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unit10课件

发布时间:2013-11-04 11:36:04  

By the time I got outside, the bus had already left.
Section A

6:00 7:00 现在 By the time(到??时候)I got up, my sister had already washed all the clothes.

The teacher came into the classroom
8:00 am
8:15

now

I got to school

By the time I got to school, the teacher had come into the classroom.

My little brother went to bed
8:00pm now

9:00pm

I got home

By the time I got home, my little brother had gone to bed

What do you usually do in the morning before school?

brush my teeth

What do you usually do in the morning before school?

take a shower

What do you usually do in the morning before school ?
have breakfast

What do you usually do in the morning before school?
go to school

?Why or why not?

Tina’s morning

she overslept / slept a long time(睡过头

By the time she got up, her brother Someone was taking a shower had already gotten in the shower.

By the time she got outside, The already left the bus had bus left

She had to run to school quickly

Whenleft herto school, she realized She she got backpack at home she had left her backpack at home.

1b

Listen to Tina talking about her morning. Complete the sentences.

1.By the time I got up, my brother had alreadygotten in the shower.

2.By the time I got outside ,the bus had already left .
3.When I got to school, I realized I had left my backpack at home.

1c

Look at the pictures below and tell what happened to Tina this morning.
A;What happened? B;I overslept. And by the time I got up, my brother had already gotten in the shower.

Tina overslept yesterday. By the time she got up, her brother had already gotten in the shower. And by the time she got outside, the bus had already left. So she had to run to school. When she got to school, she realized she had left her backpack at home.

2a

Number the pictures 1-4 in the correct order.

3

1

4
2

2b

Fill in the blanks with the correct verb forms.

1.When I got home (get home), I realized (realize) I had left (leave) my keys in the backpack. 2.By the time I got (get) back to school, the bell had rung (ring). 3.By the time I walked (walk) into class, the teacher had started(start) teaching already.

2c

pair work

Make up an ending for the story and share it with the rest of the class.
The teacher looked at Tina and asked her to sit back her seat. After class, the teacher asked Tina to come to her office and why she was late. Tina told her the whole story this morning. The teacher asked her to get up earlier and not to be late for class.

Grammar Focus (P77)
1. Past perfect Tense 过去完成时

构成:had+过去分词
2. 过去完成时可以表示过去某一时刻

或某一动作之前完成的动作或呈现
的状态。也就是说发生在“过去的

过去(已完成的动作或状态)”。

三、构成: ? 肯定句:主语+had+过去分词 ? 否定句:主语+had not+过去分词 ? 疑问句:had+主语+过去分词…? When we got there, the football match h

ad already started. He hadn’t worked for two years by then. Had he finished the work by last month?

三、过去完成时的用法: (1) 过去完成时表示过去某一时刻或者某一 动作之前完成的动作或状态; 句中常用by, before, until, when等词引导的时间状语。 e.g. By the time she got up, her brother had already gone into the bathroom.

(2) 过去完成时的动词还可以表示过去某一时 刻之前发生的动作或者状态持续到过去某 个时间或者持续下去。例如: Before he slept, he had worked for 12 hours. (3) 在told, said, knew, heard, thought等动词 后的宾语从句。例如: She said (that) she had never been to Paris.

(4) 在过去不同时间发生的两个动作中,发生 在先,用过去完成时;发生在后,用一般 过去时。例如: When the police arrived, the thieves had run away.

(5) by the time “直到??时候”。

指从过去某一点到从句所示的时间为止的 一段时间。如: By the time we got to his house, he had finished supper. (6)表示意向的动词, 如hope, wish, expect, think, intend, mean, suppose等, 用过去完成时表示 “原本??,未能??”。例如: We had hoped that you would come, but you didn't.

6:00

7:00

现在

By the time I got up, my sister had already washed all the clothes.

? get ? go ? do ? leave ? begin ? break ? make ? see ? ring

got gotten went gone did done left left began begun broke broken made made saw seen rang rung

SELFCHECK
A 1.He asked me _____ during the summer holidays. A.where I had been B. where I had gone B.where had I been D. where had I gone D 2. What ____ Jane ____ by the time he was seven? A. did, do B. has, done C did, did. D. had, done C 3. I ___ 900 English words by the time I was ten。 A.learned B. was learning C. had learned D. learnt

B 4. She ______lived here for ______ years. A. had, a few B. has, several C. had, a lot of D. has, a great deal of C 5. She had written a number of books ______ the end of last year. A. for B. in C. by D. at

had learned 1. We ___________(learn) two thousands words by the end of last year. had known 2. I ___________him when I was a student.

arrived 3. When we _______(arrive) at the station, they had waited __________(wait) for more than twenty minutes. had broken 4. One of the men couldn’t move, because he __________ (break) his legs.

1.Write down Tina’s whole morning. 2. Review the Grammar Focus.

Bye


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