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九年级英语宾语从句1

发布时间:2013-11-05 11:38:47  

初三英语专项复习之:

宾 语 从 句
The Object Clause

宾语从句的概念:

宾语部分是一个句子.

For example:

He is a doctor. 他说他是一个医生. (宾语从句) He says _________________ that he is a doctor.
1.他是一个医生.

2.他住在哪儿? Where does he live ?

你能告诉我他住在哪儿? where he lives ? Could you tell me___________________
(宾语从句)

3.你几岁了?


How old are you?

我想知道你几岁了. I wanted to know_________________ how old you were.
(宾语从句)

Can Jim swim ? ★她问Jim 是否会游泳. She asked _______________________ . whether\if Jim could swim
(宾语从句)

4. Jim 会游泳吗?

句子结构:
主句+引导词

1.that 2.where\what--- + 从句 3.whether\if
从句部分 _______

主句部分 _______

引导词 _____________

宾语从句的概念:

宾语部分是一个句子.

学好宾语从句过好“四关” :
第一关:宾语从句引导词 一、 that 连词 1. 当宾语从句是陈述句时(包括肯定句和 否定句),连词由that引导,因为that在从 句中不作任何成分,也没有任何具体意思, 因此在口语或非正式文体中常省略

?He says that he is a doctor.

2. 当 宾 语 从 句 是 特 殊 疑 问 句 时 , 由 连 接 代 词 (what, who, whom, which, whose)或连接副词 (when, where, how, why)引导,因为连接代词 或连接副词在从句中担任一定的句子成分,具 有一定的意义,所以不可以省略.

1.Could you tell me where he lives ?
2.I wanted to know how old you were.

3. 当宾语从句是一般疑问句时,由连 词whether或if 引导, 翻译成:“是 否”, whether…与or not或or是固定搭
配.

1.She asked whether \ if Jim could swim. 2. I want to know whether it’s good news or not .

1. Li Ping asked me _________ I didn’t come why to her birthday party yesterday. 2.The teacher asked Tom __________ he whom was waiting for. 3 .Her mother said _____________ she was that going to get a horse for her. 4. Do you know __________ this dictionary whose is ?

一、选用适当的引导词填空 that; which, who, whom, when, where, how, why, whose; whether/if

5. Can you tell me ______ the man in red is ? who which 6.The girl asked _________ skirt she

should try on in this shop.
how 7. Could you tell me _________ I can get to the nearest bus stop, please? 8. Do you know _________ the best bookshop where is? 9. I don’t know ________the meeting when

will begin.
10. I want to know whether \if when we ________________ should have a rest.

第二关: 宾语从句的语序 宾语从句必须用陈述句语序。即: 主语 谓语 其他 主句部分+ 引导词+ ______+_____ +____ ______________________________
从句部分

1. What are they drawing? Did you know ? what they were drawing ? Did you know _________________________ 2. Where did he meet Jim? I want to know where he met Jim. I want to know _________________________

3.Is t

he cat like a tiger or not ? She asked whether the cat was like a tiger She asked _________________________or not.

注意事项 如果当一些固定句式或who等在从句中做主 语时,语序本身就是“主语+谓语” ,即从句

部分顺序不变.
What is the matter with ……..? What is wrong with………? Which is the way to ……..? Who is on duty? What is in the box ?

eg: I don‘t know what is in the box.

选择填空 ( A )1.Do you know _____ start? A. when we will B. when shall we C. when will we ( C )2. Nobody is sure _____ to visit our school A. how does he come B. where will he come C . when he is coming ( B )3. Excuse me. Can you tell me ________? A. how does the ship leave B. when the ship leaves C. the ship had left ( B )4. Don’t worry. I’ll show you __________ A. where is the hospital B. where the hospital is C. the hospital is where

( B )5. He didn’t tell me ___________ A how old is his friend B how old his friend was C his friend was how old ( B )6. He asked __________ A what is in the box B what was in the box C what in the box was ( A )7. Do you know __________ A who is on duty today B who on duty is today C who on duty today is ( A )8.I don’t know _________ A. what is the matter with him B. what the matter is with him C. what the matter with him is

第三关:

宾语从句的时态

宾语从句的时态一般是根据主句确定的
1.当主句是现在时--从句的时态可根据句意的需要用

任意一种时态。
从句:一般过去时 过去进行时 过去完成时 过去将来时 3.当宾语从句叙述的是客观事实、真理、自然现象、名言 警句、谚语等,不管主句是什么时态,从句一律用一般 现在时。 e.g. He said that the earth goes around the sun. 2.主句是过去时 ----------

注意事项
could / would是委婉语气,而不是过

去式,因此宾语从句的时态根据实际 情况用不同时态。

?Could you tell me where he lives ?

选择填空 ( A )1 Can you tell me why ______ yesterday? A. you didn’t come B. you don’t come C. didn’t you come (B )2 I want to know whether ______ tonight A. there’s football game B. there will be a football game C. there will have a football game ( B )3 Why not answer me? Did you hear _______? A. what I say B. what I said C. what do I day ( C )4 We didn’t know if he ___ part in the sports meeting next week A. will take B. is gong to take C. would take

(C )5.She asked me if I _____ the book before A. have read B. would read C. had read (D )6 The teacher told his students that light ______ faster than sound A. was traveling B. traveled C. travel D. travels (A )7 Could you tell me if he ______ to Beijing. A. has gone B. had gone C . went D. go

第四关:几个不可忽视的问题
(一) 问题当主句的谓语动词是“think, believe, guess” ,主语是第一人称(即:I、 we )时,从句是 否定概念时,必须把否定前移.

e.g:我认为他不会来了

I _______

___________________________________ don’t think that he will come
2.我们相信这鸭子不会走路. believe that We didn’t ____________ the duck______________ could walk.

(二) 由疑问词“when, who, what, how
等引导的宾语从句与简单句 “疑问词+不定式” 的互相转换.

1. I don’t know what I should do next I don’t know _____ _____ _____ next what to do 2.We didn’t know whether we could go or not. We didn’t know ________ ___ _____ or not. whether to go
(没有if to的用法)

3. Lucy hasn’t decided which cup to choose which cup she ____ Lucy hasn’t decided_____ _____ ___ will \should choose.

(三) 如果从句中含有or或or not时,只能 用 whether而不用 if; (四)

宾语从句的标点符号得看主句.

即主句是疑问句则用“?”, 主句是陈述句 则用“.”

连接中考----历届中考试题
1. Can you tell me ______ ten years age? C A . where did you live B. where you live C. where you lived (2001佛山中考试题) C 2. Does your brother know ______? (2005佛山中考试题) A. where will the team play B. where will the team leave C. who will be our team leader 3. There are so many kinds of MP4 players in the shop. I can’t decide _____. (2006佛山中考试题) B A. what to buy B. which to buy C. when to buy C 4. Ladies doesn’t like others to ask them ____. A. how old are they B. what are their ages (2004佛山中考试题) C. how old they are

5.你猜我买那手机用了多少钱? the cell phone

(2005佛山中考试题)

Can you guess how much _____________________ I spend on \ paid for 6.我认为他不会迟到. (2003广东中考试题) I ______________ he ___________________ will be late don’t think 7.你能告诉我如何去中山公园? (2004广东中考试题)

which is the way Could you tell me _________________ to Zhong
Shang Park? \how to get \how I can get
8. 她问我是否到过巴黎.
(2002佛山科研测试题)

She asks me whether I have been to ____________________Paris or not.

Summy:

本节课内容小结:

1、变宾语从句的四个要素:引导词、语 序、时态和标点符号。
2、牢记宾语从句中的陈述句语序。

3、注意主句与从句时态的一致性 (即:当主句是过去式时,从句要用过去 范畴的某种时态,客观真理或自然现象 除外)。

Thank you


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