I like music that I can dance to. Section A
What kind of music do you like? I like music that I can sing along with. Rosa likes music that’s quiet and gentle.
I love singers who write their own music.
We prefer music that has great lyrics.
定语从句在句中作定语, 用来修饰某个名词 或代词, 这个名词或代词叫先行词, 而定语从 句位于先行词的后面。
关系词分关系代词(that, which, who, whom, whose, as)和关系副词(when, where, why)。
关系词引导定语从句, 指代先行词, 并在 从句中作一定成分, 如作主语、宾语或 状语等。 用来引导定语从句的关系代词有that, which, who, whom, whose和as。 本单元我们重点讲解that, who和which 引导的定语从句。
that引导定语从句时, 既可以指人, 也可以 指物, 在从句中可以作主语或宾语。 He is a person that does what he says.
The cat that I bought yesterday is ill. (cat是先行词, that在从句中作宾语) 我昨天买的那只猫病了。
◆who引导的定语从句 who引导定语从句时只能指人, 在从句中可 以作主语或宾语。 A friend who helps you when you have trouble is a real friend. (friend是先行词, who在从句中作主语) 在你有困难时帮助你的朋友才是真正的 朋友。
whom也可以引导定语从句, 在从句中只 能作宾语, 有时可以和who互换, 但介词 后只能用whom, 不能用who。 He is the man who / whom I have been looking for. = He is the man for whom I have been looking. 他就是我一直在找的人。
◆which引导的定语从句 which引导定语从句时, 只能指物, 在从句 中可以作主语或宾语。 I want to take away the book which you showed me yesterday.
◆在由that, who和which引导的定语从句 中, 当它们在从句中作主语时, 都不可以省 略；作宾语时, 都可以省略。
◆介词后面只能用which或whom, 不能用 that或who。
There are lots of things that I need to prepare before the trip.
Do you know the girl who / that is singing in the classroom?
This is the biggest fish that I have ever seen.
It is the singer star who …
? is a girl. ? is from Canada. ? is very thin. ? loves rock music. ? has a song named Girlfriend.
It is the singer star who … ? is a boy. ? is very tall and handsome. ? is good at writing songs. ? has a song named Dachengxiaoai.
定语从句 Ⅰ. 用that, who, which或whom填空 1.Alice likes singers _______ write their own music. 2. Generally, old people like music _______ is quiet and gentle. 3. The girl _______ you met just now in the street is my friend.
答案：1. who / that 2. that / which 3. who / that / whom
4. This is the school in _______ I studied two years ago. 5. The man with _______ my father is talking over there is our head teacher. 答案：4. which 5. whom
II. 根据句意, 用正确的关系代词填空。 that / who 1. He is the man __________ is ready to help others. that / who / whom 2. The girl ________________ I spoke to just now is my friend. that / which 3. The dress ___________ you bought in the city mall is made of silk. that / which 4. Bill likes music ___________ he can sing along with.
5. This is the village that / which I used to live in. __________
6. Women always like buying many things
that / which _____________ they don’t need at all.
7. I’m studying a subject that / which I am very ___________
interested in. whom 8. The girl with ________ I went shopping yesterday is my cousin.
注意: ◆关系词只能用that的情况: a. 先行词被序数词或形容词最高级所修饰, 或本身是序数词、基数词、形容词最高级 时, 只能用that,而不用which。例如: He was the first person that passed the exam.
b. 被修饰的先行词为all, any, much, many, everything, anything, none, the one等不定 代词时, 只能用that, 而不用which。例如: Is there anything that you want to buy in the shop? c. 先行词被the only, the very, the same, the last, little, few 等词修饰时,只能用that,而 不用which。例如: This is the same bike that I lost.
d. 先行词里同时含有人或物时, 只能用that, 而不用which。例如: I can remember well the persons and some pictures that I saw in the room. e. 以who或which引导的特殊疑问句, 为避免 重复, 只能用that。例如: Who is the girl that is crying? f. 主句是there be 结构, 修饰主语的定语从 句用that, 而不用which。例如: There is a book on the desk that belongs to Tom.
单项选择 1. I like music _______ great lyrics. A. that have B. that has C. who have D. who has 2. They are talking about things and persons _______ they saw there a few days ago. A. who B. which C. that D. what
3. This is the highest building _______ I’ve ever seen. A. which B. that C. what D. where 4. I really didn’t know anything _______ happened to Jim yesterday. A. which B. whose C. when D. that
5. --- Who is the man _______ is standing over there? --- Oh, he is my math teacher. A. who B. whom C. that D. which 6. The building _______ is over one hundred years old is very famous here. A. which B. what C. when D. where
1. 桌子上的那本书是我的。 The book which / that is on the desk is mine. ______________________________________
2. 她的故事使我想起了我的一个朋友。 Her story reminded me of one of my friends. ______________________________________
3. 那场有趣的表演吸引了很多人。 That interesting show interested many people. ______________________________________ 4. 我宁愿做家务也不愿意和
你去购物。 I prefer doing the housework to going ______________________________________ shopping with you. ______________________________________
【2011山东临沂】24. Peter likes music _______ is very loud and energetic. A. that B. who C. whom D. /
答案：A 【解析】定语从句引导词的用法。由句意“彼得喜 欢声音大而且有力量的音乐”可知后句为定语从句。 that 用来指人或物，who 用来指人，which 用来指 物。先行词为物，在句中作主语，且不可省略，用 that。故选A。
【2011?株洲】Gina loves singers _______ write their own music. A. which B. who C. has worked 答案：B 【解析】本句意思为“吉娜喜欢自己写音乐的歌 手”，后面write their own music 做定语修饰singer， 而which一般引导事物，who一般用于引导人，本 题用于修饰singer是一个人，因此空格处的关系代 词为who。
【2012广东】There will be a flower show in the park _____ we visited last week. A. who B. when C. what D. which 【答案】D 【2012广西玉林】— Now many people smoke and get ill. — So we should do something ______ can help stop smoking. A. what B. who C. / D. that 【答案】D
【2012 湖北黄石】I still remember the time _____ we spent together at Xisai Mountain last year. A. when B. what C. who D. which 【答案】D 【2012广东省梅州市】Mr. Smith _____ is smoking is looking for_____ she lost yesterday. A. whom; which B. who; what C. that; who D. which; where 【答案】B