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感叹句的用法

发布时间:2013-10-27 12:50:01  

感叹句

一 什么是感叹句?
表示赞美、惊叹、喜悦等感情
老师很Q

表达喜、怒、哀、乐、惊、恐等强烈情绪 老师你太Q了
老师你是多么的Q啊!

二 英文中感叹句的表达形式
在英语中感叹句通常由what或者how引导

what修饰名词
how 修饰形容词,副词或动词

二 英文中感叹句的表达形式
How+形容词+冠词+名词+陈述语序

How+形容词+a/an+名词+陈述语序
How cool a boy HAN Geng is!

二 英文中感叹句的表达形式
How+形容词+冠词+名词+陈述语序 How+形容词/副词+陈述语序 How good the Super Junior is!

二 英文中感叹句的表达形式
How+形容词+冠词+名词+陈述语序 How+形容词/副词+陈述语序 What+(a/an)+形容词+名词+陈述语序 What a good group the Super Junior is!

二 英文中感叹句的表达形式
How+形容词+冠词+名词+陈述语序 How+形容词/副词+陈述语序 What+(a/an)+形容词+名词+陈述语序

What +名词+ 陈述语序
What noise they are making!

二 英文中感叹句的表达形式
How+形容词+冠词+名词+陈述语序 ____________ How+形容词/副词+陈述语序 ____________ What+(a/an)+形容词+名词+陈述语序 ____________

What +名词+ ____________ 陈述语序
考查形式:What和How的使用 注意:陈述部分可以省略

二 英文中感叹句的表达形式
How+形容词+冠词+名词+陈述语序 ____________ How+形容词/副词+陈述语序 ____________ What+(a/an)+形容词+名词+陈述语序 ____________

What +名词+ ____________ 陈述语序

三 What、How的判断方法
what修饰名词,how修饰形容词,但当名词前还 有形容词时就容易判断错。

如(

)beautiful flowers!

我们知道,感叹句也是句子,只不过把强调 部分放在了句首。因此它也应该有主语和谓 语,有时候主语和谓语被省略了,我们可以 把主语和谓语补上。

What a lovely day! What a lovely day it is! What beautiful flowers! What beautiful flowers they are! What important news! What important news it is ! How fast! How fast it goes! How beautiful the flowers are How fast the boat is!

仔细观察后你就会发现,在感叹句的 主语前若还有名词存在时, 用What来引导; 在感叹句的主语前若无名词时, 则用How来引导。 但在“How +形容词+ a / an +名词 单数+主谓!”中不可用What, 因为此句中强调了形容词。
How naughty a boy your brother is!

四 练习
What ______ wonderful ideas we have! What ______ cold weather it is! How ______ cold the weather is!

习题精选 用What或How填空: 1. a big tree it is! 2. big the tree is! 3. beautiful pictures! 4. beautiful the pictures are! 5. high the building is! 6. big eyes she has! 7. lovely the ice-cream is! 8. lovely ice-cream! 答案:1. What 2. How 3. What 4. How 5. How 6. What 7. How 8. What

二、陈述句变为感叹句的方法
把一个陈述句变为感叹

句时,常使用“一分二加三换 位四去掉”的方法。 具体步骤为: 第一步:“一分”,即在谓语动词后面划一双竖线 ,使句子分为两部分。如: He is ‖a very honest boy.他是一个诚实的孩子。 Li Lei works‖ very hard.李雷学习很刻苦。

第二步:“二加”
即如果第二部分的中心词是名词, 就加上what; 如果是形容词或副词,就加上how. 如:

He is ‖(what) a very honest boy. Li Lei works‖(how) very hard.

第三步:“三换位”
即把第一部分与第二部分互换位置,句号换位感叹号 如: What a very honest boy he is! How very hard Li Lei works!

第四步:“四去掉” 即原陈述句中含有very, too等程度副词时, 在变成感叹句时要去掉。

以上两个句子就应该变为以下形式: What an honest boy he is! How hard Li Lei works!

二、感叹句训练。 (一)用 “what”或“how”将相应的句子改为感叹句。

1、Wu Peng jumps high! How high Wu Peng jumps! ____ 2、It’s an interesting film. What an interesting film it is! ____ 3、 The sun is bright. How bright the sun is! ____ 4、The book is very interesting. How interesting the book is! ____

5、He writes English well.

____ well he writes English!
6、 It‘s a tall tree.

How

What ____a tall tree it is!
____a fat man he is!

7、 He is a fat man.

What

(二)、 将下列句子改为感叹句,注意what, how的使用及词序:

l. The classroom is clean.

How clean the classroom it is!

2. The elephant is very heavy. 3.She is aheavy girl. elephant it is! How happy the

What a happy girl she is !

4、It‘s a nice coat.

5、TheWhatarenice (脏). beds a dirty coat

it is ! are!

6、The teachers are very busy. How dirty the beds they

How busy the teachers they are!

7、 I t’ s a heavy box.

What a heavy box it is ! How happy the children they are !

8、The children are very happy. 9、The flowers are very beautiful.

What beautiful flowers they are !

(三)、将下列句子变成感叹句:

1. It is quite a nice present.→_____ _____ nice prese What nt!

a

2. We have fine weather today.→ _____ _____ weather we have today!

What fine 3. It’s sunny today.→_____ _____ sunny day it is toda y! What a

4. The children are working hard.→ _____ hard How _____ the children are working!
5. She played basketball wonderfully.→ _____ _____ she played basketball!

How

wonderfully

(四)单项选择。

1. ____ a nice watch it is! B A. How B. What C. What a D. How a

2. ____ bright the lights they are! A. What B. What a C. How D. how a

C

3. ____ interesting the film is! A. What B. What an C. How 4. ____ sunny day! Let’s go out for a walk. C A. How a B. How C. What a D. What

c

5. ____B hard work it is! A. How B. What C. What a D. What an
6. ____ day it is! It’s rainy again. A. How bad B. What a bad C. How fine B D. What a fine 7. beautiful flowers they are

! A、How B、What C、How a D、What a 8. terrible weather B B、What a it is! D、How a A、What C、How

A

9、( )—— the mooncakes are! A A、How delicious B、How a delicious C、What delicious D、What a delicious 10、( )---thick ice!Would you like to go skating? A、What B、How C、What a D、How a

A

11. ____ great day July 1,1997 will be! B A. How a B. What a C. How D. What 12. ____ expensive trousers! A. What B. What a C. How D. What an A 13. ____ useful work they have done! A. What B. How C. What a D. What an

A

C 14. ____ nice picture you gave me! A. How B. What C. What a D. What an
15. ____ careless he is! A. What B. How B C. So much D. How much

C 16. ____ girl she is! A. What bright a B. How a bright C. How bright a D. What bright 17. ____ weather we have today! D A. A fine B. What a fine C. How a fine D. What fine

Thank you, good bye!


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