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There be 结构

发布时间:2013-10-31 13:31:45  

There be 结构

There is some money in my pocket. (某处有某物)

There are forty students in the classroom.(某处有某人)

There is a wonderful concert today.(某时有某物)

There are many tourists in the city now.(某时有某人)

一.含义:某处(某时)有 某物(某人)

二.基本句型

1. 肯定句:There be +主语+地点/时间状语

2. 否定句:There be +not+主语+地点/时间状语

3. 一般疑问句:be there+主语+地点/时间状语?

1) -Is there any money in my pocket?

-Yes, there is./ No, there isn’t.

2) -Are there forty students in the classroom?

-Yes, there are./ No, there aren’t.

4. 特殊疑问句:特殊疑问词+be(+there)+其他?(there常省略)

1) There is some money in my pocket.

→What is in your pocket? (对some money提问)(主语,物)

→How much money is there in your pocket? (对some提问)(主语的数量,不可数n)

2) There are forty students in the classroom.

→Who are in the classroom? (对forty students提问)(主语,人) →How many students are there in the classroom? (对forty提问)(主语

的数量,可数n)

→Where are the forty students? (对in the classroom提问)(地点状语)

3) There is a wonderful concert today.

→When is the wonderful concert? (对today提问)(时间状语)

三.原则:就近原则(按第一个主语确定be的单复数形式) There is a pen and two books on the desk.

There are two books and a pen on the desk.

There is a teacher, two boys and three girls in the classroom.

There are two boys, a teacher and three girls in the classroom. There are three girls, a teacher and two boys in the classroom.

四.There be结构 和 have的区别

1. 用法不同:There be结构 → “存在”

Have → “拥有”

There are some children in the garden.

She has three cars.

2. 结构不同:There be结构 → There be + sb/sth + 地点/时间状语 Have → sb/sth + have + sb/sth else

3. 若是部分与整体关系时,有时用两种表达方式都可以。如:

A week has seven days. = There are seven days in a week.

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