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最新2013版八年级英语unit3知识点和语法点及同步测试

发布时间:2013-10-31 12:34:50  

短语归纳

Section A

1.play the drums 打鼓

2.run fast 跑得快

3.jump high 跳得高

4.work as hard as sb. 和某人一样努力工作

5.get up early 早起床

6.sing well 唱得好

7.have fun 玩得高兴

8.the one with shorter hair 头发较短的那个

Section B

1.care about 关心;在意

2.as long as 只要;既然

3.be different from 与······不同;与······有差异

4.bring out 使显现;使表现出

5.the same as 和······相同;与······一致

6.In fact 事实上;实际上

7.be similar to 与······相像(类似)的

8.primary school 小学

重点句子

1. Sam has longer hair than Tom. 萨姆的头发比汤姆的长。

2. She also sings more loudly than Tara. 她唱歌也比泰拉声音大。

3. Nelly sang so well. 内莉唱得如此好。

4. For me, a good friend likes to do the same things as me.

对于我来说,好朋友喜欢跟我做相同的事情。

5. Who is smarter, your mother or your father ? 谁更聪明,你妈妈还是你爸爸?

6. It’s not necessary to be the same. 没有必要相同。

7. I think a good friend makes me laugh. 我认为好朋友会让我笑。

8. Molly studies harder than her best friend. 莫莉比她更好的朋友学习更努力。

9. My mother told me a good friend is like a mirror.

我妈妈告诉我好朋友就像一面镜子。

10. So we enjoy studying together. 因此我们喜欢在一起学习。

11. So it’s not easy for me to make friends. 因此对我来说交朋友不容易。

12. We both like sports. 我们两个都喜欢运动。

13. My best friend helps to bring out the best in me.

我最好的朋友帮我把最好的方面发掘出来。

14. Larry is much less hard-working, so I always get better grades.

拉里不如我用功,因此我总是取得更好的成绩。

15. Huang Lei isn’t as good at tennis as Larry. 黄磊不如拉里擅长网球。

难点讲练

讲一讲 1

Peter likes to do the same things as me. 彼得喜欢和我做一样的事情。

My best friend Larry is quite different from me. 我最好的朋友拉里和我很不一样。

(1)the same as...意为“与······相同”。例如:

My birthday is the same as Tom’s. 我的生日与汤姆的一样。

I have the same school bag as yours. 我有一个和你一样的书包。

(2)different from...意为“和······不一样”,是the same as...的反义词组。 例如:

Lucy is different from Lily. 露西与莉莉不一样。

[拓展] difference 意为“不同;不用之处”,可做可数名词,也可用作不可数名词。例如:

There is no difference between the twins.

那对双胞胎长得一模一样。

练一练 1

1. Life in the country is quite _______ that in the city.

A. the same B. different from C. full of D.the same as

2. Is your pen _______ Jim’s?

A.same as B.the same C.the same with D.the same as

3. There is not much _______ (different) in price between the two coats.

4. 我的妹妹和我不一样。

My sister _______ _______ _______ me.

讲一讲 2

We both like sports. 我们两个都喜欢运动。

They are both tall. 他们两个都高。

both 表示两者都, neither 表示两者都不。

both of/neither of 表示“两者都/都不”。例如:

They both are students.= Both of them are students. 他们两个都是学生。

The girls both like English.=Both of the girls like English. 这两个女孩都喜欢英语。 Neither of them is a doctor. 他们两个都不是医生。

练一练 2

5. There are lots of colorful on _______ sides of the streets.

A.each B.both C.either D.all

6. What are your parents?

They doctors.

A.are all B.are both C.all are D.both are

7. Li Lei and Li Ming black hair.

A.have both B.both have C.has both D.both has

一、 Both of them are doctors.(改为否定句)

_______ _______ them _______ a doctor.

讲一讲 3

Huang Lei isn’t as good at tennis as Larry. 黄磊不如拉里擅长网球。

as...as 与······一样

not as/so...as 不如······

中间加形容词或副词的原级。例如:

He is as tall as Tom. 他跟汤姆一样高。

She isn’t as outgoing as her sister. 她不如她的姐姐外向。

练一练3

9.Jim is twelve years old. Tim is twelve years old, too.(合并为同义句)

Jim is _______ _______ _______ Tim.

10. English is as easy as math.(改为否定句)

English _______ _______ ______ ________ _______math.

11. Write _______ and try not to make any mistakes.

A.as careful as possible B.more careful

C.most careful D.as carefully as you can

12. Do you think football is as _______ as basketball in America?

A.most popular B.the most popular C.more popular D. popular

13. This math problem is _______that one.

A.not so easy as B.more easy than C.as easier as D.easy than

讲一讲4

However,Larry is much less hard-working, so I always get better grades.

然而,拉里不如我用功,因此我总是取得更好的成绩。

(1)little 和much 都可用来修饰比较级,表示“更······一点,······得多”。例如: He is a little shorter than you. 他比你少矮一点儿。

[拓展] 修饰比较级除了用a little 外,还可用even(甚至),far(非常),a lot(非常),a bit(一点)等。

练一练4

14. This is my friend. He is outgoing than I am.

A. much B.more much C.a little more D.a lot of more

15. She is _______ _______ _______(稍矮一点)than Tom.

讲一讲5

I think a good friend makes me laugh.

我认为好朋友会使我笑。

make v. 制造;使;让。常用结构:make sb./ sth.+adj. 使/让某人/某事怎么样;make sb. do sth. 让某人做某事。例如:

Mother made a birthday cake for me.妈妈为我做了一个生日蛋糕。

The news makes everyone happy.这个消息使每个人都很快乐。

His mother made him finish the work alone.他妈妈让他一个人完成这项工作。 练一练5

16. The boss makes the worker _______10 hours every day.

A.work B.to work C.working D.works

17. Mr Bean enjoys _______ jokes and often makes us _______.

A.to tell; to laugh B.tells; laugh C.telling; laugh D.telling; laughing

18. His parents often make him _______ his homework till 10 pm.

A.do B.does C.to do D.doing

19.这个消息使每个人都很快乐。

The news _______everyone_______.

讲一讲6

Who do you think should get the job, Jenny or Jill?

你认为谁应该得到这份工作,詹妮还是吉尔?

(1)本句是由“特殊疑问句+选项”构成的选择疑问句,“do you think”作插入语。 例如:

Who do you think cleaned the classroom yesterday?

你认为昨天是谁打扫的教室?

Which bike do you think is Tom’s, the new one or the old one?

你认为哪辆自行车是汤姆的,那辆新的还是旧的呢?

1.or 意为“或者;还是”,常用于选择疑问句中。例如:

Do you like math or English? 你喜欢数学还是英语?

练一练6

20. Lucy ,do you think who _______ the shortest in your class?

A.do B.does C.is D.are

21. Which do you think _______ the longest river in China?

A.is B.are C.am D.be

22. Who do you think _______ him clean the classroom yesterday?

语法归纳

形容词的比较级和最高级(一)

1.形容词比较级和最高级的构成

(1)一般情况下,直接加“er”,“est”。例如:

tall→taller→tallest

(2)以不发音的字母e结尾的形容词,直接加 “r”, “st”。例如: safe→safer→safest

(3)以“辅音+y”结尾的形容词,变y为i之后加“er”,“est”。例如: funny→funnier→funniest

(4)以重读闭音节结尾,且末尾只有一个辅音字母,双写该字母加

“er”,“est”。例如:

thin→thinner→thinnest

(5)多音节词和部分双音节词,在前面加“more”,“most”。例如: athletic→more athletic→most athletic

2.形容词比较级和最高级的用法

(1)两者作比较用比较级,句中常用than。例如:

Tom is taller than Bill.汤姆比比尔高。

She is more outgoing than me. 她比我更外向。

(2)三者或三者以上作比较用最高级,句中常有“of,in”,形容词最高级前要加“the”。例如:

He is the most serious of all the boys. 他是所有男孩中最严肃的。

Mary is the tallest in the class.玛丽是班里最高的。

Unit 3· I’m more outgoing than my sister.

Ⅳ. 单项选择

( )16. Peter is good _____ playing football, so he wants to join the football club.

A. to B. with C. for D. at

( )17. —What’s your favorite subject?

—_____. And I always get a good grade in the test.

A. Physics

brothers.

A. though B. if C. until

C. She D. Her D. so ( )19. This is not Tina’s ruler. _____ is longer. A. She’s B. Hers

( )20. —How many children do you have, Mrs Green?

—A son and a daughter. And they are _____ students now.

A. both B. all C. every D. each

D. most popular ( )21. I don’t think Henry is _____ than Tony. A. much popular

A. laughed

A. very B. more popular C. popular ( )22. His funny story made all of them _____. B. to laugh C. laugh D. laughs C. so D. much

D. as well ( )23. My brother is _____ taller than me. B. too ( )24. We have many differences, but we also have some things _____. A. in fact B. in common C. as for

( )25. —I think Holly should get the job. _____?

—I think Ruth is smarter.

A. What’s the matter B. What does she do C. What’s your opinion D. What’s it like

Ⅴ. 补全对话

B: No, that’s John. Jack is shorter than John.

B. Homework C. Movie D. Concert ( )18. There are some differences between Tom and Jim _____ they are twin

B: Yes, they are. And they are my best friends. We have the same hobbies.

A: Then, what are your hobbies?

A: Do you have any differences?

A: What are you going to be when you grow up(长大)?

A. Are they twins?

B. They are more athletic than me and I am calmer than them.

C. Who is your best friend?

D. Is that Jack?

E. I like to have friends who are like me.

F. We all enjoy playing the guitar and we like sports.

G. Jack and I want to be pop singers, and John wants to be a doctor.

Ⅵ. 完形填空

Do you like pop songs? Do you like pop stars? Here are three famous singers Taiwan. They are S.H.E. Do you know them? They are three lovely girls. S.H.E are the three first letters of their English Their names are Selina, Hebe and Ella. Selina is a quiet girl and she always smiles(微笑). She going shopping.

She likes rabbits. Hebe self-confidence(自信) in English. She likes watching TV in her free time. She loves dogs. Ella likes basketball in her free time.

She likes dogs, . She like a boy. Many young people know their song Super Star and can sing that song very . They have another song. Its name is Bu Xiang Zhang Da in Chinese. In that song, they say they don’t want to grow up. I think many boys and girls have this idea. They don’t like to grow up. They always have the dream of growing up.

( )31. A. to B. at C. from D. under

D. says ( )32. A. books B. names C. classes D. songs ( )33. A. enjoys B. thinks C. comes

( )34. A. gives B. means C. sends D. joins

( )35. A. running B. making C. playing D. walking

( )36. A. and B. but C. or

( )38. A. good B. well C. better D. too D. best ( )37. A. looks B. sees C. does D. goes

( )39. A. difficult B. same C. popular D. boring

( )40. A. sometimes B. always C. never D. often

Ⅶ. 阅读理解

A

To: Rose@hotmail.com

From: Mary@yahoo.com

Subject: My best friend

Dear Rose,

Thank you for your last e-mail. You told me about your best friend. Now let me tell you about my best friend, Jane.

Jane is as old as me, but she is a little shorter. She has brown hair and blue eyes. She is always happy.

We are in the same class, and we often help each other with our schoolwork. I think she is smarter than me. We both enjoy playing table tennis, and we practice together every day. Sometimes, we play computer games. Jane usually wins(赢). What do you and your best friend usually do in your free time?

Write soon.

Love, Mary 根据材料内容判断下列说法正(T)误(F)。

( )41. Rose and Jane are good friends.

( )42. Jane is older than Mary.

( )43. Mary is taller than Jane.

( )44. Jane and Mary like playing tennis.

( )45. Jane usually beats Mary in computer games.

B

Guitar Player Wanted

Are you a lover of music? Can you play the guitar? Can you sing or dance? Welcome to our Sunshine Rock Band. Please call Mike at 5487-6598 or send an e-mail to sunshine@yahoo.com.

Hot Club

Do you like to play table tennis? Do you want to play it well? Mr Zhang is a good teacher. You can come here every Saturday afternoon from 2:30 to 5:30.

Telephone: 8665-7868

Address: Room 105, Lantian Hotel

Swimmer Wanted

Can you swim? Do you like children? Can you teach them to swim on Sundays? Come and join us. Call Joe at 8472-9999 for more information.

Summer Job

Do you like to talk with people? Do you like to write stories? Would you like to work for a magazine? Then come and work as a reporter. Please call Karen at 5561-8823. 根据材料内容从各题后所给的选项中选出最佳答案。

( )46. If you want to join the Sunshine Rock Band, you should play the _____ well.

A. piano B. guitar

C. drum D. violin B. Joe. ( )47. Who can teach you to play table tennis? A. Mike. C. Mr Zhang.

_____.

A. Fridays

C. Sundays

A. 5487-6598 B. Saturdays D. Mondays B. 8665-7868

D. 5561-8823

B. a storybook

D. a guidebook D. Karen. ( )48. You want to learn to play table tennis. Then you can go to Lantian Hotel on ( )49. You want to teach children to swim. Then you can call _____. C. 8472-9999 A. a newspaper C. a science book

( )50. The ads above may be from _____.

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