引导定语从句的关系代词有：who, whose, whom, which, that
引导定语从句的关系副词有：when, where, why
This is the man who helped me.
The boy who//whom we saw yesterday is John’s brother.
The doctor (whom) you are looking for is in the room.
The person (whom) you just talked to is Mr. Li.
=The person to whom you just talked is Mr. Li. (介词后whom不能省略) The babies whom the nurses are looking after are very healthy. (固定短语中的介词一般不能拆开，仍放在动词之后。look for / look after /take care of / put on / take off…)
3. whose引导的定语从句,whose在从句中作定语，修饰表示人或物的先行词。 Do you know the woman whose name is Mary.
Pass me the dictionary whose cover is black.
He has a friend whose father is a doctor.
This is the book (which/that ) you want.
The building which//that stands near the river is our school.
The room in which there is a machine is a workshop.(介词后面的which不能省略) The house (which/that) we live in is not large.
This is the watch (which/that ) he was looking for.
The letter (that//which) I received was from my father.
I can’t find the letter that//which came this morning.
Do you still remember the days (that//which)we spent together ?
This is the man that//who helped me.
The house (that//which) we live in is not large. =The house in which we live is not large.
6. that 和which 都可以修饰表示物的先行词, 但是下列情况只能用that.
①先行词为不定代词all, few, little, much, everything, nothing, anything等.
All (that) you have to do is to practice every day.
There isn’t much (that) I can do.
Tell us everything that you know, please.
The first lesson (that) I learned will never be forgotten.
This is the best film (that ) I have ever seen.
③先行词被all, any, every, few, little, no, some, much 等不定代词修饰时.
I have read all the books (that) you gave me.
④先行词被the only, the very, the last, the same 等修饰时.
This is the very book that I want to read.
This is the same book that I want to read.
This is the last time ( that ) I shall give you a lesson.
7. 由when 引导的定语从句，修饰表示时间的先行词，when为关系副词，做定语从句的时间状语。
I still remember the day when I first came to Beijing.
I still remember the day on which I first came to Beijing.
8. 由where 引导的定语从句，修饰表示地点的先行词，where为关系副词，做定语从句的地点状语。
Shanghai is the city where I was born.
I I know the reason why he came late.
（ ）1.The book ____ is torn is mine.
A. the cover of which B. the cover of that C. which the cover D. whose cover of
（ ）2.He talked about the classmates and the school ____ he had visited.
A. who B. that C. which D. about which （ ）3. . You have seen the girl ____ sister is a Chinese teacher.
A. whom B. of whom C. whose D. of which
（ ）4.We should do all ____ is useful to people.
A. / B. that C. it D. which
（ ）5. Those ____ finished doing it put up your hands.
A. who have B. who has C. which have D. have
（ ）6. We came to a place ____ they had never paid a visit before.
A. which B. in which C. on which D. to which
（ ）7. The man ____ was a friend of mine.
A. that you just talked to B. whom you just talked to him
C. who you just talked to him D. which you just talked to
（ ）8. I went to the school ____ my father once worked.
A. that B. which C. where D. on which
（ ）9. I shall never forget those years ________ I lived in the country with the farmers, _________has a great effect on my life.
A. that; which B. when; which C. which; that D. when; who
（ ）10．After living in Paris for fifty years, he returned to the small town _______ he grew up as a child.
A. which B. where C. that D. when
（ ）11. I shall remember the day ______ we met first.
A. that B. which C. where D. when
（ ）12.He studied hard at school when he was young , ____ contributes to his success in
A. as B. therefore C. which D. so tha
（ ）13. Is this the factory __________ you visited the other day?
A. that B. where C. in which D. the one
（ ）14.Can you lend me the novel ______ the other day?
A. that you talked B. you talked about it
C. which you talked with D. you talked about
（ ）15. Is there anything _______ to you?
A. that is belonged B. that belongs
C. that belong D. which belongs
1. I still remember the night _______I first came to the house.
2. I'll never forget the day________ we met each other last week.
3. Mr Black is going to Beijing in October, _______is the best season there.
4. I will never forget the days _______I spent with your family.
5. I'll never forget the last day______ we spent together.
6. This is the school ______I used to study.
7. Do you still remember the place______ we visited last week?
8. Do you still remember the place_______ we visited the painting exhibition?
9. Have you ever been to Hangzhou, _____is famous for the West Lake?
10. Have you ever bee to Hangzhou, ______lies the West Lake?
11. Tom will go to Shanghai, ______live his two brothers.
12. I live in Beijing, ____is the capital of China.
13. There was a time ______there were slaves in the USA.
14. It is the third time ______you have made the same mistake.
15. It was in the street _____I met John yesterday.