haihongyuan.com
海量文库 文档专家
全站搜索:
您现在的位置:首页 > 初中教育 > 初中英语初中英语

2013年秋仁爱版英语九年级上册Unit 1 Topic 1导学案

发布时间:2013-11-04 08:03:46  

2013年秋仁爱九年级英语上册导学案

Unit 1 Topic 1 Great changes have taken place there.(总第1课时)

Section A 第1课时

教学目标:1.(1)学习现在完成时,并掌握have/ has been to和have/ has gone to句型。

(2) 比较并找出一般过去时与现在完成时的不同用法。

2.学会描述假期生活。

教学重难点:1.现在完成时的结构简式。 2.have/ has been to和have/ has gone to句型的区别。 学习过程:

一、自主预习

1.查阅课文对话,写出下列单词或短语的中文意思。

proper ___________ chairwoman ____________

bell __________ improve _____________

grandpa ____________ by the way ___________

grandson ___________ take place _____________

2、熟读1a的对话,找出以下句子的共同点。

Rita, you have just come back from your hometown.

Great changes have taken place there and my hometown has become more and more beautiful. I have been to Mount Huang with my parents.

I have been to an English summer school to improve my English.

思考:以上句子都使用了现在完成时,可以看出现在完成时的结构为______________________.

3、仔细观察2中的图片并尝试理解对话。

思考:表示“曾去过某地”用____________+地点;表示“到某地去了”用____________+地点。

二、重点探究:

1.师生互动:你的假期生活如何?复习一般过去时。继而引入现在完成时。

(根据句意在横线上填入谓语动词的适当形式)

1). He ______________ (play) soccer on the playground now.

2). He ______________ (play) soccer on the playground yesterday.

3). He ______________ (play) soccer on the playground when I saw him yesterday.

4). He ______________ (play) soccer on the playground every day.

5). He ______________ (play) soccer on the playground tomorrow afternoon.

6). He ______________ (play) soccer on the playground for a long time.

2.走进新课。学习1a.

1). by the way “顺便说,附带说”。如: By the way, have you seen Jack recently?

2). 现在完成时时态是由“助动词____________+动词的过去分词”构成,表示过去发生的动作对现在的影响。如:I have seen the movie twice. 译:____________________________________. 否定式:主语+haven’t/ hasn’t +动词的过去分词+其他

一般疑问句:Have/ Has +主语+过去分词+其他?

特殊疑问句:特殊疑问词+have/ has +主语+过去分词+其他?

3) take place 意为“(按计划、安排)发生,举办,举行”。

如:The Olympic Games take place every four years. 译:______________________________.

4). Where have you been?常用来问别人曾去过哪里或刚去了哪里,答句为:I have been to+地点。

1

2013年秋仁爱九年级英语上册导学案

5). have/ has been to 表示“曾经去过某地”(现在已经回来,即去而复返)

如:My uncle has been to Yunnan three times.

6). have/ has gone to 表示“到某地去了”(现在还没有回来,即去而未返)

如:Mr. Zhang has gone to Hainan for a vacation.

7). improve 提高

常见词组:improve oneself 自我提高 improve on/ upon sth. 对......作出改进

8). There goes the bell. =That’s the bell. =The bell is ringing. 这是一句倒装句。

主语是代词时一般用局部倒装,主语是名词时则用完全倒装。

3.分组朗读1a,根据1a完成1b。(设计句型对话练习)如:

A: Where have you been to ......?

B: I have been to ......

4. 学生分组或分角色进行句型操练,完成1c.

5. 看图,完成填空。完成2。

理解:现在完成时可用来表示过去发生的动作一直持续到现在。“for+一段时间”表示动作持续的时间。如:I have lived in Beijing for five years. 译:__________________________________.

三、训练检测:

单项选择

( ) 1. --Have you ever been to Summer Palace? --Yes, we have.

--When ____you ____there? --Last month.

A. have; gone B. did; go C. will; go D. is; going

( ) 2. --–Where is your mother? --She _____ the supermarket.

A. has gone to B. has been C. has been to D. has gone

( ) 3.--–Have you ever been to the Beijing Zoo? --No, ______. I’ll go there this weekend.

A. I’ve never been there B. I have C. I’ve been there D. I don’t

( ) 4. ——I didn’t see you the whole summer holiday.

——I ______ Yunnan on August 2nd. I ______there for two weeks..

A. went to; have been B. have gone; have gone C. went to; was D. have gone; have been

( ) 5. I saw her _______on the street yesterday morning.

A. run B. to run C. runs D. running

( ) 6. ---- Where is Zhao Ming? Mr. Lee asks him to go to the office.

---- He ______ the playground. He is playing football there.

A. has been to B. has gone to C. have been to D. goes to

( ) 7. ______ diet and exercise are both important for health.

A. Proper B. Bad C. Rich D. Delicious

( ) 8. Hi, Kangkang, where have you______?

A. gone B. been to C. been D. gone to

( ) 9. He got up ______ late that he was late for work today.

A. such B. so C. very D. too

四、反思自评:

这节课我学了_________________________________________________________

但是还没掌握_________________________________________________________

2

2013年秋仁爱九年级英语上册导学案

Unit 1 Topic 1 Great changes have taken place there.(总第2~3课时)

Section B (1a~1b)第2课时

教学目标:1.继续学习现在完成时的用法。

2.比较新旧社会青少年的生活状况,启发学生珍惜新社会的幸福生活。

教学重难点:1.现在完成时的一般疑问式及回答: Has Ann?? Yes, she has./No, she hasn’t.

2.动词的过去分词的构成。

学习过程:

一、自主预习

1.查阅下列词组。

祖母_______________ jump rope ____________

曾经_______________ in the past ____________

关闭_______________ in order to ____________

描述_______________ afford sth. for sb. ____________

教育_______________ give support to sb. ____________

in detail ____________

2. 朗读1a的对话,找出下面的规律。

现在完成时的一般疑问句是把助动词______________提前,在句尾加问号。其肯定回答是_______, 否定回答是_________________.

3. 观察1b中动词的形式变化。

规则动词的过去分词与动词的_______________形式一样,都是在词尾加__________; 不规则动词的过去式、过去分词有不同的变化,需特别记忆。

二、重点探究:

1.学习动词的过去式与过去分词的变化。

2.句型操练,完成1b

3.学习1a对话。

1). You have taken part in some volunteer activities during the summer holidays, haven't you? 译:___________________________________________________________________

思考:haven't you? 构成了句子的_____________部分

练习:根据时间状语的变化写出谓语动词的不同形式并完成后面的反意疑问句

a. He ____________(take) part in some volunteer activities during the last summer holidays, ________________?

b. He ____________(take) part in some volunteer activities during the next summer holidays, ______________?

c. He ___________(take) part in some volunteer activities during the summer holidays every year, ________________?

d. He must ________(take) part in some volunteer activities during the summer holidays every year, ______________?

2). What a wonderful experience! 译:________________________

同义句:How _______________________

感叹句转换练习:(根据P5---1a的图下提示词用what和how写感叹句)

3

2013年秋仁爱九年级英语上册导学案

a. 多么狭窄的公路啊!

What______________________________! / How___________________________________! b. 多么艰苦的生活条件啊!

What___________________________! / How__________________________________!

注意:如果对行为动词感叹,只能用How引导!

c. 看!他跑得是多么快啊!_________________________________!

3). learn...from... 从......中学到......

4)Though I had no time to travel, I still felt very happy. 译:_____________________________ 思考:你能将上句改为用but的形式吗?

______________________________________________________________

看课本P105注解并总结:

though和__________引导______________从句,语气较弱,不与__________连用;

___________________和___________________也用于引导______________从句,

带有强调的意味,语气较强。

注意:have no time to do sth. 没有时间做某事 have time to do sth. 有时间做某事 though与although不能but出来。

4.分组朗读课文对话。找出现在完成时的句子进行背诵。

三、训练检测:

1. 补全对话

A: Where is Lucy?

B:1)._________________________ to England.

A:2).__________________________?

B: Yes, she has been there once,

A: 3).__________________________?

B: She went there last week.

A: 4).__________________________?

B: She is going to stay there for a month.

A: Do you know 5)._________________________?

B: She’ll be back at the end of October.

2、根据首字母提示完成短文

Yesterday ,my granny d__1__ the life in the country in the past for me. At that time, people were very poor, so parents couldn’t afford their children’s e___2____. Many children spend their childhood w___3___. But nowadays, with the d____4____ of the economy(经济),most people have chances to go to school. And many people can even r ___5___ some other special training.

1. ________ 2._______ 3.________ 4._________5.__________

四、反思自评:

这节课我学了_________________________________________________________

但是还没掌握_________________________________________________________

4

2013年秋仁爱九年级英语上册导学案

Unit 1 Topic 1 Great changes have taken place there.(总第2~3课时)

Section B (2a~2c)第3课时

教学目标:1.继续学习现在完成时的用法。

2.比较新旧社会青少年的生活状况,启发学生珍惜新社会的幸福生活。

教学重难点:1.现在完成时的一般疑问式及回答: Has Ann?? Yes, she has./No, she hasn’t.

2.动词的过去分词的构成。

学习过程:

一、自主复习与预习

1.查阅下列词组。

祖母_______________ 曾经_______________ 关闭_______________ 描述_______________ 教育_______________ in detail ____________jump rope ____________ in the past ____________ in order to ____________ afford sth. for sb. ____________ give support to sb. ____________

2. 朗读1a的对话,找出下面的规律。

现在完成时的一般疑问句是把助动词______________提前,在句尾加问号。其肯定回答是_______, 否定回答是_________________.

3. 观察1b中动词的形式变化。

规则动词的过去分词与动词的_______________形式一样,都是在词尾加__________; 不规则动词的过去式、过去分词有不同的变化,需特别记忆。

4. 熟读2a的对话,完成2b的空格。

二、重点探究:

1.展示两幅新旧社会青少年的生活状况图片,导入2a.

1).have a hard life 过着艰难的生活 have a +adj. +life过着......的生活

2).Is that so?=Really? 译:________________________本句在口语交际中表示“不确定,怀疑、惊讶”等语气时常用的一个句型。

区别:Is that all? 译:________________________

链接:a. Do you think it'll rain soon? I think so. 译:_________________________________ b. Do you believe China will become No.1 in the world one day? I believe so.

译:________________________

拓展:我希望如此___________________ 我猜是这样的____________________

注意:I hop not. _____________________ I don't think so.____________________

3).in detail “详细地”,在句中用来修饰动词,做状语。

如:Please give me more information in detail. 译:_______________________________

4). describe 描述 常用短语词组:describe sb./ sth. for/ to sb. 向某人描述某人/某事

5). afford 常接在can,could, be able to之后,表示担负得起......的费用、损失、得失等。

6). In order to help support their families, they had to be child laborers.

思考:你能将上句改为...so that...形式吗?

____________________________________________________________

总结:in order to + 动词原形,在句子中做目的状语;so that 后面引导的是目的状语从句 练习:为了赶上早班车,他们起得很早。

5

2013年秋仁爱九年级英语上册导学案

a.____________________________________________________________

b._________________________________________________________________________

注意: in order that+从句

7) have/ get a good education 受过良好的教育

8)now 现在,此刻。着重指现在,常用于一般现在时或现在进行时

nowadays 现今,现时,着重与过去相比,常用于一般现在时。

2. 跟读课文,找出动词的变化规则。

3. 完成2b.

4. 听力训练,完成2c.

三、训练检测:

一、单项选择

( ) 1.________ it rains heavily, _______ the farmers are still working in the fields.

A. Though; but B. Though; however C. Though;/ D. Although; but

( ) 2. I sat in front of the classroom ______hear clearly.

A. so that B. in order to C. in order that D. for

( ) 3. ----This morning I saw Han Fang. ----It can’t be her. She ______Hainan.

A. has been to B. has gone to C. went to D. will go to

( ) 4. In the past, the poor ______ to buy a house to live in.

A. can afford B. could afford C. can’t afford D. couldn’t afford

( ) 5. Life was very hard for these _______.

A. children laborers B. child laborer C. child laborers D. children’s laborers

( ) 6. What’s more, some of them ______ to work and _______ money to help _______ their families.

A. had; make; support B. has ; make ; support

C. have ;made; supported D. having; makes; support

( ) 7. In the past, children had _______ food to eat and _______ clothes to wear.

A. little; many warm B. few; some warm C. much; no warm D. little; no warm

( ) 8. ----Sorry, I didn’t bring _______ bag. ---- It doesn’t matter. You can use mine.

A. big enough B. enough big C. an enough big D. a big enough

( ) 9. ----We’ll have a day off. ----_______

A. Is that so? B. Thanks a lot. C. With pleasure. D. Is that all?

( ) 10. ----Have you ______the door? ----No, I haven’t.

A. shut B. shuts C. to shut D. shutting

四、反思自评:

这节课我学了_________________________________________________________

但是还没掌握_________________________________________________________

6

2013年秋仁爱九年级英语上册导学案

Unit 1 Topic 1 Great changes have taken place there.(总第4课时)

Section C (1a~1c)第4课时

教学目标:1.继续学习现在完成时。

2.对比新旧北京,了解中国发生的重大变化。

3.教育学生珍惜现在的美好生活,培养爱国主义精神。

教学重难点:1.现在完成时的句子表达。

2.短语、词组的用法:see sth. oneself; more than; have the chance to do sth.等等。 学习过程:

一、自主预习

1.查阅下列词组。

交流 ______________ keep in touch with ______________

敏捷的 ______________ far away ______________

迅速的 ______________ more sorts of _______________

已经 ______________ make progress ______________

成功 ______________ more than ______________

2.仔细阅读1a的图片及短语提示,预测文章的主要内容,然后快速阅读

3. 在1b写出每一段的段落大意,并尝试用自己的话复述1a的文章。

二、重点探究:

1. 阅读文段,尝试归纳出每段的段落大意,完成1b.

2. 细读1a.

1). see sth. oneself 亲眼目睹

see sb. doing sth. oneself =see......in person =see... with one’s own eyes.亲眼看见某人做某事。

2) Usually, a big family were crowed in a small house. 译:______________________________ 点拨:crowd --- 拥挤, 挤,聚集(动词);人群,群众;一群(名词)

crowded --- 拥挤的(形容词)

练习:a. There is a crowd of people in the hall. 译:___________________________________ b. He succeeded in crowding into the train. 译:__________________________________ c. Look! A crowd of ants are crowded in the hole. 译:________________________________ 注意:拥挤的交通不能直译为 crowded traffic, 而是__________ /___________traffic

3). have the chance to do sth. 有机会做某事。提高:没机会做某事 have _____ chance to do sth.

4) Life was so hard that people had no time or money to enjoy leisure activities.

思考:你能将上句改为too...to形式吗?

Life was _______ _______ _______ people ______ _______ time ________ money to enjoy leisure activities.

提高:The bed is so small that Tom can't sleep well on it.= _________________________________

5) keep in touch with = be in touch with 与......保持联系

点拨:get in touch with 译: _____________________

6). China has developed rapidly since the reform and opening-up. 译:____________________ 点拨:since 从...以来(介词+连词),是使用现在完成时的标志词,上面句子中的since是_____词 注意:since 后面的时间短语是过去的时间,后面的句子要使用过去时

练习:a. I _______________ ( be ) like this since last month.

b. He _______________ (teach) us since I _____________ (come ) it this school.

7

2013年秋仁爱九年级英语上册导学案

c. They ______ (keep ) in touch with each other since they ______ ( meet ) the first time in Beijing.

7). There are more kinds of food and clothes to choose from. 译:_________________________ 点拨:choose from...--- 从...中选择

链接:choose ---___________(过去式) --- ___________ (名词)

思考:to choose from在句中做______________语

练习:a. I chose a blue one from the T-shirts on sale. 译:________________________________ b.在服装区有很多种T恤可以去选择。译:_____________________________________

8). Beijing has made rapid progress and it has already succeeded in hosting the 2008 Olympic Games.

链接:succeed(动词)---____________(名词)---___________(形容词)---_____________(副词) 点拨:succeed in (doing) sth. --- 成功地做了某事= be successful in (doing) sth.

拓展:fail (in) sth.--- ___________ / fail to do sth. --- __________

练习:

a. 最后他终于解决了这个问题。He ___________ _____ _________ the problem ______ ________. b. 他们幸运地获得了第一名。___________, they _________ _____ __________ the first place. c. 她考试及格了。She __________ _______ the exam.

d. 她考试没有及格。She ___________ the exam.

9) dream about (doing) sth. 梦想/展望(做)某事

3. 根据1a的内容回答1c的问题(注意时态)

点拨:What be sb. / sth. like...? --- ...怎么样?(询问人/物本身固有的品质,特征)

练习:a.过去新乡的气候如何?经常刮风。译:_______________________________________ b.她现在学校表现如何?她对同学很友好。译:_____________________________________ 区别:What does sth. / sb. look like? --- ...看起来怎样?(询问人/物的表象)

练习:a. Tom长得如何?他又高又壮实。译:___________________________________

b. 非洲人长相如何?又黑又壮实。译:____________________________________

区别:How is / are sb. / sth.? --- ...怎么样?(询问人/物目前的状况)

练习:a. 你妈妈近来怎么样?很好。译:___________________________________

b. 你的新工作怎么样?__________________________________________

点拨:sth. happen to sb. / sth. --- 某人/物发生某事

拓展:sb. happen to do sth. --- 某人(偶然)做某事

练习:a. She happened to meet one of his old friends on her way to school. 译:____________ b. I'm sure something has happened to her on her way to school. 译:____________________

三、训练检测:单项选择

( ) 1. I won’t go to see the film tonight, because I ________ my ticket.

A. lose B.have lost C. will lost D. didn’t have

( ) 2. I think it is very important ________ English well

A.learn B. to learn C. learning D.learns

( ) 3. I have _______ friends here that I often feel lonely

A. such few B. so few C. such many D. so many

( ) 4. We must study hard to improve _______.

A. me B. us C. myself D. ourselves

( ) 5. I ________ her leaving _______.

A. looked at ; myself B. saw; herself C. looked at; herself D. saw ; myself

8

2013年秋仁爱九年级英语上册导学案

Unit 1 Topic 1 Great changes have taken place there.(总第5课时)

Section D (1~4)第5课时

教学目标:1.复习并总结现在完成时。

2.复习写作的基本方法。

3.了解家乡变化,激发学生热爱家乡的感情。

教学重难点:1.现在完成时的句子表达。

2.短语、词组的用法:see sth. oneself; more than; have the chance to do sth.等等。 学习过程:

一、自主预习

1.写出下列单词或短语的中文意思。

composition _____________ note _____________ consider ______________ tool _____________ draw up _____________ thanks to _____________

2.

3.朗读

4.熟记二、重点探究:

1. 询问学生的业余活动,导入2

2. 听力训练,完成1.

3.教育学生学会尊敬、关心老人。

4. 听3a和3b,总结语法和句型。完成3a和3b。

5. 写作。

1) note 名词,“便条,笔记,注释”

常用短语:leave a note to sb. 给某人留个便条; the note to......“......的注释”;

take notes / take a note 做笔记

2). First, consider it carefully.

点拨:consider --- 考虑 链接:同义词组是---_______________

总结: 考虑做某事---consider doing sth.

练习:我在考虑换工作的事。___________________________________

3) draw up 拟定,起草。 如: We have drawn up a plan for vacation. 译:_______________

4). Thanks to the government's efforts...

点拨:thanks to --- 多亏,由于

区别:thanks for --- 为...而谢

9

2013年秋仁爱九年级英语上册导学案

练习:a. Thanks to your help, I could finish my work on time. 译:_________________________ b. Thanks for helping me finish my work. 译:___________________________________

6.写作注意点:

1) 审题。弄清楚作文的体裁、内容

2) 判断时态。弄清楚作文的时态,也就是写什么时候发生的事情。

3) 确定人称。弄清楚写作是以第几人称来写的。

4) 作文的第一句话不要有语法错误。这样能给阅卷老师一个好的印象。

5) 作文尽可能多用连词或者从句,这样作文才有更多的加分点,增色不少。

6) 写完作文后,一定要检查,看看语法是否有错误,单词拼写是否有错,尽可能减少扣分点。

三、语法专练 Grammar (Present perfect tense)

现在完成时: 现在完成时态表示过去发生的动作对现在造成的影响或结果 。

结构:have/has + 过去分词

陈述句:(肯定句) 主语+have/has+过去分词+...

否定句:主语+ haven’t/hasn’t+过去分词+...

疑问句:一般疑问句:Have/Has+主语+过去分词+...

特殊疑问句:特殊疑问词+have/has +主语+过去分词+...

1. 肯:I have finished the homework. 否:

肯:We have studied English. 否:

肯:You have been to Beijing. 否:

肯:Jim has gone to Shanghai. 否:

肯:Our teacher has left . 否:

2. 一般疑问句: 回答:

A: Have you ever ...? B: Yes, I have. / No, I haven’t. But I have...

A: Has he had his lunch? B: Yes, he has. / No, he hasn’t.

3. 特殊疑问句: 回答:

A: Where have you been? B: I have been to the Great Wall.

A: What has he done? B: He has already done all the homework.

A:Where has Mr. Lee gone? I can’t find him. B: He has gone to the restaurant.

【练习】

( ) 1. Both his parents look sad. Maybe they ______ what’s happened to him.

A. knew B. have known C. must know D. will know

( ) 2. —Our country ______ a lot so far . —Yes. I hope it will be even ______ .

A. has changed ; well B. changed ; good

C. has changed ; better D. changed ; better

( ) 3. —These farmers have been to the United States.

—Really ? When ______ there?

A. will they go B. did they go C. do they go D. have they gone

( ) 4. Miss Green isn't in the office . she ______ to the library.

A. has gone B. Went C.will go D. has been

( ) 5. The students have cleaned the classroom, ______ ?

A. so they B. don’t they C. have they D. haven’t they

( ) 6. —What are you thinking about? —I’m considering _______ a new car.

A. to buy B. buying C. bought D. buy

10

网站首页网站地图 站长统计
All rights reserved Powered by 海文库
copyright ©right 2010-2011。
文档资料库内容来自网络,如有侵犯请联系客服。zhit326@126.com