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九年级英语unit6知识点,语法点汇总

发布时间:2013-10-31 11:35:24  

重点、难点、考点及疑点注释

1. I prefer music that has great lyrics. (P44)我更喜欢有好歌词的音乐。 prefer是及物动词,意为“宁愿,更喜欢”,相当于like better。 Which do you prefer(=like better), rice or bread?

你比较喜欢哪一样,米饭还是面包?

句型拓展 ◎prefer sb to do sth 表示“宁愿某人做某事”。

They preferred their son to go to the countryside.他们宁可让儿子去农村。 ◎prefer+(doing) sth+to (doing) sth表示“宁愿……而不愿……”。 I prefer pears to any other fruit. 我喜欢梨胜过其他的水果。

My grandma prefers taking a walk to sitting in front of the TV.

我奶奶宁愿去散步而不愿看电视。

◎prefer to do sth+rather than do sth表示“宁愿做……而不愿做……”。 My brother preferred to do his homework rather than go to the zoo. 我的弟弟宁愿做作业而不愿去动物园。

2. I like music that I can dance to.(P44)我喜欢能伴舞的音乐。

dance to是“跟着跳舞”的意思。

They danced to the disco music. 他们跟着迪斯科音乐跳舞。

3. The music reminds me of Brazilian dance music.(P46这音乐使我回想起巴西的舞蹈音乐。

remind sb of sb/sth表示“使某人回想起某人/某物”。

This song reminds me of China. 这首歌曲使我想起了中国。

Thank you for reminding me of the meeting I have to attend.

谢谢你提醒我去开那个必须参加的会。

4. What do you think of it? (P46)你认为它怎么样?

think of和what连用,表示“觉得……怎样”,“认为……如何”,常用来询问对方对某人或某一事物的看法、感受、印象如何,相当于How do you like...? What do you think of the story?=How do you like the story?你觉得这个故事怎么样?

短语链语◎think highly of... “对……评价高”。

We think highly of their research in the field. 我们对他们在这领域里的研究评价很高。

◎think ill of... “对……评价不好”。Don’t think ill of him. 不要把他想得太坏。

5. I can’t stand music that.... (P46)我不能忍受……音乐。

动词stand在这里表示“忍受,经受”。Can’t stand doing sth

I can’t stand the fellow. 我不能忍受那家伙。

Can you stand the pain? 你受得了这疼痛吗?

I can’t stand crying when I hear the news

6. It does have a few good features, though. (P48)可是,它的确有一些好的特色。

助动词does在本句中表示强调,说明我们对正在讨论的事感情强烈,does要重读,后面接动词原形。

You do look nice today. 你今天看起来真是漂亮。

She does talk a lot, doesn’t she? 她的确爱说话,不是吗?

知识拓展

◎助动词does可用在肯定句中,避免重复前面已经用过的某个动词。 She said she’d help me and she did. 她说她将帮助我,她也是这样做的。 ◎祈使句中用do可以使邀请的口气更加客气、热情或友好。

Do sit down! 请坐!

7. ... and some of her best loved photos are on display in this

exhibition. (P48)……她的部分深受好评的摄影照片也在这次展览会上展出。

本句中的on display表示“展出,陈列”,与on show同义。

They saw many old things on display (=on show).他们看到许多展出的文物。 New spring suits are on display (=on show) in the shop window.商店橱窗陈列着新式春装。

8. ...they don’t interest me as much. (P48)……它们同样唤不起我的兴趣。

(1)interest 作动词时,表示“使发生兴趣,引起注意”。

The story does not interest me. 这故事引不起我的兴趣。

I try to interest him in our plan. 我设法使他对我们的计划感兴趣。 ◎interest sb in doing sth

He tried to interest me in buying the house. 他想说服我买这座房子。

(2)as much在句中表示“同样地,同等程度地”。

That is as much as saying I am a liar. 那无异于说我撒谎了。

9. Whatever you do, don’t miss this exhibition. (P48)无论如何都别错过这次展览。

whatever在这里是连接代词,意为“任何的事物”、“无论什么”、“无论什么样的”等,是由“疑问词+ever”构成的。

Whatever has a beginning also has an end. 凡事有始必有终。

Whatever you do, you should always do carefully.不管做什么,你都应该认真。

知识拓展:类似的词还有whenever, wherever, however,

whoever,分别是“无论什么时候”、“无论在哪里”、“无论什么方式”、“无论谁”的意思。

Whenever I meet him, he says hello to me with a smile.无论什么时候我遇到他,他都微笑着和我打招呼。

The little boy went wherever his mother went.不论他妈妈去哪儿,这个小男孩都跟着。

In my own house, I can do whatever I wish. 在自己家中,我可以随心所欲。 Uncle Tom told his story to whoever wanted to listen.谁爱听,汤姆叔叔就把他的故事讲给谁。

10.I’m lucky to be here for my six-month English course. 我很幸运在这里上6个月的英语课。

six-month是由数词加名词构成的复合形容词,中间用连字符连接起来作定语修饰后面的名词。a two-month holiday=two months’ holiday =a holiday of two months两个月的假期

a twenty-floor building =a building of twenty floors一座二十层的楼 特别解析:注意:连字符后紧跟的名词必须用单数。

11. My host family is taking me over to an Indian film festival next

weekend. (P49)我的房东一家下周末将带我去参加一个印度电影节。

host 的意思是“主人,东道主(可数)”;host family则是指 “房东家”,表示“所借住的人家”。

China is the host country for the 2008 Olympic Games.中国是2008年奥运会的东道主。

特别提示;在英语中,“女主人”常用hostess表示。

A good hostess makes her guests comfortable. 一个好的女主人使她的客人十分舒适。

12. I’m not sure what to expect because I’ve never seen an Indian film.

expect是及物动词,意为“期待,盼望”,其后面常跟动词不定式、从句等。 She expects to come back on Sunday. 她预计星期天回来。

I expect that I’ll finish my homework in 10 minutes.我预计10分钟后就能做完作业。

特别提示expect的后面还可以跟复合宾语。

What do you expect me to say to the teacher? 你希望我和老师说些什么?

13. People who eat a balanced diet should be healthier than those who only eat biscuits and hamburgers, shouldn’t they?

(P50)饮食平衡的人比仅吃饼干和汉堡包的人更健康,不是吗?

本句中的diet意为“饮食,食物”,指的是习惯上吃的食物或规定要吃的食物,特指维持健康的定量或定质的食物,如病人的疗养饮食。

Proper diet and exercise are both important to health. 适当的饮食和锻炼对健康都很重要。

The doctor has ordered me a special diet. 医生给我安排了特殊的饮食。 定语从句

中考对定语从句的考查主要集中在以下几个方面:

1、定语从句的功用和结构 2、关系代词和关系副词的功用 3、各个关系代词和关系副词的具体用法

考查的主要形式是单项填空、完型填空、短文填空和完成句子。阅读理解和书面表达肯定也要用到定语从句。

一. 定语从句的功用和结构

在复合句中,修饰某一名词或代词的从句叫做定语从句。被定从句修饰的词叫做先行词。定语从句必须放在先行词之后。引导定语从句的关联词有关系代词和关系副词。例如:

This is the present that he gave me for my birthday. Do you know everybody who came to the party?

I still remember the night when I first came to the village? This is the place where Chairman Mao once lived.

二. 关系代词和关系副词的功用

关系代词和关系副词用来引导定于从句,在先行词和定语从句之间起纽带作用,使二者联系起来。关系代词和关系副词又在定语从句中充当一个成分。关系待客做主语,宾语,定语,关系副词可作状语。

1. 作主语:关系代词在定语从句中作主语时,从句的谓语动词的人称和数须和先行词一致。例如:

I don’t like people who talk much but do little. The cars which are produced in Hubei Province sell very well.

2. 作宾语:She knows the person that I met yesterday.

3. 作定语关系代词whose在定语从句中作定语用。

He is the young man whose sister is a doctor? The girl whose father is a teacher studies very hard.

4. 作状语 I’ll never forget the day when I first came to Beijing.This is the house where I was born.

三. 各个关系代词和关系副词的具体用法

1. who 指人,在定语从句中作主语。例如:

The person who broke the window must pay for it.

The boy who is wearing the black jacket is very clever.

2. whom指人,在定语从句中作宾语。例如:

Do you know the young man (whom) we met at the gate?

Mr. Lee (whom) you want to see has come.

3. whose 指人,在定语从句中作定语。例如:

The girl whose mother is ill is staying at home today.

I know the boy whose father is a professor.

4. which指物,在定语从中作主语或宾语。例如:

A dictionary is a book which gives the meaning of words.

Here is the book (which) the teacher mentioned yesterday.

5. that多指物,也指人,在定语从句中作主语或宾语。

I’ve read the newspaper that(which) carries the important news.

Who is the person that is reading the newspaper over there?

6. when 指时间,在定语从句中作状语。例如:

I’ll never forget the time when we worked on the farm.

He arrived in Beijing on the day when I left.

7. where 指地点,在定语从句中作状语。例如:

This is the house where we lived last year.

The factory where his father works is near the city.

四. 关系代词 whom, which 在定语从句中作介词宾语时,可以和介词一起放于先行词与定语从句之间,有时为了关系紧凑也可以将 whom 与 which 与先行词紧挨着书写,而将介词置于定语从句的后面,如:

That was the room in which we had lived for ten years.= That was the room which we had lived in for ten years.

五. 具体使用时还要注意下列问题:

1. 只能使用that,不用which 的情况:

(1) 先行词是all, few, little, nothing, everything, anything 等不定代词时。例如:All that he said is true.

(2) 先行词被only, no, any, all,等词修饰时。例如:He is the only foreigner that has been to that place.

(3) 先行词是序数词或被序数词修饰的词。例如:He was the second (person) that

told me the secret.

(4) 先行词是adj.最高级或被形容词最高级修饰的词。This is the best book (that) I have read this year.

(5) 先行词既包括人又包括物时。例如:He talked about the people and the things he remembered.

2. 只能用which,不用that 的情况:

(1) 在非限制性定语从中。例如:The meeting was put off, which was exactly what we wanted.

(2) 定语从句由介词+关系代词引导,先行词是物时。 The thing about wh

一. 单项填空

1. ---Who is the man _______ was talking to our English teacher?

---Oh! It’s Mr Baker, our maths teacher.

A. he B. that C. whom D. which

2. I hate the people ________ don’t help others when they are in trouble.

A. who B. which C. they D. where

3. The foreigner _________ visited our school is from Canada.

A. which B. when C. who D. whom

4. George Mallory was an English school teacher _______ loved climbing.

A. who B. whom C. he D. which

A. there B. when C. where D. which

6. Nobody knows the reason ______ she didn’t come to the meeting.

A. that B. which C. why D. when

7. The moon is a world ______ there is no life.

A. that B. which C. where D. why

8. He has forgotten the day _______ he arrived.

A. when B. where C. that D. which

9. He still remembers the days ______ he spent with your family.

A. when B. where C. that D. on which

10. Mr. White, ______ car had been stolen, came to the policeman.

A. who B. that C. whose D. which

11. He got to the village _______ his family once lived before liberation.

A. that B. which C. when D. where

12. This is the house _______ I want to buy.

A. in which B. that C. whose D. where

13. This is the house _______ our beloved Premier Zhou once lived and worked.

A. which B. that C. when D. where

14. He didn’t tell me the place _______ he was born.

A. that B. which C. when D. where

15. He lived in a small village, ______ was a long way from the railway station. A. that B. which C. where D. when 【中考范例】

1. (2004年哈尔滨中考试题) ---Does the teacher know everybody _______ planted the trees?

---Yes, he does. A. which B. whose C. where D. who2. The letter _______ I received from him yesterday is very important. A. who B. where C. what D. that。3. (2004年扬州市中考试题) ---Where is the scientist ________ gave us the talk yesterday? ---He has gone back to Qinghua University. A. whom B. who C. whose D. which4. (2004年益阳市中考试题)I hate people _______ talk much but do little. A. whose B. whom C. which D. who

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