1.表示过去某个时 间发生的动作或 存在的状态。 2.表示过去经常或 反复发生的动作。
yesterday last night in 1990 two days ago
构成 规则动词 动词过去式 的构成 不规则动词 读音
动词 肯定式 否 定 式 I was …. I was not(wasn’t)…. He /She/it was…. He/She/It was not(wasn’t)…. be We/You/They were …. We/You/They were not (weren’t)… I/You/He/She/It/We/ work
You/They worked. There was ….
did not(didn’t) work. There was not (wasn’t) …. There were not (weren’t)….
there be There were….
Was I …? Were you…? Was he/she/it…? Yes, you were. Yes,I was. Yes,he/she/it was. No, you were not. No,I was not. No,he/she/it was not. Were you…? Were they…? be Were we…? Yes,we/you were. Yes,we were. Yes,they were. No,we/you were No,we were No,they were not. not. not. Did I work? Did you work? Did he/she/it work? Yes,you did. Yes,I did. Yes,he/she/it did. No,you did not. No, I did not. No,he/she/it did not. work Did we work? Did you work? Did they work? Yes,we/you did. Yes,we did. Yes,they did. No,we/you did not. No,we did not. No,they did not. Was there a/ any…? Were there any…? there Yes,there was. Yes,there were. No,there were not. be No,there was not.
疑问句式和简略答语 第二人称 第三人称
规则动词过去式的构成 构成规则 1. 一般在动词原形末尾加-ed look play start live hope use stop plan trip 例词 looked played started lived hoped used stopped planned tripped studied carried
2. 结尾是 e 的动词加 -d
3. 末尾只有一个辅音字母的重读 闭音节词，先双写这个辅音字 母，再加-ed
4. 结尾是“辅音字母+y”的动词， study carry 先变“y”为“i”再加-ed
规则动词-ed的读音 清念 /t/ ,元浊/d/ ; 说明： /t/ /d/ 之后念/id/
1、清念 /t/ ，即 ed 在清辅音后面念 /t/ ,例：finished helped passed cooked
2、元浊 /d/ ,即 ed 在元音，浊辅音后面念 /d/ ,
3、/t/ /d/ 之后念 /id/ , 即 ed 在 /t/ /d/ 音后面念 /id/ 例：wanted
? 说明： ? 1、清念 /t/ ，即 ed 在清辅音 后面念 /t/ , ? 例：finished helped passed cooked
? 元浊 /d/ ,即 ed 在元音，浊 辅音后面念 /d/ , 例：borrowed enjoyed called moved
? 、/t/ /d/ 之后念 /id/ , 即 ed 在 /t/ /d/ 音后面念 /id/ 例：wanted shouted needed counted
Infinitive am is Past tense was Infinitive catch Past tense caught
begin break bring build buy can
begun broke brought built bought could
do draw drink drive eat fall
did drew drank dro
ve ate fell
1.表示过去某个时间发生的动作或存在的状态。 He was here yesterday. I got up at six thirty yesterday morning. My father was at work yesterday afternoon. Did you have a good time last summer?
2.表示过去经常或反复发生的动作。 My father often went to work by bus last year. When I was a child, I often listened to music.
常用时 间 常与一般过去时态连用的时间有：
yesterday morning (afternoon, evening…)
last night (week, month, year…)
two days ago, ago… a week ago, three years
in 1990, (in 1998…)
动词一般过去时，表示过去发生事； be用was或用were, have,has变had； 谓语动词过去式，过去时间坐标志； 一般动词加-ed，若是特殊得硬记。 否定句很简单，主语之后didn’t添； 疑问句也不难，did放在主语前； 如果谓语之前有did，谓语动词需还原； 动词若是was,were,否定就把not添。
动词过去式转换练习 一般过去时态练习 时态转换练习
1. look 4. carry 7. call 10.are 13.do 16.say 19.eat 2. live 5. hope 8. finish 11. go 14.get 17.see 20.take 3. stop 6. trip 9. want 12.have 15.come 18.put 21.read
1. look looked 4. carry carried 7. call called 10.are were 13.do did 16.say said 19.eat ate 2. live 5. hope 8. finish 11.go 14.get 17.see 20.take
lived 3. stop stopped hoped 6. trip tripped finished 9. want wanted went 12.have had got 15.come came saw 18.put put took 21.read read
返回上页 返回练习 返回首页
1.____ you ____(remember) to buy the oranges? 2.Who ______(invent) the computer. 3.We _____(go) to the cinema last night. The film ______(be) very good.
4.What time _____ you ______(get) to school this morning? 5.Jim _____ (do) a lot yesterday. He ______(go)
shopping and ______ (cook) supper.
1. Did you remembered (remember) to buy the oranges? 2.Who invented (invent) the computer.
3.We went (go) to the cinema last night. The film was (be) very good. 4.What time did you got (get) to school this morning?
5.Jim did (do) a lot yesterday. He went (go) shopping and cooked (cook) supper.
返回上页 返回练习 返回首页
1. He usually gets up early in the morning. But______________________late today. 2. She usually works from 8 a.m. to 5 p.m. But yesterday __________________________ 3. _____________________ on Sundays. They went to the park last Monday. 4. _____________________at breakfast. But yesterday he didn’t read the newspaper.
1. He usually gets up ea
rly in the morning. But he got up late today. 2. She usually works from 8 a.m. to 5 p.m. But yesterday she worked from 8 a.m. to 6 p.m. 3. They often go to the park on Sundays. They went to the park last Monday. 4. He reads the newspaper at breakfast. But yesterday he didn’t read the newspaper.
返回上页 返回练习 返回首页
1、Lucy did her homework at home.（改否定句）
Lucy _______ _______ her homework at home. didn’t do
2、He found some meat in the fridge.（变一般疑问句)
______ he _____ ______ meat in the fridge? Did find any
3、She stayed there for a week.（对划线部分提问）
______ ______ _____ she _____ there? How long did stay
4、There was some orange in the cup.（变一般疑问句) _____ there _____ orange in the cup? Was any
4.There was some orange in the cup.（变一般疑问句) _____ there _____ orange in the cup?
3.She stayed there for a week. （对划线部分提问） ______ ______ _____ she _____ there?
1.Lucy did her homework at home.（改否定句） Lucy _______ _______ her homework at home.
2.He found some meat in the fridge.（变一般疑问句) ______ he _____ ______ meat in the fridge?