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初三英语5单元知识点梳理[1]

发布时间:2013-10-28 08:03:23  

九年级英语第五单元知识点梳理

1.情态动词must, may , might, could, may , can’t后面都接动词原形,都可以表示对现在情况的揣测和推断,但他们含义有所不同

must 一定 肯定 (100%的可能性)

may, might, could有可能,也许 (20%-80%的可能性)

can’t 不可能,不会 (可能性几乎为零)

The dictionary must be mine. It has my name on it.

The CD might/could/may belong to Tony because he likes listening to pop music. The hair band can’t be Bob’s. After all, he is boy!

2. belong to 属于,没有被动式

That English book belongs to me.=That English book is mine.

3.当play 指弹奏乐器时,常在乐器前用定冠词play the guitar

当play 指进行球类运动时,则不用定冠词play basketball 4. if you have any idea== if you know 如果你知道

5. try to do 努力,企图做某事。 You must try to be more careful. 你可要多加小心。 try doing 试验,试着做某事,试试看能不能成功,有没有效果,能不能用,行的通行不通。

I tried gardening but didn't succeed. 我试着种果木花卉,但未成功。

6. because of +名词/代词/名词性短语I had to move because of my job.因工作的原因我得搬家。

because +从句I do it because I like it. 我做这件事是因为我喜欢。

7. own v.-owner n. listen v.-listener n. learn v.-learner n.

8. neighbor 邻居,指人;neighborhood 邻居,指地区也可指附近地区的人

9. local 当地的 如:local teacher 当地的教师

10. call the police 报警 如:Quick! Call the police! 快!叫警察!

11.anything strange 一些奇怪的东西,当形容词修饰something, anything, nothing, everything等不定代词时,放在这些词的后面,并且当做单数来看。

12. there be句型中有动词时,常构成“there be…doing/done…”例如:

①There is a man standing under the tree. (a man是stand的执行者)

②There is a cow tied to the tree. (a cow是tie的承受者)

13. escape from …从哪里逃跑出来He escaped from the burning building.

14. an ocean of + 名词 极多的,用不尽的 如:an ocean of energy.

15. final adj. 最后的 finally adv. 最后地

16. get on 上车 get off 下车

17. use up 用光,用完 They have used up all the money. 他们已经用完了所有的钱。

18. attempt to do 试图 The boys attempted to leave for Beijing. 男孩子们试图想去北京。

19. look for 寻找,指过程I am looking for a pen. 我正在找一支笔。(指找的过程)

find 寻找,指结果 I found my pen just now. 我刚刚找到了我的笔。(指找的结果)

20. hear 听,指听的结果Did you hear ? 你听到了吗?(指听的结果,听或没听到)

listen 听,指听的过程I often listen to the music. 我经常听音乐。(指听的过程)

21. try one’s best to do sth. 尽某人的最大努力去做某事

He tried his best to run. 他尽他的最大努力去跑。

22.名词所有格的构成有两种形式

①是在名词后面加’s或是以s结尾的名词,只在名词的后面加’

如:Ann’s book 安的书our teachers’ office我们老师们的办公室

②双方共有的所有格,只在后面一个名词加’s, Lily and Lucy’s father 莉莉和露西的爸爸

23. happen指偶然的发生;take place用于计划好的事情或自然的发生;

happen to do sth碰巧干某事. happen to sb.某人发生了什么事

24.①raise /reiz/ 及物动词,举起、提高;募捐,用外力升起,如升旗

Raise the money for charity. Raise the Five-red-star flag

②rise不及物动词,上升,自然升起,如价格上涨,日出等。

The sun rises in the east. 太阳从东方升起。

25. ①hope to do sth希望自己做

②hope that clause希望自己或别人做

③wish to do sth;wish sb to do sth;wish that clause

26. 现在完成时态

①由have/ has +过去分词

②表示过去发生或已经完成的某一动作对现在造成的影响或结果

常与already, just , yet , ever, never 连用

Have you finished your work yet?你完成了你的工作了吗?

Yes, I have. I have just finished it. 是的。我刚刚完成了。

I have already finished it . 我已经完成了。

Have you ever been to China? 你曾经去过中国吗?

No, I have never been there. 没有,我从来也没有去过。

③表示过去已经开始,持续到现在的动作或状态和表示过去某一时刻延续到现在(包括现在在内)的一段时间的状态连用如:for +时间段,since +时间点,或过去某一动作,以及how long

注:非延续性动词在现在完成时态中不能和for, since 引导的表示一段时间的状语的肯定句连用。应转为相应的延续性动词 如:

buy---- have die---- be dead join ---- be in borrow----- keep leave---- be away

I have bought a pen.------ I have had a pen for 2 weeks.

The dog has died.------- The dog has been dead since last week.

⑷①have (has) been to + 地点 去过某地 已经回来

②have (has) gone to + 地点 去了某地 没有回来

③have been in + 地点 一直呆在某地 没有离开过 如:

She has been to Shanghai. 她去过上海。(已经回来)

She has gone to Shanghai. 她去了上海。(没有回来)

She has been in Shanghai for 2 days.她呆上海两天了。(没有离开过上海)

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