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九年级英语第四单元导学案第二课时

发布时间:2013-10-31 10:36:13  

Unit4. What would you do ?

Section A(The second period)

【学习目标】

1.To learn to understand and use second conditional sentences led by if to speak about what you should do in certain situations

2. To read and speak about what you should do with your problems

【重点难点】

重点: To learn to understand and use second conditional sentences

难点:To listen and speak about what you would do

【自学导航】

1. .Read 3a and part 4 of the book of page 28 ,find out the difficult words and sentences. 2 . Find out the following phases, learn them by heart.

13.帮助解决这个问题help with this problem 14.长时间散步take a long walk

15.在公众场合.in public/in a public place 16.做性格调查do a personality survey

17.作演讲,发表演说give a speech /make a speech 18.在全校师生面前.in front of the whole school

19.未经允许.without permission 20.拍电影be in a movie

21.和某人成为朋友.be friends with sb 22.感冒.have a cold

23.向…作自我介绍introduce oneself to… 24.等某人做某事wait for sb. to do sth.

【知识点拨】

语气(mood)是用来表示谈话人的态度和看法的动词形式。

英语有三种语气:

①陈述语气(同陈述句) ②祈使语气(同祈使句) ③虚拟语气

虚拟语气不表示一个事实, 而是表示一种假设情况(愿望<wish…>,建议<suggest…>,假设<if…>)。 虚拟语气用于表示与现在事实相反的假设, 条件状语从句用“一般过去式(be 一般用were)”, 而主句谓语动词由“would/should/ could/might + 动词原形”构成。 如:If I had time, I would go for a walk. (事实上我现在没有时间,不能去散步。) (事实上没有人邀请我,我也不能去参加宴会。)

(事实上我没有一百万美元,也不可能存在银行。)

If it sunny tomorrow, we’ 如果明天天气好, 我们将会去公园。 在这句话中, 明天天气好是完全有可能实现的, 并非虚拟、幻想, 因此是真实条件句。 If I you , I 如果我是你的话, 我立刻就走。

这句话是条件句 “如果我是你”, 但事实上, 我不可能成为你, 这只是假设的情况, 没有实现的可能。当条件实现的可能性很小, 甚至可以说没有时, 就需要用虚拟语气来表示, 动词发生了变化。

也就是说虚拟语气表示和现实的事实相反时,从句用一般过去时, 主句用

“s【当堂检测】 句型转换。

1. He’s (对划线部分提问)

______ is he ____? 对划线部分提问)

______ would you ___ if you had a lot of money?

3. I don’t know what I should do next. (改为同义句) I don’t know what __ __ next.

4. The question is so difficult that I can’t work it out by myself. (改为同义句)

The question is ___ _______ for me ___ work it out.

5. What should you do if you saw someone cutting in line? (改成同义句)

____ ___ you saw someone cutting in line?

Translate and write them down.

1. 如果我是你,我就穿身套装。

If I _______ you, I ________wear a suit.

2. 如果我有一百万美元,我就买一栋大房子。

If I ____ a million dollars, I ______ buy a big house.

3. 我不知道是否该去参加那个聚会。

I don’t know ____ I should join that party.

4. 如果他是我,他会怎么办?

If he ______ me, what ________he do?

5. 如果我知道他的电话,我会给他打电话的。

If I _______his number, I would ______him.

6. 如果我是你,我就不买那件衣服。

I _____________ that coat if I ______ you.

【总结反思】_

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