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新概念二_第51课_课件 2

发布时间:2013-10-28 11:41:51  

Lesson 51 Reward for Virtue

New words and expressions
? ? ? ? ? reward n. 报偿 virtue n. 美德 diet n. 节食 forbid v. 禁止 hurriedly adv. 匆忙地

New words and expressions
? ? ? ? ? embarrass v. 使尴尬 guiltily adv. 内疚地 strict adj. 严格的 reward v. 给奖赏 occasionally adv. 偶尔地

reward
? ? ? ? ? ? ? n. 报偿; v. 给奖赏 give sb. reward 给……报偿 reward sb. with sth. 用……奖赏... reward sb. for sth. 因为……给某人奖赏 他因为拿了第一名而受到奖赏。 He was rewarded for the first prize.

diet
? n. 节食 ? go on a diet =be on a diet 实行节食

★ forbid
? ? ? ? ? ? ? v.禁止(forbade, forbidden) forbid sb. to do sth. 禁止某人做某事 allow sb. to do sth. 允许某人做某事 紫禁城 Forbidden City 禁果 Forbidden fruit

embarrass
? ? ? ? ? ? v. 使尴尬 sth. embarrass sb. ……让……感到尴尬 You embarrassed me. 你让我感到尴尬 embarrassing adj. 令人尴尬的 embarrassed adj. 感到尴尬 embarrassment n. 尴尬

? To my embarrassment,… ? 让我感到尴尬的是……

★strict
? adj. 严格的 ? be strict with sb. 对某人严格 ? My father is strict with me.
? be strict about/in sth. 对……严格 ? 我们必须严肃对待这个问题。 ? We must be strict about this problem.

occasionally
? ? ? ? adv. 偶而地 sometimes at times now and again

Any volunteers?

? 1、My friend, Hugh, has always been fat, but things got so bad recently that he decided to go on a diet. ? things(要用复数形式)表示“情况,情形, 状况,形势”等含义: ? 情况变得越来越糟糕。 ? Things are getting worse. ? 你最近怎么样啊? ? How are things going on with you?

? 2、First of all, he wrote out a long list of all the foods which were forbidden. ? first of all 首先, 首要 (许多事情中首要的, 即最重要的) ? First of all I must see your passpart. ? at first ? 首先(句型at first…, then… 起先……然 后……,强调时间的先后)

write out
? 写出 ? 写报告 ? write out a report

? 3、The list included most of the things Hugh loves: butter, potatoes, rice, beer, milk, chocolate; and sweets.(4) ? It contained five large bars of chocolate and three bags of sweets!(11)
? Does the bill include a tip? ? We’re including you in our team.

The list included most of the things... It contained five large bars of chocolate and three bags of sweets!
? ? ? ? ? ? contain 可用于表示包含所含之物的全部或部分 include 则只是包含一部分 The parcel contained a dictionary . 那包裹里装的是一本字典。 The parcel included a dictionary . 那包裹里也包括了一本字典。

? 这次旅行包括游览巴黎。 ? The tour includes a visit to Paris .

? ? ? ? ?

4、Yesterday I paid him a visit. pay sb. a visit 拜

访某人 pay a visit to sb./someplace 拜访某人/某地. call on sb./at someplace

Yesterday I paid him a visit.I rang the bell and was not surprised to see that Hugh was still as fat as ever.
? ? ? ? ? ? pay sb. a visit 拜访某人 pay a visit to sb./someplace:拜访某人/某地. She must pay a visit to her grandmother. 我希望去长城游览一番。 I hope to pay a visit to the Great Wall. as...as ever 像往常一样

? Hugh was still as fat as he ever was.
? as clean as ever as quiet as ever ? be surprised to do / be surprised at sth.

? 5、I rang the bell and was not surprised to see that Hugh was still as fat as ever. ? as…as ever ? 像往常一样… ? 迈克还是像原来一样文静。 ? Mike is as quiet as ever.

? 6、He led me into his room and hurriedly hid a large parcel under his desk. ? lead sb. into ? 进门 ? show sb. out ? 出门 ? see sb. off ? 送行

He led me into his room and hurriedly hid a large parcel under his desk. It was obvious that he was very embarrassed.
? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? lead - led -led lead sb. into somewhere 把某人领进某地 条条大路通罗马。 All roads lead to Rome. hide - hid - hid/ hidden It was obvious that he was very embarrassed. It 形式主语 It + be / 实义动词 + that 从句 形式主语 真实主语


? 7、It was obvious that he was very embarrassed. ? it was obvious that… ? = obviously <adv.>

My friend, Hugh, has always been fat, but things got so bad recently that he decided to go on a diet. He began his diet a week ago. First of all, he wrote out a long list of all the foods which were forbidden. The list included most of the things Hugh loves: butter, potatoes, rice, beer, milk, chocolate, and sweets. Yesterday I paid him a visit.I rang the bell and was not surprised to see that Hugh was still as fat as ever. He led me into his room and hurriedly hid a large parcel under his desk. It was obvious that he was very embarrassed. When I asked him what he was doing, he smiled guiltily and then put the parcel on the desk. He explained that his diet was so strict that he had to reward himself occasionally. Then he showed me the contents of the parcel. It contained five large bars of chocolate and three bags of sweets!

Hugh is so fat that he has gone on a diet. He has forbidden himself all the foods he likes but he has not lost weight. When the writer visited him yesterday, he hid a large parcel under his desk. The parcel contained chocolates and sweets. Hugh said that he had to reward himself occasionally because his diet was so strict.

Exercise
1 Everybody(raised)(rose)when he entered the room. ? 2 I have been(laying)(lying)here for half an hour. ? 3 Mrs.Jones(laid)(lay)the table before breakfast. ? 4.The aeroplane(raised)(rose)into the air. ? 5 I'm not very good at chess. He always(wins)(beats) me. ? 6‘Did you(win)(beat)or lose?’I asked.


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