haihongyuan.com
海量文库 文档专家
全站搜索:
您现在的位置:首页 > 初中教育 > 初中英语初中英语

人教版英语七年级下一般过去时课件

发布时间:2013-11-04 08:03:42  

语法复习课件

一般过去时
By Geoffrey

知识结构
动词的过去式

构成

一般过去时

用法

1.表示过去某个时 间发生的动作或 存在的状态。 2.表示过去经常或 反复发生的动作。

常用时间

yesterday last night in 1990 two days ago

构成 规则动词 动词过去式 的构成 不规则动词 读音

一般过去时态句式的构成
陈述句式
动词 肯定式 否 定 式 I was …. I was not(wasn’t)…. He /She/it was…. He/She/It was not(wasn’t)…. be We/You/They were …. We/You/They were not (weren’t)… I/You/He/She/It/We/ work
You/They worked. There was ….

I/You/He/She/It/We/You/They
did not(didn’t) work. There was not (wasn’t) …. There were not (weren’t)….
进入下页 返回首页

there be There were….

一般过去时态句式的构成
疑问句式
动词
Was I …? Were you…? Was he/she/it…? Yes, you were. Yes,I was. Yes,he/she/it was. No, you were not. No,I was not. No,he/she/it was not. Were you…? Were they…? be Were we…? Yes,we/you were. Yes,we were. Yes,they were. No,we/you were No,we were No,they were not. not. not. Did I work? Did you work? Did he/she/it work? Yes,you did. Yes,I did. Yes,he/she/it did. No,you did not. No, I did not. No,he/she/it did not. work Did we work? Did you work? Did they work? Yes,we/you did. Yes,we did. Yes,they did. No,we/you did not. No,we did not. No,they did not. Was there a/ any…? Were there any…? there Yes,there was. Yes,there were. No,there were not. be No,there was not.

第一人称

疑问句式和简略答语 第二人称 第三人称

返回上页

返回首页

规则动词过去式的构成 构成规则 1. 一般在动词原形末尾加-ed look play start live hope use stop plan trip 例词 looked played started lived hoped used stopped planned tripped studied carried

2. 结尾是 e 的动词加 -d

3. 末尾只有一个辅音字母的重读 闭音节词,先双写这个辅音字 母,再加-ed

4. 结尾是“辅音字母+y”的动词, study carry 先变“y”为“i”再加-ed

规则动词-ed的读音 清念 /t/ ,元浊/d/ ; 说明: /t/ /d/ 之后念/id/

1、清念 /t/ ,即 ed 在清辅音后面念 /t/ ,例:finished helped passed cooked

2、元浊 /d/ ,即 ed 在元音,浊辅音后面念 /d/ ,
例:borrowed enjoyed

called
3、/t/ /d/ 之后念 /id/ , 即 ed 在 /t/ /d/ 音后面念 /id/ 例:wanted

moved
shouted

needed

counted

? 说明: ? 1、清念 /t/ ,即 ed 在清辅音 后面念 /t/ , ? 例:finished helped passed cooked

? 元浊 /d/ ,即 ed 在元音,浊 辅音后面念 /d/ , 例:borrowed enjoyed called moved

? 、/t/ /d/ 之后念 /id/ , 即 ed 在 /t/ /d/ 音后面念 /id/ 例:wanted shouted needed counted

不规则动词表
Infinitive am is Past tense was Infinitive catch Past tense caught

are
begin break bring build buy can

were
begun broke brought built bought could

come
do draw drink drive eat fall

came
did drew drank dro

ve ate fell





1.表示过去某个时间发生的动作或存在的状态。 He was here yesterday. I got up at six thirty yesterday morning. My father was at work yesterday afternoon. Did you have a good time last summer?
2.表示过去经常或反复发生的动作。 My father often went to work by bus last year. When I was a child, I often listened to music.

常用时 间 常与一般过去时态连用的时间有:

yesterday
yesterday morning (afternoon, evening…)

last night (week, month, year…)
two days ago, ago… a week ago, three years

in 1990, (in 1998…)

巧记动词过去时态
动词一般过去时,表示过去发生事; be用was或用were, have,has变had; 谓语动词过去式,过去时间坐标志; 一般动词加-ed,若是特殊得硬记。 否定句很简单,主语之后didn’t添; 疑问句也不难,did放在主语前; 如果谓语之前有did,谓语动词需还原; 动词若是was,were,否定就把not添。
返回上页 返回首页

一般过去时态练习
单击图标进入相应练习

动词过去式转换练习 一般过去时态练习 时态转换练习
返回首页

动词过去式转换练习
将下列动词变为过去式
1. look 4. carry 7. call 10.are 13.do 16.say 19.eat 2. live 5. hope 8. finish 11. go 14.get 17.see 20.take 3. stop 6. trip 9. want 12.have 15.come 18.put 21.read
订正答案 返回上页

动词过去式转换练习

1. look looked 4. carry carried 7. call called 10.are were 13.do did 16.say said 19.eat ate 2. live 5. hope 8. finish 11.go 14.get 17.see 20.take


lived 3. stop stopped hoped 6. trip tripped finished 9. want wanted went 12.have had got 15.come came saw 18.put put took 21.read read
返回上页 返回练习 返回首页

一般过去时态练习
用动词的过去式填空
1.____ you ____(remember) to buy the oranges? 2.Who ______(invent) the computer. 3.We _____(go) to the cinema last night. The film ______(be) very good.

4.What time _____ you ______(get) to school this morning? 5.Jim _____ (do) a lot yesterday. He ______(go)
shopping and ______ (cook) supper.
订正答案 返回练习

用动词的过去式填空
1. Did you remembered (remember) to buy the oranges? 2.Who invented (invent) the computer.

3.We went (go) to the cinema last night. The film was (be) very good. 4.What time did you got (get) to school this morning?
5.Jim did (do) a lot yesterday. He went (go) shopping and cooked (cook) supper.
返回上页 返回练习 返回首页

一般过去时态练习
把下列句子改成相应时态
1. He usually gets up early in the morning. But______________________late today. 2. She usually works from 8 a.m. to 5 p.m. But yesterday __________________________ 3. _____________________ on Sundays. They went to the park last Monday. 4. _____________________at breakfast. But yesterday he didn’t read the newspaper.
订正答案 返回练习

一般过去时态练习
把下列句子改成相应时态
1. He usually gets up ea

rly in the morning. But he got up late today. 2. She usually works from 8 a.m. to 5 p.m. But yesterday she worked from 8 a.m. to 6 p.m. 3. They often go to the park on Sundays. They went to the park last Monday. 4. He reads the newspaper at breakfast. But yesterday he didn’t read the newspaper.
返回上页 返回练习 返回首页

改写句子:

PRACTISE

That’s great√

1、Lucy did her homework at home.(改否定句)

Lucy _______ _______ her homework at home. didn’t do
2、He found some meat in the fridge.(变一般疑问句)

______ he _____ ______ meat in the fridge? Did find any
3、She stayed there for a week.(对划线部分提问)

______ ______ _____ she _____ there? How long did stay
4、There was some orange in the cup.(变一般疑问句) _____ there _____ orange in the cup? Was any

4.There was some orange in the cup.(变一般疑问句) _____ there _____ orange in the cup?

3.She stayed there for a week. (对划线部分提问) ______ ______ _____ she _____ there?

改写句子:
1.Lucy did her homework at home.(改否定句) Lucy _______ _______ her homework at home.

2.He found some meat in the fridge.(变一般疑问句) ______ he _____ ______ meat in the fridge?

Thank you!


网站首页网站地图 站长统计
All rights reserved Powered by 海文库
copyright ©right 2010-2011。
文档资料库内容来自网络,如有侵犯请联系客服。zhit326@126.com