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unit 1 冠词

发布时间:2013-11-05 11:38:50  

中小学学法指导中心 初一升初二英语

Unit 1 冠 词

一、定义:帮助名词或起名词作用的其他词类说明其意义。

二、分类:定冠词the 不定冠词a,an

(一) 不定冠词的用法:

1. 第一次提到某人或某物,并非特指。There is a table in the room.

2. 用在单数名词前表示一类人或事物。

A car runs faster than a bike. A horse is a useful animal.

3. 用在表示时间或度量单位的名词前,具有“每一”的意思。 He earns 2,000 dollars a month.

a用于辅音音素前:a school, a house, a photo, a lazy boy, a brother…

an用于元音音素前:an apple, an egg, an architect, an engineer, an address, an old friend, an umbrella…

(二) 定冠词的用法:

1. 再次提到上文的人或物。He bought a book yesterday. The book is on the desk.

2. 说话双方都知道的人或物。Where is the teacher? Pass me the dictionary, please.

3. 独一无二的事物。The earth goes around the sun.

4. 乐器前。I like playing the piano.

5. 序数词和形容词(副词)最高级前。The first boy is Tom. Who is the tallest in your class?

6. 江河、海洋、沙漠、山脉前。

the Atlantic Ocean, the Mediterranean Sea, the Sahara Desert, the Alps

7. 用在姓氏的复数前表示一家人。

The Blacks are having dinner. = The Black family are having dinner.

8. 用在某些形容词前表示一类人。

The old are taken good care of in this country.

9. 用在单数名词前表示一类人或事物。The horse is a useful animal.

10. 用在年代前。We were born in the 1990s.

(三) 零冠词的用法:(即不加冠词)

1. 在专有名词和不可数名词前。Tom, London, China, milk

2. 复数名词表示泛指一类人或事物时。I like apples. Horses are useful animals.

3. 星期、月份、季节和节日前。Monday, March, spring, Women’s Day

4. 在称呼或头衔前。Mr. Green, Dr. Li

5. 学科、一日三餐、球类运动前。Physics is my favourite. What’s for supper, Mum? We often play tennis after school.

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中小学学法指导中心 初一升初二英语

6. 与by连用的表示交通工具的名词前。

I go to school by car. (比较:I go to school _____ my father’s car.)

I.冠词填空:在下列句中空白处填入适当冠词,不需用冠词处划×。

1.There is _______ picture of _______ elephant on _______ wall.

2.This is _______ useful book.I've read it for _______ hour.

3. _______ elephant is much heavier than _______ horse.

4. _______ doctor told him to take _______ medicine three times _______ day.

5.Let's go out for _______ walk.

6.It's too hot.Open _______ door,please.

7.There is _______ woman over there. _______ woman is Meimei's mother.

8. _______ sun rises in _______ east.

9. _______ Changjiang River is _______ longest river in _______ China.

10.Are you going to do it _______ second time?

11.Washington is _______ capital of _______ USA.

12. _______ Turners are living at the end of _______ Turner Street.

13.He joined the army in _______ spring of _______ 1995.

14. _______ old man is _______ teacher.He likes playing _______ basketball after _______ supper.

15.After I had _______ quick breakfast,I hurried to school.

16.Are _______ sheep kept by _______ farmers for producing _______ wool and _______ meat?

17.They went to _______ People's Park,but we both went to _______ People's Cinema yesterday.

18.I often watch _______ TV in _______ evening.

19. _______ day of _______ December 20,1999 is Monday.

20.Tomorrow is _______ Christmas Day and my father and I went to

choose _______ Christmas tree today.

21.I think _______ maths is more important than any other subject.

22.He often goes to _______ school by _______ bike.

23.What does this _______ word mean, _______ Father?

24.What _______ important news!

II.选择填空。

1.—Does Jim have _______ ruler?

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中小学学法指导中心 初一升初二英语

—Yes,he has _______ .

A.an;some B.a;one C.a;/ D.any;one

2.There is _______ old bike. _______ old bike is Mr Zhao's.

A.an ;The B.the;An C.a;The D.the;The

3. _______ apple a day keeps the doctors aw ay.

A.The B.A C.An D.Two

4.—How many books do you have?

—I have _______ book.That's _______ English book.

A.a;an B.a;one C.one;an D.one;one

5.At that time Tom was _______ one-year-old baby.

A.a B.an C.the D./

6. _______ tiger is _______ China.

A.The;a B.A;the C.The;from D.The;the

7.We can't see _______ sun at _______ night.

A.the;the B.the;/ C.a;/ D./;/

8. _______ useful book it is!

A.What an B.How a C.What a D.What

9.One afternoon he found _______ handbag.There was _______ “s”on the corner of _______ handbag.

A.a;an;the B.a;a;the C.an;an;an D.the;a;a

10. _______ old lady with white hair spoke _______ English well at

_______ meeting.

A.An;an;a B.The;/;an C.The;/;a D.The;/;the

11. _______ Great Wall is _______ longest wall in the world.

A.A;a B.The;the C.A;the D.The;a

12. _______ new bridge has been built over Huangpu River.

A.The;a B.A;/ C.A;the D.An;the

13. _______ woman over there is _______ popular teacher in our school.

A.A;an B.The;a C.The;the D.A;the

14.He used to be _______ teacher but later he turned _______ writer.

A.a;a B.a;the C./;a D.a;/

15.They made him _______ king.

A.a B.the C.an D./

16.His father is _______ English teacher.He works in our school.

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中小学学法指导中心 初一升初二英语

A.a B.an C.the D./

17.Is he _______ American boy ?

A.an B.a C.one D./

18.Does Tom often play _______ football after _______ school?

A./;/ B./;the C.the;/ D.a;/

19.They passed our school _______ day before yesterday.

A.an B.one C.a D.the

20.Australia is _______ English-speaking country.

A.a B.an C.the D./

21.She has _______ orange skirt. _______ skirt is nice.

A.a;The B.an;The C.an;A D.the;The

22.This is _______ apple.It's _______ big apple.

A.an;a B.a;the C.a;an D.an;the

23.Look at _______ horse over there.

A.a B.an C.the D./

24.Don't play _______ basketball here.It's dangerous.

A.a B.an C./ D.the

25.There is _______ old woman in the car.

A./ B.the C.a D.an

26.Beijing is _______ beautiful city.It's _______ capital of China.

A.a;a B.the;the C./;the D.a;the

27.Shanghai is in _______ east of China.

A./ B.an C.a D.the

28.I've been a student there for nearly two and _______ half years.

A.a B.an C.the D./

29.Bill is _______ English teacher.He likes playing _______ football.

A.a;the B.an;the C.a;/ D.an;/

30.The museum is quite far.It will take you half _______ hour to get there by _______ bus.

A.an;/ B.an;a C.a;/ D./;/

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