八年级上册 Units 4-6
重点bicycle; minute; kilometer; mile; transportation; subway; train station. concert; another; weekday; whole; other; free; tomorrow; invitation;
match; information，interest; join; however; care; safety; schoolwork;
hundred; join; must; pity; between
常用get to; how far; the day after tomorrow; more athletic; more popular; be good at; next week; depend on; leave for; begin with; on weekends; come over to; fifteen minutes’walk; think of; go to the concert; maybe another time; in
of; a (large/small) number of; be interested in; take/show an interest in;
both..and; invite sb to sp/ do sth; arrive in/at; stop doing/to do; play with;
thanks for?; be busy doing; call sb at?
惯用①How do you get to school?/ I take the bus/train/subway. I walk/drive/ride to school. ②How long does it take you to get to school? / It takes me about half an hour. ③It depends on where you are.// Li Lei is going fishing with
you for your invitation. ⑤Tom is more athletic than Sam. // Liu Ying is not
as/so good at sports as her sister. ⑥Sam has shorter hair than Mike. //That
must be a lot more fun than taking a bus.
① 情态动词have to 的用法及各种形式：肯定形式have to/has to/had to/will have to及否定形式don’t/doesn’t/didn’t/won’t have to和疑问形式Do/Does/Did/Will?have to?等。/don’t have to=needn’t表不必，mustn’t意为“禁止;不允许”。/must只有一种形式而have to有各种时态形式。 ② 形容词及副词的比较级和最高级的用法及as?as?表同级比较。
③ 就how对交通方式提问时，可采用几种不同方式回答。（如：walk=go/on foot; drive=go/by car/bus/taxi; fly=go/by air/plane等）
④ 正确运用接受与拒绝别人邀请的习惯用语以及如何陈述理由。Can you come to my birthday? Yes. I’d love to. /I’m sorry, I can’t. I have to study for an English test.
① 表示“到达”可用get to,reach,arrive at/in, 注意接there,here,home等表地点副词时介词要省去。如get back to school/get back home回到学校/家里。
② 在比较级句型中，用than 连接表比较的对象，注意介词of或in 的用法。 但若用of the two 代替than 时，形容词在句中要用the+比较级。“A+be+the+比较级+of +the +two?”表示A是两者中较?的。”如Sam is the taller of the two brothers. 萨姆是两兄弟中较高的一个。“The+比较级?,the+比较级”表“越?,越?。The busier he is, the happier he feels. 他越忙就越高兴。表示倍数时，常用“A+be+倍数+比较级+than+B”. 1 词汇 calendar; both; calmer; heavier; more; than; quieter; wilder; athletic; 词组 some ways; make sb do sth; be the same as; take care of; more than; the number 句型 grandpa the whole day. ④Thanks for asking./Thank you for inviting me./Thank
如Our room is twice as large as theirs. 我们的房间是他们的两倍大。Our room is twice larger than theirs. 我们的房间比他们的大两倍。在比较级中还有as?as/not as?as/less?than/more ?than 等的运用。
③ other, the other，the others 与another辨析。（1）other 既作形容词“别的，其他的”，还可作代词“其他”，复数为others. 表泛指而没有特定范围。 （2）the other 表“另一个”，一般用于两者之间，固定结构为one?the other. (3) the others“其他的人或物”特指某一范围内的余下的全部，是the other 的复数形式。如：Some students are in the library, the others stay in the classroom.一些学生在读书馆，其他的在教室里。（4）another 表三者或三者以上的“又一个，再一个”。泛指同类事物中不定数目中的“另一个”，只能代替或修饰可数名词单数。There is another seat. 还有一个座位。I don’t like this hat, please show me another.我不喜欢这顶帽子，请再给我一顶。Mr Li is out. Please come another day. 李先生出去了，请改日再来。
④ 辨析beat 和win, 两词都有“赢”的意思。但beat 击败、胜过，宾语表示与之比赛的人或代表群体的名词；win 意为“赢，获胜”，通常跟game,war,match,prize,honor,scholarship等之类的名词作宾语。如：We can beat No.1 school team.我们可以打败一中队。/ We beat their team by 5:4. 我们以五比四战胜他们队。/ We won the football. 我们赢了这场足球赛。/ Tom won the first place in the competition. 汤姆在比赛中获得第一名。
⑤ take是一个动词，表乘坐时，后面应用冠词接具体的交通工具，take a /the bus /take buses.而by是介词， 不用冠词bybike/bus/train/plane/air/ship/sea/water/land. 如：I take the subway to my office.//I go to my office by subway.另外表交通工具还可以用in/on如in a car/taxi/small boat, on a train/plane /ship/motorcycle/horse. in用于封闭式而on指开放式的交通工具。
⑥ 动词take,spend,pay,cost 的用法。 take 作花费，句型为 It takes/took +时间+to do sth. 如; It took her three hours to mend her bicycle. pay表示“付款”，常用句型 为Sb pay?money for sth.表示“某人花钱买某物”。如：I have to pay them 20 pounds for this room each month.我每个月要付20 英镑的房租。// cost 为 “某物值多少钱”，常用为sth costs?money. 如A new computer costs about five thousand yuan. 买一台新电脑要花大约五千元钱。 spend表“花费”，句型为sb spends time/money on sth/(in) doing sth.如：I spent an hour on this math problem, 这道数学题花了我一个小时的时间。They spent three years (in) building this railway. 建造这条铁路花了他们三年时间。
⑦ depend on(upon)依...而定，取决于，可接名词或从句也可用to do 或one’s doing表示依靠，依赖，指望。 如: Our success depends on whether everyone works hard or not. 我们的成功取决于每个人是否努力。/You can’t depend on your parents forever. 你不能永远依赖你的父母。/ You can’t depend on him to come punctually //You can’t depend on his coming punctually. 你不能指望他会准时来。/短语That depends=It all depends. 表“视情形而定”, The price of the computer depends on what kind you want to buy.电脑的价格取决于你想买哪种款式。
⑧ mean, means与meaning 辨析。mean 为及物动词，“意味，意指”。 mean to do “打算做某事”，mean doing sth 意味着做某事。means为名词, 表方法、手段、工具，该词单复数同形。如means of transportation 交通工具。meaning 为名词，意为“意思”。
⑨ thanks for 因?而感谢某人，for 表原因，接名词、动名词代词和动词-ing形式。如：Thank you for inviting me to dinner.谢谢你请我吃饭。Thank you so much for your help. 非常感谢你的帮助。thanks to 表示“幸 2
亏、由于”，to为介词，后面接名词、代词或动词-ing形式。如：Thanks to your help, we were successful. 由于你的帮助，我们成功了。
⑩ class和lesson的区别。lesson 名词“课，课程”，短语有Lesson Six=the sixth lesson, do one’s lesson做功课，give lessons to给?上课，可作“教训”解，teach sb a lesson给某人一个教训。class表“班级、课堂、全班同学”，短语after/before class课后/前、out of class/in class课外/课堂上。也可作“阶级、等级”解。
Ⅰ. 选择填空 （20分）
( ) 1. All the living things _________ on the sun.
A. depend B. spend C. look D. go
( ) 2. It takes about 15 minutes _________ there.
A. to B. to walk C. walk to D. to walk to
( ) 3. Travelling by ship is _________ than taking a bus.
A. a lot of fun B. much fun
C. a lot more fun D. a lot much fun
( ) 4. A number of students _________ in the classroom and the number of the students in our class
A. is, is B. are, are C. is, are D. are, is
( ) 5. It is said that our class _________ Class Two in the basket match last Friday.
A. win B. beat C. won D. beaten
( ) 6. In Japan, basketball is _________ popular than football at school.
A. so much B. very more
C. very much D. a lot more
( ) 7. It’s about _________ walk from my home to school.
A. ten minute B. ten minute
C. ten minute’s D. ten minutes’
( ) 8. When did your uncle _________ Shanghai?
A. get B. arrive C. get to D. arrive to
( ) 9. Betty will have her party _________.
A. on 2013, February 23rd B. in 2013, 23rd February
C. on February 23rd, 2013 D. at February 23rd, 2013
( ) 10. — Have you finished your homework?
— No, I’ll finish it _________ ten minutes.
A. another B. other C. more D. the another
( ) 11. He will get several months _________ the tennis team.
A. train on B. training with C. train for D. training for
( ) 12. Thanks a lot for _________ me _________ your party.
A. invite; for B. invite; to C. inviting; for D. inviting; to
( ) 13. I’m afraid I can’t come tomorrow, maybe _________.
A. the other time B. the other time C. other times D. another time
( ) 14. We can do it better with _________ money and _________ people. A. less; fewer B. fewer; less C. less; less D. fewer; fewer
( ) 15. The two girls look different _________ some ways.
A. at B. for C. on D. in
( ) 16. Liu Ying isn’t _________ at sports _________ her sister.
A. as good; than B. as better; as C. as well; than D. as good; as
( ) 17. They look different ,_________ they’re twins.
A. because B. though C. but D. so
( ) 18. Mary and Kate are good friends, and they have a lot of things _________.
A. like B. in common C. different D. same
( ) 19. — How _________ will he come back?
— In less than a week.
A. soon B. often C. long D. far
( ) 20. Ann’s home is about five kilometers _________ school.
A. away B. away from C. far D. far away
II. 完形填空 （10分）
Yesterday we had a party for Peter at his house. It was very (21)_____.
After school yesterday, I took Peter to see the (22)____. When we were in the cinema, His (23)______ friends and his family prepare his house for the party.
We (24)____ his house at about 7:00 p.m. When we opened the door, (25)____ shouted “Surprise!” And we (26)____ said “Happy birthday” to him.
After that we ate the birthday cake, sang and danced (27)____ 11 o’clock. Peter received many gifts, but he said he liked my gift (28)____. It was a money-box that (29)_____ a panda had a hat on
(10)_____ head. Do you think it is something fun?
( ) 21. A. interesting B. boring C. quiet D. terrible
( ) 22. A. doctor B. match C. movie D. animal
( ) 23. A. the other B. other C. another D. others
( ) 24. A. arrived B. got to C. reached to D. came
( ) 25. A. every one B. anyone C. everything D. everyone
( ) 26. A. all B. both C. most D. no
( ) 27. A. at B. after C. in D. till
( ) 28. A. good B. well C. better D. best ( ) 29. A. looked like B. looked after C. looked at D. looked for
( ) 30. A. it B. it’s C. its D. its’
III. 阅读理解 （30分）
Mr and Mrs Clark are 70 years old. They look young and they are very healthy. Why? Let me tell you. That’s because they have a healthy lifestyle.
They exercise every day, and every morning they exercise in the park. After that they usually go to the supermarket. They walk there for about half an hour. They don’t take buses. Because they think walking is good for their health. They often take a walk after dinner.
They also have a good eating habit. They drink milk every morning. They eat fruit and vegetables every day. As for meat, they only eat it twice a week. Besides that, they never eat junk food. They don’t drink coffee or cola at all. You see, they look after their health very well.
Mrs Clark likes watching soap operas and reading books every day. She reads books every day. Mr Clark likes Chinese paintings. They usually go to bed at 9:00 p.m and sleep for eight hours every night.
( )31. How old is Mrs Clark?
A. She is 60 years old. B. She is 65 years old.
C. She is 70 years old. D. She is 75 years old
( )32. Where do Mr and Mrs Clark exercise every morning?
A. In the gym. B. In their garden. C. In the park. D. In their apartment.
( )33. Mr and Mrs Clark usually _____ after dinner.
A. take a walk B. go to the supermarket
C. clean the house D. watch soap operas
( )34. How often do Mr and Mrs Clark eat meat?
A. Never. B. Once a day. C. Twice a day. D. Twice a week.
( )35. What does Mr Clark like?
A. Soap operas. B. Chinese paintings. C. Reading books. D. Walking.
I am Brad. I study at 103 Middle School. Students in our school all like sports. There are three groups.
Students in the first group go to playground when they feel tired after class. These students are under too much study pressure(压力). They just want to go back to their classrooms from the playground with a clear mind(清醒的头脑). They study hard and they like running.
The second group love sports. And they usually join sports clubs. They do a good job. They all think it is good for their health. My brother Paul joins the baseball club and he is the captain of his baseball team.
The third group want to be beautiful from sports. Boys want to be strong. And girls want to be slim(苗条的). My classmate Jennifer is one of them. She likes playing tennis. She can play it very well. 5
Students in these groups all benefit from sports. If you look around in the school playground, you can find healthy, active and clever students.
( )36. The three groups of students all _____.
A. like study B. like exercise C. want to be strong D. want to be slim
( )37. The first group ______.
A. study hard B. don’t have study pressure
C. don’t like running D. want to be beautiful from sports
( )38. The second group _____.
A. like playing baseball B. are under too much pressure
C. exercise for having a clear mind D. think sports are good for their health
( )39. What does the word “benefit” in the last paragraph mean?
A.体验 B.知道 C.受益 D.鼓励
( )40. Which of the following is NOT true?
A. Paul is the captain of his team.
B. There are three sports groups at 103 Middle School.
C. Jennifer can play tennis very well.
D. Students at Brad’s school all join sports clubs.
Katrina’s parents are from Mexico. They are very happy that their daughter can study in a medical school, and they’re helping to pay some of the tuition(学费). They want Katrina to be a good doctor. Katrina’s father is a policeman, and her mother works in a big shop. They don’t have much money. They also have a son, and he is going to work in two years.
( ) 41.Where is Katrina now? A. In China. B. In Mexico. C. In America. D. In Canada..
( ) 42. What does Katrina study in the school?
A. Medicine B. History C. Biology D. English
( ) 43. What does Katrina’s boyfriend do ?
A. He is a doctor B. He is a worker
C. He is a teacher D. He is a salesman
( ) 44. How many people are there in Katrina’s family?
A. Five. B. Four. C. Three. D. Two.
( ) 45. What can we know from the passage?
A. Katrina pays her tuition all by herself.
B. Larry works in a school in Mexico.
C. Katrina’s brother has worked for two years.
D. Katina is leaving the medical school.
IV. 单词拼写 用所给单词的适当形式填空。 （10分）
46. With ____________ (who) are you going camping this weekend?
47. They are _____________ (friend) than you think.
48. Do you know the ____________ (different) between the twins?
49. Mary, come here! Here’s an ____________ (invite) for you.
50. We often have basketball ___________ (train) on Tuesday.
51. Tom is _____________ (calm) than Hector. 52. My mother made me ____________ (stay) at home to do my homework.
53. Frank is new here. He needs ___________ (buy) a map of this city.
54. Thank you very much for ___________ (help) me with my English.
55. You are quite ___________ (athletic). Do you often do sports?
V. 同义句转换 （10分） 56. Mary often goes to school by bike.
Mary often _________ a _________ to school.
57. They often spend ten minutes getting to school.
_________ often __________ them ten minutes to get to school.
58. Henry didn’t go anywhere. He stayed at home all the day.
Henry didn’t go anywhere. He stayed at home __________ _________ day.
59. What’s the meaning of the word?
What __________ the word __________?
60. Susan isn’t the same as her sister Betty.
Susan is __________ ___________ her sister Betty.
VI. 补全对话 根据对话内容将对话补充完整使对话正确、符合逻辑。 (10分)
Nick: Jim, come here! Let me introduce my friend to you, Andy. She is from America. Jim: Nice to meet you, Andy. (61)____________________________?
Andy: I came to China five months ago.
Jim : (62) ____________________________?
Andy: Yes. I like Chinese food very much, and the people here are friendly. Jim: (63) _____________________________!
Nick: We are going to a tea shop and have some tea. (64) ________________? 7
Jim: Sorry, I’m going to a party with my friend at 8:00.
Nick: All right then. (65) ____________________________.
Jim: Thank you very much.
1—5 ABCDB 6—10 DDCCA 11—15 BDDAD 16—20 DBBAB 21—25 ACBBD 26—30 ADDAC 31—35 CCADB 36—40 BADCD 41—45 CADBD 46. whom 47. friendlier/more friendly 48. difference(s) 49. invitation
50. training 51. calmer 52. stay 53. to buy 54. helping 55. athletic 56. rides, bike 57. It, takes 58. the, whole 59. does, mean 60. different, from 61. When did you come to China? 62. Did you like Chinese food? 63. That’s good! 64. Why not go with us? / Would you like o go with us? 65. I hope you can have a good time 书面表达 ( omitted )
many many most few some few no a few a few most Walking Bus Bike Subway Car