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发布时间:2013-10-31 09:31:56  

Unit 1

Stylistic Features of the Text

1) The following antonyms are used in the speech: . Some of these antonyms are used to describe the terrible nature of the war, some of them are used to express the determination of the British people to fight on for the final victory, and some are used to encourage the audience not to lose hope.


In parallel construction it is necessary to balance word for word (noun with noun, verb with verb, adjective with adjective, etc.), phrase with phrase, clause with clause, sentence with sentence. e.g.

1) Not parallel: The child was pretty and had brains.

Parallel: The child was pretty and intelligent.

2) Not parallel: He sat down and was beginning to work.

Parallel: He sat down and began to work.

Parallelism is regularly employed in the listing of facts, ideas, events, etc., and the parallel elements may range from a minimum of two to any number required.

To make the parallelism clear, it is essential to repeat, as the case demands, the marker of the parallelism, such as an article, a preposition, the to of an infinitive, or the introductory word of a main or subordinate clause. e.g.

1) She was a good hostess and an accomplished pianist.

2) You can go there on foot, by bus or by train.

3) It is important to know how to study and to learn how to plan one’s time.

4) Do you know who will come and when they will arrive?

5) …and that government of the people, by the people, for the people shall not perish from the earth

Unit 2

Rhetorical Features of the Text I

Listed below are the verbs used by the author to give a vivid and accurate description of the behavior of the space invaders

1) Verbs used to described the behavior of space invaders:

inch, wedge, zigzag, jostle, refuse, press, bump, etc.

2) Verbs used to describe the reaction of those whose space is being invaded:

advanced, sidle, shuffle

Unit 4

Rhetorical features of the text

Apart from the two sentences that have been already mentioned, we can find the following sentences with the “A but B” structure in the text:

The true measure of the event lies not in what remains but in all that has disappeared.( Para 1)

…the challenge is not just to apprehend the nuclear peril but to seize a God-given

opportunity to dispel it once and for all…(para3)

Apart from the “A but B”sentence structure, we can also find the “A yet B” type: Nagasaki has always been in shadow of Hiroshima… yet the bombing of Nagasaki is in certain respects the fitter symbol of the nuclear danger that still hangs over us. (para2)

Yamahata’s pictures afford a glimpse of the end of the world. Yet in our day…(para3)

And we can find a sentence that organizes information in a similar way without the use of the conjunction but or yet:

Arriving a half-century late, they are still news. (para2)

By admitting something is correct first and then saying something else is even more correct, or admitting something is urgent first and then saying something else is more urgent with the help or the above-mentioned sentence structures, the author succeeds in making his sentences well balanced and his argumentation forceful and convincing.

Unit 7

Rhetorical Features

The repetitious use of the third person pronoun he creates suspense in the reader’s mind. This is one of the effective ways to hold the reader’s attention and make him move on. To use the terminology of functional linguistics and discourse analysis, this use of he is anaphoric in nature. The anaphoric use of he can be found in sentences such as “I have a friend and he is working in New York”, in which he refers back to “my friend”.

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