七年级上册Unit 1-Unit 2
1. —My name‘s Jenny. —I‘m Gina. Nice to meet you. 2. —What‘s your/his/her name? —My/His/Her name is … . 3. What‘s your/his/her family/first name?
4. —What‘s your telephone number? —It‘s 218-9176. 5. What‘s his/ her telephone number?
6. —What‘s this/that in English? —It‘s a ruler. 7. —Is this/that your pencil? —Yes, it is./No, it isn‘t. 8. How do you spell pencil?/Spell pencil./Can you spell pencil? 重点语法
be在一般现在时中的基本用法：I用am, you用are，is跟着他她它。He ,she ,it用is，we, you they都用are。单数名词用is，复数名词都用are。
be的几种形式：is, am, are —being —was, were —been 主谓一致：
短语作主语时，尽管他们是复数形式，但如果把这些复数形式的词或短语看作是一个整体，谓语动词用单数形式。 Two months is quite a long time. Twenty dollars is enough. 2． 动词不定式，动名词，从句或不可数名词作主语时，谓语动词用单数。
To see is to believe. It is not easy to master a foreign language.
The writer and the teacher are coming. The poet and teacher is one of my friends.
In England, people eat fish and chips. The Chinese people（民族）is a great people.
5． 名词性物主代词mine，yours，his，hers， its，ours，theirs
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His parents are young, but mine are old.
No news is good news. Physics is the most difficult subject for him.
7． 由or，either…or…，neither…nor…，not only…but also…等词连接名词或代词作主语时，谓语动词的数和最接近的主语一致。
Neither you nor Li Hua has been to Shanghai before.
There is a table and four chairs in the room. Here are some books and paper for you.
9． trousers，clothes，glasses，compasses，chopsticks等作主语时，谓语动词用复数。但如果前面有a pair of短语时，谓语动词用单数。
Jim‘s trousers are brown. The pair of glasses is Mr. Green‘s. 10． 由“a lot of/lots of/plenty of+名词”或“分数+名词”作主语时，谓语动词的单复数根据名词的单复数而定。
A lot of people have been to London. Three-fifths of the water is dirty.
11． “a number of +复数名词”作主语时，谓语动词用复数；“the number of+复数名词”作主语时，谓语动词用单数。 A great number of birds fly to the south in winter.
The number of lions does not change much if people leave things as they are.
12．代词something，anything，nothing，everyone，anybody，nobody，each，neither，either，little，much，one等作主语时，谓语动词用单数形式。 Neither of us is a boy。
Each of them has an English dictionary。 One of the students was late for school。
Not all work is difficult。 Not all the students are here。
14．有些形容词前面加上定冠词the，如the poor，the old，the yong，the rich，the dying等用来表示一类人时，主语为复数意义，谓语动词用复数。
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The old are good taken care of。
Many a student has passed the exam。 练习：
1．The news 。
A. are B. were C. be D. is 2．A boy with two dogs city。
A. were sleeping B. is asleep C. was sleeping D. are asleep
3．Everyone except Tom and John there when the meeting began。
A. are B. is C. was D. were 4．Neither he nor I from Canada。We are from Australia 。 A. is B. are C. am D. be 5．Jim works hard on his Chinese and A. so Lucy does B. so is Lucy
A. is B. am C. are D. be 7．Henry，with his friends， 。 A. play B. plays C. has played D. have played
8．Fish and chips —away food in England。 A. are B. is C. were D. was 9．My family 。
A. get B. gets C. has got D. have got
A. be B. is C. am D. are 11. How time flies! Three years really a short time. A. is B. are C. was D. were
12. liu Xiang and Yao Ming are world-famous sports stars. Of them are the pride of China.
A. Both B. Neither C. All D. None 13. –Are the twins on the football team? -No, neither of them on the team.
C. so does Lucy D. so Lucy is A. is B. are C. were D. be 6．Jenny and her parents going to visit the Palace Museum tomorrow。.
14. Not only his parents but also his grandfather to a lot of places of interest in our country since hey came here.
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A. has gone B. has been C. have gone D. have been
in the fridge. We don‘t need to buy any. A. milk B. tomatoes C. tomatos D. apple 16. A report says hundreds and thousands of trees in the Amazon rainforest last year.
A. was cut down B. have been cut down C. were cut down D. had been cut down
Where is the backpack/pencil…? It‘s in/on/under…. Where are the books/pens/balls…? They are in/on/under…. 3、把?带去给某人 take …to e.g:Please take these things to
把?带来给某人 bring…to e.g:Can you bring my
homework to school?
二、代词 ( 有两种：人称代词和物主代词。)
1、介绍家庭成员 外）；宾格在句中做宾语，多用于动词、介词后。 This/That is my sister/brother/mother… These/Those are my parents/grandparents…
Is this/that your sister/brother…? Yes, it is./No, it isn‘t. Are these/those your parents/grandparents…? Yes, they are. /No, they aren‘t.
There are 3/4/5 …people in my family. They are my father, my
mother,…and I. 2、关于方位介词或短语
表方位的介词或短语有：in,on ,under,behind,near,next to,in front of,across from,…
My book is on my desk, my pen is in my book…
This is my bag. = This is mine. That is her ruler. = That is hers. 一般看后面有没有名词，如有，就用形容词性物主代词；如无，就用名词性物主代词。 请牢记下表：
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2）The dress is _________. Give it to _________. ( she ) 3）Is this _________ watch? ( you ) No, it‘s not _________ . ( I ) 4）_________ is my brother. ________ name is Jack. Look! Those stamps are _________. ( he )
5）_______ dresses are red. ( we ) What color are ______? ( you ) 6）Show _________ your kite, OK? ( they )
7）I have a beautiful cat. ______name is Mimi. These cakes are
I（宾格）_____ she（形容词性物主代词）_______ we（名词性物主代词）_________ he（复数）_______ us（单数）_______ theirs（主格）______ its（宾格） 2、想一想，把下表补充完整。
______. ( it )
8）Are these ________ tickets? No, ________ are not _________. ________ aren‘t here. ( they )
9）Shall _________ have a look at that classroom? That is _________ classroom.( we )
10）_____ is my aunt. Do you know _____ job? ______ a nurse. ( she )
11）Where are _________? I can‘t find _________. Let‘s call _________ parents. ( they )
12）Don‘t touch ______. _______ not a cat, _______ a tiger! ( it )
1）That is not _________ kite. That kite is very small, but _________ is very big. ( I )
13）_________ sister is ill. Please go and get _________. ( she ) 14）The girl behind _________ is our friend. ( she )
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反身代词在句中可作宾语、同位语、表语等，在使用时应注意它和它所指代的名词和代词在人称、性、数上的一致性。 Little Jimmy can dress himself now。 小吉米现在能自己穿衣服了。（作宾语） The boy in the picture is myself，not anyone else。 照片上的男孩不是别人，正是我自己。（作表语） I myself made the mistake about your address。 我自己把你的地址搞错了。（作同位语） 四、指示代词
指示代词是用来指示或标示人或事物的代词，表示“这个（些）”“那个（些）”，他们主要有： 1. this, these往往指时间或空间较近的人或物；that,those可指时间或空间较远的人和物。
This gift is for you and that one is for your brother. 这件礼物是你的,那件是你弟弟的.(this近指,that远指) I like these games but Idon‘t like those.
我喜欢这些游戏,但不喜欢那些.(these近指,those远指) 2. that,those常常用来代替前面已提到过的名词,以避免重复。those 代指复数形式，that代指单数形式。
The computer works faster than those we bought last year。 这些计算机比我们去年买的工作速度快。
The life in the country is more peaceful than that in the city。 乡村生活比城市的生活要安静。
I had a bad cold。That‘s why I didn‘t attend the lecture。 我感冒了，这就是我为什么没去听讲座的原因。 Those are the DVDs you want。 这就是你要的DVD碟片。
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