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湖北省孝感市孝南区肖港初中2013届中考英语复习指导 八年级上册 Units 10-12 人教新目标版

发布时间:2013-11-02 13:40:35  

学法指导

一、善于归纳

1) 介词in/at/on在时间里的用法

在某世纪、某人一生、某年、某个季节、某月这样的大时间里用介词in, 例如:in the 20th century, in one’s life, in 1993, in spring/summer/autumn/winter, in September

在某个时间点这样的小时间里用介词at, 例如: at 8:00, at noon (中午12点),at midnight(子夜12点),at lunch time (在午餐12点左右),at the same time, at the end of March (三月末是三月的某个时间点),at the beginning of August (八月初是八月的某个时间点), at the age of five (5岁是漫长一生中的某个时间点)。

at night 这个特例需谨记

若是具体的某一天或某天的早、中、晚,则用介词on, 例如:on September 8th,

on one’s 10 birthday, on Moday/Tuesday/Wednesday/Thursday /Friday/Saturday/

Sunday, on Monday morning, on Tuesday evening

比较记忆下列时间短语里介词in与on的用法

in the day (在白天)

on a rainy day (day前面有形容词作定语修饰)

in the night (在晚上)

on a cold night (night前面有形容词作定语修饰)

in the morning /the afternoom /the evening

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th

on a warm morning/afternoon/evening (早、中、晚前面有形容词作定语修饰)

in the night on August 8th (night前后无定语修饰)

on the night of August 8 th (of 短语作night的后置定语)

2.先看几道选择题

①My car is (A.more expensive B.higher)than his.

②The price of my car is (A.cheaper B.lower )than that of his.

③China has (A.more B.larger )people than India.

④The population of India is (A.fewer B.smaller)than that of China.

要做对这几道题,请谨记下面的口诀:物质论贵贱(expensive/cheap),价格论高低(high/low), 人口论大小(large/small), 人们才论多和少(many/few)

四道题正确回答是:1.A 2.B 3.A 4.B

二、正确使用

too??to的运用需要注意以下几个问题

1) too??to 是肯定句,因为没有否定词,所以它不是否定句,它是用肯定句表达否定的意思。

例如:he is too young to go to school.(肯定句)

直译为:对于上学来说,他显得太小了。

意译为:他太小了不能去上学。(在意译里我们加了否定词)

The box is too heavy for me to carry.(肯定句)

直译为:要我搬这个盒子,这个盒子显得太重了。

意译为:这个盒子太重了,我搬不动。(在意译里我们加了否定词)

又如:you are never too young to start doing things. (否定句,因为有否定词never)

直译为:对于起步干任何事,你永远也不显得幼小,若是意译,倒还不好翻译。

We are never too old to learn. (否定句,因为有否定词)

直译为:对于学习来说,我们永远不会显得老。

意译为:活到老,学到老。

2) 在too??to句型里,主语一般是人或物;若是it,往往不是too??to 句型

The question is too diffiuut for me to answer. (too??to句型)

It is too/very difflicult for me to answer the question. (it 作形式主语,动词不定式作真正主语) He is too heavy to do the job. (too??to句型) It is too/very dangerous for him to do the job. (it 作形式主语,动词不定式作真正主语)

3) 动词后面是否加宾语要慎重。The box is too heavy for me to carry it. it 不能要,因为the box 既作主语,同时也作carry的逻辑上的宾语。同理在The question is too hard for me to answer it. 句子里,it一定要去掉。

He is too young to dress himself.

She is too young to look after herself.

himself/herself 这样的反身代词一般不能省,不然指代不明,因为如果没有himself, 我们就不知道他给谁穿衣,如果没有herself, 我们就不知道她照看谁。

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能力培养

I. 单项选择题(20分)

( ) 1. We can see many stars_________the night.

A. in B. at C. on D. ×

( ) 2. — Where are you going to visit?

— _________.

A. Somewhere interesting B. Interesting somewhere

C. Anywhere interesting D. Interesting anywhere

( ) 3. We communicate _____ each other ____ e-mail.

A. by, with B. by, by C. with, with D. with, by

( ) 4. Some girls are going to exercise more to keep ______.

A. fat B. fit C. health D. quiet

( ) 5. Could you please ______ the blackboard?

A. clean B. to clean C. cleaning D. cleaned

( ) 6. The bed is a real mess. You have to ______.

A. do the dishes B. make the bed C. make dishes D. fold clothes

( ) 7. — Could you get to the park before 3 o’clock?

— ______. I’ll still be at the meeting then.

A. I think so B. Yes, I could C. I’m afraid not D. I’m afraid so

( ) 8. My son often helps ______ the housework.

A. do B. to do C. with D. A,B and C

( ) 9. She is ill. She ______ stay in bed all day.

A. has to B. have to C. must has to D. must have to

( ) 10. There are much dirty clothes. Can you take them to the _______?

A. clothes store B. laundry C. restaurant D. bank

( ) 11. The apples on this tree are bigger than _______ on that one.

A. ones B. apples C. those D. them

( ) 12. Of all the students Tom lives ______ our school.

A. nearer B. nearest C. nearer to D. nearest to

( ) 13. China has ______ people than Canada.

A. many B. more C. less D. fewer

( ) 14. The prize for the funniest act ______ Steve and his dog. A. belong to B. gave to C. went to D. won

( ) 15. Don’t worry. 200 yuan ______ enough.

A. is B. are C. isn’t D. aren’t

( ) 16. The man paid two_______dollars for the book.

A. else B. other C. another D. more

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( ) 17. There is going to ______ important meeting this evening.

A. be a B. be an C. have a D. have an

( ) 18. — May I ______ your mobil phone?

— Sorry, I ______ it at home.

A. borrow, forgot B. borrow, left C. lend, left

A. Any B. any other C. the other

D. left, frgot ( ) 19. Tom from Class 3 is taller than _______student from Class 4. D. the others D. the most creative ( ) 20. Her performance was _______ than the others. A. creative B. creativer

II. 完形填空(10分)

A man wanted to buy a hat. He went to a hat shop and said to the assistant, “I (21)____ buy a hat. Can I try (22)____ on?” “Of course,” the assistant answered and brought (23)____ several hats. The man (24)___ one by one but he didn’t like (25)____ of them. “This one is too big and this one doesn’t (26)____ very nice and this one must be too cheap. Would you mind taking out (27)____ hats?” “(28)_____.” The assistant said. He went to the back of the shop and took out some more hats. “Let me try this one,” the man said. “I’m afraid it’s too wide.” “What about that one?” “I’m afraid it isn’t (29)____. None of the hats are the right size,” the man said. The assistant was very angry. “The hats are all OK, sir,” he said, “but I’m afraid your (30)____ isn’t the right size.”

( ) 21. A. would B. would to C. like D. would like to ( ) 22. A. more B. some C. many D. a little

( ) 23. A. him B. he C. his D. he’s

( ) 24. A. take them away B. took them on

C. tried them on D. wore them

( ) 25. A. one B. any C. all D. every

( ) 26. A. look B. watch C. be D. see

( ) 27. A. some B. several C. a few more D. any

( ) 28. A. Yes, I would B. Certainly

C. Yes, you’re welcome D. Not at all

( ) 29. A. enough wide B. cheap enough C. wide enough D. very wide

( ) 30. A. mind B. head C. heart D. hand

III. 阅读理解(30分)

A

After a geography(地理)class, Jim began to think: “Now I know that the earth is round. And if I go out of the front door of my house and walk on and on, I will do a great thing to give both my parents and my classmates a surprise. But I have to tell them first.”

So he went to see his classmates, and then back to tell Father and Mother what he was going to 4 C. more creative

do. All of them laughed at first. But when they knew Jim really wanted to do it, they were surprised and told him not to have the wrong idea like that.

“You’re not old enough,” one of the classmates said, “and can not go round the earth all by yourself.” the other classmates said the same.

“Jim,” his father said, “stop thinking so, you, only a student, have a lot of books to read, you can have a try when you grow up.”

Jim said nothing. “I will try,” he thought,” “and I will make all of you believe me. Since the teacher says it is round, I’m sure that one day I will get back home through the fields into the back room from the back door.”

( ) 31. Jim knew that the earth is round______.

A. from his geography teacher

C. in a new textbook B. from his classmate D. after a geography map

( ) 32. What did Jim want to do after a geography class?

A. He wanted to find his classmates to tell them that the earth is round.

B. He was sure his parents didn’t know there was a round earth.

C. He decided to go out to see something interesting.

D. He wanted to have a round-earth walk.

( ) 33. Jim’s parents and classmates_________.

A. didn’t let him have the try B. thought he was right in doing so

C. decided to go with him D. thought Jim was old enough for the walk

( ) 34. How did Jim want to surprise both his classmates and parents?

A. He would stop thinking of a try.

B. He had nothing to say but stay at home.

C. He would get back home by going into his house from back door if he walked on and on.

D. He could see how the earth really is.

( ) 35. Did Jim really have a try?

A.Yes, he did and really went back frome the back door.

B. No, he didn’t. He was still walking round the earth.

C. Only Jim himself knew the truth.

D. It’s hard to say “Yes”or”No”just from the passage.

B

Careful and careless are as different as fire and water.But strangely enough,many scientists are both careful and careless.Newton,the famous English scientist,was such a person.

Once Newton invited a friend to dinner at home. When they were ready to eat, Newton left to get a bottle of drink. But after his friend had waited for a long time, Newton still didn’t come back. Finally his friend found Newton in his lab. The reason was that when Newton was going to get the bottle of drink, he suddenly had a new idea for the experiment he was doing, so he completely forgot his friend and the dinner. There was another time when Newton was leading a horse up a mountain, holding the rein(缰 5

绳)in his hand. While he got to the top of the mountain, he found that the rein was not in his hand and that the horse was gone.

Among scientists, there are many people like Newton. Einstein was one. Once he was waiting for a friend at a brigde. While waiting, he became lost in thought. It started to rain. The rain kept on for some time. When Einstein took out a piece of paper from his pocket to write something down, the paper was wet and he then realized that it was raining. His clothes had become completely wet. But after he put the paper into his pocket, he again forgot he was standing in the rain.

Many scientists are careless about how they live. This is because they are too careful in their studies. ( ) 36. But strangely enough, many scientists______.

A. are careful B. are both careful and careless

C. are careless D. are neither careful nor careless

( ) 37. When Newton and his friend were ready to eat, ________.

A. Newton left to go to his lab

B. Newton left to get some food

C. Newton left to get a bottle of drink

D. Newton suddenly had a new idea for the experiment he was doing

( ) 38. Once Newton was leading a horse up a mountain.When he got to the top of the mountain,he

found that the rein was not in his hand and that_______.

A. he did not see the horse

C. the horse was behind him

and________.

A. was not sure it was raining or not

B. got to know he was standing in the rain

C. completely forgot he was standing in the rain

D. remembered that he was standing in the rain

( ) 40. Many scientists are________.

A. careless about their work and careful in their studies

B. careless about their life and careful in their studies

C. careless about their studies and careful in their life

D. careless about their work and careful in their life

C

B.the horse was near him D.the horse was in front of him ( ) 39. Once Einstein was waiting for a friend at a bridge when it started to rain. He stood there

No two people are just the same. Sometimes friends don’t get along well. That doesn’t mean that 6

they no longer like each other. Most of the time they will make up and go on being friends.

Sometimes friends move away. Then we feel very sad. We miss them very much. But we can call them and write to them. It could be that we even see them again. And we can make new friends. It is surprising to find out how much we like new people when we get to know them.

Families sometimes name their children after a close friend. Many places are named after men and women who have been friendly to people in a town. Some libraries are named this way. So are some schools. We think of these people when we go to these places.

There’s more good news for people who have friends. They live longer than people who don’t. Why? It could be that they are happier. Being happy helps you stay well. Or it could be just knowing that someone cares. If someone cares about you, you take better care of yourself.

( ) 41. The first paragraph tells us________.

A. none need friends

B. we always need friends around us C. making friends is the need in people’s life

D. we need to be alone

( ) 42. Which of the following is what the writer doesn’t say in the passage?

A. People are not happy when their friends leave them.

B. People will never see their friends after their friends move away.

C. People can know their friends in different ways.

D. People like their friends very much if they get to know them.

( ) 43. Which of the following is most probably the place people name after friendly people?

A. A city. B. A room. C. A town. D. A library.

( ) 44. People who have friends live longer than people who don’t because_________.

A. they feel happier and are healthy

B. they get a lot of help from their friends

C. they take better care of themselves

D. both A and C

( ) 45. The main idea of this passage is ________.

A. that people are all friends

C. how to get to know friends

IV. 单词拼写 根据句子意思写单词使句子完整、正确。(8分)

46.“脱口秀”means “talk________” in English.

47. Would you like to go _________ on the river with me?

48. Our school is about five kilometres_________.

49. The Yellow River is the second_________ river in China.

50. Reading ________ the sun is bad for our eyes.

51. If you are wise enough, don’t be afraid to ______ prices when shopping.

7 B. that people need friends D. how to name a place

52. He left angrily _______saying goodbye to us.

53. After two hour’s walk, we all_______tired.

V. 同义句改写 (12分)

54. The baby is not old enough to put on his clothes.

The baby is __________ young _________ put on his clothes.

55. The beaches in Sanya is lovely.

Sanya ___________ ___________ beaches.

56. Could you open the window?

__________ you _________ opening the window?

57. Lucy is as tall as Lily.

Lucy is the __________ __________ as Lily.

58. This ruler is not so long as that ruler.

This ruler is __________ __________ that ruler.

59. How much did you spend on the car?

How much did the car___________ ___________?

VI. 补全对话 根据对话情景,将对话补充完整,使对话正确、符合逻辑。(10分)

Jane: Hi, Jim. (60) _________________ this evening?

Jim: I’m going to write a diary.

Jane: (61)_________________________?

Jim: I’m going to write about my future job.

Jane: (62)_________________________?

Jim: Yes, I do. I play football every day, Jane, what are you going to be when you grow up? Jane: (63) ________________________.

Jim : That sounds interesting. What do you want to teach?

Jane: I want to teach science.

Jim: (64)_________________________?

Jane: I think it’s very interesting.

VII. 书面表达(10分)

以“I’m going to change”为题写一篇70字左右的文章。提示:“我”过去很多方面表现不佳:not love music/not do sports/not work hard,以后“我”打算怎样改正:learn to play an instrument/get lots of exercise/get good grades.

_______________________________________________________________________________

_______________________________________________________________________________

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_______________________________________________________________________________

_______________________________________________________________________________

_______________________________________________________________________________

_______________________________________________________________________________

_______________________________________________________________________________

Units 10—12

1—5 AADBC 6—10 BCDAB 11—15 CDBCA 16—20 DBBAC 21—25 DBACB 26—30 ACDCB 31—35 DCDBA 36—40 BADCB 41—45 CBDDB 46. show 47. boating 48. away 49. longest 50. in 51. cut 52. without

53. felt 54. too, to 55. has lovely 56. Would, mind 57. same height 58. shorter than 59. cost you 60. What are you going to do 61. What are you going to write about 62. Do you want to play football 63. I want to be a teacher 64. What do you think of science 书面表达(omitted)

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