九年级 Unit 1
How do you study Chinese?
I learn Chinese by listening to
? ? ? ? ? reading textbooks the radio songs parents speaking friends speaking
by speaking it every day . by reading it every day. (text books, newspapers, magazines, story books … ) by watching TV, by watching movies, by memorizing the words of pop songs.
How do you learn English?
I study English ? ? ? ? ? by listening to tapes. by studying with a group. by watching English programs on TV. by enjoying English songs. by taking part in English classes.
? by getting an English tutor.
? by reading English magazines and
? by surfing the Internet.
? by making flashcards. ? by reading the textbook.
? by asking the teacher for help. ? by making vocabulary lists. ? by taking notes carefully. ? by having the English class carefully. ? by finishing my homework seriously.
Listening Practice (2a, 2b: P3)
What they are doing? 1. They are having a meeting. 2. They are studying English. 3. They are studying together.
Practice (2c: P3)
A sample dialogue: S1: Have you ever practiced conversations with your friends? S2: Yes, I have. I’ve learned a lot that way. S3: Have you ever read aloud to practice your pronunciation? S4: No, I haven’t. I think it’s too hard.
Grammar Focus (P3)
“How” questions How引导特殊疑问句有两种含义 1）表示问候，无须准确回答 e.g. How do you do? How are you? How is everything going? 2）表示“怎样”
e.g. How is your new house? It’s great. 你的新房子怎么样？它太棒了。 How do you learn English? 你是怎样学习英语的？ I learn English by reading lots of English magazines. 我通过读大量英文杂志学习英文。
Structure: “How + do + you / we / they + do + something?” We / They + do + by + sth. / doing. or “How + does + he / she / it + do + something?” He / She / It + does + by + sth. / doing.
注意how 和what引导的疑问句是 不一样的，不能混淆。 How 通常对程度或方式进行提问， 意为“怎么样”，回答通常做状语 或表语。 What常对动作的发出者或接受者 进行提问，意为“什么”，回答通 常做主语或宾语。
比较： 1. How is your summer holiday? It is perfect. (表示程度，做表语)
2. How did you travel around the
I traveled by bike. (表方式，做状语)
3. What do you learn at school?
I learn Chinese, English and
other subjects. (做宾语)
Find out the 7 ways of learning English in the article and finish the chart on the textbook.
Memor- Reading Lillian Studying izing the English grammar words of magazines Li pop songs Wei Ming Watching Studying English grammar movies
Not successful Having conversaLiu Chang tions with friends
Successful Joining the English club
1. ask sb. about sth. 问某人某件事情 about后面加名词或动
名词。 e.g. Ask students about the best way of learning. 问学生们最好的学习方法。 ask sb. to do sth. 要求某人做某事，请 某人做某事，to后面加动词原形。
e.g. He asked his mother to buy him a new bicycle. 他请求母亲给他买一辆新自行车。 2. Many said they learnt by using English. 许多学生说他们通过使用英语来学 习英语。
many 在这里是代词，而不是形容 词，意为many students. e.g. We can put away many of these plates. We don’t need this many. 我们可以把许多盘子收起来，用 不着这么多。 3. frustrating a. 令人灰心的，令人沮 丧的。 （修饰物，事件）
e.g. Watching movies to learn English is frustrating because the people speak too quickly. 通过看电影来学英语是让人灰心 的，因为剧中人物说话太快了。 frustrated a.灰心的，沮丧的 （修 饰人）
e.g. I felt frustrated at that time.
interesting interested 令人感兴趣的 感兴趣的
disappointing 令人失望的 disappointed 失望的
5. end up doing sth. 终止做某事，结 束做某事，后面加动名词短语，相 当于 finish doing sth., 表示结束做某 事，事情已完成。 e.g. When we practice speaking English, we often end up speaking in Chinese.
但要注意与stop doing sth. 的区别: stop doing sth.指停止做某事，有可能 是暂时的，不久还会继续下去。 e.g. We had to stop singing because somebody knocked at the door. 另外，end up with… 以…而告终， 后面加名词或动名词。
e.g. The party ended up with her singing. 晚会以她的歌唱而告终。 6. 在本单元中，出现了大量的动名词。 我们有必要了解动名词的结构 和用法。 动名词即动词的-ing形式，相当于名 词。在句子中可做主语, 宾语, 表 语等。
e.g. 1). I think that doing lots of listening practice is one of the secrets of learning. doing lots of listening practice 为动 名词短语，做从句中的主语。 listening做定语，修饰 practice.
2）I am enjoying learning English. 动名词短语做宾语。 3）Seeing is believing. 眼见为实。 （seeing做主语，believing做表语）
Sentence pattern: ? I think learning English by
memorizing the words of pop songs
is a great/good way.
? … is not a bad way
? …is helpful/ isn’t helpful at all. ? …successful.
? …helps a lot/ helps a little.
1. I think learning English by reading magazines is the best way. 2. Memorizing the words of pop songs helps a little. 3. Studying grammar is too boring.
1. Studying grammar is a great way to learn a language. 2. Watching English movies is not a bad way. 3. I find watching movies Frustrating because the people speak too quickly.
1. Joining the English club
is the best way to
2. Having conversations with friends
is not helpful at all.
（Find out your own difficulties in learning English） ? I have a problem. I can’t remember the new words. ? I can’t pronounce some of the words. ? I can’t understand spoken English. ? I always make mistakes in grammar.
? I read very slowly.
? I don’t know how to speak English
给出建议： ? You should read English aloud. ? Listening can help you.
? Why don’t you join an English
language club to practice speaking.
? Would you mind remembering new
words by flashcards?
? Please try to talk with your friends
in English as much as possible.
Challenges can’t get the pronunciation right
Solutions Listening can help.
You can always write forget a lat of the new words in your notebook and new words study them at home. can’t Why don’t you join always an English language understand club to practice when people speaking English? talk to me
Challenges don’t get much writing practice
Solutions You should find a pen pal.
表示顺序或承接的连词或词组: first of all 首先 to begin with 一开始 later on 后来，随后 also 也，而且（用于肯定句） either 也（用于否定句） so 因此 then 然后
True or false
The writer found learning English difficult because… 1.The teacher’s pronunciation was poor. F 2. People always laughed at her when she spoke. F
3. She had trouble making complete sentences. T 4. English grammar was difficult. T 5. Going out with English speaking friends. F 6. Lots of listening practice. T 7. Using grammar in original sentences.
(3b, 3c: P6)
Dear Li Lei, I know it isn’t easy to learn English well, but I have some ideas that may help. You said you couldn’t understand people who talked fast. Well, you can try to listen for the most important words, not every word. You can also do lots of
listening practice. I think it’s one of the secrets of becoming a good language learner. Another thing that I think important is English grammar. In order to learn it well, you have to take a lot of grammar notes in every class. You can write English sentences using the grammar you
are learning. You can also read more English books. Reading is as important as listening for us to learn English well. If you do so, I believe that you can learn English very well later on. Yours, Meimei
A sample version:
Xu Zheng is a good student. He
likes watching English movies and
listening to pop songs. He finds pronunciation difficult. Sometimes he learns English by speaking to friends in English. He wrote an essay on why
English is important. In his essay he
told us that most people speak English as a second language and some other things about English. He said that English could help us understand many new books and movies.
the ways of dealing with problems mentioned in it. 1. By learning to forget: My friend and I often quarreled about some maths problems, and sometimes both of us decided not to talk to each other any more. But we will be friend again after a day
or two. Both of us agree that we should learn to forget the unhappy moment. 2. By regarding problems as challenges: When I was in the primary school, my maths was very poor. Whenever I met a difficult problem, I would ask my mother or my friends for help. Now as
a middle school student, I decide to change my way of studying maths. I will try all my best to learn it well by changing problems into challenges. 3. By thinking of something worse: You know, I’m a little fat and not very tall. Once in a PE class, we were
asked to do high jump. I was very afraid to do that. After several times’ efforts, I felt disappointed. But later, I found some others couldn’t finish the task, either. It encouraged me a lot and I finished my task eventually.
1. Unless 连词，“除非，如果不……” e.g. I will go to the Great Wall tomorrow unless it is cloudy. 2. be angry with sb. “生某人的气” e.g. Our teacher is angry with us because we don’t listen to him in class.
3. see sb. doing sth. “看见某人做某事” 动词see后面用动词的现在分词作
e.g. When I passed by his room, I heard him singing an English song. change ... into ... “把……变为……” e.g. Please change the Chinese sentences into English.