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人教版八年级上册英语知识点

发布时间:2013-10-29 11:45:15  

八年级英语上册知识点总结

Unit 1: How often do you exercise?

【复习目标】

会使用频率副词及短语;能描述课余时间的活动安排;会描述基本饮食结构。

【语言目标】

● What do you usually do on weekends? I sometimes go to the beach. ● How often do you eat vegetables? Every day

● Most students do homework every day.

【重点词汇】

● always, usually , often, sometimes , hardly , ever, never. ● how often, once , twice , three times a week , every day.

【应掌握的词组】

1. go to the movies 去看电影

2. look after = take care of 照顾

3. surf the internet 上网

4. healthy lifestyle 健康的生活方式

5. go skate boarding 去滑板

6. keep healthy=stay healthy 保持健康

7. exercise=take(much)exercise=do sports锻炼

8. eating habits 饮食习惯

9. take more exercise 做更多的运动

- 1 -

10. the same as 与什么相同

11. be different from 不同

12. once a month一月一次

13. twice a week一周两次

14. make a difference to 对什么有影响

15. how often 多久一次

16. although = though虽然

17. most of the students=most students

18. shop=go shopping=do some shopping 购物

19. as for至于

20. activity survey活动调查

21. do homework做家庭作业

22. do housework做家务事

23. eat less meat吃更少的肉

24. junk food垃圾食物

25. be good for 对什么有益

26. be bad for对什么有害

27. want to do sth 想做某事

28. want sb to do sth想某人做某事

29. try to do sth 尽量做某事

30. come home from school放学回家

31. of course = certainly = sure当然 - 2 -

32. get good grades取得好成绩

33. some advice

34. hardly=not nearly / almost not几乎不

35. keep/be in good health保持健康

36.be stressed out紧张的,有压力的

37. take a vacation 去度假

48.get back 回来

【应掌握的句子】

1. How often do you exercise? 你(你们)多久锻炼一次身体?

How often + 助动词do(does或did) + 主语 + do sth.? 疑问词how often是问频率(多久一次),(在这里助动词do(does或did) 是起帮助构成疑问的作用)与一般现在时或一般过去时连用,回答一般是用表示频率的副词,如:once, twice, three times?, sometimes, often, quite, often, never, every day, once a week , twice a month , three times a month , three or four times a month 等。

翻译:“你们多久到工厂去一次?”“每星期两

次。”

“How often do you go to the factory?” “Twice a week. ”

“他们多长时间举办一次舞会?”“通常每两周举办一

次。”

“How often do they have a dancing party?” “Usually, once every other week.”

“他多久去购一次物?”“一个月一次。” “How often does he go shopping?” “He goes shopping once a month.”

2. “What do you usually do on weekends?” “ I usually play soccer.”

- 3 -

“周末你通常做什么?”“我通常踢足球。”

第一个do为助动词, 在这起帮助构成疑问的作用;而第二个do则是实义动词。

翻译:

What do you usually do on weekends? I often go to

the movies.

What does she usually do on weekends? She sometimes

go hiking.

3. “What’s your favorite program?” “It’s Animal World.”

=What program do you like best?

“你最喜欢什么节目?”“动物世界。”

4. As for homework , most students do homework every day .

as for...意思是“至于;关于”,常用于句首作状语,其后跟名词、代词或动词的-ing形式(即动名词)。如:for him,I never want to see him here. 至于他,我永远不希望在这里见到。

As for the story,you'd better not believe it. 关于那故事,你最好不要相信。 翻译:至于我自己,我现在不想去。 (As for myself, I don’t want to go now. )

至于那个人,我什么都不知道。(As for the man, I know nothing about him.)

5. Mom wants me to get up at 6:00 and play ping-pong with her .

want to do sth. 意思是“想要做某事”;

want sb. to do sth.意思是“想要某人做某事”。如:

Do you want to go to the movies with me?你想和我一起去看电影吗?

The teacher doesn't want us to eat hamburgers.老师不想让我们吃汉堡包。

6. She says it’s good for my health.

- 4 - As

be good for...表示“对??有益(有好处)”;其反义为:be bad for...。(这里for 是介词,后跟名词、代词或动名词)

如:It's good for us to do more reading. 多读书对我们有好处。

Reading in bed is bad for your eyes.在床上读书对你的眼睛有害。

7. How many hours do you sleep every night?

8. I exercise every day , usually when I come home from school .

9. My eating habits are pretty good . 这里pretty相当于very 。

10. I try to eat a lot of vegetables , usually ten to eleven times a week .

try to do sth.表示“ 尽力做某事 ” ,不包含是否成功的意思而try doing sth.表示“(用某一办法)试着去做某事”。

如: You’d better try doing the experiment in another way.

你最好试试用另一种方法做这个试验。

11. My healthy lifestyle helps me get good grades.

help sb.(to) do sth.帮助某人做某事

12. Good food and exercise help me to study better.

这里better是well的比较级,而不是good的比较级

13. Is her lifestyle the same as yours or different?

=Is her lifestyle the same as your lifestyle or is her lifestyle different from yours? be the same as ? / be different from ?

14. What sports do you play ?

15. A lot of vegetables help you to keep in good health .

keep in good health = keep healthy = stay healthy

- 5 -

16. You must try to eat less meat .

try to do sth.表示“ 尽力做某事 ” ,不包含是否成功的意思,less是little的比较级

17. That sounds interesting.

这是“主语+系动词+表语”结构的简单句。sound(听起来),look(看起来),smell(闻起来),taste(尝起来),feel(觉得),seem(好象),grow(变得),get(变得)等词在英语中可用作系动词,后跟形容词作表语。如:

It tastes good. 这味道好。

The music sounds very sweet. 这音乐听起来很入耳。

The smoke grew heavier and heavier. 烟雾变得越来越浓了。

【词语辨析】

一、maybe / may be

1. The baby is crying she is hungry.

2. The woman a teacher .

maybe 是副词,意为“大概,可能,或许”,一般用于句首。May be是情态动词,意为“可能是..,也许是..,大概是..”.

二、a few / few / a little / little

none / no one 三、 - 6 -

none指人或物,强调数量,用how many提问,常与of连用。no one 多指人,强调“无人”这种状态,用who提问,不可与of连用,作主语时,其谓语动词用第三人称单数形式。

四、hard / hardly

hard作形容词,意为“困难的,艰苦的,硬的”;作副词,意为“努力地,猛烈地”。Hardly意为“几乎不”。

Unit 2 What’s the matter?

【复习目标】

● 掌握身体各部位名称的英文表达方式

● 能表述身体的种种不适以及对他人身体的种种不适给予适当的建议

【语言目标】

● What’s the matter? I have a headache.

● You should drink some tea. The sounds like a good idea.

● I have a sore back. That’s too bad .

● I hope you feel better soon.

【重点词汇】

● head, nose, eye, ear, tooth, neck, stomach, back, leg, arm, foot, throat

● thirsty, stressed out,/ dentist, lie, rest, honey, water, illness, advice.

● cold, fever, headache, toothache, stomachache, sore throat

【应掌握的词组】

1. Have a cold 感冒

2. sore back 背痛

- 7 -

3. neck and neck 并驾齐驱,齐头并进

4. I have a stomachache 我胃痛

= I have got a stomachache = There is something wrong with my stomach

= My stomach hurts = I have (got) a pain in my stomach

5. What’s the matter? 怎么了?

= What’s the trouble (with you)? = What’s your trouble?= What’s wrong (with you)? = What’ the matter (with you)? =What has happened to you?

= Is there anything wrong (with you)? = what’s up?

6. sore throat 咽喉痛

7. lie down and rest 躺下休息

8. see a dentist 看牙医

9. drink lots of water 多喝水

10. hot tea with honey 加蜂蜜的热茶

11.That’s a good idea 好主意

12.That’s too bad 太糟糕了

13.I think so 我认为如此

14. I’m not feeling well. 我觉得不太舒服

= I’m not feeling fine/all right. = I’m feeling ill/sick. =I feel terrible/bad. = I don’t feel well.

15. get some rest 多休息

16. I have no idea = I don’t know 我不知道

17. stressed out 筋疲力尽

- 8 -

18. I am tired 我累了 He is tired. 他累了

19. a healthy lifestyle健康的生活方式

20. traditional Chinese doctors传统中医

21. a balance of yin and yang阴阳调和

22. you have too much yin.你阴气太盛

23. to eat a balance diet饮食平衡

24. healthy food 健康食品

25. stay healthy 保持健康=keep healthy=keep in good health = keep fit

26. enjoy oneself (myself, yourself, herself, himself, themselves, ourselves, itself 反身代词) 玩得高兴,过得愉快

=have a good time = have a wonderful time = have fun

27. enjoy sth. =like sth. (名词)喜欢某物,

enjoy doing sth.喜欢做某事=like doing sth practice doing sth.练习做某事, mind doing sth. 介意做某事, finish doing sth.完成某事,

give up doing sth.放弃做某事, can’t help doing sth.忍不住做某事, keep doing sth. 坚持做某事. (keep on doing sth. / keep sb. doing sth. )

be busy doing sth. 忙着做某事 be used to doing sth.习惯于做某事 make a contribution to doing sth.为..做贡献

go on doing sth. 继续做某事 forget doing sth.忘记做过某事 remember doing sth. 记得做过某事 spend....(in) doing sth. 花(时间)来做某事 prefer doing sth.to doing sth.比起(做...)来更愿意(做...)

28. at the moment = now 此刻

- 9 -

29. Host family 东道家庭

30. Conversation practice会话练习

31. I’m sorry to hear that.听到此事我很难过

【应掌握的句子】

1. What’s the matter? I have a bad cold. 你怎么了?我得了重感冒。

翻译:他怎么了?他胃痛。

魏芳怎么了?她背痛。

2.Maybe you should see a dentist. 或许你应该看牙医。

翻译:我应该上床睡觉。

我们不应该上课吃东西。We shoudn’t eat food in class,

3.I hope you feel better soon. 我希望你很快好起来。

翻译:我希望他明天能来。I hope you will come her

tomorrow.

4.Traditional Chinese doctors believe we need a balance of yin and yang to be healthy. 传统中医认为我们需要阴阳调和以保持身体健康。

翻译:老师认为我们应该努力学习以取得好成绩。

Teachers think we should study hard to get good grade.

我相信每天晚上睡眠8个小时很重要。

5.Eating Dangshen and Huangqi herbs is also good for this.

吃党参和黄芪等草本植物也对这有好处。

翻译:吃一些蔬菜和水果对你的健康有好处。

看电视太多对你的眼睛有害。

- 10 -

Watching TV too much is bad for your eyes.

6.People who are too stressed out and angry may have too much yang.

太紧张易怒的人或许吃了太多的阳性食物。

7.It’s easy to have a healthy lifestyle, and it’s important to eat a balanced diet.

有一个健康的生活方式很容易,饮食平衡是很重要的。

翻译:学好英语不是很容易的。It’s not easy to study English. 上课注意听讲是必要的。

完成作业也很重要。

8.When you are tired, you shouldn’t go out at night. 疲倦时,晚上你不该外出。

翻译:他小的时候就知道应该努力学习。

他5岁就上学了。

我们进教室时,老师已经开始讲课了。

9.I believe him, but I can’t believe in him.

他的话是真的,但是我不信任他这个人。

10.I am not feeling very well at the moment. 这段时间我感觉不大好。

I’m tired and I have a lot of headaches. 我很疲劳,而且经常头痛。

11.I’m stressed out because my Mandarin isn’t improving.

我很容易紧张,因为普通话没有长进。

12.I practice playing the piano every day.我每天练习弹钢琴。

翻译:他每天练习踢足球。I practice playing soccer every

day.

我们应该每天练习说英语。

- 11 -

13.She had finished writing the letter when I went in.

我进去时,她已经写完信了。

翻译:他踢完足球去游泳了。

我洗完餐具后去商店了。

14.The doctor asked him to give up smoking.医生叫他戒烟。

翻译:不要放弃学英语。Don’t give up studying English.

15.Do you mind closing the window? 请把窗户关上好吗?

翻译:在这里吸烟你介意吗?Do you mind smoking here?

16.Mary couldn’t help laughing at his jokes.对于他的玩笑,玛莉忍不住笑了。

翻译:听到这个消息,我忍不住哭了起来。

17.They kept working though it was raining.尽管天在下雨,他们仍坚持工作。

翻译:我们应该坚持学英语。

Unit 3 What are you doing for vacation?

【复习目标】

● 会使用现在进行时态表示未来计划

● 会使用wh-特殊疑问句

【语言目标】

● What are you doing for vacation?

I’m spending time with my friends.

● When are you going?

I’m going next week.

- 12 -

● How long are you staying?

We’re staying for two weeks.

【重点词汇】

● babysitting, going sightseeing, going fishing

● how long / plan, decide / at home, get back

【应掌握的词组】

1. babysit one’s sister 照顾妹妹

2. visit one’s grandmother 看望奶奶

3. spend time with friends 和朋友们一起度过时光

4. visit cousins 看望表弟等

5. go to sports camp 去运动野营

6. o to the beach 去海滩

7. go camping 去野营

8. Go shopping 去买东西

9. go swimming 去游泳

10. go boating去划船

11. go skating 去溜冰

12. go walking去散步

13. go climbing 去登山

14. go dancing去跳舞

15. go hiking 去徒步远足

16. go sightseeing 去观光 go bike riding 骑自行车旅行,go fishing 去钓鱼 - 13 -

17. go house-hunting 去找房子

18. o on a hike 徒步旅行,

19. do some shopping 买东西

20. do some washing 洗衣服

21. do some cooking 作饭

22. do some reading 读书

23. do some speaking训练口语

24. do some sewing 做缝纫活

25. that sounds nice 那好极了

26. at home 在家

27. how about=what about ??怎么样?

28. how long 多长时间

29. how far 多远

30. how often 多长时间一次

31. how much, how many 多少

32. have a good time

=have fun= have a wonderful time= enjoy oneself 玩得高兴,过得愉快

33. show sb. Sth.=show sth. to sb.出示某物给某人看

give me the book=give the book to me 给我书,

pass me the cup=pass the cup to me 把杯子递给我,

sell me the house=sell the house to me 把房子卖给我

buy me a book =buy a book for me 给我买书,

- 14 -

make me a cake = make a cake for me给我做蛋糕

34. get back=come back回来

35. rent videos租借影碟

36. take walks=go for a walk散步

37. think about 考虑

38. decide on= decide upon决定一个计划

39. something different 不同的事情

40.a great vacation 一个愉快的假期

41. I can’t wait 我等不及了

42. the famous movie star 著名的影星

43. an exciting vacation 激动人心的假期

44. Ask her about her plans 向她询问她的计划

ask sb. about sth.向某人询问某事

45. forget to do sth. 忘记要做某事forget doing sth. 忘记做过某事

【应该掌握的句子】

1.What are you doing for vacation? I’m babysitting my sister.

假期你要做什么?我要照顾我的妹妹。

翻译:周末他要做什么?他要去滑划板。

李平假期要做什么?他要去野营。

2.Who are you going with? I’m going with my parents.你要和谁一起去?我要和父母一起去。 翻译:王林要和谁一起去观光?他要和他的朋友们一起去。

我要和同学们一起去游泳。

- 15 -

我和父母要去游览长城。

3.When is he going camping? He is going on the 12th of February, 2005.

4.I’m going to Tibet for a week. 我要去西藏一周。

翻译:你要去西藏多长时间?

他们假期要在家里呆一个月。

5.What are you doing there? I’m going hiking in the mountains.

你在那里要做什么? 我要在山区里远足。

6.Show me your photos when we get back to school.

我们返回学校时,你把照片拿给我看。

翻译:我来把我的新照片拿给你看看。

他长大时想当一名时装杂志的记者。

7.Where are you going for vacation? I’m going to Hawaii for vacation.

你要去哪度假?我要去夏威夷度假。

翻译:他要去哪度假?他要去泰国度假。

8.I’m going to Hawaii for vacation in December, and I’m staying for three weeks.我要在12月去夏威夷度假,在那里呆3个星期。

翻译:他打算在11月2日去海南度假,在那呆大约1个月。

9.What is it like there? 那里什么样子?

翻译:那部电视剧怎么样?

那里的天气怎么样?

你和谁一起

去? - 16 -

10. Can I ask you some questions about your vacation plans?

我可以问你一些有关你假期计划的问题吗?

翻译:我能吃点肉吗? 他向我打听你家的情况。

11. He thought about going to Greece or Spain, but decided on Canada. 他考虑去希腊或西班牙,但是最后他决定去加拿大。

翻译:我总是在欧洲读假。 这次,我想有所改变。

12. He is leaving the first week in June and staying until September. 他将在6月的第一个星期动身,一直呆到9月。

翻译:他想度过一个轻松的假期。 我想要过一个令人兴奋的假期。

13. Please don’t forget to close the door when you leave. 你离开时,请别忘记关门。

14.She couldn’t wait to get home to see he parents.

她迫不及待的想回家看望父母。

翻译:我听说泰国是一个观光游览的好地方。 她星期二动身去香港。

Unit 4 How do you get to school?

【复习目标】

● 学会谈论交通工具

- 17 -

● 合理安排行程,并合理选用交通工具

【语言目标】

● How do you get to school? I take the bus.

● How long does it take? It takes 20 minutes.

● How far is it? It’s 10 miles.

【重点词汇】

● get to, how far./ bicycle, subway, car, train.

● bus stop, train station, bus station, subway station

● minute, kilometer, mile, transportation , calendar

【应掌握的词组】

1. get to school 到校

2. get home 到家

3. how about=what about ??.怎么样?

4. take the subway 乘地铁

5. ride a bike 骑自行车

6. take the bus乘公共汽车

7. take the train乘火车

8. take a taxi乘坐出租车

9. go in a parent’s car 坐父母的车

10. by bike, bike bus, by subway, by taxi, by car, by train (乘坐??车,放在句尾)

11. have a quick breakfast 迅速吃早饭

12. the early bus 早班车

- 18 -

13. how far多远

14. take sb. to sp.带某人到某处

15. doing sth. takes sb. Some time/ money

=It takes sb. some time/money to do sth.=sb. spends some time/money (on sth.) =sb. spends some time/money (in) doing sth.=sth. costs sb. some time/money

=sb. pay some money for sth.花费某人多少时间/金钱做某事/某人花费多少金钱/时间做某事

16. bus stop公共汽车站,train station火车站,

subway station地铁站,bus station客运站

17. want to do sth.想做某事

18. walk to school 步行上学

19. in North America 在北美

20. in other parts of the world 在世界的其他地区

21. depend on=depend upon 依靠,靠??决定

22. not all 不是所有的

23. need to do sth.需要做某事

24. number of students学生数

25. a number of=many 许多

number前可用large, great, small修饰其谓语是复数

26. the number of?.的数量,谓语是单数

27. don’t worry(about sth./sb.)别着急(为某人/事担心

28. around the world= all over the world世界各地,全世界

【应掌握的句子】

- 19 -

1. How do you get to school? I walk to school.你是怎样到校的?我步行。

翻译: 李平怎样到校的?骑自行车。

火车什么时候到站?

我们是今天早上到上海的。

2. How about the white shirt? 这件白衬衫怎么样?

翻译:他怎么样?

去游泳怎么样?

3. I usually walk but sometimes I take the bus.我通常步行,但有时坐公共汽车。

翻译:他总是骑自行车上学,但这次他乘地铁上学了。

4. How long does it take you to get to school? It takes about 10 minutes to walk and 15 minutes by bus.你需要多长时间到校?步行大约10分钟,乘汽车15分钟。

翻译:做早操每天花费他半小时。

建造这座桥工人们将花费1年多的时间。

我花了20分钟做作业。

他花了20美圆买这个新玩具。

5. How far is it from his home to school? About 10 kilometers. 从他家到学校有多远?大约10公里。 翻译:从地球到月球有多远?大约38万公里远。

本溪到沈阳有多远?大约70公里远。

6. Lin Fei’s home is about 10 kilometers from school.林飞的家离学校大约10公里

翻译:我们学校到望溪公园大约7公里。

7. He leaves for school at around six-thirty. 他大约在6点30分动身去学校。

翻译:你什么时候离开本溪的?

- 20 -

我们下星期去北京。

我们不会离开北京到大连市。

8. Then the early bus takes him to school.然后,他乘坐早班车到学校。

翻译:他们李平送到医院。

请把书带到学校来。

张强把水果从书包里拿了出来。

我打算带一些苹果回家。

9. Thomas wants to know where Nina lives.托马斯想要知道尼娜住在哪里。

翻译:老师想知道她住的地方离学校有多远。

李平想知道到学校需要多长时间。

他们想知道他通常怎样到校。

10. In Japan, most students take trains to school, although others also walk or ride their bikes. 在日本,大部分学生乘坐火车上学,尽管其他人也步行或骑自行车。

翻译:在中国,这要看你住在哪里。

在大城市,学生通常骑自行车或乘坐公共汽车上学。

那一定要比乘坐公共汽车要有趣得多。

在中国,自行车和公共汽车是最常用的交通方式。

11. A small number of students take the subway to school. 小部分学生乘坐地铁上学

翻译:我有许多信件要写。

我们学校许多学生来自农村。

说汉语的人的数量要大于说英语的人的数量。

12. What do you think of the transportation in your town? 你对你们镇的交通认为怎么样?

- 21 -

翻译:你认为这本书怎么样? 下雨时,我乘坐出租车。

你住的离学校有多远?

13. She is dead but her memory still lives on.她虽然死了,但人们仍然怀念她。 翻译:羊靠青草维持生命。

Unit 5 Can you come to my party?

【复习目标】

● 学习礼貌地发出、接受、拒绝邀请

● 谈论自己或别人必须做的事情

● 学会根据日程表中的计划安排自己的活动

【语言目标】

● Can you come to my birthday party?

Yes, I’d love to. /Sorry, I can’t .I have to study for a test.

I’m sorry. I’m playing soccer on Saturday.

● When is the party? It’s at seven-thirty.

【语言结构】

● 用can发出邀请 ● 情态动词have to

● 用现在进行时表示将来计划或行动

【重点词汇】

● today, tomorrow , the day after tomorrow, next week,/ lesson, invitation

【应掌握的词组】

1. come to one’s party 参加某人的聚会

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2. on Saturday afternoon 在星期六的下午

3. I’d love to 我非常乐意

4. I’m sorry 对不起

5. study for a test为测验而学习

6. go to the doctor 去看医生

7. visit one’s aunt 看望某人的姑姑

8. have a piano lesson 上一堂钢琴课

10. too much homework 太多家庭作业

11. much too interesting 有趣得多

12. maybe another time 也许下一次吧

13.Thanks for asking(inviting)谢谢邀请

14. go to the baseball game 参加棒球比赛

15. Birthday Party 生日聚会

16. go to the mall 去购物中心

17. soccer practice 足球练习

18. look for 寻找19. find out 找到,弄清楚,查明

20. study for the math test 为数学考试而学习

21. play tennis with me 和我一起打网球

22. I have a really busy week 我一周很忙

23. football match足球比赛

24. my cousin’s birthday party 我表弟的生日聚会

25. write soon 尽快回信

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26. study for my science test 为科学考试而学习

27. 给某人打电话的几种说法:

call sb. up, call sb. phone sb. telephone sb.

telephone to sb. phone sb. Up ring sb.

give sb. a ring, give sb. a phone make a telephone call to sb.

28. on Thursday night 星期四晚上

29. be (go) on vacation 度假

30. next week下周

31. join sb.加入某人一起

32. Please keep quiet! 请保持安静,

keep+形容词表示“保持某种状态”,

keep+(sb.)+doing 表示“(使某人)不停地做某事”,keep sth. 保存某物

33. culture club 文化俱乐部

34. try to do sth. 努力(企图)做某事,

try doing sth.试着做某事,try one’ best to do sth. 尽力做某事

【应掌握的句子】

1. Can you come to my party on Saturday afternoon? Sure, I’d love to.

星期六的下午你能来参加我的聚会吗?当然,我非常乐意。

2. May I ask you some questions? Sure. / Of course. /Certainly. 我可以问您一些问题吗?当然可以。

3. I would love to go to your party. 我愿意参加你的聚会。

4. She isn’t very well these days and has to stay home. 她这几天身体不太好,只好呆在家里

5. We can learn what we did not know. 我们能够学会原来不知道的东西。

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6. Thank you for inviting me. =Thanks for asking (having, inviting) 谢谢你邀请我。

7. Maybe another time.或许下一次吧。

8. Can she go to the movies? No, she can’t. She’s playing soccer. 她能去看电影吗?不,她不能。她要踢

足球。

9. Read these dialogues and find out about another kind of football. 朗读这些对话,找出有关另一种足球的语句。

10. She and I are both students. 我和她都是学生。

Unit 6 I’m more outgoing than my sister.

【复习目标】

● 谈论个性特征

● 学会使用形容词的比较级比较人的个性特征

● 学会比较身边的事物并选择最佳方案

【语言目标】

● Is that Sam? No, that’s Tom,

He has shorter hair than Sam. He’s calmer than Sam.

【语言结构】

● 比较级-er, -ier, more的使用 ● both的用法

【重点词汇】

● more, than,/ more athletic, more popular,/ twin, both, be good at

● taller, shorter, thinner, longer, heavier ,calmer, wilder, quieter, funnier,smarter

【应掌握的词组】

1. long hair 长头发

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2. How are you? 你身体好吗?

3. How old 多大年纪

4. how tall 多高

5. how long ago多久前(的事)

6.more outgoing 比较外向

7. want/plan to do sth. 意欲,企图

8. here are photos of me 这是我的照片

9. as you can see 正如你所看到的

10. in some ways在某些地方

11. we look the same我们看起来一样, They look different他们看起来不同

12. the same to ??多??是一样的

13. quite the same 完全一样

14. all the same 还是, 同样应??

15. look like 看起来像?.一样,而look the same看起来很像

16. go to lots of parties经常参加聚会=often go to the party

17. a little taller 高一点

18. take sth. from sth. 从某处拿/取出某物

19. put sth. in sth. 将某物放入某物中

20. make a list of 列出清单

21. has cool clothes 有漂亮的衣服

22. is popular in school 在学校受欢迎

23. is good at sports 擅长体育

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24. make me laugh 使我发笑

25. that’s not very important for me 那对我来说并不重要

( be important for sb.)

26. put up举起,抬起,挂起,张贴,建造;put on穿上,戴上,上演(戏剧); put down=write down=copy down 写下来; put out 伸出,扑灭;

put away 收起来,收好;put off推迟;

put one’s heart into?全神贯注于??,全身心投入??

27. opposite views 相反的观点

28. a weekendteacher 周末教师

29. Abacus Study Center 珠算研究中心

30. elementary school students 小学生

31. be good with children 善于与孩子相处

32. have good grades 成绩出色

33. enjoy telling jokes 喜欢讲笑话

34. can’t stop talking 不能停止讲话

35. help others 帮助别人,help each other互相帮助

36. in one’s free time在业余时间

37. one of +复数名词(代词)??其中之一

38. use sth. to do sth.=do sth.. with sth. 使用?做?

39. be/feel sorry for sb. 为某事感到同情或难受;

be / feel sorry for sth. 因某事感到抱歉或后悔;

be sorry +to see/hear 听到或看到某种情况很不安或难过;say sorry to sb.向某人道歉 - 27 -

40. begin with 从??开始

41. next to 在??旁边,紧靠??

42. be famous for 因? 而著名,因??而广为人知; be famous as 作为??而知名

43. all together 总计,总共

44. make sb. do sth. 让/使某人做某事,

相似的用法有几个感官动词see, let, hear, watch, feel等

【应该掌握的句子】

1.What are you doing for vacation? I’m babysitting my sister.假期你要做什么?我要照顾我的妹妹。

2.Who are you going with? I’m going with my parents.你要和谁一起去?我要和父母一起去。

3.When is he going camping? He is going on the 12th of February, 2005.

4.I’m going to Tibet for a week. 我要去西藏一周。

5.What are you doing there? I’m going hiking in the mountains. 你在那里要做什么? 我要在山区里远足。

6.Show me your photos when we get back to school. 我们返回学校时,你把照片拿给我看。

7.Where are you going for vacation? I’m going to Hawaii for vacation. 你要去哪度假?我要去夏威夷度假。

8. I’m going to Hawaii for vacation in December, and I’m staying for three weeks.我要12月去夏威夷度假,在那里呆3个星期。

9.What is it like there? 那里什么样子?

10. Can I ask you some questions about your vacation plans? 我可以问你一些有关你假期计划的问题吗?

11. He thought about going to Greece or Spain, but decided on Canada. 他考虑去希腊或西班牙,但是最后他决定去加拿大。

12. He is leaving the first week in June and staying until September. 他将在6月的第一个星期动身,一直呆到9月。

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13. Please don’t forget to close the door when you leave.你离开时,请别忘记关门。

14. She couldn’t wait to get home to see he parents.她迫不及待的想回家看望父母。

【词语辨析】

一、how long / how far

how long多长,用来询问时间, 指时间上的长短。How far多远,用来询问距离,指路上的远近。

二、have / must

两者都有“必须”的意思, 它们的基本区别是:have to 表示客观上的义务;而must则表示主观上的意愿或需要。

三、too much / much too

too much 是用too来修饰much,加深much的程度,意思是“太多”,作定语时,后接不可数名词。much too是用much来增强too的语气,意思是“太...”,后面常接形容词。

Unit 7 How do you make a banana milk shake?

【复习目标】

● 学会询问和描述一种食物的制作过程

● 学习询问和描述做一件事情的过程

● 能够依据指示语做事情

● 区分可数名词和不可数名词

【语言目标】

● How do you make a banana milk smoothie?

First, peel the bananas and cut it up. then put the milk into the blender....

● How many bananas do we need? We need three bananas.

【语言结构】

● 祈使句 / 可数名词和不可数名词

- 29 -

● How much / How many引导的特殊疑问句

【重点词汇】

● turn on, cut up, peel, pour, put, mix up,/ how much, how many, amount ● milk smoothie, yogurt watermelon, ingredient, sauce, popcorn ● blender, teaspoon, cup,/ first, then, next

● sandwich, lettuce, relish, turkey, bread

【应掌握的词组】

1. make a banana smoothie 制作香蕉混合饮料(思木西)

2. peel the bananas 剥香蕉

3. cut up the bananas切碎香蕉

4. pour the milk in the blender 将牛奶倒入搅拌器

5. turn on the blender 打开搅拌器电源

6. put the yogurt in the blender将酸奶放入搅拌器

7. turn off 关上,(turn on 打开)

turn up旋大(灯火等),开大(煤气等)调高(声音等),

turn down 把(灯火、电器等)关小一点

8. how much cinnamon多少肉桂

9. one teaspoon of cinnamon 一茶匙肉桂

10. make fruit salad 制作水果沙拉

11. two pieces of bread 两片面包

12. mix it all up 将它们混合在一起

14. turkey slices 火鸡肉片, a slice of bread一片面包

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13. takes turns doing sth,

take turns to do sth.=do sth. in turns 轮流做某事

15. slices of duck 烤鸭片

16. roll pancake 卷上薄饼

17. make faces 作鬼脸

make friends with 与??交朋友

make a noise吵闹, make mistakes犯错误,

make the bed整理床铺

make one’s way to往?走去,

make room for给?腾出地方

18. it’s easy to do sth. 做某事容易

it’s hard (difficult) to do sth.做某事难,

It’s necessary to do sth.做某事必要

19. put sth, in order 将某些东西按顺序排列

20. a recipe for ??的烹调方法, ??的菜

【应掌握的句子】

1.How do you make a banana smoothie? 如何制作香蕉思木西?

2.Describe a process and follow instructions. 描述过程,按说明做。

3.Pour the milk into the blender.把牛奶倒入果汁机。

4.How many bananas do we need? 我们需要多少个香蕉?

5.Then compare lists with another student. 然后和另一个学生的清单进行比较。

6.I need some help.我需要一些帮助。

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Unit 8 How was your school trip?

【复习目标】

● 学会询问和谈论过去发生的事情

● 了解全班同学的周末活动

【语言目标】

● What did you do on your school trip?

● Did you go to the zoo? No, I didn’t. I went to the aquarium. ● Were there any sharks?

No, there weren’t any sharks, but there were some really smart seals.

【语言结构】

● 规则动词和不规则动词的一般过去式

● 一般过去时的肯定句和否定句

● Did you....., Were there.....引导的一般疑问句

【重点词汇】

● aquarium, science center, gift shop,/ seal, shark, octopus

● ate, took, hung out, got,/ go for a drive, sleep late, yard sale, day off

【应掌握的词组】

1. talk about 谈论,talk over谈论

2. give a talk 作报告

3. have a talk to (with) sb.与某人谈话

4. go to the beach去海滩

5. have ice cream吃冰淇淋

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6. go to the zoo去动物园

7. go to the aquarium去水族馆

8. hang out with one’s friends和朋友闲逛

9. take photos=take a photo=take pictures=take a picture照相

10. buy a souvenir买纪念品

11. have pizza吃比萨饼

12. a famous actor著名的演员

13. get one’s autograph得到了某人的亲笔签名

14. win a prize赢得奖品(奖项)

15. at the aquarium 在水族馆

16. have a great time玩得高兴,过得愉快

17. on the school trip在学校的旅游

18. Blue Water Aquarium蓝色水族馆

19. the Visitors’ Center游客中心

20.a dolphin show海豚表演

21. after that 后来

22. at the end of?在??结束的时候,在??的尽头

23. the Gift Shop礼品店

24. at the beginning of?在..开始的时候

25. a terrible school trip糟糕的学校旅行

26. that sounds interesting那听起来很有趣

27. make up a story编一个故事

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28. go for a drive 开车兜风

30. in the rain在雨中

in the dark在黑暗中\

in the sun在阳光下

in the snow在雪中

31. take notes of=write down=copy down 写下,记下

32. have fun doing sth.很快乐的做某事

33. play computer games打电脑游戏

34. for sale 供销售

35. see you soon盼望很快见到你

36. in one’s opinion据某人看来,某人的观点上看

37. win the first prize获得了一等奖

38.a famous basketball player著名的篮球运动员

39. in the future在将来,今后

40. can’t help doing sth.忍不住做某事

41. the story goes that?据说??

42. a busy day off 繁忙的假日,

in one’s off hours在某人的休息时间

the off season淡季

43. none of? ??当中没有一个

44. a heavy rain 一阵大雨

a light rain一阵小雨

- 34 -

a fine rain 一阵细雨

44. all day = all day long 整天

all night = all night long整夜

【应掌握的句子】

1. How was your school trip? 你的学校旅行怎么样?

2. Talk about events in the past.谈谈过去的事件。

3. Were there any sharks? No, there weren’t any sharks, but there were some really smart seals.有鲨鱼吗?不,没有鲨鱼,但是看见了一些非常伶俐的海豹。

4. What else did you do? 你还做了别的什么事情吗?

5. Finally, they took the school bus back to school.最后他们乘坐公共汽车返回学校。

6. At the end of the day, the science teacher was very happy because the students cleaned the bus after the trip.在哪天结束的时候,自然老师很高兴,因为学生们在旅游之后把汽车打扫了一遍

7. The students had a terrible school trip.学生们度过了一次很糟糕的学校旅行。

8. They took the subway back to school.他们乘坐地铁回到学校。

9. She lives in California. The weather was beautiful.她住在加利福尼亚,天气很好。

10. On my next day off, I don’t want to go for a drive. That sounds really boring.在我的下次假日,我不想开车兜风。那听起来真的很烦人。

11. Did you have fun camping?你的野营过得愉快吗?

12. No one came to the sale because the weather was so bad. 没有人来购买,因为天气是如此的糟糕。 Unit 9 When was he born?

【复习目标】

● 会谈论自己内容崇拜的名人

● 复习一些有关职业的英文表达方式

- 35 -

● 会谈论自己过去的生活经历

● 会谈论自己和别人的成就

● 能够写简短的人物传讯

【语言目标】

● Who’s that? That’s Deng Yaping, She is a great ping-pong player. ● When was she born? She was born in 1973.

● Who is Shirley Temple? She is a movie star.

● When did she become a movie star? When she was three years old.

【语言结构】

● 被动语态 / when 引导的状语从句

● when / how long引导的特殊疑问句

【重点词汇】

● achievement, record,/ first went, first had

● skater, violinist, pianist, /start, stop

● talented, loving, creative, outstanding, unusual

【应掌握的词组】

1. ping-pong player乒乓球运动员

2. a great Chinese ping-pong player中国杰出的乒乓球运动员

3. start hiccupping 开始打嗝

4. too? to?太??,而不??

5. write music谱写曲子

6. a movie star电影明星

7. learn to ride a bicycle学会骑自行车

8. start learning开始学英语

9. begin playing sports 开始进行体育运动

10. a loving grandfather慈爱的祖父

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11. spend all one’s free time with sb.与某人一起度过了所有的业余时间

12. a famous violinist 著名的小提琴手

13. ice skating滑冰

14. a kind and loving grandmother和蔼而慈爱的祖母

15. a skating champion 滑冰冠军

16. the famous Chinese pianist中国著名的钢琴演奏家

17. a small boy(girl)孩提时期

18. at the age of?在??年龄时

19. take part in参加、加入

20. begin to learn the accordion开始学习手风琴

21. major in 主修,专修

22. start for a place=leave for a place动身去?

23. because of 因为、由于

【应掌握的句子】

1.When was he born?他是什么时候出生的?

2.Who’s that? That’s Deng Yaping. She is a great Chinese ping-pong player.那是谁?是邓亚萍。她是中国一位杰出的乒乓球运动员。

3.How long did Charles Osborne hiccup? He hiccupped for 69 years 5 months.查里斯˙奥斯本打嗝打了多长时间?他打了69年零5个月。

4.You are never too young to start doing things.你永远不会小到不能做事情的地步。

5.Tiger Woods started golfing when he was only ten months old.泰戈伍德在只有10个月大的时候开始玩高尔夫球。

6.Who is Shirley Temple?坦普尔是谁? She’s a movie star. 雪利她是一电影明星。

When did she became a movie star?她何时成为明星的?

She became a movie when she was three years old.她3岁的时候.

7.It was a comedy called “How Alone”.这是一部叫“小鬼当家” 的喜剧。

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8.Arthur is a loving grandfather. He spends all his free time with his grandchildren.

阿瑟是一位慈爱的祖父。他与他的孙子、孙女一起度过了他所有的业余时间。

9.She toured the U.S. when she was fourteen.他14岁的时候就在美国做巡回表演了。

10. When he was a small boy, he could hum songs and difficult pieces of music.

在他还是一个小孩子的时候,他就能哼唱歌曲和难的乐曲。

11. Who is the greatest man alive?谁是当今最伟大的人?

12. My mother bought a live fish.我妈妈买了一条活鱼。

13. The living people are more important.活着的人更重要。

Unit 10 I’m going to be a basketball player

【复习目标】

● 复习有关职业的英文表达方式 / 未来计划的制定

● 谈论未来自己与他人理想的职业及原因 / 谈论为实现理想所做出的打算和安排

【语言目标】

● What are you going to be when you grow up? I’m going to be a computer programmer.

● How are you going to do that? I’m going to study computer science.

【语言结构】

● be going to 表示将来 want to be what, where, when, how 引导的特殊疑问句

【重点词汇】

● computer programmer, professional, engineer, pilot

● computer science, dream job, grow up, move to , fashion, show, retire, save

● resolution, get good, grades, get a part-time job, make more friends

【应掌握的词组】

1. grow up 长大,成长

2. computer science计算机科学

3. be going to do 表示主观打算、准备或有信心做某事

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4. computer programmer 电脑程序设计人

5. baseball player 棒球运动员

6. take acting lessons上演技课

7. professional basketball player职业篮球运动员

8. practice basketball练习篮球

9. move somewhere=move to somewhere搬到(不具体的)某一地方

10. sound like 听起来像??

11. part-time 兼职的,full-time 全职的,全日制的

12. a year or two 一两年=one or two years;

an hour or two=one or two hours一两个小时

a day or two=one or two days一两天

13. my dream job我梦想的工作

14. what I want to do 我想做的事情

15. somewhere interesting有趣的地方

16. a reporter for fashion magazine 时装杂志记者

17. save some money 积蓄一些钱,攒钱

18. at the same time与此同时

19. hold art exhibition举办美术展览

20. all over the world全世界,世界各地

21. somewhere quiet and beautiful 安静而美丽的地方

22. send sth. to sb. 将某物发送给某人

23. I’m not sure yet我还没有定下来

24. the Olympic Games=the Olympics奥运会

25. New Year’s resolutions新年的决心

26. play an instrument 弹一种乐器

27. get a part-time job找到一份兼职工作

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28. make the soccer team组建足球队

29. get good grades获得好成绩

30. eat healthier food吃健康的食物

31. get lots of exercise多进行体育锻炼

32. take guitar lessons上吉他课

33. I really love music我酷爱音乐

34. sounds interesting听起来很有意思

35. communicate with sb.与某人交流

36. a foreign language teacher 一份当外语教师的工作

37. keep fit 保持身体健康

38. work harder in school 在学校里更努力学习

39. make one’s resolution 表决心

40. after high school=leave school中学毕业后

41. international magazines 国际杂志社

42. the exchange students留学生

43. have a welcome party 召开一个欢迎会

【应掌握的句子】

1. I am going to be a basketball player. 我想成为一名篮球运动员。

2. How are you going to do that? I’m going to study computer science.你打算怎样做?我打算学习计算机科学。

3. Being a computer programmer is his dream.当一名电脑程序设计人是他的梦想。

4. Cheng Han is going to be an actor. 程汉想要当一名演员。

5. Where is Cheng Han going to move? He’s going to move to New York. 程汉打算要搬到哪里去?他打算要搬到纽约去。

6. Where are you going to work?你打算在哪里工作?

I’m not sure yet.我还没有定下来。

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Maybe Beijing or Shanghai.也许在北京或上海吧。

Unit 11 Could you please clean your room?

【复习目标】

● 如何礼貌地提出要求,礼貌地请求允许做某事。

● 写留言条以请求他人的帮助。

【语言目标】

● Could you take out the trash? Sure.

● Could I borrow the car? Sorry, but I need it, I have to go to a meeting, ● I have to make the bed and do the laundry.

【语言结构】

● 用Could委婉地表示请求

● 用could委婉地请求许可

● make与do的区别

【重点词汇】

● do the chores, do the dishes, sweep the floor, take out the trash, fold the clothes, clean the living room, do the laundry, wash the car

● buy some drinks and snacks, borrow some money, invite your friends

● teenager, hate / take care of / feed

【应掌握的词组】

1. could you please?你能??吗?/请你干??.好吗?

2. do the dishes 洗餐具

3. sweep the floor清扫地板

4. take out the trash倒垃圾

5. make one’s bed铺床

6. fold one’s clothes叠衣服

7. clean the living room 清扫客厅

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8. stay out late晚归

9. his father’s reason他父亲的理由

10. get a ride搭车

11. use one’s computer 使用某人的电脑

12. hate sth./to do sth.讨厌某事/做某事

13. do the laundry=do some washing=wash clothes洗衣服

14. make breakfast, make dinner, do some cooking 做饭

15. wash the car刷车16. work on 从事,忙于

17. work at学习、致力于、在??上下工夫

18. borrow some money借一些钱

19. invite sb. to do sth邀请某人做某事

20. go to the store去商店

21.agree sb. to do sth.同意某人做某事

22. agree with sb. =agree with what one says同意某人的意见

23.(需了解) make a deal作成交易

make a face做鬼脸;

make a fool of捉弄,使出洋相

make friends with与??交朋友

make a name for himself成名

make a note of注意,记下来

make free with擅自使用

make fun of取笑

make?into把??作成,使变成

make it成功,到达某处

make one’s living维持生活

make one’s way to前往某处

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make room腾出地方

make up编造

make use of利用

24. borrow sth. from sb.向某人借某物(借入)

25. lend sb. sth.=lend sth. to sb.借给某人某物(借出)

26.ask for要求得到、要求见到

27. take care of = look after照顾、照看、照料

take good care of=look after?well

28. need some help需要一些帮助

29. come over过来

30. get angry生气

31. have a test考试

32. make a clean sweep of 彻底扫除

【应掌握的句子】

1.Could you please clean your room? 请你打扫一下你的房间好吗?

2.Could you please open the door for me? 请你替我开门,好吗?

3.I hate to do chores.我讨厌做家务。

4.Tell your partner your answer to activity 1a. Does your partner agree? 把你对活动1a的答案告诉你的搭档。你的搭档同意吗?

5.Thanks for taking care of my dog. 感谢你照看我的狗。

6.You are having a party. Ask your partner for help. Talk about these things.

你要开一个晚会。向你的搭档寻求帮助。谈论这些事情。

7.Take him for a walk. 带它出去散步。

给它喝水,并喂它食物。

然后,把它的碗洗洗。和它一起玩。 Give him water and feed him. Then wash his bowl. Play with him.

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Don’t forget to clean his bed. 不要忘了把它的床铺清扫干净

8.I’m going to move to a new house! I need some help.我要搬入新房子,需要帮助 Unit 12 what’s the best radio station?

【复习目标】

● 单音节形容词、多音节形容词和特殊形容词的比较级和最高级形式

● 进行简单的比较,并表达自己的好恶

【语言目标】

● what’s the best cinema? Showtime cinema, it’s the cheapest.

● Jason’s has good quality clothes. It’s better than Trendy Teens.

● Jason’s is the best store in town.

【语言结构】

● 用-(i)est, the most表示最高级

● 不规则的形容词和比较级和最高级形式good, better, the best, bad, worse the worst

【重点词汇】

● theater, cinema / trendy, quality, comfortable, close to

● seat, screen, jeans, / performer, radio station

【应掌握的词组】

1. the best radio station最好的无线电台

2. comfortable seats舒适的椅子

3. big screens大屏幕

4. friendly service友好的服务

5. new movies新电影

6. close to home离家近

7. in a fun part of town 在城镇闹区

8. Town Cinema城镇电影院

9. Screen City大屏幕影视城

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10. Movie Palace电影艺术宫

11. Jeans Corner牛仔广角

12.Trendy Teens时髦少年服装店

13. Easy Listening轻松听力

14. have good quality clothes服装质量好

15. in town在城里, in the city在城市里

in the country在乡下

16. the beat clothing store最好的服装店

17. do a survey of 对?进行调查

18. all the movie theaters所有的电影院

19. the most interesting music最有趣的音乐

20.be(get, become, feel) interested in 对?感兴趣

21.positive words肯定的词语

22. negative words否定的词语

23. the most creative最有创造力的

24. the most boring最烦人的

25. the math teacher数学老师

26. a great success巨大的成功

27. win the prize for赢得??的奖项

28. without music没有音乐伴奏下

29. the funniest actor最滑稽的演员

30. the worst movie最差的电影

31. action movies动作片

32. beautiful beaches美丽的海滩

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33. in the north of China在中国的北部

34. an Ice and Snow Festival冰雪节

35. Central Park 中心公园

36. leader of a band乐队指挥

37. Forbidden City紫禁城

38. elementary school 小学

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