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初中英语导学案7B Unit4(6)

发布时间:2013-10-29 13:50:11  

初中英语导学案编号7B Unit4

课题:Grammar2

学习目标:

1. 进一步了解一般过去时的构成及用法。

2. 根据情境正确使用一般过去时谈论过去的事件。

课前预习

一、预习书68-69页,完成书上的填空

二、找出并翻译下列短语

1 到达博物馆担心我的数学 3 一只毒青蛙4 有趣的事 5 有点怕狗 6 不再 7 在地球上 成百的恐龙 9 生活在陆地上10 下蛋 11 两千多万年前12 一头重达10几万公斤的恐龙

课堂活动

Activity1 Revision

一、 动词过去式的构成: (1)规则动词过去式的构成:

①直接加-ed。如:look——________。

②以不发音的字母e结尾的动词,加-d。如:live——______。 ③末尾只有一个辅音字母的重读闭音节,先双写这个辅音字母,再加-ed。 如:stop——_____。

④末尾是辅音字母+y结尾的动词,先变y为i,然后再加-ed。如:study——______。

kick try

(2)

1

4.do

Activity2: 探讨一般过去时的几种句型

(一) 动词为实义动词

(1)肯定句结构为:主语+动词的过去式+其它。 如:He______ to the toy store yesterday. 他昨天去玩具店了。

(2)否定句结构为:主语+did not (didn?t)+动词原形+其它。

如:He ______ ____ to the toy store yesterday. 他昨天没去

玩具店。

(3) 一般过去时的一般疑问句的构成:Did+主语+动词原形+其它?

如:——_______ you _______ (swim) last summer?

-No, I _______. (Yes, I _____.)

(4)一般过去时的特殊疑问句的构成:疑问词+did+主语+动词原形+其它?

-I did my homework.

(二) 动词为be动词

Presentation

1 Teach them how to use the simple past tense of ?to be ? to make positive and negative sentences, ask and answer questions.

a, Positive and negative sentences

-What ________ you_____( do) last night? 2

Let students conclude:

(1) We use 'was' when the subject is __ (I). __ (he), __ (she) or __ (it).

We use 'were' when the subject is ___(you), __ (we) or __ (they).

(2) Negative structures of the verb 'to be in simple past tense are: I/He/She/It __ / ___... (was not wasn't) We/You/They __ / ___ ... (were not weren't) 2 Ask students some questions and students give answers. When were you born? Were you born …? Was he/she born…? Were they born…

3 Explain the instructions to Part B1 on Page 68. Remind them to use the past tense form of “to be”. Ask them to complete the exercise. Then share their answers in a whole. Sum:

1.肯定句结构为:主语+其它。

3

2.否定句结构为:主语其它。

3.一般过去时的一般疑问句的构成:

+主语+其它?

课堂反馈

1 Did she give you a fact sheet about the amazing things in

the world?(变成肯定句)

She a fact sheet about the amazing things in the world.

2 I was at breakfast when she came in.)

(变为一般疑问句 ?

(变为否定句) 肯定回答 否定回答 Li Ming read English this morning.

(变为一般疑问句 (变为否定句) 肯定回答 否定回答

3 We followed the guide the whole day.

(变为一般疑问句 ?

(变为否定句) 肯定回答 否定回答

4 提问)

he last Sunday?

5 提问)

he basketball with last Sunday?

课后反思

4

5

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