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8年级英语小结

发布时间:2013-10-27 09:40:55  

新目标八年级上单元知识点总结

Unit1

1. talk about sth谈论、谈论关于?的事

talk with sb与某人交流、与某人谈论

talk to sb跟某人交谈,强调单方面的说给某人听。

2 how often提问的是频率,意为“多久一次”

How often does Bill go to the movies?

Twice a week.

3 Once一次 twice 两次 three times 三次 four times四次

Once a month twice a week three times a year four times a day 4小结一下以how开头的问句

How soon 表示“多久以后” 用“in+一段时间”来回答

How soon will the girl come to China again? 那个女孩多久以后再次来中国? In about half a year. 大约半年以后

how long表示“(动作、状态持续或干某事花费)多长时间”

how long===how much time

用“for+一段时间”来回答

How long did your father work here?你父亲在这里工作多久了?

For two years.两年

how far 表示“(路程或距离)多远” 用“表示距离的词或短语” 回答 How far is it from the museum to the cinema?博物馆距电影院有多远 Six miles六英里

how many\much 表示“(数量)多少”,其中how many提问的是可数名词 how much 提问不可数名词

How many times have you been to the Great wall?你去过长城几次? For two times两次

How much water did you drink this morning?你今早喝了多少水

Three glassed of water. 三杯水

在提问商品的价格、付款的多少时用how much

How much does the book cost?

how old提问年龄

5.he sometimes watches TV.

Sometimes是一个时间副词,和always often usually hardly ever never等一样,都表示动作频率,多用于一般时态,常放在实义动词之前,系动词和情态动词、助动词之后。有时候为了加强语气这些副词也可放在句首或句末。 He often goes to school on foot.

I have never smoked.

She is sometimes beautiful.

6.exercise 作动词“锻炼、运动”,作名词“锻炼、运动、练习”

We should exercise every day. 做动词

Doing morning exercises can keep us healthy作名词

7.As for homework,most students do homework every day.

As for相当于一个介词,意为“至于、关于、就?而言”

As for him,he won?t go shopping .至于他,是不会去购物的

8 the results for “watch TV” is interesting.

The result for表示“关于?的结果” the result of ?的结果,两者可互换。Result是可数名词

The results make us happy.

We all know the results for the development of China.我们都知道中国的发展带来的结果

The results of the discussion are different.

讨论的结果是不同的。

9. I read books about twice a week.

About “大约、几乎” 近义词是around

10. how often do you drink milk?

drink,作及物动词,“喝、饮” drink tea

drink,作名词“饮料、喝的东西”

Don?t put ice in your drink.别在你的饮料里放冰块。

Milk 牛奶,是个不可数名词,但可用容器来量化

Milk is good for our health.

Would you like a glass of milk?

Rice a bowl of rice

11.she says it?s good for my health.

be good for 对?有益处 be bad for对?有害处

be good to对待?好 be bad to对待?不好

we should be good to each other.我们应该善待彼此。

The boss is always bad to the workers.这个老板总是对工人不好。

12 health是名词“健康、健康状况”,healthy 是形容词,“健康的”, 反义词是unhealthy. Healthily是副词

We all worry about your health.

This kind of milk is pretty healthy

Some unhealthy food may be delicious, but they are not good for our health. We must eat healthily to keep healthy.

13. but I am pretty healthy.

Pretty作副词,表示“颇,相当” The movie is pretty interesting.

做形容词“漂亮的、美丽的” She is a pretty girl.

Handsome修饰男子“帅气的” He is a handsome boy.

14 come home from school 放学回家 come home from work下班回家

15 my eating habits are pretty good.

Eating habits 饮食习惯 eating 是 eat的动名词形式,在这里作定语。

在英语中,“动词+ing”的形式可以作定语修饰名词,往往表示某事物的性质、作用、特征。

吸烟习惯 smoking habits 一个正在熟睡的婴儿a sleeping baby

一张写字台 a writing desk 一匹奔跑的马 a running horse

16 habit习惯 habit of doing sth做某事的习惯

17 I try to eat a lot of vegetables.

Try-tried-tried 尝试、努力、设法做某事 try to do sth\ try not to do sth Try to be here on time tomorrow.明天尽量按时来这儿

Please try not to be late .

18.a lot of =lots of=plenty of 大量、许多,即可修饰可数名词又可修饰不可数名词。

19. I never drink coffe.

Never 是个副词,具有否定意义,意思是“从不、决不” 可用于多种时态,反义词是 always

Never构成的反义疑问句,后半部分要用肯定形式。

You have never told lies, have you? 你从没说谎,对吗?

20. of course==certainly 当然、当然可以

21.so you see, I look after my health. 所以你看,我关心自己的健康

So “因此、所以”,引导结果状语从句

He is a kind man, so he has many friends.

Because 引导原因状语从句,不能和so同出现在一个句子里面。

Because he is a kind man, he has many friends.

See除了表示“看见”意思之外,

还表示“明白、知道、懂得”,相当于understand

Oh, I see 噢,我明白了。

Look after==take care of==take good care of 照料、照看、照顾、关心 我离开时,谁能帮我照看我的花?

Who can look after my flowers while I am away.

22. Is her lifestyle the same as yours or different?

Lifestyle生活方式、 style 是“方式、风格”的意思,hairstyle发式 Be the same as意为“与?相同、一样” de different from“与?不同” My eating habits are the same as yours.

My eating habits are different from yours.

Different 的名词形式是difference, “不同处、异同”,是可数名词 The difference between A and B. A 与B 的不同

Unit2

1.I have a stomachache.

Ache常指连续的、局部的疼痛,常和表示身体部位的词连用,一起构成复合词。 Headache头疼 backache背疼 toothache牙疼

2. I have a cold.我感冒了。

Have a cold==get a cold==catch a cold意为“患感冒”

3 lie down and rest.

Lie是不及物动词,现在分词是lying;

lie-lay-lain 躺

lie-lied-lied-lying撒谎

rest动词,表示“休息”相当于have a rest.

3. hot tea with honey

with在这里是“具有、含有”的意思,这里用到了介词短语作后置定语的知识。With honey修饰tea放在其后。

4. 小结with的用法

With“与?一起”

I will have a dinner with my teacher.

With“用?工具”

He open the door with the key.

With“拿着、带着”,

Our teacher came into the classroom with a dictionary.

With“长着”

He is a handsome boy with curl hair.

5. maybe you should see a dentist.

See a dentist==go to the dentist?s 看牙医

See a doctor==go to the doctor?s 看医生

6 I ?m not feeling well.

Feel是个感官系动词,后面要跟形容词作表语

The baby is feeling hungry.

6. I think so我想是这样

I don?t think so.我想不是这样

7. I hope you feel better soon.

You feel better soon是一个句子作宾语,叫做宾语从句。可以由连词that引导。That有时候可以省掉。

I hope (that) you feel better soon.

I think (that) you are right.

I know (that) you are good at English.

8.hope的用法。

Hope that 引导宾语从句 I hope they can come.

Hope to do sth I hope you to come soon.

9.what is the matter with? 意为“怎么啦”

What is the matter with you?

What is the matter with the computer?

10. what?s the matter的同义句

What?s wrong?

What?s the trouble?

What?s the problem?

11情态动词should的用法,表示“应该、应当”

情态动词后要用动词原形,变一般疑问句时将should提前,变否定句时should后加not。

We should listen to our teacher carefully in class.

Should I tell him the news?

We shouldn?t be late for school.

12 traditional Chinese doctors believe we need a balance of yin and yang to be healthy.

Traditinal Chinese doctors 传统中医

Traditinal是形容词“传统的”,名词形式“传统”tradition

13. believe“相信、认为”跟名词、代词作宾语,

Believe sb“相信某人的话” I believe you.

believe in sb“信任某人的人品” He is honest,you can belive in him.

14. eating fruits is good for you

动名词作主语,谓语动词用单数。

15. But people who are too stressed out and angry may have too much yang. Stessed是个形容词,“(精神上)紧张的、有压力的”

out 是副词,表示“彻底地、完全地”

be stressed out过度紧张的,有压力的。

Stress是名词,意为“压力、紧张”。 Under stress“在?压力下”

16.But people who are too stressed out and angry may have too much yang.

who are too stressed out and angry 是一个由who引导的定语从句,修饰前面

的名词people,定语从句总是放在被修饰的词后面。

He is the man who gave me the book.他就是那个给了我书的人。

17.it?s easy to have a healthy life, and it?s important to eat a balanced diet.

It is +adj +to do sth句型中,it叫形式主语,代替真正的主语to do sth。

意为“干?是?的”。因为不定式做主语较长,而谓语部分相对较短,it代替

后就克服了头重脚轻的弱点。有时候为了指出不定式动作的执行者,可以在不定式之前加上for sb 构成:

it is+adj+for sb+ to do sth” 表示“对某人而言干?是?的” sb是不定式 to do逻辑上的主语。

It is dangeous for children to play with fire.

It is interesting to go swimming.

18 stay healthy==keep healthy==be in good health 三者都表示“保持健康” 19 I like your school in Beijing,but I ?m not feeling very well at the moment. 本句由是but连接的并列句 。

介词短语in Beijing作定语,修饰school,

At the moment==now此时、此刻,相当于now

Unit3

1. for vocation, 度假 for表示目的、对象、用途等,意为“为了、给、对”等。 比如have milk for breakfast .

Plan a birthday party for mother.

Buy a pen for my son.

On vocation, 在度假

2 babysit-babysat-babysat 临时照顾小孩 babysits是单三形式

3 go+doing表示进行某项活动, doing前面不加任何修饰词。

go swimming go shoping go fishing 注意对比

do some washing do some reading do some shopping

4. I don?t like going away for too long.

Away副词,离开、离去的意思。可以指空间或时间是上的“远离” Go away外出、离开 be far away from远离、距离

5 send me a postcard from Hongkong.

Send是双宾动词,即带两个宾语的动词。

Send sb sth \ send sth to sb 寄给某人某物

Send it\them to sb

6 show me your photos when we get back to school.

本句是是一个复合句,含有when引导的时间状语从句。主句是祈使句。 Show也是一个双宾动词,show sb sth\ show sth to sb show it\them to sb 7 用现在进行时表示将来

动词的现在进行时态可以表示将来,表示打算、计划

1) 询问准备或打算做某事what+is\are+主语+doing sth?

What are you doing for your mother’s birthday?

2) 询问何时去某地,when+is\are+主语+going?

When are you going?

When are you going to shanghai?

8 提示一下英语中表达将来时态的几种情况:

1) 助动词will\shall+动词原形。Will用于各种人称,shall仅用于第一人称。 Will you visit your friend in Bejing.

2) be going to +动词原形

I am going to help him to learn English.

3) be+动词不定式,表示按计划要做的事情。

The meeting is to start at 8

4) be about to do sth,表示即将要发生的事情

The teacher is about to begin the class.

9 what’s it like there?那地方怎么样?

What+be+主语+like?意为“?怎么样、如何”。主语既可以是人也可以是物。 What is the weather like?

What is your new teacher like?

How+be+主语,可以和What+be+主语+like?互换。

10 注意What+be+人+like?问的是人的性格或内在的东西,而

What+do、does+人+ look like?问的是人的外表、长相

11, Ben lambert, the famous French singer, is taking a long vocation.

the famous French singer在句中作同位语,修饰主语Ben lambert。同位语用来说明前面名词或代词的意义,起进一步解释说明的作用,在句子中常前后用逗号与句子成分分开。

Yao ming, a player from China, is playing in NBA in America.

Famous 形容词,“出名的”

Be famous for因?而出名 be famous as 作为?而出名

The city is famous for its lake. Lu xun is famous as a writer.

12.this time I want to do something different.

Last time上次 This time 这次 next time下次

Something different.不同的事情。形容词修饰不定代词作定语要后置。 Anything new nothing important

13 I am planning to have a relaxing vocation.

Plan sth 计划某物、某事 plan to do sth计划做某事

14 I am planning to spend time in the beautiful countryside

Spend 表示度过、过时间、花费金钱或精力

Spend…on sth spend… (in) doing sth

Countryside 农村、乡村

15 I hope I can forget all my problems.

Forget忘记 forget to do sth 忘记去做某事 forget doing sth忘记做了某事 但是当表示“把某物忘在某处”时,只能用 leave sth sp.

I left my homework at home.

16 at night, I?m renting videos and sleeping a lot.

Rent 租用、出租 rent sth from 从?租进来 ren sth to 给?租出去

A lot“很、非常”在句中作状语,后面不跟任何名词

Thanks a lot.

I eat a lot for lunch

17 I just finished making my last movie.

Finish的用法,“结束、完成” finish sth finish doing sth

18 she is leaving for Hongkong on Tuesday.

Leave for+地点,表示“前往某地,动身去某地”

When are you leaving for Japan?

Unit 4

1. How do you get to school?就交通方式进行提问,

How do they go to work?

Get to sp 到达某地 go to sp去某地

2 ride a bike ride a horse

drive a car take a bus take a train

3 take+冠词+交通工具,表示“乘坐” 同样还可以用“by+交通工具”。 乘地铁take the subway 乘公交车take the bus\ by bus

开小汽车by car\drive a car 骑自行车 by bike\ ride a bike

坐飞机by plain\ by air 乘火车 by train\take the train 打的take a taxi

4 it takes about 25minutes to walk and 10 minutes by bus.

It takes sb some time to do sth.做某事花费某人多长时间

5 how far is it from his home to school?

How far 就距离进行提问

From…to…从?到? ,既可以表示空间也可以表示时间,

既可以具体也可以抽象

6 shower 作动词,表示“淋浴” 相当于“ take a shower\ have a shower”在这个短语中,shower是一个名词。

7 quick 和 fast 的区别

quick 强调动作迅速 fast强调速度快

quick是形容词 quickly是副词

8 How do students around the world get to school?

Around the world==all over the world世界各地

Around既可以表示时间上大约,也可以表示地点上的环绕

9. in other parts of the world,things are different.

other 和 others的用法

1)在表示两个事物中“一个?,另一个?”时,用

“one…the other+单数名词”或“one…the other…” the不能省

My parents are both busy working, one is a doctor, the other is a teacher.

2) 当要表达在一定范围内的人或物,“有的?,其余的全部?”或“一个

(或几个)?,其余的全部?”时用“some…the other+复数名词”

或“some… the others”

Two children went,but the other children stayed.

Two children went, but the others stayed.

All the students of our class are working, some are digging,the other students \ the others are planting trees.

10. In China, it depends on where you are.

Depend on ==depend upon “视?而定、取决于”

Your success depends on your hard work.

11 And in places where there are rivers and lakes,like Hongshanhu and Kaishandao, students usually go to school by boat.

1)where there are rivers and lakes是一个由where引导的定语从句,修饰先行词places,意为“在有河流和湖泊的地方”。

This is the house where I lived 5years ago.

2) like Hongshanhu and Kaishandao,是介词短语作插入语,用于列举,也可以用such as 和 for example,用such as时不加逗号,用for example时前后要用逗号隔开.

And in places where there are rivers and lakes such as Hongshanhu and Kaishandao, students usually go to school by boat.

And in places where there are rivers and lakes, for example, Hongshanhu and Kaishandao, students usually go to school by boat.

12. A small number of students take the subway.

A number of+可数名词复数“许多” 谓语动词用复数

the number of+可数名词复数“?的数量”谓语动词用单数

A number of students in our class have been to Beinjing.

The number of the students in our class is about 50.

13 hat do you think of …==How do you like…?

你认为?怎么样?你认为?如何?

14 she is ill in hospital.

ill是形容词,“生病的、不健康的”只作表语不作定语。

The boy was ill yesterday.

Sick也表示“生病的、不健康的”,也是形容词,但它即可以作表语也可以作定语

Her son is ill\sick.

The mother is looking after her sick son.

15. Don?t worry.

Worry about \ over sb\sth 为?担心

You needn?t worry about what he said.

Their children usually worry over their health.

Unit 5

1. Can you comt to my party?

Can you ?? 你能?吗?该句型表示客气地请求某人做某事。

回答时肯定用 I?d love to\like to certainly\of course

否定用Sorry, I can?t.

2. have lessons上课 have a piano lesson上钢琴课

3. another 表示不定数目中的“另一个”

This glass is broken, please give me another .

the other两者中的“另一个”

there are two apples here, one is red, the other is green.

4.come and join us==come to join us.该句是祈使句,两个动作同时发生时,动词位于祈使句句首经常用and连接并列的成分,意义就如同动词不定式表达的意义。

Come and have a look at our specials.==come to have a look at our specials. 5情态动词can的用法小结

1) can 表示“能、能够”

more and more Chinese can speak English.

2) can表示可能性,意为“可以、可能”

you can read books here,but you must keep quiet.

3) can引导一般疑问句,放在句首,表示发出邀请。

Can yo come to my birthday party?

7. weekday平日,工作日(星期一到星期五) on weekdays 在平常日

8. weekend. 周末 On\ at weekends在周末

9. what?s today?今天是什么日子?------it?s May Day

what?s the date today?今天是几号?----it?s October1st

what day is it today?今天星期几?----it?s Monday today.

10. thank you for your invitation.

Invitation 是 invite的名词形式, invite sb to do sth.邀请某人干某事

11. whole 和 all都可以表示“全部、整个的”但两者有区别

1)whole位于冠词、物主代词或其他限定词之后,结构为:

限定词+whole+单数名词,

All位于这些限定词之前,结构为:

All+限定词+单数名词

He slept all the way on the train.

He slept the whole way on the train.

2) 接复数名词时,结构为:all+限定词+复数名词、the whole of+复数名词。 All the students are going to the movies.

The whole of the students are going to the movies.

Unit6

1 thank you for your last letter. Last是形容词,意为“最后的、最新的、最近刚过去的”

here is the last news.这是最新消息。

December is the last month of a year.

十二月是一年中最后一个月

2. here are photos of me and my twin sister Liu Ying.

Here\there+谓语动词+名词 here is the book for you.这是给你的书

Here\there+代词+谓语动词 here you are! 给你

这些叫做倒装句。

3. as you know正如你知道的 as you can see 正如你看到的

as you hear 正如你听到的 as表示“正如?”

4. we both have black eyes and black hair, although my hair is shorter than hers. Both在句子中作we的同位语。Both意为“两者的、双方的”

We both like books.

Both are new.

Both of the books are new.

Although 引导让步状语从句,表示“尽管,即使”

Hers是名词性物主代词,句中hers=her hair,形容词性物主代词后必须跟名词、名词性物主代词后不跟名词。

Is this book ----?

No,---book is over there.

A hers; her B her;her C her;hers D hers; hers

5 however 与 but的区别

However较正式,可以放在句首、句中、句末,但but只能放在句中。 However前后都要用逗号隔开,而but不用。

5. Liu Li and Liu Ying have some things in common.

In common “公共的、共有的” have sth in common“有相同之处”

6. Liu Ying is not as good at sports as her sister.

Be good at “擅长”==do well in

Be good at sth be good at dong sth

As+adj\adv+as 和?一样 He runs as quickly as me.

Not as\so+adj\adv+as 不如?一样,和?不一样

7 形容词的比较级和最高级

1)构成:单音节 加er\est,多音节加more、most

不规则的须特殊记忆:

Good\well—better—best bad\badly—worse—worst

Many\much—more—most little—less—least

Far---father\further---fathest\furthest old—older\elder—oldest\eldest

Late—later—latest

最高级前要用the

2)用法:两者进行比较时,常用than表达,

He is taller than me.

比较级之前还可以用much\ a little\ a bit\ even\far等词修饰。

He is much better better than before.

3)常用的比较级句型

比较级+and+比较级 表示“越来越”

The weather is becoming longer and longer.

The+比较级+of the two“两者中较?”

He is the taller of the two.

7. we asked some people what they think and this is what they said.

本句的主干事并列句,由and并列两个分句。第一个分句ask后跟的是特殊疑问句what引导的宾语从句,引导词what是think的宾语。

Let?s ask who will be our English teacher this term.

系动词is后跟的句子作表语,叫做表语从句。

This is where we lived ten years ago.

That is what we think.

8. He beats me in tennis.

Beat sb打败某人,win sth赢得某比赛

9 friend朋友 friendly 友好的 friendship友谊

10 information 是不可数名词,“信息、情报”

a piece of information 一条信息

11. he can?t stop talking.

Can?t stop doing sth“情不自禁干某事、忍不住干某事”

She can?t stop laughing.

12. two years ago, I was a primary school student.

Ago“在?以前”,用于一般过去时态。

Unit7

1.Turn on the blender. turn on sth\ turn it on 打开

turn down sth\turn it down调小、调低

Turn up sth\ turn it up 调大、调高

turn off sth\ turn it off 关掉

2. cut up the bananas.

Cut up==cut sth into pieces.切碎

3. pour the milk into the blender.

Pour倾倒、倒、浇 pour sth到某物

pour sb sth 给某人到某物,相当于 pour sth to sb

pour sth into 把某物倒入?

4 put sth into==put sth in 把?放进?里去

5 Peel “削、剥皮” peel sb sth==peel sth for sb 给某人削果皮 6 First首先 next 下一步、其次 then 然后 finally最后

7 Mix it all up mix使混合,掺和 mix A with B ===mix A and B together If you mix blue and yellow, you will get green.

Mix up sth==mix sth up搅和,搅拌

8 then add the ingredients to the noodles.

Add sth to 把?加到?上

Please add salt to the noodles.

9. first,check you have all the ingredients.

Check sth 检查、核查、核对

Unit8

1 there be句型的一般过去时。

There was\were there was a man in the car.

There were five man in the car.

Was\were there? Was there a man in the car? Yes,there was\no,there wasn?t. Were there five man in the car?

How many people are there in the car?

2. hang out with her friends. Hang out 闲逛

3. what else did yo do? Else用作副词,意思是“别的、另外的”,修饰不定代词、疑问代词时放在这些词后,作后置定语

what else do you want to do ?

there is nothing else in the box.

Do you have anything else to say?

4 win—won—won winner

5 class9 had a great time on the school trip.

Have a great time==have a good time==enjoy oneself玩得高兴、过得愉快 On…trip在?履行期间

He is on a trip in Amarica.

6.at the end of 在?末端,在?结束,可以表示时间也可以表示地点

We will finish the lesson at the end of this week.

There is a shop at the end of the street.

7. on my next day off,I don?t want to go for a drive.

Off 休假、不工作、离开

Go for a drive 开车去兜风。

9 形容雨或雪大,用 heavy heavily 或hard hardly

It rains heavily. There will be a heavy rain.

Rain作名词,表示雨水,不可数

10. no one==nobody没有人

11. luck名词“幸运” lucky形容词 luckily副词

12. get wet 淋湿, get是系动词,wet是表语

13. meet-met-met遇见、碰到、迎接 meet sb

14. in the future将来、未来 in future今后

15. were you with your family?

Be with sb与某人一起 he was with us all night.

16一般过去时态

1)表示过去某个时间发生的动作或存在的状态,常和表示过去的时间状语连

用,如yesterday\ last week\ in 2000\two days ago\just now等

2) 句型构成:

Be型 He was a teacher. They were teachers

Was he a teacher? were they teachers?

He was not a teacher they were not teachers.

实义动词型 he loved dogs.

He didn?t love dogs Did he love dogs?

Unit9

1.when was he born? Be born出生 be born in出生 (某年某月或某地) be born on(出生于某一天)

they were born in America.

He was born in July in 1996.

She was born on October2,2001

2. start to do sth==start doing sth 开始做某事

3 you are never too young to start doing things.做事情无论多早开始都不过分 Never是否定意义,意为“从来不” too…to 本身也哟否定意义,双重否定表示肯定,所以这句话是肯定的。

too…to 太?而不能 ,同意句有not?enough to ,但not后面的词与too后面的词应该是反义词,

too…to 还可以与so ?that互换 that的句子用否定形式

she is too short to reach the photo on the wall

she is not tall enough to reach the photo on the wall.

She is so short that she can?t reach the photo on the wall.

4. when和 while都能引导时间状语从句,while只能引导延续性动词,而when既可以引导延续性动词,也可以引导非延续性动词。

在when引导的从句中要注意:当主句谓语是过去时态时,从句也要用过去时态,当主句是一般将来时态时,从句要用一般现在时。

I was reading when my father came in .

I ?ll go shopping when my mother comes back.

5. nation国家、民族 national国家的、全国的、民族的

6 become—became—become 变成、成为

7. learn sth 学习? learn to do sth学做某事 learn from sb像某人学习

8.usual---unusual happy---unhappy

9.spend?with sb 和某人一起度过

I spent my holiday with my family.

10 see sb do sth看见某人做了某事,强调全过程

see sb doing sth看见某人正在干某事,强调正在进行

类似see的这种用法的词还有“一感feel二听listen to\hear三让let\make\have四看look\ see\watch\notice 半帮助help

11kind,形容词,和蔼的、仁慈的、友好的、亲切的。

It is kind of sb to do sth. 您?太好了

13. well-known====famous著名的、众所周知的、有名的

反义词是 unknown“不出名的、不为人所知的”

14. at the age of 在?岁时,相当于when sb was…years old

I could ride a bike at the age of 7.

I could ride a bike when I was 7 years old.

15. Is he alive? 他还活着吗?

Alive,形容词,“活着的、在世的” 在句中用来做表语,当它做定语的时候,

放在所修饰的名词之后。,反义词是“dead,死了的”

Is he alive or dead?作表语

He is the only man alive.作定语

15 because和 because of的区别,

because of后面跟名词或名词短语或代词

because后面引导的是一个完整的句子

Because she is ill,she doesn?t go to school. =====

She doesn?t go to school because of her illness.

We didn?t go camping because the weather was bad.====

We didn?t go camping because of the bad weather.

16 women?s day妇女节

17 He was the first Chinese pianist in the 70-year history of the competition to win this prize.

The first to do sth the second to do sth

He was the first one to get to school this morning.

该句虽然较长,但却是一个简单句。介词短语in the 70-year history of the competition作状语,它也可以放在句首或句尾。of the competition作定语,修饰history。句子还可以这样写:

In the 70-year history of the competition he was the first Chinese pianist to win this prize.

He was the first Chinese pianist to win this prize in the 70-year history of the competition.

动词不定式to win this prize.作定语修饰名词pianist,意为“赢得这个奖项的钢琴家”

Unit10

1.what are you going to be when you grow up?

Be going to 的意思是“打算、将要”,后面接动词原形,是将来时态的一种表达方法。其中be随着主语的人称和数的改变而改变,而 going to没有任何变化。 I am going to do my homework this evening.

2. grow 生长、成长 grow up成长、长大

Spring comes, and everything begins t ogrow.春天来了,万物开始生长。 I want to be a doctor when I grow up.

Grow也用作系动词,表示“变得”

Many years passed and my parents grew old.

Grow-grew-grown

3.practice sth 练习某事 practice doing sth练习做某事

4. when I grow up, I?m going to do what I want to do.

what I want to do.是宾语从句

宾语从句可以分为三类:

1)that引导的宾语从句

I know (that) you are right.

I think (that) he is a teacher.

2)whether 或if引导的宾语从句

I don?t know if he will come.

3) 连接代词或连接副词引导的宾语从句,连接代词

who\which\that\whose\whom, 连接副词when\where\how\why

Can you tell me where he lives?

I want to know who did it .

5 形容词或动词不定式用来修饰

something\anything\nothing\everything\somebody\anybody\somewhere\nowhere等不定代词时,需要放在不定代词的后面。

I want to go somewhere warm.我想去暖和点的地方。

There is something important in the meeting.

6 dream.既可以作名词也可以作动词,表示“梦想、梦”

Dream of sth\doing sth dream about sth\doing sth

7. part-time 部分时间的、兼职的、 full-time全职的、全日制的

8 at the same time同时

9.rich形容词“富有的” poor 形容词“贫穷的”

the rich 富人 the poor穷人 the old 老人 the young年轻人

the+adj 就成了名词,表示某一类人

10 hold 表示“举行、举办、主持”

hold a meeting hold a party hold an art exhibition

11 I am not sure yet.

Yet“到此时、至今”,经常用于否定句中。

I don?t know the truth yet.我迄今都不知道真相

yet用于疑问句时,意为“已经”

Is everything ready yet?一切都已经准备好了吗?

12 resolution决心、决心要做的事 make a resolution做决定

can you tell me your new term?s resolution?

She made a resolution to visit her pen pal.

13 make the socce team. Make组建, 相当于Start

14 exercise作名词,表示“体育运动、锻炼” 是不可数名词

它还可以做动词,表示“锻炼”

He often excercises and takes a lot of exercise.

15 foreign 是形容词,“外国的、对外的” foreign language 外语

Foreigner外国人

15 get a letter from sb ==hear from sb==receive a letter from sb收到某人来信 16 over 超过、多于 相当于 more than

17 keep fit==keep healthy保持健康

18 communicate with sb与某人交往、交流、沟通、联络

19 Build sth 修建、建筑某物 building建筑物 builder建筑工人

Unit11

1 could 是can的过去式,比can委婉、礼貌、不确定性更强

Could you please do sth? Could you do sth?

2.take out 拿出去, take sth out of 把?从?取出来

Take out the trash please.请把垃圾拿出去。

Please take your books out of your bags. 请把你们的课本从书包里拿出来。 3stay out late.

Stay out “呆在户外、不在家、不回家”

My mother told me not to stay out late at night.

4 work on sth 从事、忙于 I am working on my homework.

5. hate sth讨厌某物 hate doing sth hate to do sth讨厌做某事

6. do the laundry===wash clothes==do some washing 洗衣服

7. I agree.我同意、我赞同 I don?t agree==I disagree我不同意

Agree with sb同意某人、与某人意见一致 who agree with me?

agree to do sth 同意做某事 I agree to go swimming.

agree to sth 同意某事The teacher agree to my words.

8. brow sth from sb 借进来

lend sth to sb===lend sb sth 借出去

9 invite动词,邀请 名词是invitation

邀请某人到某处 invite sb to some place 邀请某人做某事invite sb to do sth 11 take sb for a walk带某人出去散步

I often take my dog for a walk.

Go for a walk 去散步

12 feed喂 feed sb with sth\on sth

she feeds the little dog with\on milk.

Feed sth to sb==feed sb sth

Please feed the pigs more water.==please feed more water to the pigs.

13 come over过来、顺便来访

I will come over to my uncle.

14 get angry生气 be angry with sb生某人的气

Get angry是一个系表结构

Unit12

1. be close to 接近于、靠近、在附近

our new house is close to the school.

There are close to three hundred students in the school.

2. seat座位 take a seat\have a seat请坐

3 think about\think of考虑、就?思考

4 do a survey of 对?作调查

I will do a survey of my classmates.

5 形容词的最高级 用于三者或三者以上的人或事物之间的比较,表示“最?”,前面要用the,既可以做表语也可以作定语。

I think you are (the) best in our class.

The cinema has the biggest screens.

One of和最高级连用,表示“最?之一”

Shanghai is one of the biggest cities in China.

5 my sister Isabel is the fuuniest person I know.

I know在句中作person的定语从句,此处省略了关系词that或who,定语从句是用来做定语的句子,引导定语从句的词有that\how\which\who\why\when等,定语从句所修饰的词叫做先行词,引导定语从句的关联词叫做关系词,关系词要紧跟先行词。

6. talent show 才艺展示、才艺表演 fashion show 时装秀 flower show花展

7. success名词“成功的人或事” succeed动词“成功” be succeed in doing sth seccessful形容词 succesfully副词

8 with 是 without 的反义词 without sth 无、没有、不without doing sth没有做 He left the room without a word.

He left the room without saying a word.

9 the prize go to 奖杯、奖项归于?属于?

10 cut the price降价、削价

11 形容词+enough enough+名词

Old enough enough food.

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