haihongyuan.com
海量文库 文档专家
全站搜索:
您现在的位置:首页 > 初中教育 > 初中英语初中英语

外研社八年级英语Module 4 Unit 2

发布时间:2013-10-29 08:48:43  

4
Unit 2

What is the best way to travel?

¥6999

This computer is cheap.

¥4999

This computer is cheaper than that one.

This one is the cheapest of all.
¥3999

The weather is bad.

The weather is worse. The weather is the worst.

good

better

This car is the best of the three.

big bigger

This apple is the biggest of all.

expensive
10 yuan

more expensive
20 yuan

This pen is the most expensive of the three.

50 yuan

1. good 2. comfortable 3. big 4. happy 5. cheap 6. many 7. difficult 8. little

better
bigger happier cheaper more more difficult less

best
biggest happiest cheapest most most difficult least

more comfortable most comfortable

Teaching aims
1. Key vocabulary and structure: journey, park, outside, however, cost the more information, the better. It takes you about 12 hours to get there. 2. Reading aims: to be able to understand specific information in a text. 3. Affection: to choose reasonable and safe way to travel.

Words and expressions journey /‘d???ni/ 旅行; 旅程 n.
/b?k /
预订 v.

book park

/pɑ?k/
/'a?t'saId/

停放(车); 泊(车) v.
在……之外 prep. 在外面;朝户外 adv. 外面;外部 n. 外部的;外表的 adj.

outside

/ ha?'ev?/ /k?st/

however (cost /k?st/) 价钱为;花费 v.cost
然而;但是 adv. 价钱;成本; 代价 n.

If you want to travel from London to Amsterdam…
1 How do you get there? 2 What’s the cheapest way to get there? 3 What’s the best way to get there?

2 Read the passage and number the ways of travelling from the most expensive to the least expensive.

Question: what is the best way to travel from London to Amsterdam?
I am planning to travel from London to Amsterdam. How long does the journey take and what is the best way to travel? Could you please tell me about the trains or ships to get there? The more information, the better. Thanks!

Best answer: There are four ways to travel.

A journey by train is more relaxing than by coach, but a lot more expensive. When you go by train, buy your ticket a long time before you travel. It is usually cheaper. You can go by car and by ship across the North sea. This is the most comfortable way to travel but also the most expensive. Book your ticket before you book your hotel. Remember that parking in Amsterdam is very expensive, so stay outside the city center and travel in by bus or by train.

The third choice is by coach. This is usually the cheapest, but in summer the coaches sometimes get crowded! And it takes you about twelve hours to get there. However, it will not cost as much as going by train.

Finally, you can fly. It is the fastest and the second cheapest, but you can have to wait for hours at the airport because of bad weather. Well, I hope this helps! Have a great trip!

2 Read the passage and number the ways of travelling from the most expensive to the least expensive.

4

1

3

2

3 Complete the table.
Ways of travelling Train Good points Bad points

Car and ship
Coach

mo

re relaxing more expensive than by coach than by coach the most the most comfortable way expensive the cheapest
crowded in summer; taking a long time.

Plane

the fastest and perhaps wait for hours because of not very bad weather expensive

4 Complete the passage with the words in the box.
choice cost fast however journey outside

There are four ways to travel from London to Amsterdam. The first (1) ____________ is by train because the choice journey However (2)____________ takes only four hours. (3)____________ , it is quite expensive. Going by coach does not (4) ____________ cost as much as going by train. When you go by car and by ship, remember that parking in Amsterdam is not cheap, so it is outside best to stay (5) ____________ the city center and travel in by fastest bus or by train. Going by plane is the (6) ____________, but you need to go to the airport. It also takes time.

Language points
1. The more information, the better. 信息越多越好。 句型“the + 比较级,the + 比较级” 表示“越··,越······”。如: ·· ·· The older he gets, the happier he is. 他越活越开心。 The more she learns, the more she wants to learn. 她越学越想学。

2. A journey by train is more relaxing than by coach, but a lot more expensive. 坐火车旅行 要比坐长途汽车更轻松,但会贵很多。 在比较级前添加 a lot, much, a little, a bit 等词,可以说明程度;添加even, still 等词, 可以表示强调。 如: Derek’s room is a bit bigger than Beibei’s. 德里克的房间比贝贝的房间要大一点儿。 This will make our job even more difficult. 这将会使我们的工作更加困难。 You will get there a lot faster if you take a plane. 如果你坐飞机去那里会快得多。

3. Book your ticket before you book your hotel. 订旅馆之前,要先订(机)票。 book 在本句话中是动词,意思是“预订”。 例如: I booked a table for two at 8 pm. 我预订了晚上8点的两人桌。

5 Work in pairs. Ask and answer about the ways of travelling. Use the information in the table.
-What’s the cheapest way to travel from London to pairs? -The cheapest way is by coach.

6 Write a passage about ways of travelling from London to Paris. Use the information in Activity 5 and the passage in Activity 2 to help you.
You can go from London to pairs by coach, plane or train. Travelling by plane is the fastest but also the most expensive.

形容词的最高级
1. 用法:英语中三者或三者以上相比较,表示 “最……” 这样的最高程度概念时,要用 “the+ 最高级” 的结构表示。这种句式一般带有表示

比较的介词短语,比如: in our class, of the
three 等。 例如:Wang Lin is the tallest in our class. This theater is the cheapest of the three. 注意使用最高级时应注意以下几点:

(1) 表示 “最……之一” 的句式,要用 one of the +形容词最高级+复数名词。

例如

:Jingjiang Hotel is one of the biggest hotels
in our city.

Lisa is not of my best friends.
(2) 当最高级前面有物主代词或名词所有格时, 不加定冠词 the。

例如:Tom is Lucy’s best friend.
Tuesday is her busiest day.

(3) 最高级前可加序数词。

例如:The Yellow River is the second
longest river in China. (4) 形容最高级修饰作表语或介词宾语的名 词,代词时,被修饰的词往往省略。 例如:He is the laziest (student) in our

class.

2. 形容词比较级和最高级的构成 (1) 规则变化 a. 一般情况下,单音节或双音节的形容词比较级 直接加-er, 最高级直接加-est。如:

clever—cleverer—cleverest
cheap—cheaper—cheapest few—fewer—fewest small—smaller—smallest young—younger—youngest

b. 以-e 结尾的形容词,比较级+ -r,最高级+ -st。如: large—larger—largest cute—cuter—cutest c. 以辅音字母+y结尾的形容词,变y为i +er或+est。 nice—nicer—nicest

busy—busier—busiest
heavy—heavier—heaviest easy—easier—easiest happy—happier—happiest dirty—dirtier—dirtiest

d. 以重读闭音节结尾,末尾只有一个辅音字母结 尾的词,双写最后一个辅音字母,再加+er或

+est。 如:
big—bigger—biggest thin—thinner—thinnest

fat—fatter—fattest

hot—hotter—hottest

e. 多音节和部分双音节形容词,需在原级前+more 构成比较级,+ most 构成最高级。如:

important—more important—most important
beautiful—more beautiful– most beautiful

difficult—more difficult—most difficult

3. 不规则变化: 原级 good /well bad /ill little 比较级 better worse less 最高级 best worst least

many /much far
old

more farther /further
older /elder

most farthest /furthest
oldest /eldest

Exercises
一、写出下列单词的比较级和最高级。
good _____ better/ best comfortablemore/most comfortable _____ big _____ bigger/ biggest _____ better/ best far farther/ farthest _____ bad worse/worst _____

friendly friendlier/friendliest _____ well
easy

popular more/ most popular much _____

funny funnier/ funiest _____
dull _____ duller/dullest close closer/ closest _____

_____ better/ best
_____ duller/dullest

creative more/most creative _____

二、根据要求写出单词。
1. bad (比较级)______ worse 2. do (过去式)_____ did

3. best (原级)good/well 4. expensive(反义词)______ _______ cheap 5. big (最高级)_______ biggest 6. report (名词)_______ reporter

7. friend (形容词)_______ 8. beach(复数)_______ friendly beaches

busy shop 9. quiet (反义词)_______ 10. store (同义词)______

最高级规则变化口诀:
最高级,很容易,一般词尾加est。 (cheap-the cheapest) 词尾若有哑音e, 直接就加st。 (close-the closest)

重读闭音节, 单辅音字母要双写。
(big-the biggest) 辅音字母加y, 记得把y变为i。 (friendly-the friendliest) 多音

节,考考你,the most到底加哪里? (popular-the most popular)

Homework
To talk about your favourite travel ways and express the reason why you prefer it.


网站首页网站地图 站长统计
All rights reserved Powered by 海文库
copyright ©right 2010-2011。
文档资料库内容来自网络,如有侵犯请联系客服。zhit326@126.com