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八年级英语导学案

发布时间:2013-09-18 17:33:49  

Unit 2 How often do you exercise? Period 2 Section B 1a-2e

学习目标:

1. New words:junk,milk,coffee,chip,cola,chocolate,drink,

health,interviewer,hour,sleep

2. Key phrases:junk food,junk milk,how many hours,how much milk,be good for,

be bad for,be healthy,half an hour

3. Key sentences: My mother says it's good for my health.

How many hours do you sleep every night?

重点难点:能运用本课词汇 及句型进行自由交际对话.

学法指导:生活实际与学习紧密联系;培养良好的习惯;加强锻炼,保持健康。 学习过程:

一、 导入(启发探究) 操练下列句子

What do you usually do on weekends? I always exercise.

What do they do on weekends? They often help with housework.

What does she do on weekends? She sometimes goes shopping.

How often do you go to the movies? I go to the movies maybe once a month.

How often does he watch TV? He hardly ever watches TV.

Do you go shopping? No, I never go shopping.

二、自学(自主探究)

(一) 学习1a,会读写单词及短语

(1)个人记读单词3分钟

(2)展示,写在学案上

垃圾食品 _________ 牛奶______ 咖啡_____ _

睡眠_______ 蔬菜________ 水果

(3) 将单词和图画配对

(二)学习1b对话,谈论某人做某事的频率

1、个人迅速朗读对话,注意语音、语调、句群停顿。

2、再次朗读对话,准确理解意思

3、两人一组练习对话,向全班展示

4、用1a的单词,模仿1b编对话,并在组内交流

A: How often do you drink milk ,Liu Fang ? B: I drink milk every day.

A: Do you like it? B: No. But my mother wants me to drink it, she says it’s good for my health. ? She says it's good for my health.

be good for/at/with/to

1. Sports are good _________ health.

2. He is smart and he is good _________ maths.

3. We need a teacher who can be good _________ the kids.

4. Zhou Yang is _________ skating. She won a gold medal at the 2010 Olympic Winter Games.

A good at B weak in C tired of D angry with

(三)1c 1d 听力训练

(1)放录音,完成1c

(2) 听第二遍,回答1d的6个问题,把答案写在课本上

(3)听第三遍,检查答案,并进一步理解听力原文.

(4)听全文,跟读材料,注意模仿语音、语调、句群停顿。

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(5)根据1d内容,进行采访问答

A: How often do you exercise? B: I exercise every day.

A: How often does Bill exercise? B: He hardly ever exercises.

? How many hours do you sleep every night? how many/much

1. _________apples are there on the table? Five.

2. ________ milk do you want? Two glasses.

3. _________ is the camera? It’s $100.

4. _________ people visit the 2010 Shanghai World expo every day? About 300,000.

三、交流(合作探究)

(一)大声阅读2b课文,注意模仿语音、语调、句群停顿。

(二)仔细阅读2b课文,勾画记忆课文短语。

In free time

be surprised at\to \that

It is good\nice\healthy\interesting to

spend time with

(三)仔细阅读课文,完成2c

1、仔细阅读2b课文,注意模仿语音、语调、句群停顿

2、在原文中找出2c的句子

3、根据要求完成2c

4、检查答案

四、总结(引深探究)

重点词组练习:

(一)want to do sth. 想要做某事want sb. to do sth. 想要某人干某事

Do you want to go to the movies with me?你想和我一起去看电影吗?

I want you to help me with my math.我想要你帮我学数学。

有很多动词后面用这种结构做动词的复合宾语:

ask sb. to do sth. 叫某人做某事tell sb. to do sth. 告诉某人去做某事

help sb. (to) do sth. 帮助某人做某事

1)__________do you drink coffee? -----Twice a day.

A. How many B. How long C. How soon D. How often

2) My teacher wants me _________ hard.

A. study B. studying C. to study D. studies

3) Eating fruit and vegetables _____________ our health.

A. is good to B. is good C. is good for D. is well for

4) Miss Liu is very ________, because she exercises every day.

A. health B. healthy C. unhealthy D. unhealth

5) Thank you for _______ me with my English.

A. help B. to help C. helping

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6) _______ milk do you drink?

A. How many B. How much C.How often D. How soon

(二)maybe / may be

①.The baby is crying, she is hungry. = The baby is crying, she _________ hungry.

②.The woman a teacher . = ______ the woman is a teacher.

maybe 是副词,意为“大概, 可能,或许”,一般用于句首。

May be是情态动词,意为“可能是..,也许是..,大概是..”.

(三)a few / few / a little / little

①. People can live to 100, but people can live to 150.

②. There is time left; I don’t catch the first bus.

③. Could you give me milk?

意为“努力地,猛烈地”。hardly意为“几乎不”。

①. The ground is too to dig ②. I can understand them.

③. It’s raining ,the people can go outside.

(五) surprise用法

A surprise可做名词,基本用法如下:

1)表示“惊讶”时,是不可数名词。

常用短语:in surprise 惊讶地;to one's surprise 让某人惊讶的是

2)表示“令’惊讶的事务/意外之事”时,是可数名词

2. surprise还可以做及物动词,意思是“使...惊讶”。常用短语:surprise sb

B. 派生词:

1)surprised 形容词,意思是“感到惊讶的”。常用结构:be surprised at sth 对某事感到惊

讶be surprised to do sth 做某事而感到惊讶be surprised + that从句 因...而惊讶

2)surprising 形容词,意思是“令人感到惊讶的”。

(六)“by+v-ing”结构

在这个结构中,by是介词,意为“以??方式”、“以??方法或手段”,by 之后常接v-ing 动名词。这种结构在句子“用作方式状语,所表示的方法、手段、途径比较抽象,译成汉语时常为“通过,借助, 用,由”等。如:

We learn English “y reading aloud. 我们通过大声朗读学习英语。

You can turn on the recorder by pressing the button.

你可以通过按这个按钮来打开录音机。

She learned English well by listening to the radio. 她借助听收音机学英语学得很好。

[链接] “by +名词”结构

当by后接名词时,常有下列三种情况: “

1. 用 “by+交通工具的名词”, 如:by train乘火车/by plane 乘“机等。

2. 用 “by+交通路线的名词”,如: by air乘飞机/by sea从海路等。“

3. 用 “by+通讯工具的名词”,如:by e-mail通过电子邮件等。

注“:这些名词一律用单数形式,其前也通常不加限定词。但要注意的是:by bus=in a bus.

五、练评(包含“考点链接” 应用探究)(必做题)

(一)单项选择

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1. Don’t read in bed. It’s bad ___ your eyes.

A. for B. of C. with

2. I try to eat junk food once a week _____ I love it very much.

A. although B. through C. but

3. Jenny _____ lifestyle.

A. has a healthy B. have a healthy C. has a health

4. If you want to be healthier, you must eat ____ junk food, I think.

A. more B. less C. fewer

5. I try ____ vegetables eleven times a week.

A. eat B. eating C. to eat

6. Eating more vegetables helps you to keep ________ good health.

A. for B. in C. to

7. Is Katrina's life the same ____ (和……’同)yours?

A. as B. to C. with

(二)同步阅读(选做题)

We all need to exercise. Doctors say it is good for us. It makes your heart and body strong. It also gives you more energy. And you will feel better about yourself. lt's best to exercise twice ’ week. Twenty minutes each time is enough.

There are many ways to exercise. You can walk,run,play sports,or swim. Many people go to special places to exercise.They are ca1led "fitness centers." These p“aces have a lot ”f equipment. Some People buy equipment for their homes. But it is very expensive.

Exercising can be fun. Friends can exercise together at a fitness center. Or they can play sports together. How do you exercise ?

( ) 1. What is the main idea?

A. Exercise equipment is expensive.

B. Playing sports is a good way to exercise.

C. Every person shou1d exercise.

( ) 2. We should exercise ________.

A. every day B. 2O minutes a week C. twice a week

( ) 3. At fitness centers,________.

A. you can buy expensive equipment

B. people can do many kinds of exercising

C. it is very expensive

( ) 4. Which of these kinds of exercising is not in the article?

A. Dancing. B. Swimming. C. Sports.

( ) 5. Which of these sentences about exercising is true?

A. Exercising is expensive. B. Exercise is good for your heart.

C. Only doctors exercise.

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