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发布时间:2013-11-02 08:05:46  



引导定语从句的关系代词有:who, whose, whom, which, that

引导定语从句的关系副词有:when, where, why


1. who引导的定语从句,who在从句中做主语(口语中也可做宾语),修饰表示人的先行词。

This is the man who helped me.

The boy who//whom we saw yesterday is John’s brother.

2. whom引导的定语从句,whom在从句中作宾语,修饰表示人的先行词,口语中可以省略。

The doctor (whom) you are looking for is in the room.

The person (whom) you just talked to is Mr. Li.

=The person to whom you just talked is Mr. Li. (介词后whom不能省略) The babies whom the nurses are looking after are very healthy. (固定短语中的介词一般不能拆开,仍放在动词之后。look for / look after /take care of / put on / take off…)

3. whose引导的定语从句,whose在从句中作定语,修饰表示人或物的先行词。 Do you know the woman whose name is Mary.

Pass me the dictionary whose cover is black.

He has a friend whose father is a doctor.

4. which引导的定语从句,which在从句中做主语,也可做宾语,或介词的宾语,修饰表示物的先行词。

This is the book (which/that ) you want.

The building which//that stands near the river is our school.

The room in which there is a machine is a workshop.(介词后面的which不能省略) The house (which/that) we live in is not large.

This is the watch (which/that ) he was looking for.

5. that引导的定语从句,that在从句中做主语或宾语、修饰表示人或物的先行词。作宾语时可省略,

不能放在介词后面作宾语. (that指人时,相当于who或者whom;指物时,相当于which)

The letter (that//which) I received was from my father.

I can’t find the letter that//which came this morning.

Do you still remember the days (that//which)we spent together ?

This is the man that//who helped me.

The house (that//which) we live in is not large. =The house in which we live is not large.

6. that 和which 都可以修饰表示物的先行词, 但是下列情况只能用that.

①先行词为不定代词all, few, little, much, everything, nothing, anything等.

All (that) you have to do is to practice every day.

There isn’t much (that) I can do.

Tell us everything that you know, please.


The first lesson (that) I learned will never be forgotten.

This is the best film (that ) I have ever seen.

③先行词被all, any, every, few, little, no, some, much 等不定代词修饰时.

I have read all the books (that) you gave me.

④先行词被the only, the very, the last, the same 等修饰时.

This is the very book that I want to read.

This is the same book that I want to read.

This is the last time ( that ) I shall give you a lesson.

7. 由when 引导的定语从句,修饰表示时间的先行词,when为关系副词,做定语从句的时间状语。

I still remember the day when I first came to Beijing.

I still remember the day on which I first came to Beijing.

8. 由where 引导的定语从句,修饰表示地点的先行词,where为关系副词,做定语从句的地点状语。

Shanghai is the city where I was born.

9. why引导的定语从句,why做原因状语。

I I know the reason why he came late.



( )1.The book ____ is torn is mine.

A. the cover of which B. the cover of that C. which the cover D. whose cover of

( )2.He talked about the classmates and the school ____ he had visited.

A. who B. that C. which D. about which ( )3. . You have seen the girl ____ sister is a Chinese teacher.

A. whom B. of whom C. whose D. of which

( )4.We should do all ____ is useful to people.

A. / B. that C. it D. which

( )5. Those ____ finished doing it put up your hands.

A. who have B. who has C. which have D. have

( )6. We came to a place ____ they had never paid a visit before.

A. which B. in which C. on which D. to which

( )7. The man ____ was a friend of mine.

A. that you just talked to B. whom you just talked to him

C. who you just talked to him D. which you just talked to

( )8. I went to the school ____ my father once worked.

A. that B. which C. where D. on which

( )9. I shall never forget those years ________ I lived in the country with the farmers, _________has a great effect on my life.

A. that; which B. when; which C. which; that D. when; who

( )10.After living in Paris for fifty years, he returned to the small town _______ he grew up as a child.

A. which B. where C. that D. when

( )11. I shall remember the day ______ we met first.

A. that B. which C. where D. when

( )12.He studied hard at school when he was young , ____ contributes to his success in

latter life.

A. as B. therefore C. which D. so tha

( )13. Is this the factory __________ you visited the other day?

A. that B. where C. in which D. the one

( )14.Can you lend me the novel ______ the other day?

A. that you talked B. you talked about it

C. which you talked with D. you talked about

( )15. Is there anything _______ to you?

A. that is belonged B. that belongs

C. that belong D. which belongs


1. I still remember the night _______I first came to the house.

2. I'll never forget the day________ we met each other last week.

3. Mr Black is going to Beijing in October, _______is the best season there.

4. I will never forget the days _______I spent with your family.

5. I'll never forget the last day______ we spent together.

6. This is the school ______I used to study.

7. Do you still remember the place______ we visited last week?

8. Do you still remember the place_______ we visited the painting exhibition?

9. Have you ever been to Hangzhou, _____is famous for the West Lake?

10. Have you ever bee to Hangzhou, ______lies the West Lake?

11. Tom will go to Shanghai, ______live his two brothers.

12. I live in Beijing, ____is the capital of China.

13. There was a time ______there were slaves in the USA.

14. It is the third time ______you have made the same mistake.

15. It was in the street _____I met John yesterday.

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