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中海外语七年级下册英语语法复习题

发布时间:2013-10-31 12:34:50  

七年级下册英语语法复习

英语中名词分为可数名词和不可数名词。凡是可数计数的名词叫做可数名词;凡是不可以计数的名词叫做不可数名词。

(1)可数名词分为单数和复数两种形式。可数名词前可以用不定冠词、数词或some many等修饰。如:a man a desk an apple an orange some books some children tow pens

(2)不可数名词没有复数形式,前面不能用不定冠词、数词或many等词语修饰,但可以用some a little much等词语来修饰。有时可以与一些量词短语搭配,这些量词短语中的名词一般是可数的,有单数形式,也可以有复数形式。如:some water a little milk much food a piece of bread tow bottles of ink some glasses of water

2、祈使句

祈使句用来表示请求、命令等,句中没有主语,肯定形式由谓语或者谓语 宾语( 宾语补足语)构成,否定形式则在句前加Don’t.

Stand up, please. 请起立。

Don’t worry. 别担心。

can的用法:

can是情态动词,表示“能,会,可以,被允许等”,其后接动词原形,否定形式为cannot,可缩写为can’t.

She can speak Japanese. 她会讲日语。

I can’t remember his name. 我不记得他的名字了。

Can you spell your name? 你会拼写你的名字吗?

3、现在进行时态

概念:表示现在(说话瞬间)正在进行或发生的动作,也可以表示目前一段时间内或现阶段正在进行的活动。

结构:由be动词(am, is, are) 动词ing构成,其中be动词要与主语保持性数一致。

Mary is flying a kite in the park. 玛丽正在公园里放风筝。 --What are you doing now? 你现在在干什么?

--I’m reading English. 我正在读英语。

Are they drawing the pictures now? 他们正在画画吗?

动词现在分词是动词原形变化而来的,规则变化如下:

动词ing形式叫动词现在分词,其构成如下:

1) 直接在动词后加ing

play—playing, do—doing, talk—talking, sing--singing

2) 以不发音的字母e结尾的动词,先去e,再加ing

make—making, write—writing, have—having, take—taking

3) 以重读闭音节结尾的动词且词尾只有一个辅音字母,应双写这个辅音字母,再加ing

run—running, stop—stopping, put—putting, swim—swimming

注意对现在进行时态的判断。判断一个英语句子用什么时态,主要看句子的时间状语,一般说来,每种时态都有与之相对应的时间状语。现在进行时表示现

在(说话瞬间)正在进行或发生的动作。因此,这个时态最常用的时间状语是now;但有不少句子并没有now,只能通过提示语如look、listen等或者通过上下文来确定用现在进行时。

She is cleaning her room now. 她正在打扫房间。

Look! The girl is dancing over there. 看!那个女孩在那里跳舞。 --Can you go and play games with me? 你能和我们一起做游戏吗? --Can’t you see I am doing my homework? 你没看见我正在做作业吗?

江苏牛津英语初一下学期语法练习卷

1,单项选择

1. Our school is _________ a park and a big

library.

A. between B. next C. across D. in

2. Tom and Mike enjoy _______ TV.

A. see B. watch C. watching D. to watch

3. Let’s ______________often .

A. go shopping B. went shopping

C. goes shopping D. going shopping

4. They want _________ the zoo very much.

A. to go B. to go to C. go to D. going to

5. There ______ some Chinese girls in Miss Gao’s class.

A. is B. are C. am D. will

6. _________ do you come from? China.

A. When B. Where C. Why D. Who

7. We had fun in ______ games.

A. play B. plays C. to play D. playing

8. _______ it going? Pretty good!

A. How’s B. What’s C. How D. Where’s

9. Thank you very much. ________.

A. You’re welcome B. That’s right

C. You’re right D. Don’t thank me

10. Thank you for _____ us so much help.

A. giving B. give C. to give D. gives

11. Can you tell _____ the way to the shop?

A. he B. his C. her D. she

12. You’d better _____ a taxi to the park.

A. to take B. takes C. take D. taking

13. ______ you _____ a cup of tea? Yes, please.

A. Are, like B. Does, like C. Do, like D. Would, like

14. I don’t like cabbage _______.

A. at all B. a little C. a lot of D. very

15. How many ____ do you want?

A. rice B. tomatos C. pieces of bread D. potato

16. My work is interesting, but _____ dangerous.

A. a kind of B. a kind C. kinds of D. kind of

17. Let’s _____ TV now.

A. to watch B. watch C. look D. see

18. Mother often goes ______ on Sundays.

A. shop B. a shop C. buy D. shopping

19. We often play ____ after school.

A. a basketball B. the basketball

C. basketball D. a football

20. He is very hungry. He buys ____ hamburgers.

A. many B. much C. a lots of D. all of them

21. "What does he do?" means ____________

A. who is he B. Where is he

C. What is he D. what is he doing

22. The girl wants ______ a doctor.

A. being B. to C. to be D. to do

23. Please _____ late for school next time.

A. don’t be B. aren’t C. doesn’t be D. be not

24. My parents often cook noodles ____ me.

A. to B. for C. in D. of

25. One of the children _____ in the river last summer.

A. was swimming B. is swimming

C. are swimming D. were swimming

26. _______ are the books? They are 20 yuan.

A. How much B. What C. How many D. How money

27. Sorry, I’m late ______ school.

A. for B. to C. at D. from

28. She _____ lunch at home yesterday.

A. doesn’t B. didn’t have C. doesn’t have D. hasn’t

29. Would you like _____ orange juice ? Yes, please

A. some B. any C. a D. many

30. We _____ to a movie last Sunday.

A. go B. went C. did go D. was go

31. What _____ your sister _____? She is an actor.

A. does, does B. do, does C. does, do D. do, do

32. Why not ______ see the smart dolphins?

A. come to B. to come C. coming and D. coming

33. We can ______ taxi to the town.

A. by B. take C. ride D. take a

34. Welcome to our school! ____________!

A. Fine B. Thank you C. It doesn’t matter D. Very good

35. We often _____ TV after school.

A. are watch B. watch C. watches D. watching

36. What time is it? __________.

A. It’s fine B. It’s OK C. It’s Tuesday D. It’s nine

37. Let’s take some ________.

A. photo B. photoes C. photos for you

38. Yesterday, there ______ nobody in the room.

A. is B. was C. are D. were

39. What time do you leave school ______ the weekend?

A. in B. on C. / D. of

40. You can _____ it in English. He can ______ English well.

A. speak, speak B. tells, say C. say, speak D. talks, say

41. What ______ you do over the weekend?

A. are B. do C. did D. does

42. ______ Yes, I’d like a cup of tea.

A. Excuse me. B. Can I help you?

C. Are you OK? D. Good morning!

43. Did you play football last Friday? ____________.

A. No, we don’t B. No, we didn’t C. No, we aren’t D. Yes, we play

44. ______ do you usually go to school?

A. What B. How C. Who D. Where

45. She _______ her homework on Sunday.

A. didn’t B. doesn’t C. didn’t do D. doesn’t did

46. Mr.Smith is badly ill. Now he is ______ hospital.

A. in the B. in C. / D. the

47. What do you want ________ ?

A. to do B. do C. be D. doing

48. _______ does the child _______?

A.Where, comes from B.Where, from C.Where, come from D.Where, is from

49. Your dress is very beautiful. ___________.

A. Thank you B. You’re right C. Don’t say so D. yes, it is

50. ________ books are there on the desk?

A. How much B. How many C. How about D. How far

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