 fly over the house 飞过房子

28. Some day=someday 只指“将来”某一天

one day 既可指“将来”某一天,也可指“过去”某一天。 28. Plan 计划,打算

(1) plan to do sth

We are planning to visit London this summer Do plan to stay late?

(2) plan sth 跟名词或者代词 Have you planned your trip?

We have been planning this for months. (3) plan for sth 为?做计划

He planned for a picnic if the next day were fine.

(4) plan on 打算有(做某事)She had not planned on so many guests. They are planning on for an outing. 29.强调句型:It is(was)?that (who ,whom)?

(1) 强调句型可用来强调各种句子成分

(2) 强调句中的连词who,whom只用来指代人,that 即可以指代人也可以指代物,被强调部分是时间,地点等仍用that

(3)that,whom, who 后的句中的谓语与原句保持一致 (4)强调句中只有it is ,it was 两种时态形式, 如:I am right ------It is I who(that) am right. 又如:They will have a meeting tomorrow. It is they who(that) will have a meeting tomorrow. It′s a meeting that they will have tomorrow. It′s tomorrow that they will have a meeting.

30.在英语中,有although 不能有but; 有because 不能有so 二 、短语

1.go to Africa on vacation 去非洲度假 2.trek through the jungle 徒步穿越丛林 3.some day 有朝一日

4.one of the liveliest cities 最有活力的城市之一 5.be supposed to do sth. =should do sth 应该干--- 6.pack light clothes 携带轻便的/ 薄的衣服 7.take a trip 去旅行

8.provide sb with sth = provide sth for sb =offer sb sth =offer sth to sb 给某人提供某物 9.be away from here离开,远离 =leave here 10.the answer to the question 问题的答案 the key to the door 门的钥匙 11.according to+n. 根据---, 按照---- 1 2.work as tour guides 做导游的工作,当导游 13.dream of 梦想,幻想,向往,想到 14.less realistic dreams 不现实的梦想 15.be willing to do sth. 愿意干。 16.achieve one’s dreams 实现梦想

17.sail across the Pacific 横渡太平洋

18.hold on to sth/ doing sth 保持,不要放弃(卖掉) 19.take it easy 从容, 轻松, 不紧张 20.Niagara Falls 尼亚加拉大瀑布 21.Eiffel Tower 艾菲尔铁塔 22.Notre Dame Cathedral 巴黎圣母院 23.this time of year 一年中的这个时候 24.in general 通常 ,大体上, 一般而言

25,lively [?la?vli], alive[??la?v], living[?l?v??], live[laiv] 作adj.的区别:

lively “生动的,活泼的,充满生气的”, 指人或物,作定语,表语,宾补 a lively girl一个活泼的女孩

a lively story 一个生动的故事

make his class lively 让他的课非常生动

②alive “活着的”,侧重生死之界限,指人或物,作定语常后置 no man alive is greater than he.活着的人没有比他更伟大的 ③living “活着的”,强调健在,尚在人间,指人或物,作定语,表语 my first teacher is still living我的启蒙老师尚健在 ④live “活着的,实况直播的”,指物, a live fish一条活鱼


hope to do 希望做某事 I hope to go to Beijing. 我希望去北京。 hope (that) + 从句 希望….

I hope that I can go to Beijing.我希望我能去北京。 I hope (that) she can pass the test.我希望她能通过考试。 希望做某事 希望某人 做某事

祝愿你成功! 从句(should/ could do sth )希望--- 27offer sth 提供某物

offer sb sth =offer sth to sb 给某人提供某物 主动提出做某事 28, as soon as possible 尽可能的快

29,be afraid to do sth =be terrified of doing sth 害怕做某事 be terrified of sth 害怕----,极度恐惧--- 30,be angry with sb 生某人的气 31,be bad for 对---有害

32,be in agreement 意见一致 33,belong to sb = be sb’s 属于某人 34,break off 突然中止,中断 35,care about 担心,关心

36,come out 出版,发表,(花)开了, 37,come up with 提出---,想出--- 38,catch up with 赶上--,跟上--,追上-- 39,concentrate on 全神贯注于---,专心于---

40,how do you deal with sth ?=what do you do with sth? 你如何处理某事? 41,even though=even if 尽管,纵然,即使 42,get along well with =get on well with 与---相处融洽

43,give up 放弃 give up smoking 戒烟 no smoking不许吸烟 44,go by (时间)过去,消逝

①go to sleep “入睡,进入梦乡”, 强调“入睡,进入梦乡”的动作,即begin to sleep He was so tired that he went to sleep soon.他很累,不久就睡着了 ②fall asleep “睡着”,强调“睡着”的过程,侧重自然而然地入睡。

He was just falling asleep when there was a loud knock at the door. 他刚睡着,就有人使劲敲门。 I don’t know when I fell asleep last night. 我不知道昨晚什么时候睡着的 be asleep “睡着了”,是系表结构,强调“睡着”的状态 The baby is fast asleep.孩子睡得很香

go to bed 意为“就寝、上床睡觉”,着重指上床准备睡觉的动作

i.g. He usually goes to bed at ten o’clock and goes to sleep/ falls asleep five minutes later.他通常十点钟就寝,五分钟后

One may keep healthy if he goes to bed early and gets up early. 如果一个人早睡早起,他就能保持身体健康 46,hold on to sth 继续,坚持,保持 hold on to your dream 坚持你的梦想 hold on to doing sth 坚持做某事 47,in the way 挡道的,妨碍人的 get in the way of schoolwork妨碍学习 in this way 这样,用这种方法 48,instead of sth 代替--- instead of doing sth 代替做--- 49,make fun of sb=laugh at sb 取笑某人 50,let sb down 使某人失望/ 沮丧

51,make a decision = decide做决定,下决心 52,make mistakes 犯错,出错

53,make a noise发出噪音

54,make up 编造,拼成,组成,形成

It makes up 30% of the final exam.它占期末考试的30% be made in+地点 由(某产地)制造 be made (up) of 由??组成(构成) 55,no longer= not ---any longer 不再,已不

56, not ---in the slightest = not ---at all 一点也不,根本不 57,on display= on show展览,陈列 58.pay attention to sth 注意---,留心--- 59,plenty of =enough 足够的,很多的 60,quite a few 相当多,不少 61,stay away from--- 与---保持距离 62,stay up 不睡觉,熬夜 sleep late睡懒觉

63,take notes= make notes 做笔记

64,take pride in -- = be proud of --- 对---感到自豪

65, consider doing考虑做某事 I am considering changing my job. 我正在考虑换工作。 consider -----as----- 把----看作-----

从句 考虑---- 66,go somewhere warm 去暖和的地方 give me something to eat 给我点吃的

67,◇-could you please give me some suggestions for vacation spots ? 请你给我点旅游景点的建议,好吗?(表请求) -Yes, I can. / yes, sure. / yes, of course. 好的,可以

-sorry , I can’t. I must leave right away. 对不起,不行。我马上走。 ◇ –could you please not make a noise? 请不要吵,好吗? 68,a room with a kitchen 带厨房的房间

69,would you mind my/me smoking here? 你介意我在此抽烟吗?(表征询意见) -No, of course not. =No,not at all. 当然不介意

-I’m afraid you can’t= I’m sorry,but I do.恐怕不行/ 对不起,我介意 70,sb need to do sth 某人需要做某事

Sth need doing=sth need to be done某物需要做---

e.g. The trees need watering=The trees need to be watered 树需要浇水 71,after finishing school=after finishing your education毕业后 三、句子

1.where would you like to go on vacation?

I’d like to trek through the jungle.

2.l like places where the weather is always warm. 3.I like to go somewhere relaxing 我喜欢去休闲的地方 4.For your next vacation, why not consider visiting Paris? 你下次度假为什么不考虑去巴黎?

5.Traveling around Paris by taxi can cost a lot of money. 乘坐出租车游览巴黎要花费很多钱

6.So unless you speak French yourself, it’s best to travel with someone who can translate things for you. 因此,除非你自己会讲法语,否则最好与一个能为你翻译的人一起去。 7. We’d like to be away for three weeks. 我们大约要去三个星期.

8.The person has a lot of money to spend on the vacation. 度假中这个人有很多钱可以花.

9.I hope you can provide me with some information about the kinds of vacations that your firm can offer 我希望能给我提供一些贵公司能经营的旅游项目的信息. 10.Could you please give me some suggestions for vacation spots? 你能给我一些有关度假地的建议吗?

11.You need to pack some warm clothes if you go there. 你如果去那里,需要带一些暖和的衣服。 12.I’d love to sail across the Pacific. 我想横渡太平洋。

Unit 8

一.知识点: 短语动词小结


1.动词+副词 如:give up 放弃 turn off 关掉 stay up 熬夜

这种结构有时相当于及物动词,如果其宾语是代词,就必须放在动 词和副词之间,如果是名词,则既可插在动词和副词之间,也可放 在短语动词后。

2. 动词+介词 如:listen of 听 look at 看 belong to 属于 这种结构相当于及物动词,后面跟宾语。

3. 动词+副词+介词 如:come up with 提出,想出

run out of 用完,耗尽

4. 动词+名词(介词) 如:take part in参加 catch hold of 抓住 1.cheer (sb.) up 使(某人)高兴、振作 如:cheer me up 使我高兴 clean up 打扫 clean-up n. 打扫

2. homeless adj. 无家可归的 a homeless boy 一个无家可归的男孩home n. 家 4. sick adj. 生病的 作表语、定语

ill adj. 生病的 作表语 ,不能作定语 5. volunteer to do v. 志愿效劳、主动贡献 volunteer n. 志愿者

6. come up with 提出 想出 === think up 想出 catch up with 赶上 追上 7. put off doing 推迟做某事 put on 穿上 (指过程) put up 张贴

8. write down 写下 记下 9. call up 打电话

make a telephone call 打电话 10. set up 成立 建立

The new hospital was set up in 2000. 这座医院是在2000年成立的。 11. each 每个 各自的 强调第一个人或事物的个别情况 常与of 连用 every 每个 每一个的 一切的 则有“全体”的意思不能与of 连用 12. put …to use 把… 投入使用,利用

They put the new machine to use. 他们把新机器投入使用 13. help sb. (to) do 帮助某人做某事 help him (to) study help sb. with sth. 帮助某人做某事 help him with English help do 帮助做某事 help study 14. plan to do 计划做某事 plan + 从句

I plan to go to Beijing. === I plan (that) I will go to Beijing. 我计划去北京。

15. spend … doing 花费…做… I spent a day visiting Beijing.


spend… on sth. 花费…在… I spent 3 years on English.

16.not only … but (also) … 不但… 而且… 用来连接两个并列的成分 (1)引导以 not only …but (also)… 开头的句子往往引起部分倒装。

因此 ⑴Not only do I feel good but (also)…. 是倒装句。也是说得要 把前面的句子中的助动词或者是情态动词放在主语的前面。如: ①Not only can I do it but (also) I can do best.


⑵Not only…but (also)… 接两主语时,谓语动词随后面的主语人称和数的变化 也就是就近原则 如:

①Not only Lily but (also) you like cat. 不仅莉莉而且你也喜欢猫。 ②Not only you but (also) Lily likes cat. 不仅你而且莉莉喜欢猫。 常见的就近原则的结构有:

①Neither… nor…即不…也不… (两者都不)Neither you nor I like him. 我和你都不喜欢他。 ②Either… or… 不是…就是… (两者中的一个)Either Lily or you are a student. ③Not only …but (also)… ④There be

17. join 参加 (指参加团体、组织) 如:join the Party 入党 take part in 参加 (指参加活动) 如: take part in sports meeting 参加运动会 18. run out 与 run out of

①run out (become used up). 其主语往往为物。如时间,食物,金钱,油等,本


His money soon ran out. 他的钱很快就花光了。

My patience has completely run out. 我没有一点耐心了。 Our time is running out. 我们剩下的时间不多了。 ②run out of 主语为人,表示主动含义。

He is always running out of money before pay day. 他总是在发工资的日子还没有到就把钱花完了。


如:The petrol is running out. 汽油快用完了

= We are running out of petrol. 我们快把汽油用完了。

Our time is running out. 我们剩下的时间不多了。= We are running out of time 19. take after (在外貌、性格等方面)与(父母等)相像

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