宾 语 从 句
The Object Clause
He is a doctor. 他说他是一个医生. (宾语从句) He says _________________ that he is a doctor.
2.他住在哪儿? Where does he live ?
你能告诉我他住在哪儿? where he lives ? Could you tell me___________________
How old are you?
我想知道你几岁了. I wanted to know_________________ how old you were.
Can Jim swim ? ★她问Jim 是否会游泳. She asked _______________________ . whether\if Jim could swim
4. Jim 会游泳吗?
1.that 2.where\what--- + 从句 3.whether\if
第一关:宾语从句引导词 一、 that 连词 1. 当宾语从句是陈述句时（包括肯定句和 否定句），连词由that引导，因为that在从 句中不作任何成分，也没有任何具体意思， 因此在口语或非正式文体中常省略
?He says that he is a doctor.
2. 当 宾 语 从 句 是 特 殊 疑 问 句 时 ， 由 连 接 代 词 （what, who, whom, which, whose）或连接副词 （when, where, how, why）引导，因为连接代词 或连接副词在从句中担任一定的句子成分，具 有一定的意义，所以不可以省略.
1.Could you tell me where he lives ?
2.I wanted to know how old you were.
3. 当宾语从句是一般疑问句时，由连 词whether或if 引导, 翻译成：“是 否”， whether…与or not或or是固定搭
1.She asked whether \ if Jim could swim. 2. I want to know whether it’s good news or not .
1. Li Ping asked me _________ I didn’t come why to her birthday party yesterday. 2.The teacher asked Tom __________ he whom was waiting for. 3 .Her mother said _____________ she was that going to get a horse for her. 4. Do you know __________ this dictionary whose is ?
一、选用适当的引导词填空 that; which, who, whom, when, where, how, why, whose; whether/if
5. Can you tell me ______ the man in red is ? who which 6.The girl asked _________ skirt she
should try on in this shop.
how 7. Could you tell me _________ I can get to the nearest bus stop, please? 8. Do you know _________ the best bookshop where is? 9. I don’t know ________the meeting when
10. I want to know whether \if when we ________________ should have a rest.
第二关: 宾语从句的语序 宾语从句必须用陈述句语序。即： 主语 谓语 其他 主句部分+ 引导词+ ______+_____ +____ ______________________________
1. What are they drawing? Did you know ? what they were drawing ? Did you know _________________________ 2. Where did he meet Jim? I want to know where he met Jim. I want to know _________________________
he cat like a tiger or not ? She asked whether the cat was like a tiger She asked _________________________or not.
注意事项 如果当一些固定句式或who等在从句中做主 语时,语序本身就是“主语+谓语” ,即从句
What is the matter with ……..? What is wrong with………? Which is the way to ……..? Who is on duty? What is in the box ?
eg: I don‘t know what is in the box.
选择填空 ( A )1.Do you know _____ start? A. when we will B. when shall we C. when will we ( C )2. Nobody is sure _____ to visit our school A. how does he come B. where will he come C . when he is coming ( B )3. Excuse me. Can you tell me ________? A. how does the ship leave B. when the ship leaves C. the ship had left ( B )4. Don’t worry. I’ll show you __________ A. where is the hospital B. where the hospital is C. the hospital is where
( B )5. He didn’t tell me ___________ A how old is his friend B how old his friend was C his friend was how old ( B )6. He asked __________ A what is in the box B what was in the box C what in the box was ( A )7. Do you know __________ A who is on duty today B who on duty is today C who on duty today is ( A )8.I don’t know _________ A. what is the matter with him B. what the matter is with him C. what the matter with him is
从句：一般过去时 过去进行时 过去完成时 过去将来时 3.当宾语从句叙述的是客观事实、真理、自然现象、名言 警句、谚语等，不管主句是什么时态，从句一律用一般 现在时。 e.g. He said that the earth goes around the sun. 2.主句是过去时 ----------
could / would是委婉语气，而不是过
?Could you tell me where he lives ?
选择填空 ( A )1 Can you tell me why ______ yesterday? A. you didn’t come B. you don’t come C. didn’t you come (B )2 I want to know whether ______ tonight A. there’s football game B. there will be a football game C. there will have a football game ( B )3 Why not answer me? Did you hear _______? A. what I say B. what I said C. what do I day ( C )4 We didn’t know if he ___ part in the sports meeting next week A. will take B. is gong to take C. would take
(C )5.She asked me if I _____ the book before A. have read B. would read C. had read (D )6 The teacher told his students that light ______ faster than sound A. was traveling B. traveled C. travel D. travels (A )7 Could you tell me if he ______ to Beijing. A. has gone B. had gone C . went D. go
(一) 问题当主句的谓语动词是“think, believe, guess” ，主语是第一人称(即：I、 we )时，从句是 否定概念时,必须把否定前移.
___________________________________ don’t think that he will come
2.我们相信这鸭子不会走路. believe that We didn’t ____________ the duck______________ could walk.
(二) 由疑问词“when, who, what, how
等引导的宾语从句与简单句 “疑问词+不定式” 的互相转换.
1. I don’t know what I should do next I don’t know _____ _____ _____ next what to do 2.We didn’t know whether we could go or not. We didn’t know ________ ___ _____ or not. whether to go
3. Lucy hasn’t decided which cup to choose which cup she ____ Lucy hasn’t decided_____ _____ ___ will \should choose.
(三) 如果从句中含有or或or not时，只能 用 whether而不用 if； (四)
即主句是疑问句则用“?”, 主句是陈述句 则用“.”
1. Can you tell me ______ ten years age? C A . where did you live B. where you live C. where you lived (2001佛山中考试题) C 2. Does your brother know ______? (2005佛山中考试题) A. where will the team play B. where will the team leave C. who will be our team leader 3. There are so many kinds of MP4 players in the shop. I can’t decide _____. (2006佛山中考试题) B A. what to buy B. which to buy C. when to buy C 4. Ladies doesn’t like others to ask them ____. A. how old are they B. what are their ages (2004佛山中考试题) C. how old they are
5.你猜我买那手机用了多少钱? the cell phone
Can you guess how much _____________________ I spend on \ paid for 6.我认为他不会迟到. (2003广东中考试题) I ______________ he ___________________ will be late don’t think 7.你能告诉我如何去中山公园? (2004广东中考试题)
which is the way Could you tell me _________________ to Zhong
Shang Park? \how to get \how I can get
She asks me whether I have been to ____________________Paris or not.
3、注意主句与从句时态的一致性 (即：当主句是过去式时，从句要用过去 范畴的某种时态，客观真理或自然现象 除外)。