Unit 11、Unit 12 复习
Unit 11 Could you please tell me where the restrooms are?
1. Could you please tell me where the restrooms are?
Do you know where I can exchange money?
2. There’s a bank on the second floor.
The bank is next to the bookstore.
宾语是句子的重要成分之一，在多数情况下，是由名词性的词类充当的。如果宾语部分是由一个句子充当的话，则被称为宾语从句。我们以前学过的间接引语实质上就是宾语从句。如：Mary said that she was going to visit Hong Kong.（that引导的宾语从句）
e.g. We’re sorry to hear （主句是一般现在时，从句一般现在时） 如果主句是一般过去时，从句只能用过去的某种时态（包括一般过去时、过去进行时、
e.g. Mr. Black didn’t know （主句是一般过去时，从句一般过去时）。
宾语从句是特殊疑问句时，连接词直接用特殊疑问词做引导词，后面变为陈述语序，如who, what, why, where, whose等。具体类型，在下文详细讲述。
（2）由if, whether引导的宾语从句，要注意时态的一致以及陈述语序。if, whether的意思是“是否”，用来引导一般疑问句变成的宾语从句。
（3）由who, what, how, which, whose, where, when, why等引导的宾语从句，特殊疑问词作为引导词，没有疑问的作用，但本身的意思不变。要注意时态的一致和陈述语序。 e. g. Do you know where the Great Pyramid is?
Unit 12 You’re supposed to shake hands
1 be supposed to强调礼仪中该做与不该做的should, You’re supposed to kiss. You’re not supposed to shake hands.
复习be allowed to do sth.
2. It’s rude/ polite对某事/ 行为做出评判。
What are you supposed to do…?
You’re supposed to …
It’s rude to…
When were you supposed to arrive?
I was supposed to arrive at 7:00, but I arrived at 8:00.
You should have asked what you were supposed to wear.
You are supposed to bow in Korea when they meet for the first time.
You should …
You aren’t supposed to eat with your hands in the United States.
You shouldn’t …
You are allowed to do …
You are not allowed to do …
You should be allowed to do …
You shouldn’t be allowed to do …
3. It’s polite to do …
It’s rude to do …
4. I agree. I disagree. I don’t agree.
1. You’re supposed to shake hands.
be supposed to do 应该做，被期望做
suppose v. 认定；假定
2. …but I made some mistakes
make a mistake make some mistakes
3. You should have asked what you were supposed to wear
should have done…这是虚拟语气的一种表达方式，虚拟语气表示所说的话只是一种主观的愿望、假想、建议等。
4. Where I’m from, we’re pretty relaxed about time.
Where I’m from. Where是副词，此处用法没有先行词， “在，于，或至??的地方 ”。
Some Common Manners in the West
1）As soon as the hostess picks up her napkin（餐巾）, pick yours up and lay it on your lap. Sometimes a roll of bread is wrapped in it; if so, toke it out and put it on your side plate.
2）The Soup Course
Dinner usually begins with soup. The largest spoon at your place is the soup spoon. It will be beside your plate at the right-hand side.
3）The Fish Course
If there is a fish course, it will probably follow the soup. There may be a special fork for the fish, or it may be similar to the meat fork. Often it is smaller.
4）The Meat Course
The main Course is usually served by the host himself, especially if it is a fowl（鸡禽） or a roast which need to be carved. He will often ask each guest what piece he prefers, and it is quite proper to state your preference as to lean or fat, dark（红肉） or light（白肉）.
5）Using Knife and Fork
If you have English and American friends you will notice a few differences in their customs of eating. For the main or meat curse, the English keep the fork in the left hand, point curved
downward, and bring the food to the mouth either by sticking the points onto it or in the case of soft vegetables, by placing it firmly on the fork in this position with the knife. Americans carve the meat in the same position, then lay down the knife and taking the fork in the right hand with the point turned up, push it under a small piece of food without the help of the knife and bring it to the mouth right-side-up.
6）Helping Yourself and Refusing
If a servant passes food around, he will pass the dish in at your left hand so that you can conveniently serve yourself with your right hand. Never serve yourself while the dish is on your right; it is then the turn of your neighbor on the right. It is polite to take some of everything that is passed to you. But if there is something you may not like, you may quietly say: “No thank you.”
The hostess may or may not ask if you would like a second helping, according to the formality of the meal. If she does and you accept it, you should pass your plate to her or to the servant with the knife and fork still lying on it.
8）The Salad Course
A salad is eaten with a fork only held in the right hand with points turned up. There is usually a special one for the salad, a little smaller than the meat fork.
9）Bread and Butter
Bread is taken in the fingers and laid on the side plate or the edge of the large plate, it is never take with a fork. Butter is taken from the butter dish with the butter knife and placed on the side plate, not on one's bread.
10）Other Things on the Table
When there are things on the middle of the table, such as bread, butter, jelly, pickles, nits, candies, you should not take any until the hostess suggested that they be passed.
11）Leaving the Table
It is impolite for a guest to leave the table during a meal, or before the hostess gives the signal at the end. When the hostess indicates that the dinner is over, she will start to rise from her seat and all the guests rise from theirs at the same time.
12）Various rules and Suggestions
Sit up straight on your chair; Do not put much food in your mouth at a time; Drink only when there is no food in your mouth; Try not to get into your mouth anything that will have to be taken out; Do not make any nose when you eat; Do not clean your teeth at the table or anywhere in public, either with your finger or a tooth pick（牙签）, not even with your tongue.
1. Everyone is supposed ________ a seat belt in the car.
A. too, to
A. turn, to B. to wear B. but B. must B. this B. raise B. so, that B. comes B. When B. smoking B. for B. to learn B. it’s B. to wave B. ask, for C. to be worn C. so C. can C. it C. notice C. very, that C. has come C. How C. to smoke C. in C. learning C. whose C. waving C. help, with D. too, that D. will come D. Why D. smoked D. by D. learned D. which D. wave D. look, for 2. She was supposed to shake hands when she met Paul’s mother, ____ she kissed her. 3. Your mother look a bit disappointed. You ________ have told her the truth. 4. I find ________ difficult to remember everything, though I’m still young. 5. You must ________ your handwriting. I can’t read your homework. 6. The box is ________ heavy ________ I can’t lift it. 7. Jim has made many friends since he________ to China. 8. ________was the party at Jim’s house last night? 9. He gave up ________ two years ago. That’s to say, he is a non-smoker now. 10. She had never been to the Great Wall before. Today she saw it ________ the first time. 11. Paul doesn’t have to be made ________. He always works hard. 12. Have you seen the film “Titanic”, ________ was world famous? 13. Do you know the boy ________ his hand towards us? 14. If you go into trouble you can ________ your teacher ________ help.
15. Do you need ________ to read on the train?
A. special anything B. any special thing
C. anything specially D. anything special
16. ---Could you please tell me _________ I can buy shampoo?
---Sure. There’s a daily’s department store.
A. bow B. where B. bowing C. when C. to bow D. what D. to bowed 17. People in Korea are supposed _________ when they meet for the first time.
18. We always ________ our friends’ homes without ______ plans.
A. drop by, make
C. visit, make
A. to find B. can I find B. drop by, making D. visit, making C. how to find D. find 19. Can you please tell me where ____________ the post office?
20. --- Where is the bookstore?
--- Take the elevator ______ the second floor and turn left. And the bookstore is ________ the furniture store and the drugstore.
A. at, next to
1. He said that he_______ speak a little English when he was five.
A. he lives
A. we will
A. he is talking
A. have gone B. would B. does he live B. will we B. whom B. if C. could C. he lived C. will C. what C. which D. can D. did he live D. will you D. who D. what 2. Do you know where_______ now? 3. Please tell me where______ have our picnic tomorrow. 4. Do you know______ daughter she is? 5. Alice wanted to know ______ her grandmother liked the dog. 6. Do you know______ with the student at eight yesterday? B. was he talking C. he was talking D. is he talking B. will rain B. have been C. raining C. had been D. rains D. had gone 7. Could you tell me if it _____tomorrow? 8. He asked me if I ______ to the Great Wall. B. at, between C. to, between D. to, next to
9. Our geography teacher told us the earth______ around the sun. A. goes A. why A. why A. whether A. that A. when A. if A. how A. if
Of all the things we eat and , water is the important. Not people understand this, but it's quite true. The human body can go without food for a long time, but two Many people do not understand how water the human body needs to work properly （适当地） and many people drink 7 , especially in hot weather. Most people drink 8 they are thirsty, but in fact we often need more water, especially if we have been taking exercise.
A man's body is about 70% water, if we do not have water, we feel and may become ill. （ ） 1. A. have （ ） 2. A. least
B. want B. more
C. need C. most C. much C. for
D. drink D. much D. some D. or
B. go B. if B. what B. why B. why B. if B. which B. whose B. whom
C. went C. what C. when C. where C. what C. that C. whom C. which C. why
D. going D. when D. how D. that D. which D. why D. who D. where D. when
10. Sorry, I don’t know_______ you mean.
11. Mr. Black didn’t know______ Jenny was late again. 12. I wondered______ our teacher was going to attend our party. 13. I shall write to you______ I want to say. 14. We are sorry to hear_____ your mother is ill.
15. The headmaster asked us_____ would speak at the meeting. 16. The boy tried to find out_______ book was hers. 17. Please tell me_____ they are talking about.
（ ） 3. A. few B. many （ ） 4. A. and
（ ） 5. A. dead （ ） 6. A. lot
B. die B. little
C. live C. much C. many C. what C. every C. hard
D. hungry D. many D. some D. before D. some D. tired
（ ） 7. A. enough B. few （ ） 8. A. when （ ） 9. A. all
B. so B. enough
（ ） 10.A. angry B. fine
way of learning English is by it, talking as much as one you will get your words mixed up （混淆） and people will not understand you. But if you your sense of humour （幽默感）, you can always have a good laugh at the mistakes you made. Don't be unhappy if people to be laughing at your for people to be rule for learning English is：“Don't be makes mistakes.” （ ） 11. A. Good
（ ） 12. A. saying B. thinking （ ） 13. A. can
B. Better C. using C. possible C. keeping C. think C. sentence C. much better
C. Best D. The best D. listening D. able D. to keep D. seem D. speaking D. the best
B. The most important
（ ） 14. A. keep B. kept （ ） 15. A. say B. look （ ） 16. A. words B. mistakes （ ） 17. A. good B. more better （ ） 18. A. The useful
C. The most interesting
（ ） 19. A. think B. say
D. The most popular C. see
D. afraid D. Everyone
（ ） 20. A. All children B. Students C. Foreigners
You have heard of Webster Toys. Websters have made good, safe and interesting toys for more than a hundred years. Now we sell them, and children play with them, in countries from New
Zealand to Norway（挪威）, and from Japan to Brazil（巴西）. We are looking for someone to sell our toys in the Far East. He （or She） will be between the age of thirty and forty. He will already have some years of selling in world markets behind him. He will speak good English, and at least one other language of the Far East.
The person we are looking for will live in Singapore（新加坡）, and work in our office there, but he will travel for over six months in other countries in one year. He will know the Far East very well already. He will know how to sell in old markets and where to find new ones. He will understand money and more than ever before, for himself, and for Webster Toys.
（ ） 1. In Chinese the word “toy” means ________.
A. 饮料 B. 食品 C. 玩具 D. 服装
（ ） 2. The person must be good at speaking ________.
A. English and any other language
B. English or any other language
C. English and any other Eastern language
D. English or any other Eastern language
（ ） 3. The passage is written because _________.
A. They need a right person to work for them
B. They are trying to find the man they have lost
C. They want to find a woman between the age of thirty and forty
D. They are looking for a man living in Singapore
（ ） 4. The person must ________.
A. have much money and know the money well
B. have a lot of knowledge about markets
C. stay and work in the office for more than half a year
D. understand himself better than ever before
（ ）5. Maybe you can read the above passage ________.
A. in a dictionary
There was once a man called Mr. Flowers, and flowers were his only joy in life. He spent all his spare time in one of his four glass-houses and grew flowers of every colour, with long and difficult names, for competitions（比赛）. He tried to grow a rose of a new colour to win the silver B. in a book C. on a blackboard D. in a newspaper
cup（银杯）for the Rose of the Year.
Mr. Flowers’ glass-houses were very close to a middle school. Boys of around thirteen years of age were often tempted to throw a stone or two at one of Mr. Flowers’ glass-house. So Mr. Flowers did his best to be in or close by his glass houses at the beginning and end of the school day.
But it was not always possible to be on watch at those times. Mr. Flowers had tried in many ways to protect his glass, but nothing that he had done had been useful. He had been to school to report to the headmaster; but this had not done any good. He had tried to drive away the boys that threw stones into his garden; but the boys could run faster than he could, and they laughed at him from far away. He had even picked up all the stones that he could find around his garden, so that the boys would have nothing to throw; but they soon found others.
At last Mr. Flowers had a good idea. He put up a large notice made of good, strong wood, some metres away from the glass-houses. On it he had written the words, DO NOT THROW STONE AT THIS NOTICE. After this, Mr. Flowers had no further trouble: the boys were much more tempted（引诱）to throw stones at the notice than at the glass-houses.
（ ） 6. It was Mr. Flowers’ hope to_______.
A. build glass-houses in his spare time
B. grow the rose of the Year in a silver cup
C. win a silver cup for growing a rose of a new colour
D. grow a rose with the longest name
（ ） 7. Boys were often tempted to_________.
A. throw stones at Mr. Flowers’ glass-houses
B. throw stones at Mr. Flowers from their school
C. be in or close by Mr. Flowers’ glass-houses
D. play with Mr. Flowers near his glass-houses
（ ） 8. Mr. Flowers stayed in or close by his glass-houses_______.
A. at times when school-boys were walking near then
B. all the school day when there were no boys about
C. where he could not be seen by the boys passing
D. in his spare time at the beginning and end of the school day
（ ） 9. Mr. Flowers had tried to________ to protect his glass.
A. be on watch in his spare time
B. ask the headmaster for help
C. pick up all the stones around his garden
D. do all the above
（ ） 10.Mr. Flowers’ good idea was to ________.
A. write some words on the glass
B. put up a large notice to cover his glass-houses
C. give the boys something else to throw stones at
D. send for policemen
I’m supposed to____________.
The rules make me _____________.
The school rules tell us how __________.
in Japan you’re supposed to____________.
2. In USA, when you eat noodles, you’re supposed to_______________, while in Japan you’re supposed to______________.
3. In USA, when you are invited to a party, you’re supposed to________________, while in Japan you’re supposed to____________.
4. In USA, when you meet someone, you’re supposed to________________, while in Japan you’re supposed to____________.
三、Mary ,Kathy 和Tina正在超市买东西，买完东西后，Mary 要回家；Kathy 要去少年宫；Tina 要去科学博物馆。现在请同学们根据下面的街道地图指出她们去各个地点的路线。
Mary : Go down Center Street and turn right at the second crossing onto the Fifth Avenue. Go past the History Museum and Green Land, her home is behind the theater.
Kathy : Go down Center Street and turn left at the second crossing. Go down the Fifth Avenue and soon you’ll see the Children’s Museum on your right.
Tina : Go down Center Street and walk about two blocks. The Science Museum is on the
BBBCA BACBB BDCBD BCBAB
（宾语从句） CAAAB CBCAC AACCD CB
（A）DCBDB CAABD （B）DCAAD BCBDD
一、BCG DEH AF
二、1. shake hands，bow
2. eat them without noise, make noise
3. be there a little bit late, be there on time
4. call them first, make plans with them