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七上unit 6 讲义

发布时间:2013-11-03 08:45:56  

Unit 6 Do you like bananas?

本讲知识清单: Important words & phrases

Important sentences

Grammar

本讲重点: Important sentences & Grammar

Important words

单词·巧记·典句·考点

1. ice cream 冰激凌

【巧记提示】 ice(冰)+ cream(奶油)

【经典例句】We had ice cream for dessert

我们餐后吃的甜点是冰淇淋。

【活学活用】Most children love _______

大多数孩子喜欢冰激凌

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Key: ice-cream

2. food n 食物

【巧记提示】 food (食物)谐音foot(足)

【经典例句】Do you like healthy food?

你喜欢健康食品吗?

【考点聚焦】

1)food与diet的区别:

food指能吃能喝的具有营养的东西,是不可数名词,表示种类时可数;diet 指的是习惯的食物或规定的食物,特指维持健康的食物,如病人的疗养食物。

The doctor had ordered me a special _______. Too many sweet ______ will make you fat.

Keys: diet food

3. fruit n 水果,果实

【巧记提示】 谐音记忆: ―妇孺的‖(水果是妇孺皆宜的食物)

【经典例句】This month is the time to pick fruit

1. 这个月是摘果子的时间。

【考点聚焦】fruit 还可做动词,―使 结果实‖

【活学活用】Eat more ______and vegetables

多吃水果和蔬菜

Key:fruit

4. tomato [t?mɑ:t?u]n.番茄,西红柿;[俚语] 美女

【巧记提示】两个―to‖中间一个―ma‖

【经典例句】The frost killed the young tomato plants

寒霜冻死了番茄幼苗。

【考点聚焦】tomato的复数是tomatoes

英语中有四个以―o‖结尾的单词变复数要加―es‖他们分别是 negro hero tomato potato

用一句话来巧记:Negroes and heroes like eating potatoes and tomatoes.

【活学活用】Then cut up onions and ________

然后切洋葱和西红柿

Key:tomatoes

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5. healthy adj. 健康的健全的;大量的;有益于健康的

【巧记提示】 health(健康)+ y(形容词后缀)

【经典例句】The air by the sea is pure and healthy

1. 海边的空气清新又有益健康。

【考点聚焦】 比较级 healthier 最高级 healthiest

【活学活用】10.The girl is ____.She often smile(笑)

A. hungry B. healthy C. happy Key:c

6. want vt.& vi.想,要;需要,必要

【巧记提示】want(想,要)-- what (什么)

【经典例句】Do you want some water?

1. 你想要些水吗?

【考点聚焦】 want后面的宾语要接不定式to do

【活学活用】What discount do you want _______ us?

A to offer B offering C offer D offered

Key:A

7. strawberry n.草莓;草莓色

【巧记提示】 straw(n 草)+berry(n 浆果)

【经典例句】Strawberry is in season now

1. 草莓现在已上市了。

【考点聚焦】 strawberry 的复数是 strawberries

【活学活用】The girl likes _______(草莓)a lot Key :strawberries

8. apple [?pl] n.苹果,苹果树;苹果属植物的果实

【巧记提示】 a+pple

【经典例句】The girl have three apples

女孩有三个苹果

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【考点聚焦】 apple的复数 apples, apple是以元音音素开头,冠词要用an

【活学活用】I have ____ apple and ____ egg for breakfast.

A a, an B an, a C an, an D a, a

Key : C

9. right adj.右方的;正确的;合适的;好的,正常的

【巧记提示】 r+i+ght

【经典例句】His son is on his right

他的儿子在他右边。

【考点聚焦】1 right 还有n 权利的意思 例如:

Who gives you the right?

谁给你的权利?

2 that’s all right 可用来回答thank you

10. eat vt.& vi.吃,喝

【巧记提示】 ea+t

【经典例句】Eat more fruit and vegetables.

1. 多吃水果及蔬菜。

【考点聚焦】过去式:ate过去分词:eaten现在分词:eating

【活学活用】Emma often _______(吃) lunch at home.

Key : eats

短语·巧记·典句·考点

1. think about 考虑

【经典例句】 Let me think about it.

让我考虑一下吧。

【考点聚焦】 1)think about与形近短语think of的区别:think about 考虑 think of 想起,想到。如:When I think of my childhood, I will miss my hometown.

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每当我想到我的童年时,我就会思念家乡。

2)think about与形近短语think over的区别:think over 仔细思考。

如:This math problem is so difficult that you need to think it over.

这道数学题非常难,所以你要仔细地思考一下。

2. find out 找出, 发现, 查明(真相等), 认识到, 想出, 揭发??

【经典例句】 I find out the answer to the question.??

我解出这道题的答案了。

【考点聚焦】1) find out与find的区别:find 找到 find out和"find"的区别就在于有目的性的,找出一个结果,找到一个答案,找到一个解决方法.。

如:I can't find my books.

我找不到我的书了。

3. next to 紧邻,在…近旁,仅次于,紧接

【经典例句】 The hospital is next to the bookstore.

医院紧邻书店。

★ 我的记忆卡

记住与方位介词相关的词组

in the east 在.....之内的东部??

to the east 在.....之外(不紧密相邻)的东部????

on the east 和......相邻的东部

in front of 是在一个整体的前面??

in the front of 是在一个整体前半部分的位置 ??

in the back of 在……后面

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1、how about……? ……怎么样?(how about doing)

2、what about……?……怎么样?(what about doing)

3、think about :考虑

4、sound good:听起来不错

5、do you like……你喜欢……吗?

6、find out 找出

7、next to 在……附近

Important sentences

句子·剖析·拓展

1. Do you like bananas?

【剖析】 1)这是一个以Do引导的一般疑问句,时态为一般现在时,注意主语如为第三人称单数,提问词要相应变为Does。用简略回答。

Do you like salad? Yes, I do/ no, I don’t.

Do they like pears? Yes, they do/ No, they don’t.

Does she like tomatoes? Yes, she does/ No, she doesn’t.

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表示提建议的句子:

①What/How about +doing sth? 如:What/How about going shopping?

②Let’s +do sth 如:Let’s go shopping.

Grammar

语法教学流程:导入——语法点——例子+互动——考点——总结

可数名词和不可数名词

1. 可数名词和不可数名词的定义及区分

名词按其所表示的事物的性质分为可数名词和不可数名词。可数名词有复数形式,不可数名词没有复数形式

可数名词:an apple, two apples, a bag, some bags

不可数名词:milk, bread, rice

2. 名词变复数的形式及读音

形式:

1 一般情况 加 –s 如:book- books\buks\ 2 以s,x,sh,ch结尾的词 加 –es 如: class- classes \kla:siz\

3 以辅音字母加y结尾的词,变y为i再加-es

如: Party – parties \pa:tiz\

读音:

1. 在清辅音后读/s/,如:pet- pets/pets/.

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2. 在浊辅音和元音后读/z/,如:bed- beds/bedz/, key – keys /ki:z/.

3. 在/s/,/z/,/?/,/t?/,/d?/后读/iz/如:box-boxes/ba:ksiz/

3. 特殊用法

1) 有一些词既可以充当可数名词,也可以充当不可数名词,如:ice-cream , salad , 做种类讲时为可数名词。chicken 做―鸡肉‖讲为不可数名词,做―小鸡‖讲为可数名词。

2)有一些可数名词单复同形sheep, deer , Chinese, Japanese

如:There are three deer and some sheep in the zoo.

3) 有一些可数名词只有复数形式 people , Police , cattle

4) 不规则变化:man – men woman --- women child --- children foot--- feet

典题精练

判断下列划线部分单词是可数名词还是不可数名词。Y(可数) N(不可数)

1 ) ).

3. Do you know Alice’s )? )? ). ). ) on the table ( ) is for you. ) )? )in the war. ) yesterday.

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同步突破

课文选词填空(一)

Jack: Hey, John’s birthday dinner is ______ week. Let's think _______ the food.

Tom: Sure. How about burgers, vegetable salad, and some fruit?

Bill:_________ good. John likes hamburgers.

Jack: Oh, I don't like salad.

Tom: But John likes salad, and it's his ___________.

Jack: Yes, you're right. What about the fruit?

Tom: I think John _________ strawberries and apples.

Bill: OK. Let's have _____________ and apples then.

课文选词填空(二)

Sports Star Eats Well!

David asks the volleyball star, Cindy Smith, about her eating _______.

David: Hello, Cindy. _______ do you like for breakfast?

Cindy: I love fruit. I think it's __________.

David: OK. So what fruit do you _______? Do you like bananas?

Cindy: Well, I don't like bananas. But I like oranges and apples.

David: What _________ lunch? Do you like salad?

Cindy: Yes, I really like it.

David: Hmm……and do you like hamburgers for ________?

Cindy: Oh, no, they're not healthy. I like __________ for dinner.

David: OK, well, one _________ question——do you eat ice-cream for _______ ?

Cindy: Err……I like ice-cream…But I don't eat it. I don't want to be fat.

完形填空

I'm Tony. I'm now new in the school. I ____________ a friend in my class. She is Helen. She is an American girl. She is now in China with ________ parents. She ___________

China. And she likes __________ food too. She has ____________ egg, _______________ bread for breakfast. For lunch in ___________ school is very good. We can have different food ___________ lunch. We ___________ noodles. We have dinner ____________ home with our parents.

( ) 1. A. has B. have C. am

( ) 2. A. his B. she C. her

( ) 3. A. likes B. have C. like

( ) 4. A. China B. English C. Chinese

( ) 5. A. an B. a

C. the

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( ) 6.A. many

( ) 7.A. I

( ) 8.A. for

( ) 9.A. has

( ) 10.A. under

B. a B. our B. on B. eats B. at C. some C. me C. in C. have C. in

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七年级上Unit 6课后练习

学校_______________ 姓名______________

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一、单项选择

1. The boys of our class _____ chicken.

A . like B. likes C. to like

2. There ____ some salad on the table.

A. are B. is C. has

3. Is _____ your picture?

A. those B. these C. this

4. Do you want _____ to a movie?

A. go B. to go C. going

5. Does he have _____ food for breakfast?

A. any B. some C. an

6. --- Do they like pears?

--- Yes, they like ____ very much.

A .it B. them C. they

7. Tim wants something to ____, like water.

A .eat B. have C. drink

8. I have much ___ in my bowl.

A. meat B. eggs C. apple

9. He has ____ at home.

A. a breakfast B. breakfast C. the breakfast

10. The girl is ___. She often smiles.

A .hungry B. healthy C. happy

二、完形填空

I work in a small shop. It’s near an EnglishIn the 起床) at six. And then I have breakfast. I get go (到达at about six fifty. The shop opens at seven. We sell things food and drink. We have school things. , so there often many people in our shop morning to evening.

I have in the shop. At seven in the evening the shop is closed. We go supper.

( ) 11. A. farm B. factory C. school D. river

( ) 12. A. buy B. sell C. take D. want

( ) 13. A. evening B. afternoon C. noon D. morning

( ) 14. A. classroom. B. school C. shop D. club

( ) 15. A. with B. like C. for D. about

( ) 16. A. too B. also C. and D. but

( ) 17. A. are B. have C. see D. come

( ) 18. A. in B. on C. at D. from

( ) 19. A. supper B. breakfast C. tea D. lunch

( ) 20. A. to B. at C. with D. for

三、词汇

(一)根据汉意提示写单词。

21. I play s_______ everyday.

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22. This orange i______ Tony’s

23. There a_______ some apples on the table.

24. The girl likes s_______ a lot

25. Many boys p_______ basketball

26. His mother goes to school b_____ bus.

27. Tom d_______ eat chicken.

28. Chickens a_______ very interesting.

29. Emma often e_______ lunch at home.

30. He r_______fast.

(二)用方框中所给词的适当形式完成短文

1 My daughter ______ like strawberries. Oranges _______her favorites. 2 --- _____ you know his phone number?

--- No, I _______.

3 --- _______ your brother love sports?

--- Yes, he ______.

4 --- Look! What _____ those?

--- They _____ bananas.

5 --- ______ that boy your cousin?

--- No, he _______.

【单词过关】

1.香蕉_______________

3.西红柿________

5.沙拉_________

7.梨______________________

9.面包______________ 2.汉堡包_________________ 4.冰激凌_________________ 6.草莓_____________ 8.牛奶__________________ 10.生日_______________

11.正餐_________________ 12.食物________________

13周;星期______________ 14.当然,肯定,一定____________ 15…. 怎么样_______________ 16汉堡包________________

17.蔬菜__________ 18.水果____________

19.正确的,适当的________________ 20.那么______________

21.苹果_______________ 22.大米,米饭________________

23.蛋,鸡蛋_____________ 24.胡萝卜_____________

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25.鸡肉_________ 26.(引出评论或问题)那么__________

27.早餐,早饭________________ 28.午餐___________

29明星,星星_____________ 30.吃____________

31.好,令人满意的___________ 32.习惯__________________

33.健康的____________ 34.真正地__________

35问题_________ 36.需要,想要_____________

37.变成_____

38.肥的,肥胖的__________ 是( )否( )在家长的监督下完成 家长签字:____________________ 14

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