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八年级英语上册Unit_1_课件

发布时间:2013-09-17 18:35:45  

Unit 1 Where did you go on vacation ?

写出下列动词的过去式
1. look

2. live

3. stop 4. go

5. hope
6. trip 7. call 8. eat 9. want 10. are

looked lived stopped went hoped tripped called ate wanted were

11. go 12. have 13. do 14.get 15. come 16. say 17.see 18. put 19. read 20.take

went had did got came said saw put read took

21.buy 22.sing 23.hear 24.make 25. find 26.break 27.think 28.fall 29.write 30.be

bought sang heard made found broke thought fell wrote was/were

过去式构成

规则变化

1.一般加ed work — worked 2.以e结尾加d change — changed 3.末尾只有一个辅音字母的重读闭 音节词,先双写这个辅音字母,再 加ed . stop — stopped

prefer — preferred

4.以辅音字母加y 结尾的词,先 改 y为 i,再加ed
study — studied 5.不规则变化.(见不规则动词表P142)

一般过去时用法
1.在过去某一时间内发生的动作: He got home at ten o’clock last night. 2.表示过去经常或反复发生的动作, 常与often,always等表示频度的 时间状语连用: I often got up very early at that time.

用于一般过去时的时间状语
1.与ago 连用: two minutes three hours five days one week six months four years

ago

2.与last 连用

last

3.与yesterday 连用:

time night week month term Monday

morning yesterday afternoon evening the day before yesterday

4.与one 连用: morning evening one day Monday afternoon 5.与that 连用: morning winter day year

that

6.其他时间状语:
just now in the old days in those days in 1980 the other day at that time

所有时态都是通过

动词
变化来表现的

一般过去时的构成:

主语+谓语(过去式)+其他。

谓语构成
was , were 1.动词 be had 2.动词 have, has 3.助动词do, does did 4.行为动词用过去式

行为动词(即实义动词)的过去式 没有人称和数的变化。(was,were 除外) I went to school yesterday. They went to school yesterday.

行为动词一般过去时的否定式
一般过去时的否定式是在动词原形 前加助动词did not (didn’t).

主语+didn’t+动词原形+….
told I ____ (tell) them the news yesterday. didn’t tell I _________ them the news.

行为动词一般过去时的疑问式
一般过去时的一般疑问式在句 首加助动词did Did+主语+动词原形……?

They finished ______(finish) their work at four. 一般疑问句: Did finish ____ they _____ their work at four? didn’t did Yes, they _____. No, they _____.

行为动词一般过去时的疑问式
一般过去时的特殊疑问式 疑问词+did+主语+动词原形……? They finished their work at four. B A

对划线部分提问 A: What did they do at four? B:When did they finish their work?

注意
1.外加助动词did后,动词须返回原形。

Did he went to school F yesterday? Did he go to school yesterday? T 2.简略回答用助动词did/didn’t代替 行为动词。 Did he find the boy yesterday? -Yes, he did.

-No, he did not (didn’t).

动词一般过去时,表示过去发生事。 句中谓语用过去式,过去时间做标记。 否定句,很简单,主语之后didn’t添。 疑问构成也有法,主语前面did加。 还有一点不能忘,后面的动词要还原。

1.Lucy did her homework at home. (改否定句) Lucy didn’t____ her homework at home. ___ do 2.He found some meat in the fridge. (变一般疑问句) find any Did he ___ ____ meat in the fridge? ___ 3.She stayed there for a week. (对划线部分提问) stay How long ____ she _____ there? ____ ____ did 4.There was some orange in the cup. (变一般疑问句) Was any ____ there ____ orange in the cup?

Phrases:

stayed at home
Where did she go on vacation ? She stayed at home.

went to New York City
Where did he go on vacation? He went to New York City.

visited uncle
Where did Brad go on vacation? He visited his uncle.

went to summer camp Where did they go on vacation?

They went to summer camp.

黄山
went to the mountains
Where did Tina go on vacation? She went to the mountains.

went to the beach
Where did they go on vacation?

They went to the beach.

Where did Mary go on vacation? She visited museums.

went to a park
Where did they go on vacation? They went to a park.

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went shopping
Where did Lily go on vacation? She went shopping.

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(如果你能 用过去式 说出短语, 拜访我 参观博 就能得到 叔叔2 物馆3 相应分数, 去夏令 去海滩3 快快加油 营3 去爬山 呦!)
3

呆在家 里2 做作业2 去纽约 2

1.stayed at home
呆在家里

2.went to New York City
去纽约

3.visited my uncle
看望我的叔叔 爬山

4.went to the mountains

5.went to the beach
去沙滩

6.visited museums
参观博物馆

7. went to summer camp
去夏令营

根据汉语完成句子,每空一次。 1.–你的姐姐假期到哪儿去了? ---她去参加夏令营了。 Where did go on ---______ ______ your sister______ _____ vacation? went to ---She______ ______ summer camp. 2. ---杰夫,你去了一些有趣的地方吗? ---是的, 我和我的朋友们去了参观博物馆。 Did ---Jeff, _____ you go______ __________? anywhere interesting ---Yes, I _________ _______ ________ friends. visited museums with 3. ----昨天你买到什么特别的东西了吗? —没,我什么也没买到。 anything special Did —______ you buy_______ ______ yesterday? ---No, I ______ _______. bought nothing

1.指人的: someone/ somebody anyone/ anybody 某人 任何人 多用于肯定句中,也用于 表示请求的疑问句中。 用于否定句,疑问句和条 件句中。表示“无论谁, 任何人” 时,它们也可 以用于肯定句中。 表示否定。

no one/ nobody everyone/ everybody

没有人 每个人, 人人

1.指物的: something anything 某物 某事, 任何事 多用于肯定句中,也用于 表示请求的疑问句中。 用于否定句,疑问句和条 件句中。但表示“

无论何 事”,也用于肯定句中。

nothing everything

没有什么 表示否定。 没有东西 每件事, 一切事

不定代词的用法中有几点需要注意:

1. some 和any 既可修饰可数名词复数,也 可修饰不可数名词。some 多用于肯定句, any则多用于否定句、疑问句和条件从句。 例如:

A: Are there any apples in the fridge? B: Yes, there are some. / No, there aren’t any. A: Is there any water in the bottle? B: Yes, there is some water. / No, there isn’t any water. 但是,在Would you like some tea? 这类问 句中则用some, 而不用any, 这是因为问话 者希望得到对方肯定的答复。

Fill in the blanks with some or any.
some 1.There are ______ tables in the room, but there aren’t _____ chairs. any some 2. Would you like ______ milk?

some 3. Will you give me ______ paper?

1. 2. 3.

4.

something,someone,somebody通常用于 肯定句中, anything,anyone,anybody一般用于否定句, 疑问句或条件状语从句中。 在表示请求、邀请、提建议等带有委婉语气的 疑问句,和希望得到对方肯定答复的疑问句, 也用something,someone,somebody等复 合不定代词。 当anything表示“任何事(物),无论何事 (物)”,anyone,anybody表示“无论谁, 任何人”等意义时,它们也可以用于肯定句中。

1.做主语时,谓语动词用单数形式。 Nothing is difficult if you put your heart into it. Everyone is here, let’s begin our class. 2.形容词修饰不定代词时,放在其后。 I bought something special for my father. 3.在不定代词之后,动词用不定式(to do)形式。 Would you like something to drink?

1.不定副词有: somewhere, anywhere, nowhere, everywhere. 2.形容词修饰不定副词,放在不定 副词之后。 I hope to go somewhere warm.

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【妙辨异同】everyone,

every one

everyone 每人, 人人 every one 每人, 每个事物

只能指人,后 每个人都喜欢打篮球。 面不接of短语。 _____ likes playing basketball. 既可指人也可 他们中的每个人想区 指物,表示后 购物。 面可接of短语。 _______ of them wants to go shopping.

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【妙辨异同】anyone, any one anyone 只能指人,后面 Anyone in our town kowns him. 不接of短语。 我们镇上任何人都 认识他。 any one 既可指人也可指 You can read any 物,表示“(某 one of the books 些人或物中的) here.你可以读一下 任何一个”,后 这里的任何一本书。 面可接of短语。

中考链接:

——Can you cook eggs with tomatos?
——Yes,of course. A.Anyone can do it,because it is easy,I think. C.No one D.None of us

B.Someone

1. No one ________ how to do it. B A.know B. knows C. knowing D. knowes 2. Everything_____OK, isn’t it? D A. was B. are C. and D. is

D 3. There’s________in the newspaper. You should read it. A. important something B. something boring C. boring som

ething D. something important

4. There isn’tA ____ in today’s newspaper. A. anything interesting B. something interesting C. nothing interesting D. interesting anything 5. There is ____ water left in the bottle. Would you go and get some? A A. little B. a little C. few D. a few 6. There are several bottles on the desk. A. a lot of B. many C C. a few D. few

1

a few + 可数名词

表肯定

There are a few eggs in the basket. 篮子里有几个鸡蛋。 few + 可数名词 表否定 He has few friends here, he feels lonely. 他这里没朋友,他感觉寂寞。 a little + 不可数名词 表肯定 little + 不可数名词 表否定
There is little ink in my bottle, can you give me a little ink?

我的瓶子里没有墨水了,你能给我点儿墨水?

2. quite a few + 可数名词,相当多,不少 If you are careful,you 'll make _____mistakes

不可数
肯定 a little

可数
a few

否定

little

few

大练兵
1. I like little a_______ sugar in my tea.

2. There are a _______ students eating lunch now. 3.You have to hurry to school, there’s _______ time left. little

few

few 4.Very _______ children like getting up a 5 o'clock in the morning.

含义:名词所有格表示所属关系,就 是 “……的” 的表达方式。 如:玛丽的儿子 Mary’s son. 学校的大门 the gate of the school

名词所有格可分为三种: 1、有生命名词的所有格 2、无生命名词的所有格 3、双重所有格

有生命名词的所有格
单词形式
普通单数名词

构成方式
在词尾加's

举例
1.the boy‘s bag 男孩的书包.(boy是单数 名词) 2. Mother’s Day 母亲节

以-s结尾的复数名词

在词尾只加

'

1、the two boys‘ mother 。那两个男孩的 母亲 2、the teachers’ office。老师办公室
1.Children‘s Day 儿童节 (children本身就是复数名词) 2. men's room 男厕所 Lily and Lucy’s room. 丽丽和露西的房间 (共同拥有一个房间) Lily’s and Lucy’s room. 丽丽和露西的房间。 (各有各自的房间)

词尾不带 -s的复数名词

在词尾加

's

表共同的所有关系 (表示两者共有) 即XX and XX’s的形式 表示分别所有关系 (表示各自拥有) 即 XX’s and XX’s 的形 式

在第二个名词后 加

's 's

在两个名词词尾 都加

’s还可以表示某人的家或某个店铺 如:my aunt’s(我阿姨家) the doctor’s (诊所)

1、无生命名词所有格一般用“of+名词”的结构 表示。 如:the gate of the school 学校的大门 the door of the classroom 教室的门 2、有些表示时间、距离以及国家等无生命的名词, 可以在词尾加’s或’
如:a、表时间:today’s newspaper (今天的报纸) b、表距离:ten miles’ distance (十英里的距离) c、表国家、城市等实体:China’s future (中国的 未来)

双重所有格由“of+名词所有格” 如:a friend of my father’s 我爸爸的一个朋

友 a picture of her sister’s 她妹妹的一幅画 或“of+名词性物主代词” 如:a friend of mine 我的一个朋友 a book of mine 我的一本书

练习 Lilei’s family. 1.This is________(李雷的家庭). a photo of Bill’s family? 2.Is that________________ ( 比尔家的一幅照片)? the name of Tom’s sister 3.What’s____________(汤姆妹妹的名字)? Lily and Lucy’s 4.This is_________________(莉莉和露茜的)room. Mrs. Green’s sons 5.They are____________(格林夫人的儿 子). mother’s bag 6.It’s my________(mother) bag. twin’s 7.Are these the________(twin) books﹖ women’s 8.March 8 (三月八日) is________(woman) Day. 9.What’s the girl’s name﹖ (同义句) name of the girl﹖ What’s the __ __ a map of China a leg of the table 10.一幅中国地图_____________ 桌子的一条腿____________ Sally’s baseball bat Bill’s cousin Sally的棒球拍________________Bill的堂兄___________

1. I bought something for my father. buy 买,动词—(反义词) sell ? 1)buy及物动词,意为“买;购买”。其过去 式为______。 ? It takes a lot of money_____ _____a house. ? 买一座房子要花一大笔钱。 ? 拓展:buy sth. for sb.=buy sb. sth.意为“给 某人买某物”。 ? My uncle_____ _____a bike. ? = My uncle_____ _____for me.

2. How was the food? Everything tasted really good. ? taste在此为系动词,意为“尝起来”,其后接形 容词构成系表结构。 ? a.食物尝起来棒极了。 ? The food tastes really great. ? b.牛奶尝起来很糟糕。 The milk tasted terrible. 其他系动词: look smell feel sound

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3. How did you like it? How do/did you like…? 意为“你觉得……怎么样?”, 用来询问对方的观点或看法, 相当于 What do you think of…?或How do you feel about…? eg:How do you like your new job? = _____ _____ _____ _____ your new job?
= _____ _____ _____ _____ _____ your new job?

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4. Did you go shopping? go shopping意为“去购物;去买东西”, 同义短语为do some shopping. eg:I usually go shopping on Sundays. 我通常星期天去购物。 拓展:“go+doing”形式表示“去做某事”,常用 于表达从事某一体育活动或休闲活动。 go bike riding 骑自行车旅行 go climbing去爬山 go skating去滑冰 go hiking去远足 go sightseeing去观光 go fishing去钓鱼 go camping去野营 go boating去划船

8.We fed some hens and saw some baby pigs. feed 动词,喂,喂养 --- fed (过去式) 1) feed on 以…为食 2) feed sth. to sb 把….喂给某人 3) feed sb. on / with sth. 用某物喂某人

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9.The only problem

was that there was nothing much to do in the evening but read. 唯一的问题是晚上除了读书没什么事可做。 nothing much to do意为“没什么事可做”。 a.I have_____ _____ _____ _____this afternoon. 今天下午我没什么特殊的事可做。 b.There is_____ _____ _____ _____,so I go to bed early.没什么事可做,因此我就早早睡觉了。 拓展:nothing…but…意为“除……之外什么也 没有;只有”。but后可接名词或动词原形。 a. I had nothing but a cup of tea this morning. 我今天早上只喝了杯茶。 b. I had nothing to do but watch TV. 我无事可做,只有看电视。

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14.Still no one seemed to be bored. 1)seem可作不及物动词或系动词, 意为“好像;似乎;看来”。 拓展: a. seem+adj.“看起来……”。 You seem happy today. b.seem+to do sth.“似乎,好像做某事”。 I seem to have a cold. c.It seems/seemed+that从句“看起来好像…; 似乎…”。 It seems that no one believes you. d.seem like+n.…“好像,似乎……”。 It seems like a good idea.

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2)辨析:bored与boring a. bored意为“厌烦的;感到无聊的”,一般在句 中修饰人,作表语 b. boring意为“无聊的;令人厌烦的”,一般在 句中修饰事或物,可作表语和定语 eg:a.I’m _____with what he said.我对他说的话 厌烦极了。b.I find the story very_____.我发现这 个故事太无聊了。

bored 无聊的,厌倦的,烦闷的 boring 令人厌烦的 2. interested interesting 3. excited exciting 规律:-ed 修饰人。 -ing 修饰物。
1.

【运用】

选用interest, interesting或interested完成
下列句子。

1. I’m not interested in singing. ________
2. The book on animals is very interesting . _________ 3. I have no ________in playing football. interest

1.I arrived in Penang in Malaysia this morning 今天早上我和家人到达了马来西亚的槟城 with my family.(翻译)_________________ 到达 arrive为不及物动词,意为____,arrive in +大地点, arrive at +小地点。同义词组:________________ get to ,reach The Smiths_____New York at 8:00 last night. B A.arrived at B. got to C.reach D.arrived 2. so we decided to go to the beach near our hotel. (翻译)_____________ 因此我们决定到旅馆附近的海滩 decide为及物动词,意为决定,决心。决定做某事: ____________.
decide to do sth.

3. My sister and I tried paragliding. (翻译) 姐姐和我尝试了滑翔运动。 ____________________ 尽力做某事 try to do sth.意为______________; 尝试做某事 try doing sth.意为________________ studying We shouldn’t try _______(study) English, we to study should try ________(study) English.

4.I felt like I was a bird.(翻译)________________ 感觉到 从句 feel like意为_____后常接_____.另外feel like还意为 想要 _____ Do you feel like a cup of tea?

我感觉

到自己就像一只小鸟。

5.I wonder what life was like here in the past.(翻 我想知道在这儿过去的生活是什么样的。 译)_____________ wonder为及物动词,意为“想知道”,后常接疑问词 (who, what, why)引导的从句。 what I wonder _____ you are doing.(我想知道你正在做什 么。)

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7.enjoy

enjoy vt. 欣赏,享受,喜爱 ① enjoy +n. 喜欢,从当中得到一种享受(后面不能跟人) enjoy the dinner/film/game/ music ②enjoy oneself与 have a good time同义。玩的开心 He enjoyed himself at the party. 他在晚会上玩得很开心。 ③enjoy doing sth. / sth. 喜欢做…(从中得到一种享受) Jane doesn’t enjoy swimming. She enjoys going to the theatre.

D

1.What a difference a day makes!感叹句 结构为 What+(a/an)+adj.+n.+(主语+谓语) What a beautiful girl (she is). What a handsome boy (he is). How beautiful the girl is. How fast the dog runs. 2. We wanted to walk up to the top, but then it started raining a little so we decided to. want to do sth.想要做某事儿 start doing sth.=start to do sth.
How+adj./adv. +(主语+谓语 )

不可 数

可数

He has few friends here, he feels lonely.他这里没朋 友,他感觉寂寞。

There are a few eggs in the basket.篮子里有几个鸡蛋。

肯定

a little

a few
There is little ink in my bottle, can you give me a little ink? 我的瓶子里没有墨水了,你能给我点儿墨水吗?

否定

little

few

We waited over an hour for the train because there were too many people. wait for 等候 ,+人或物。 too many 太多,+可数名词复数; too much 太多+不可数名词; much too 太…+形容词或副词 巧记歌诀: too much , much too,用法区别看 后头;too many 要记住 ,后面名词必复数。

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And because of the bad weather, we couldn’t see anything below。 because 后边加句子,because of后边加词(名,代) 大练兵: (1)___he is ill, he is absent today.

(2)He is not at school ___his illness.
(3)He can’t come ___the heavy rain. (4)We like physics ___we can learn a lot of ideas.

3 .My father didn’t bring enough money.

Thank you for borrow me your English book, Remember to ______ it here and_____it to Mary a.take;take b.bring;bring c.bring;take

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bring/ take/ fetch/ carry (1)bring意为“带来”,指把某物从别的地方带到说话时的这个地方来。 如: Remember to bring your book tomorrow.记住明天把你的书带来。 (2)take意为“带走”,即把某物带到别的地方去。 It’s going to rain. You’d better take an umbrella with you. 要下雨了。你最好带上一把雨伞。 (3)fetch意为“去取来某物”,它包括一个往返的过程。 如:Will you go and fetch some water?你去取一点水来,好吗? (4)carry一般指“随身携带的细小物品”,此外还多用于汽车、火车等 交通工具 意为“运载”

的意思。如: He always carries a pocket dictionary with him.他总是随身携带一 本袖珍字典。 The bus carried me to the park yesterday.昨天公共汽车把我拉到了 公园。

enough money.
修饰名词 enough放前面 enough money /enough time
修饰形容词副词,enough放后面 good enough/ happy enough

动词to do 与doing to do 有表示将来的、还没做的意思 remember to do ,forget to do,等都是有还没做的意思。 doing 在这里不表示进行时,如remember doing, forget doing,等都表示已经做了。

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C Eg. -Don’t forget----your homework,John. -OK.I will do it right now. A doing B do C to do D did
-I feel tired and sleepy. -Why not stop----for a whlie. B A rest B to rest C resting Drested A Don't you remember--me the story yesterday? A telling B to tell C told Dtell

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即附加疑问句。它表示提问人的看法,没有把握,需要对方证 实。 反义疑问句由两部分组成:前一部分是一个陈述句,后一部 分是一个简短的疑问句,两部分的人称时态应保持一致。 1.陈述部分肯定式+疑问部分否定式 可记为 前肯后否 2.陈述部分否定式+疑问部分肯定式 可记为 前否后肯 They work hard, don’t they? She was ill yesterday, wasn’t she? You didn’t go, did you? He can’t ride a bike, can he? He is a student,isn't he?


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