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七年级英语下复习

发布时间:2013-11-05 13:41:18  

七年级英语下复习

一, 名词

(一)名词归类:

1. 表地点(place)的名词(提问用Where): gate(at the school gate在学校大门口) park (go to the park去公园) library(go to the library去图书馆) playground (on the playground在操场上) gym (in the gym在体育馆) dormitory(in the dormitory在学生宿舍) lab(in the lab在实验室) room(in the computer room 在电脑房) hall(in the dining hall 在食堂) classroom(in the classroom在教室) pool(in the swimming pool 在游泳池) shelf(on the shelf/shelves在书架上) at the Lost and Found (在失物招领处) world (in the world在世界上) floor(on the first/second floor在第一/二层楼上) bedroom(in the bedroom在卧室) kitchen(in the kitchen在厨房) in the dining room(在饭厅) in the living room(在客厅) garden(in the garden在花园) in the bathroom(在浴室) river(in the river在河里 on the river在河面上) center(in the center of 在…的中心) yard(in the yard在院子里) left(on the left/right在左边/右边) drawer(in the drawer在抽屉里) chair(on the chair在椅子上) country(in the country在农村) store(in the store在商店) bank(in the bank在银行--money) on the street(在街道上) corner(on the corner of 在…的拐角处) crossing(at the first crossing在第一个十字路口) in the post office(在邮局 mail letters寄信 ) in the bookstore(在书店) museum(in the museum在博物馆 keep and show things陈列东西) in the parking lot(在停车场 park cars) in the

supermarket(在超市) station(at the station/stop在车站) in the restaurant(在饭店) in the reading room(在阅览室) end(at the end of the road在这条路的尽头) community(in our community在我们社区) area(in our area在我们地区) city(in the city/cities在城里 in the country/countries在农村) town(in the town在镇上) bridge(at the bridge在那座桥) on the sidewalk(在人行道上) party(at the party在聚会上) in the washroom(在洗手间) on the ground/floor(在地面上) in my hometown(在我的家乡) by fireplace(在壁炉旁) in the teachers?office(在教师办公室) in China/the United States(美国 Washington, D.C.华盛顿 New York纽约)/England(英格兰 London伦敦)/Canada(加拿大 Sydney悉尼 Toronto多伦多)/Cuba(古巴)/Germany(德国)/New Zealand(新西兰)/Brazil(巴西)/Australia(澳大利亚)/India(印度)/Thailand(泰国)/Indonesia(印度尼西亚)/Spain(西班牙)

2. 表示交通(traffic)工具的名词: subway(地铁) plane(飞机=air) ship(轮船) boat(舟,小船)

train(火车) bike(自行车) car(小汽车) bus(公共汽车)

3. 表示时间(time)的名词:weekday(平日 from Monday to Friday) day(天、日 What day 问星期几) week(星期 Sunday星期日 Monday星期一 Tuesday星期二 Wednesday星期三 Thursday星期四 Friday星期五 Saturday星期六) while(for a little while一会儿) months(月 January一月 February二月 March三月 April四月 May五月 June六月 July七月 August八月 September九月 October十月 November十一月 December十二月) date(日期) birthday(生日) season(季节 spring春天 summer夏天 fall秋天 winter冬天)holiday(假日 summer holiday暑假 winter holiday寒假) today(今天) yesterday(昨天) tomorrow(明天) the day before yesterday(前天) night(夜间at night在夜间) midnight(午夜)festival(节日) Spring Festival(春节) Christmas(圣诞节)Lantern Festival(元宵节) Thanksgiving(感恩节) Easter(复活节) Mid-autumn Festival(中秋节) Halloween(万圣节前夕) May Day(五一劳动节)= International Labor Day(国际劳动节) Dragon Boat Festival(龙舟节/端午节) National Day(国庆节) New Year?s Eve(除夕) April Fool?s Day(愚人节) Mother?s Day(母亲节) Teacher?s Day(教师节) Women?s Day(三八妇女节)

4. 表示动物(animal)的名词: bird(鸟 The early bird catches the worm.笨鸟先飞)/parrot/ pig/ cat/ tiger/ elephant/monkey/dog/drangon/turkey/

5. 表示学科(subject/class/lesson)的名词:Chinese/English/math/history/ politics/

music/art/P.E./geography/biology/science/class meeting/physics

6. 表示房子(house)类型(What kind of your home do you live in?)的名词:townhouse(城市住宅) farmhouse (农房) 1

apartment building(公寓楼)

7. 表示房间(room)的词:bedroom/study/kitchen/dining room/living room/bathroom

8. 表示家具(furniture)的名词:bed/shelf/door/table/chair/drawer

9. 表示电器的:TV/computer/fan/lamp/camera

10. 表示形状(shape): circle/square/triangle/rectangle/oval(What?s the shape of it? = What shape is it ?

11. 表示节目(program): disco/ballet/poem/magic tricks/Kung fu/riddle

12. 表示乐器:piano/guitar(前面一定要加定冠词the, 动词用play))

13. 表示球类:ball/basketball/football/soccer/ping-pong/tennis…(前不用冠词\.动词用play)

14. 表示称呼或人的名词:Ms./Miss/Mr./Mrs./+姓 grandmother/grandfather/dad/mom/child小孩(children孩子们)/people(人们,集合名词,无复数,one people/ten people/How many people) neighbor(邻居)/fool蠢人/

15. 表示学习相关或其他:homework(do one?s homework)/school life/watch(watches手表)/game(play games 玩游戏video games)/class(es) /card(make cards制作卡片)/ workbook/ purse/money/picture/lesson/story(tell stories讲故事)/news(不可数)/ paper(纸,不可数)newspaper(可数) stamp/wish(best wishes致以你最美好的祝福)/

clock/key/thing/window/flower/mirror/keyboard/pencil-box/road/line/cost/light/accident/rule(obey the rules遵守规则) sign/ ticket (a ticket for speeding一张超速的罚款单) hill(climb hills)/sport(sport star)/ present=gift/candle/surprise/word(write many words写许多话)/lie(tell a lie撒谎)/ truth(tell sb. the truth讲实话)/breath(in one breath一口气)/ weather/rain/snow/ wind/ temperature(温度)/trip(旅行)/umbrella(take an umbrella带一把伞)/part(most parts of China中国大部分地

区)/sun/moon/world/ leaf(树叶leaves复数) /report/interest(places of interest名胜)/sound(声音)/finger/luck(good luck好运)pie(果馅饼)/stocking/event/race/capital(the capital of …首都)flag/god/dumpling(饺子)

16. 表示旅行随身用品:shorts=pants/sunglasses/camera/tent/raincoat

17. 表示长、宽、高、重:数字+meters/kilometers/+形容词long/wide/tall/high(提问How long/wide/tall/high) 重量:kilos(千克)heavy

18.一日三餐:breakfast / lunch /supper / dinner(have…for…吃…after/before+…饭后/前)

(二)名词的单复数(本期重点词):

watch-watches(手表) life-lives(lose their lives丧生) library-libraries(图书馆)

shelf-shelves(架子) story-stories(故事) wish-wishes(祝福) box-boxes(盒子)

country-countries(国家) child-children(小孩) city-cities(城市) snowman-snowmen(雪人)

leaf-leaves(树叶)

(三)名词变形容词:

China中国-Chinese中国的 England英格兰-English英语的 America美国-America美国的

Japan日本-Japanese日本的 music音乐-musical音乐的 luck运气-lucky运气好的

wonder奇迹-wonderful精彩的 care关心-careful小心的 beaaty漂亮-beautiful漂亮的

color颜色-colorful五彩缤纷的 interest兴趣-interesting有趣的 friend朋友-friendly友好的 danger危险-dangerous 危险的 fun趣事-funny有趣的 sun太阳-sunny晴朗的 fog雾-foggy多雾的 rain雨-rainy多雨的 snow雪-snowy多雪的 cloud云-cloudy多云的 wind风-windy多风的

(四)动词变名词:

swim-swimming build-building please-pleasure meet-meeting collect-collection greet-greeting

(五).辨别名词:A. 单数名词前有冠词a / an B .复数名词前有数词 two/three/four…/many/a few/few/some …等词修饰。 C. 注意不可数名词(看作单数,与be动词is搭配)。可用little/a little/much/some..等词修饰。

对可数名词的量的提问:How many +可数名词复数

2

对不可数名词的量提问:How much +不可数名词

(六)名词所有格:(表示“某人的” A?s/As? 提问用whose)

二.不定代词:

(一)something/anything/someone/everyone/…

1. 看作三单,be动词用is/was,实义动词在一般现在时用三单。

2. 形容词+不定代词 something wrong 坏的情况 important something 重要的事情

3. 不定代词+else anything else 还有其他什么东西

some/any/many/few/each…+ of us/you/them我们/你们/他们中的一些/任何一个/许多/几个/每一个…

(二)each看作三单 Each of us 我们每个人has a good plan for the holidays.

(三)some 用于肯定句或表示请求,建议的句子里 any 用于否定或一般疑问句中

(四)both两者都 all 三者或三者以上都

(五)another+单数名词(另一个…三者或三者以上中的)

other+复数名词(其他…other subjects) one…, the other…一个…,另一个…强调两个

(六) it指代前面提到同类且同物单数 them指代前面提到的同类同物复数

one 指代前面提到同类不同物单数ones指代前面提到的同类不同物复数

三.形容词:

1.反义词:early早的-late晚的 many许多-few几乎没有 much许多-little没有

good好的-bad 坏的 first第一的-last最后的boring无聊的-interesting有趣的 difficult难的-easy容易的 quiet安静的-noisy喧闹的 close近的-far远的

safe安全的-dangerous危险的 fast快的-slow慢的 smart聪明的-foolish愚蠢的angry生气的-happy高兴的 hot冷-cold热 low低-high高

busy忙的(be busy doing sth.忙于做某事)-free空闲的(in one?s free time在某人的空闲时间里)

different不同的(be different from与…不同)-same相同的(be the same as与…相同)

close近的(be close to靠近 )-far远的(be far from远离)

比较:be far from仅指两地远 be+距离(数字+单位)away from指两地具体有多远

2.近义词:difficult-hard 难的 beautiful-nice-good-wonderful漂亮的

big(形状)-large(面积)大的 quiet-silent静的smart-clever-bright聪明的 light-bright明亮的 friendly-kind友好的(be friendly/kind to sb.对某人友好)

3. 形容词变副词:

loud大声的(be too loud太大声)-loudly大声地(talk loudly大声地讲话) raal真实的-really真正地 bright明亮的-brightly明亮的(shine brightly阳光明媚地照耀)

heavy重的/大的/拥挤的(The traffic is heavy.交通拥挤The heavy rain is over.大雨结束了)-heavily大量地(It often rains heavily.经常下大雨。)

strong强壮的-strongly强烈地 (The wind blows strongly.风猛烈地刮着。)

early(the early bird/bus早起的鸟/早班车)-early(get up/go to bed early 早起/早睡

late(be late for 迟到)-late(go to bed/get up late晚睡/晚起)

4.其他一些形容词:

Special特别的/delicious美味的/expensive昂贵的=dear/sweet甜的/important重要的/merry愉快的(Merry

Christmas!)/international国际的/national国家的/whole整个的(the whole+名词 = all the 名词)/full满的,饱的(enjoy the bright full moon赏明亮的圆月)

3

5描述天气的词: 问 What?s the weather like ? = How is the weather? 天气怎么样?

It?s warm/hot/cool/cold/sunny/cloudy/rainy/snowy/foggy/windy…

6.几个形容词的比较级和最高级

good好的/well好 better更(好) best最(好)

many/much许多 more更(多) most最(多)/大多数

do well in =be good at 擅长于 do better(well) in 在某方面做得更好

like better(well)更喜欢(两者) like best(well)最喜欢(三者或三者以上)

have no more(much) time 没有更多的时间

She couldn?t see anything any more(much).她再也不能看见任何东西了。

四.副词

1.频度副词:用How often(多久一次)提问

①never从不/seldom很少/sometimes有时/often经常/usually通常/always总是(放在be动词/助动词/情态动词后,实义动词前)

②once a week一周一次/ twice a week一周两次 /three times a week一周三次 /four times a year一年四次(放在句末)every day/week/month/year…每天/周/月/年…

.How often do you go to library?

(always\ usually\ often\ sometimes\ seldom\ never\ once a week\twice a week…)

2.程度副词:放在实义动词后

like sth.+ a little一点/very well很好/a lot非常 /very much非常(喜欢的程度)

can do it a little/very well会做点/能做得非常好

shine brightly 阳光明媚地照耀着talk loudly大声地讲话 rain heavily下雨下得大 blow strongly猛烈地吹 rain suddenly 突然地下雨

3.其他副词:(1)too用于肯定句末且用逗号隔开 also用于肯定句中(be/情态动词后,实义动词前)

(2)地点副词:home/there/here(前省略介词to) (3) once一次(one/first) / twice两次(two/second)

(4)时间副词:soon=right now =at once = right away 马上

五.连词:

and 连接并列关系或先后关系的词或句子(和) or连接并列的词构成选择疑问(或者/还是/否则)

but连接转折关系的句子 (但是) while连接相对关系的句子(而)

if连接条件关系的句子(如果) before连接时间先后关系的句子(在…之前)

after连接时间先后关系的句子(在…之后) until连接时间关系的句子(直到not…until直到…才…)

when 连接时间关系的句子(当…的时候) so连接因果关系的句子(前因后果,因此/所以)

because连接因果关系的句子(前果后因,因为)

六.数词:

1.基数词:表示数量的多少的数词。1 one, 2 two, 3 three, 4 four, 5 five, 6 six, 7 seven, 8 eight, 9 nine, 10 ten, 11 eleven, 12 twelve, 13 thirteen, 14 fourteen, 15 fifteen,16 sixteen, 17 seventeen, 18 eighteen, 19 nineteen, 20 twenty, 30 thirty, 40 forty, 50 fifty, 60 sixty, 70 seventy,80 eighty, 90 ninety,100 a hundred, 1,000 a thousand,

指数量How many指年龄用How old 指时间用 What time) Bus No. 718 = the No. 718 bus

2.序数词:表示顺序的数词。1st first 2nd second 3rd third 4th fourth 5th fifth 6th sixth

7th seventh 8th eighth 9th ninth 10th tenth 11th eleventh 12th twelfth 13th thirteenth 14th fourteenth 15th fifteenth 16th sixteenth 17th seventeenth 18th eighteenth 19th nineteenth 20th twentieth 21st twenty-first 22nd twenty-second 29th 4

twenty-ninth 30th thirtieth 40th fortieth 50th fiftieth 60th sixtieth 70th seventieth 80th eightieth 90th ninetieth 100th one hundredth 101st one hundred and first

3.序数词的用法:(1)序数前加定冠词the,如前有形容词性物主代词或其他指示代词(this/that…)则不用。(2)用在日期的表达里:What?s the date today? It?s May 8th,1998/ 8th May, 1998 .(日期前用介词on,年、月、季节前用介词in) When was he born? He was born on May 8th,1998/ in May ,1998.

七.介词:

1.如何正确乘坐交通工具(介词表达方法和动词表达方法 提问用How)

by +交通工具单词,且其前不加冠词,名词也不能用复数 on foot 步行

on + the \ a \one?s +交通工具单词 in + the \ a \ one?s car

take the\a bus \train\subway to a place = go to a place by bus\train\subway

ride the\a bike to school = go to school by bike

walk to the park = go to the park on foot

fly to a place = go to a place by plane

How do you usually come to school?

(by bus \bike\ subway\ car\ train\ ship, on foot, on my bike, …)

2.at在(1)表示小地点at the school gate在校门口 at school在学校 at the Lost and Found 在失物招领处at the back of在…的后面 at home在家 at the end of在…的末端/尽头 at the first crossing在第一个十字路口 at the party 在聚会上(用Where提问)

(2)表示时刻(用What time提问) at about six o?clock 大约在六点钟 at twenty past six在六点二十 at a quarter past five在五点过一刻 at a quarter to ten在九点四十五 at half past seven在七点半at the moment=now=at this time现在at that time在那时

(3)其他:call sb. at + 号码 请拨打…给某人 look at看着 at the age of +数字 在…岁时=when sb. was +数字 be good at doing =do well in doing 擅长于做

3.in (1)跟年、月、季节 (用When提问)in the new year在新年in 2008 in June in spring

(2)跟地点(用where提问in the park/gym/library/swimmingpool/kitchen/garden/bedroom

in our area在我们地区 in the center of the yard在院子中心 in my home在我家 in our community在我们社区 in the countryside在乡下

(3)其他:in the morning/afternoon/evening在早上/下午/晚上 in one?s free time在某人的空闲时间里 in Grade 7在七年级 in the newspaper在报纸上(指报上的内容) in Chinese/English/Japanese用汉语/英语/日语 in traffic accidents在交通事故中 in one breath用一口气 in most parts of China在中国的大部分地区 in the end 最后 do well in 擅长于

4.on (1)跟日期、星期几、节日或含有日期和星期几的时间(具体的某一天)

on weekdays在平日 on school days在学校的日子 on Monday在星期一 on May 22nd在五月二十二日 on the morning of Christmas Day以圣诞节的早上

(2)其他:on foot步行 on the playground在操场上 on the street在街道上 on the shelf在书架上work on math problems演算数学题 on the second floor在第二层楼上 on the right/left在右边/左边 go on a trip去旅行 go on holiday去渡假 play tricks on sb.向某人开玩笑 on the corner of在…的拐角处 Don?t touch a child on the head in Thailand.在泰国不要摸小孩的头。play on the computer玩电脑 on time准时

5.with (1)和…一起: live with my grandmother和我的祖母居住在一起 play with和…一起玩 (2)有,具有,带有: a townhouse with two floors有两层楼的城市住宅 a house with three bedrooms有三间卧室的房子 many families with young children许多有小孩的家庭 many house with big yards许多有大院子的房子 take sth. with sb.某人随身带着某物 (3)用: 5

write with your pen用你的钢笔写 eat sth. with your hands 用你的手吃东西

(4)其他:with one?s help = with the help of sb. 在某人的帮助下

6.for (1)表目的、对象 It?s time for sth./doing sth. = It?s time to do sth.是做某事的时间了。It?s a good season for flying kites.是放风筝的好季节。 a ticket for speeding/drinking… 一张超速/醉酒…的罚款单元thank you for your help =thank you helping me.谢谢你的帮助。 a good plan for the holidays一个假期的好计划 a present for Kangkang?s birthday一个给康康的礼物 buy sth. for sb. = buy sb. sth.给某人买某物 count them for me为我数数他们 sing for sb为某人唱歌 use sth for doing sth.= use sth to do sth.用某物来做某事 look for寻找 wait for等候 be late for迟到 prepare for为…作准备

(2)表时间(用How long提问)for a little while for two weeks

7.of : a picture of my family一张我家的全家福 some places of interest一些名胜 What do you think of it ? = How do you like it ?你觉得它怎么样?

8.by: We made the cards by hand.我们手工制做的。 People show their love to their mothers by giving cards and other presents.人们通过给卡片和其他礼物向他们的母亲表达爱。 by the fireplace在壁炉旁

9.to: take these flowers to the party把这些花带到聚会上去 point to指向 Happy New Year!---The same to you.你也一样! Happy birthday to you!祝你生日快乐!-Thanks

Which is the way to the post office?哪一条是去邮局的路?= How 怎样can I get to(到达) the post office? = Could you tell me the way to the post office? (问路)

Go up this street to the end.沿着这条街到尽头。(指路)

10.about: learn about the past了解过去 know about school life了解学校生活 talk about their holiday plans谈论他们的假期计划 something about Yunnan关于云南的情况 Can you tell me something about it ?你能告诉我关于它的情况吗?

11.after/before:在…之后/前after school/class/work/breakfast/lunch/supper/dinner

放学后/下课后/下班后/早饭后/午饭后/晚饭后/饭后(when提问) look after 照顾,看管

12.from: be from = come from来自 be far from远离 = be not close to不近 be across from在…的对面 from…to… 从…到… be different from与…不同 = be not the same as learn…from…向/从…学到… learn…from…about…从…学到关于…的知识

13.in front of 在…前面(外部) behind在…后面(外部)

in the front of 在…前面(内部) at the back of 在…后面(内部)

在树上in the tree(树上的其他外物bird/cat…)on the tree(树本身apple/leaf..)

在墙上in the wall(穿过墙体) on the wall(在墙的表面上)

in the river在河里 on the river在河面上(接触)over the river在河面上(上空)

14.next to :next to my bedroom紧挨着我的卧室next to the photo紧挨着相片

15.near:在…附近 near my desk 在我的书桌附近(13~15用Where提问)

16.between…and… 在…和…之间 between Class One and Class Two

17.under:在…下面/以下 under the tree/desk 在树下/书桌下 (where)

under ¥300 per month每月300元以下

18.along:沿着… go along/up/down/on the road 沿着这条路走

…前方 It?s about one hundred meters along on the right.右前方大约100米。

19.across 穿过 go across the bridge = cross the bridge 穿过这座桥

八.反身代词:oneself某人自己(由主语决定)

1.构成:第一、二人称构成:形容词性物主代词 + self/selves

Myself我自己 ourselves我们自己 yourself你自己 yourselves你们自己

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第三人称构成:宾格代词 + self/selves

Himself他自己 herself她自己 itself它自己 themselves他们自己

2.常用短语:help yourself/yourselves (to)…请随便(吃)…

hurt oneself 伤着自己 enjoy oneself = have a good time 玩得愉快

by oneself = alone 独自 teach oneself = learn…by oneself 自学

九.动词:

1.Be动词:be(原形) am(I) is(单数) are(复数) was(I/he/she/it单数) were复数

I?m…--- Are you…? I was…-----Were you…?

2.情态动词:后跟动词原形。

can过去式could能,会(表能力)/可以(表请求)/可能(表可能性的推测) will过去式would将会 may可以,可能 must必须(表应尽的义务)/一定(表肯定推测) shall过去式should应该

had better(do sth.) 最好做某事

3. 实义动词:

(1) 后跟动词原形的: let/make sb. do sth.让某人做某事

(2) 后跟ing形式的: go swimming/fishing/shopping… 去游泳/钓鱼/购物…

keep sb. doing sth.让某人做某事

like/love/enjoy doing sth. 喜欢做某事

hear/see sb. doing sth. 听见/看见某人在做某事

do some cleaning/washing/reading …打扫卫生/洗衣服/阅读…

(3) 后跟to不定式的: want=would like想要/ hope希望/ wish希望/ begin=start开始/use sth.使用…/ plan计划/get sb.让某人/need需要/ remember记住/forget忘记/ to do sth.做某事

(4) 动词常与介词或副词连用。

come on 快点儿!加油! go to school去上学 listen to… 听… go to bed睡觉 look for寻找 return to = come back to返回到 come back回来 come back to life复苏 put on穿上,上演 take off脱下,起飞 show sb. around 领某人参观 sit down坐下 write down记下 talk about谈论 wait for等候 put away将…收起;把…放回原处 fall down摔倒,落下 stand up站起,起立 blow out吹灭 find out查明,了解 come out开放,出版 get together聚会 point to指向 put up挂起,举起,贴 knock on/at 敲 come in进来

考点:动词 + 副词 结构跟代词用宾格且放在中间。

put it/them on把它(们) 穿上 take it/them off把它(们)脱下 write it/them down把它(们)记下 put it /them away将它(们)收起 blow it/them out把它(们)吹灭find it/them out把它(们)查明 put it/them up把它(们)挂起

(5) 动词的形式由时态、特殊句型或其他动词决定

do原形 does三单 doing现在分词(ing形式) did过去式 to do to不定式

go goes going went to go walk walks walking walked to walk

catch catches catching caught to catch watch watches watching watches to watch

play plays playing played to play swim swims swimming swam to swim

talk talks talking talked to talk have has having had to have

make makes making made to make run runs running ran to run

sit sits sitting sat to sit begin begins beginning began to begin

hurt hurts hurting hurt to hurt be is being was/were to be

write writes writing wrote to write shine shines shining shone to shine

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blow blows blowing blew to blow come comes coming came to come

fall falls falling fell to fall sing sings singing sang to sing

study studies studying studied to study …

(6) 本册所学实义动词:

catch抓住,赶上 ride骑 play玩,打,弹 talk讲话 read读,看 walk走,步行 watch观看 swim游泳 listen听 begin开始 make制作,使 run跑 dance跳舞 sleep睡觉 clean把…弄干净 borrow借(进) use使用 keep保持,借(How long) return归还,返回 put放。挂 show展示给…看 sit坐 write写 draw画画 learn学会 wish希望 hear听到 move搬到,移到 miss想念,错过 turn转弯。变成 change换乘,改变 hurt使受伤 lose失去 obey遵守 cross穿过 speed加速 plan计划 celebrate庆祝 perform表演 count数数 mean意味着 recite背诵,朗诵 enjoy喜欢,欣赏, fall落下 wash洗 happen发生 stand站 lie撒谎 blow吹 travel旅行 remember记住 shine照耀 arrive到达 sound 听起来enter进入 point指向 touch触,摸 pass传递 stay呆 believe相信 prepare 准备decorate装饰 open打开 knock 敲shout叫喊 hold举办 burn燃烧

十:用动词填空的方法:

1)观察该词前是否有重点动词(看前面实义动词1~3)或重点句型的应用;

2)由时间辨时态。

一般现在时:由频度副词决定,辨清主语是否是第三人称单数,是第三人称单数就用动词第三人称单数。 现在进行时:now=at the moment=at this time Look! Listen! What be sb. doing? …(前加be后加ing)

一般过去时:before之前 ago以前 just now刚才 last+时间名词 上个… in +过去的年月

(二)用动词的各种形式的重点词(补充)及句型:

1)用原形的情况:(1) 情态动词(can/may/could/will/must/should…)+动原 (2)Please +动原。(肯定祈使句) Don?t + 动原。(否定祈使句)(3)let/make sb. +动原…(4)Why not + 动原…? = Why don?t you + 动原…? (5)help sb + 动原…

2)用to不定式的情况: ask sb. to do sth, 叫某人做某事 tell sb. to do sth告诉某人做某事. teach sb. to do sth教某人做某事. It?s time to do sth. 是做某事的时间了。 something to have/eat/drink 吃/喝的东西 I?m very glad to get a letter from you.收到你的来信我很高兴。It?s good to help old people and children cross the road.帮助老人和小孩过马路是好的。

3)用ing形式的情况:①介词后用ing 形式:What/How about doing sth.?做某事怎样? It?s time for doing sth. 是做某事的时间了。Thank you for doing sth..因做某事而感谢你 It?s a good season for doing sth. 是做某事的好季节。a ticket for speeding/drink…一张因超速/醉酒的罚款单

十一:特殊疑问词:

How 怎样1. 询问情况怎样(对形容词或副词提问) 2.询问交通方式

How long多久1. 询问一段时间(数词+时间名词 ) 多长2.询问长度(数词+长度单位名词+long)

How often 多久一次 询问频度副词(never/seldom/sometimes/often/usually/always/once a week/twice a week/three times a week…)

How many 多少 询问可数名词的数量( one/two/three…)

How much 多少 1。询问不可数名词的数量(a little/much/…) 2.询问价钱(¥118…)

How wide多宽 询问物体的宽度(数词+长度单位名词+wide)

How tall/high 多高 How heavy 多重(10 kilos…)

What 什么 询问事(动作行为)或物

询问动作行为句型:What do/does + 主语 do? What + be + 主语 doing?

What can +主语 do? What did +主语 do?

What time 询问具体时刻(几点钟)

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What day 询问星期几 What day is it ?

What class 1。询问班级(Class 1…) 2.询问什么课(科目)

What 对there be 句型的主语提问:There be +主语(物)+介词短语。

What?s the matter? 询问某物或某人出什么毛病了

There is something wrong with my computer. = My computer doesn?t work.

What date 询问日期

What?s the date ? = What date is it? It?s May 31th.

What shape 什么形状 What shape is it? = What?s the shape of it ?

What?s the weather like ? = How is the weather ? It?s warm/sunny….询问天气。

询问温度:What?s the temperature? It?s 10℃.

询问其他什么事: What else = What other things

Which 哪一(些) 对限定范围的比较

Which subject do you like best? = What?s your favorite subject?

Which season do you like best? = What?s your favorite season?

Why 为什么 询问原因(because+句子)

When 什么时候 对时间提问 Where 哪里 询问地点或表示地点的介词短语

Who 谁 询问人 Whose 谁的 询问物主代词或名词所有格

十二:时态:

一.含实义动词的般现在时(经常性的、习惯性的动作行为或自然现象、客观规律等):

非三单人称(I\You\We\They)+ 动词原形+…(变否定或一般疑问句加助动词 do)

三单人称(He\She\It) + 动词的第三人称单数+…(变否定或一秀同疑问句加助动词 does,转换时同时注意动词三单还原)

关键词:频度副词

二.现在进行时(正在发生的动作行为)

构成是:+be+Ving〔现在分词〕形式

第一人称单数 I+am+doing+Sth.

第一人称复数 We+are+doing +Sth.

第二人称单(复)数 You+are+doing+Sth.

第三人称单数 He(She,it)+is+doing+Sth.

第三人称复数 They+are+doing +Sth.

肯定句:主语+be(is/am/are)+现在分词

否定句:主语+be(is/am/are)+not+现在分词

一般疑问句:be(is/am/are)+主语+现在分词

特殊疑问句:特殊疑问词+相应be动词+主语+现在分词+Sth?

可用来表示现在进行时的时间状语,常用的有:now, at this time, at the moment 等;或者告诉你一个准确的现在时间,或者用look, listen提醒听者注意正在发生的事。例如:

They are playing basketball now.现在他们正在打篮球。

Listen! She is singing an English song.听,她正在唱英语歌。

Look at the picture. The children are flying kites in the park.看这幅图。那些孩子正在公园放风筝。

We are making model planes these days.这些天我们在做飞机模型。

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It's 6:30 now. I am getting up. 现在是6:30.我正在起床

三.一般过去时表示过去某个时间里发生的动作或状态;过去习惯性、经常性的动作、行为;过去主语所具备的能力和性格。基本结构:主语+动词过去式+其他;否定形式①was/were+not;②在行为动词前加didn't,同时还原行为动词;一般疑问句:1. Was/Were + 主语+ …? 2。Did+主语+动原+其他?

时间状语;two hours ago(一段时间+ago), yesterday, the day before yesterday, last week, last(year, night, month…), 具体时间, just now, at the age of , one day, long ago,

十三:There be 句型

1. 定义:There be (is, are) 句型表示某处存在某物或某人。

2. 结构:(1) There is +单数可数名词/不可数名词+ 地点状语.

(2) There are +复数名词+地点状语.

句子的主语是某人或某物,谓语动词be要与主语(某人或某物)的数保持一致。当主语是两个或两个以上的名词时,谓语动词要与跟它最近的那个名词一致(就近原则)

eg. ① There is a bird in the tree. 树上有一只鸟。

② There is a teacher and many students in our classroom. (就近原则)

我们教室里有一位老师和许多学生。

③ There are two boys and a girl under the tree. (就近原则)

树下有两个男孩,一个女孩。

3. There be句型与have的区别:

(1) There be 句型和have都表示“有”的含义。区别如下:There be表示“某处存在某物或某人”;have表示“某人拥有某物/某人”,它表示所有、拥有关系。eg.

①He has two sons. 他有两个儿子。

②There are two men in the office. 办公室里有两个男人。

(2)当have表示“包括”、“存在”的含义时,There be 句型与其可互换。

eg. A week has seven days. =There are seven days in a week. 一个星期有七天。

变脸一:否定句 There be句型的否定式的构成和含有be动词的其它句型一样,在be后加上not或no即可。注意not和no的不同:not是副词,no为形容词,not a/an/any + n. 相当于no+ n.。例如:

There are some pictures on the wall. →There aren't any pictures on the wall. =There are no pictures on the wall.

There is a bike behind the tree. → There isn't a bike behind the tree. =There is no bike behind the tree.

变脸二:一般疑问句 There be句型的一般疑问句变化是把be动词调整到句首,再在句尾加上问号即可,但同时要注意:当肯定句中有some时,要将其改为any(否定变化也一样)。看看下面两句是如何\"改头换面\"的吧:

There is some water on Mars. → Is there any water on Mars?

There are some fish in the water. →Are there any fish in the water?

变脸三:特殊疑问句 There be句型的特殊疑问句形式有以下三种变化:

① 对主语提问:当主语是物时,用\"What\'s + 介词短语?\"。注意:无论原句的主语是单数还是复数,对之提问时一般都用be的单数形式(回答时却要根据实际情况来决定)。如:

There are many things over there. →What's over there?

There is a little girl in the room.→Who is in the room?

② 对地点状语提问:提问地点当然用"Where is / are+主语?\"啦!例如:

There is a computer on the desk. → Where is the computer?

There are four children on the playground. →Where are the four children?

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③ 对数量提问:一般有两种句型结构:

How many+复数名词+are there+介词短语? How much+不可数名词+is there+介词短语? 十四:用适当的词填空

1. They meet ____ the school gate.

2. It?s time ____ class. Come____!

3. He _____ to school ____ foot.

4. Jane ____ to school ____ bike.

5. What time do you usually get ___ ____ w________?

I usually get up ____ about six o?clock.

6. He seldom _____ his homework _____ school.

7. They seldom eat ____ _____ school days.

8. What ____ they _____(do) _____ _____(one?s) free time?

9. He often ______ TV ____ a little while ____ the evening.

10. The school life of ___________(America) students is different ______ ours.

11. He is r_________ _____ the playground.

13. They _____________(not sleep)_______the moment.

14. Look! The girl ____________(look)______the books ________these _____(shelf).

15. You must r________ them _____ time.

16. They ___________(talk) ______ the Lost and Found now.

17. Please call me _____ 882-8651.

18. He __________(put) ___ his shoes at this time.

19. What is she doing? She __________ (clean) the blackboard ____the back ___ the classroom.

20. He goes to the library _______ (one) a week.

21. I go to the park ______(two) a month.

22.Would you like ______(play) basketball? Good idea!

23. My teacher is checking our homework in the _________(teacher) office.

24. -Thank you for _______ (pass) the things to me. – It?s ______ (please).

25. He ______(look) happy because he ______ (love)_______(swim).

26. Here _____(be) some photos of ______(I).

27. --What do you think ____ your school life? --- It?s _________(interest).

28. It?s 10:20 ____ Thursday morning now. They are ______ (learn) _____ the past ____ the class.

29. She is working ______ math problems.

30. My teachers are very ______(friend) _____ me .

31. We have many outdoor _________(activity) after school.

32. There is a soccer game _________ Class One _____ Class Two ___ the playground ___ 5:00 a.m.

33. I can learn a lot _____ it .

34. Please give best ______(wish) to your parents.

35. My bedroom is ______ the _____(two) floor. There is a study _____ _____ my bedroom.

36. Why not _____ (come) upstairs and ______(have) a look?

37. There _____(be) so many _____(book) _____ the _______(shelf).

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38. My brother is playing ______his pet dog.

39. My father is r_______ books in the study.

40. There _____ (be) a lamp, a computer, some books and so ____.

41. There _____(be) some keys. I think they?re ______ (Judy).

42. __________ (not put) them there, ________(put) them away, please.

43. Put it away, please, You must _____ (look) ______ your things.

44. There are some birds ____ the tree and there are some apples _____ the tree.

45. There is a window _____ the wall and there is a picture ____ the wall.

46. There is a garden ____ the center ____ the yard.

47. I love ______(play) ____ the computer in the study.

48. There is a kitchen ____ the left ___ the yard.

49. The people _____(be ) watching TV .

50. I?m very glad ______ (get) a letter ____ you.

51. I live ___ a townhouse _____ two floors. I live _____ my parents.

52. Michael is _______(look) ______ an apartment ________ our school.

53. You can rent a room _____ two people to Bob ____$ 222 per minth.

54. You can rent your house ______ four bedrooms ______ a family ____ four.

55. There is a bank ___ the street corner.

56. –What?s the matter? --- I can hear you _____(play) the piano,

57. -–The music is very beautiful, but I?m afraid it?s too loud.

-- Oh, I?m really sorry _____ that.

58. One of my classmates is talking ______(loud) in the reading room.

59. Mr, Smart lives ____ the end ____ the road.

60. There _____(be ) no houses ____ the right and there _____(be) no car ____ the left.

61. There ____(be) many old people ______(live) here.

62. Listen! There are some birds ______(sing) in the tree.

63. Many _______ (family) ______young _______ (child) live here.

64. There ____(be) a lot of tall _______(building) and small ______(garden) in it .

65. My home is close _____ my school. But my home is far ______ the train station.

66. We can call our teacher _____ help when we have some truble.

67. There is something wrong _____ my kitchen fan. Please get someone _____(check)it right now.

68. In ______(city), the traffic _____(be) heavy and the cost ____ _____(live) ____(be) high.

69. People like _______(live) in a house ____ a big yard.

70. --Which is the way _____ the hospital? -- Go ____ this street ___ the end and turn left ____ the _____(one) crossing, then go _______ the bridge, you?ll find it ___ your left.

71. --How can I get ____ the post office? --You need ______(take) a bus.

72. --How far is it from here? --It?s about 9 kilometers away _____ here.

73. Many people get hurt or lose their _______(life) ____ the traffic accidents every year.

74. We must stop and look both ____ (way) before we _______ (across) the road.

75. It?s good ______(help) old men cross the road.

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76. If you make a wrong turn, you?ll get a ticket ______ ______(make) a wrong turn.

77. ________(not be ) late _____ school.

78. ______(wait)_____ your turn when the light is red.

79. I?m calling ______ a public phone _____ the corner ___ Zhichun Road and Qiuzhi Street.

80. There are many apartment buildings _____ ______ the park.

81. When _____ (be) he born? He _____(be) born ___ June, 1998.

82. When ______(be)you born? I______(be) born _____ June 6th,1998.

83. Where _____(be) you born? We _____(be) born _____ China.

84. How do you plan_______(celebrate) your birthday?

85. My friends want _____ (have) a birthday party ____me .

86. What is your present _______ ________ (Kangkang) birthday?

87. What is the shape ___ your present?

88. It ______ (be)like a flower before, but now it ____ (be) like a star.

89. --Here _____(be) a present _____ you. What do we use it _____?

-- We use it __________(keep) pencils, rulers, erasers and so ____.

90. Mrs. Brown _____ (be) born ____ May 22nd, 1969.

91. Mr, Brown ______ (want) ______ (buy) aa birthday cake _____ Mrs. Brown.

92. --What would you like _____ (do) ____ ______( Maria) birthday party?

--I?d like _____(dance) _____ disco.

93. I ______(can not) dance at all last year, but now I_____(can) do it very ______(good).

94. She?d like ________(take) these flowers ____the party.

95. He comes from Japan. He can speak _________( Japan) and sing _______(Japan ) songs.

96. It?s time _____ outdoor _______ (activity).

97. He is good ______ _______( play) soccer, while she _____ (do) ______(good) _____ basketball.

98. Now the children_____________(have) a good time.

99. When he ____(be) five, he _____(can) play the piano. And she _____ (can) write books ___the age ____ eight. 100. ______ our ________(teacher) help, we can read English books very _____(good).

101. There ____(be) few new _______(word) in this book, it?s easy. But there ____(be)many new ____(word) in that book, it?s difficult.

102. How______(be) Kangkang?s birthday party? It was very nice.

103. _______ you ______(sing) a song at the yesterday?s party? Yes, I ____.

104. _______ Tom ________(enjoy)__________(he) yesterday? No, he _______.

105. It?s your turn ______ (recite) poems!

106. He missed the chair and _____(fall)________.

107. Jack _______(hurt) ____(he) two days ago.

108. Go and wash them ______ once.

109. What happened _______Michael _____ the party yesterday?

110. You ______(be not) at home _____ that time. How can you lie _____ me?

111. Why did you come ______ so late? Why didn?t you tell me the _____(true)?

112. They ______ (make) the cards ______ hand the day before yesterday.

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113. He _____(blow) the candles ______ _____ one breath.

114. Everyone _____(have) a good time just now.

115. What?s the weather ____ _____ summer? It?s hot, It?s a good time ____(go)______(swim).

116. It?s a good season for _____ (make)_______ (snowman) ____ winter.

117. Which season do you like ______(well), spring, summer, fall _____ winter?

118. Which season do you like ______(well), spring or winter?

119. It_____ (be)_______ (sun) today. But it ______(be) _______(rain) yesterday.

120. --What are you doing now ? -- I?m ________ (write) a letter _____you.

121. The summer holidays ____________(come).

122. You?d better _____ (work) hard _____(one).

123. Today the sun shines________(bright), please remember ______ (wear) cool clothes.

124. In summer, sometimes it rains________(sudden), but _____(late) on, it may get fine again.

125. Last Saturday, we ____(go) to the park ,_______(take) some pictures, _____(fly) kites, We _______(enjoy)________(we). 126. Everything ______(come) back to life in spring. Flowers come _____.

127. Fall ______ (come) ______ summer, The farmers are busy ______(harvest). The ____ (leaf) fall _____ the trees. 128. Winter ______(last)_____ December_____ February. The wind blows _______(strongly).

129. Each of us _____(have) a good plan ____ the holidays.

130. I hope ______(get) ________ _______ my family and old friends.

131. If it?s hot outside, please _______(take) _____ your coat.

132. You?d better_____(take) an umbrella_____ you and then go _____. It ____(sound) great.

133. What?s the ______(good) time ______ (travel) there?

134. You mustn?t ______ (point) _____ _______(something) _____ you foot.

135. You should ______(pass) something ____ old people _____ both _____ (hand).

136. The food there is very different ______ _______(our).

137. I _____ (buy) a toy ____you the day before yesterday.

138. ____ this day, people eat sweet dumplings ____ good luck.

139. Children play tricks _____ their friends ____ April Fool?s Day.

140. People show their love _____ their mothers by _____ (give) cards and other____(present).

141. Before Christmas Day, people are busy ________(prepare)_____ it .

142. ______ the morning of Christmas Day, people give gifts ____ each other and greet each other.

143. ____ the eve of the festival, the whole family ____(get) together ____ a big dinner. People _____(stay) and _____ (enjoy) dumplings ___ midnight ____good luck.

144. We _______(knock)_______ our ______(neighbour) doors last night.

145. They are very happy _____(get) _____(luck) money ____them.

146. People enjoy a ________(一天的) holiday.

147. Children put ______ stockings ____ the fireplaces or ____the end of their beds before they go to bed.

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