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外研版英语Module1知识点

发布时间:2013-09-18 18:03:46  

Module1

tidy up 收拾,

fan扇, fan oneself ,给某人自己扇风,

fan the flame煽动情绪, a movie fan , 影迷,

un反义前缀,tidy-untidy,happy-unhappy,comfortable-uncomfortable

at least至少

祈使句,肯定以动词原形开头,反问用will you ?/won’t you?,否定用Don’t +动词原形,反问用will you ?,Let’s …用shall we?

take up占据,代词放中间 , take away拿走 ,

take sth. back,收回某物 take ….to … 把…带到….

take off脱 下,起飞 .take place发生 ,

take a rest 休息一下,

a bit ,a little ,作状语时可互换

a bit of =a little,有点儿,修饰名词

on time按时 ,

in time及时 , from time to time有时 ,

a long time很长时间 , for the first time首次,

have a good time ,玩得高兴

be/get /become interested in 主语是人,某人对某事产生兴趣

指人的不定代词somebody/someone,everybody/everyone ,anybody/anyone,

nobody/no one

指物的不定代词,anything,something,everything,nothing

play the violin ;弹奏乐器,play +the+乐器, 球类,play+球,

世上独一无二的加the ,前面出现过的用the ,

make+宾语+宾语补足语(使..处于某种状态,地位)make sb.do sth.使某人做某事,

后接动词不定式作宾语,不要to 的有,一感feel,二听hear,listen to,

三让have let make,四看see,look at ,watch ,notice,半帮助help,

make sb.sth=make sth for sb.为某人做某事

make money赚钱,

make a living谋 生,

make trouble引起麻烦,

make friends with sb.与某人交朋友,

make war 开战,

make a fire生火,

make a face做鬼脸,

make ..from用..制成(用被动)

make …of用..制成(用被动)

make fun of 取笑,与…开玩笑

make room for 为…让地方,

make up 编造, make up one’s mind 决心,拿定主意,

at the end of 在…尽头,在…末尾,(时间,位置) by the end of =not later than by the end of 到…末为止,+过去时间,用于过去完成时

by the end of+现在时间,用于现在完成时

in the end =at last =finally,最后

end(动词) up with以…结束

come to an end 告终,结束

begin with以…开头 , sth happen to sb某事发生在某人身上 .happen to do sth.碰巧发生某事 .happen是偶然发生的

take place发生,预料中发生的事,

be famous for因..而出名,外界客观,

be famous as作为….而出名,本身身份 ,

be good for 对…有益

be good at擅长, a collection of….的收藏 ,

take an interest in 对某事感兴趣,

give an interview,会面,做访谈

as a result结果, as a result of 由于,因为,

also 也,肯定句中,too也,肯定,句末,逗号 ,either也,否定,句末,逗号, as well也,肯定,句末,

be sure确信,相信,

in life一生中, all one’s life一生,终身

buy sb .sth=buy sth for sb .

think about考虑,思考,想起 ,

think of想起 think over思考

look after=take care of =care for,照顾 look over, 检查,查看 , look for寻找, look up 查找,

be popular with,受…的欢迎

when , while,as的用法:

when可引用可延续性和非延续性,若两分句是非延续性,只用when while引用可延续性,若两分句是可延续性,只用while

as常 用于同时发生的

be useful to/for 对….有用, be useful in (for )doing sth,有助于 useful 反义词useless ,比较级前加more ,最高级前加most ,

develop ,名词development ,developing 发展中.developed 发达的,

success名词 ,succeed动词, successful形容词 ,successfully副词

failure失败

some…others没有范围的“一些”…另一些,但不是全体,

some…the others某一范围的 “一些….其他”的,表全体,

one ….another不定数目中的“一个”“另一个”

one ….the other两者中的“一个,另一个”

花费: sb.spend (s) some money on sth.

sb.spend(s) some time on sth.

sb. spend(s)some money (in) buying sth.

sb.spend(s) some time (in) doing sth.

pay: sb.pay(s) some money for sth.

cost: sth cost sb. some money/time

take :It takes sb. sometime to do sth

It takes sb .some money to buy sth .

It’s +adj.+for sb. +to do sth .外界原因,

It’s +adj. +of sb. +to do sth .人的品质,

remember/forget to do sth.想起/忘记要做某事,

remember/forget doing sth.想起/忘记做过某事。

in the way 以这种方式,

long ago很久以前,

such as 像…,例如, for example 句首,句中,用逗号隔开,缩写e.g,

as well as连接两相同的内容 ,

come out 出版 ,开放,出现,

probably句中,不用于句中,不用于句首,

maybe可能性很小,口语,句首

perhaps或许句首,句中

what do you think of =how do you like .

show sb .sth =show sth to sb.

try to do sth 努力做某事,

try doing sth.尝试做某事

try one’s best 尽某人的最大努力

try out试验 ,

try on 试穿

a piece of music一首乐曲,

动词后只跟 Ving 的有:finish ,practice ,mind ,feel like ,miss ,kee p,pardon,

excuse ,suggest consider,give up ,can’t help,

need to do sth 需要做某事,主语是人

need doing需要被做某事,主语是物

dress sb给某人穿衣 , dress oneself 自己穿衣

be/get dressed in=dress in +衣服或颜色 , find out查明,

就近原则: not only…but also ,不仅.而且 either…or ..不是…就是,或者..或者

neither…nor 既不…也不…, there be 动词以最近的主语为标准

现在完成时:表过去发生或已经完成的某一动作,对现在造成的影响和结果,或持续到现在的动作。常用词语already,yet ,ever ,never,just ,before, for + some time ,since,

MODULE1

简单句面面观

1)主谓结构

主 谓

2)主谓宾结构:

主谓 宾

3)主系表结构:

主 谓 表

4)主谓+间宾+直宾结构

主 谓 间宾 直宾

5)主谓宾+宾补结构:

主 谓 宾 宾补

五种简单句歌决

英语简单句,五种结构型,缩简句子后,结构自分明,表主语状态,即为主系表,主谓关与主谓宾,二者需分清,动作对象人和物,则是间宾加直宾,二宾位置可互换,介词to,for记心间,句子已有主谓宾,宾语再补方完整,宾语加上补足语,二者构成复合宾。

1、主语+不及物动词(SV)不及物动词,不能带宾语,但有些要接状语意义才完整。

2、主语+系动词+表语(SVP)

系动词:be ,look,seem ,become,feel ,get ,turn ,grow,smell,taste ,keep, sound

3、主语+及物动词+宾语(SVO)

4、主语+及物动词+间接宾语+直接宾语(SVOO)直接宾语在前,加for或to连接间接宾语。Give,show ,send,bring ,pass, lend ,leave ,hand ,teel ,return,

promise ,refuse,throw 用to ,make ,buy ,do ,get ,play ,order, sing,pay用for .

5、主语+及物动词+宾语+宾语补足语(SVOC)

there be 句型。

八年级(下)Module 1重点知识检测

一.用所给词的适当形式填空

1. How did you become _______ (interest) in music. He shows great_______ (interest) in foreign cultures . The Great Wall is a place of _______ (interest).

2. When he was at teenager, he started _______ (play) he piano as a hobby.

3. My father is a ________ (music),he has lots of ________ (music) instruments.

4. I often heard her ________.(play) the violin in the next room.

5.I can’t imagine _______ (finish ) _______ (do) such a difficult task.

6. That man is an old friend of my ________(father).

7. The mother made her son ________(sweep) the floor twice a day.

8. He has made me ______(wait) for him for an hour.

9. Reading is very ______(relax),it often makes me feel ______(relax)

10.The problem with making cakes is that the kitchen is too________ (tidy ).

11.He works hard from day to night, but he gets the ________(little) money.

12.My mother gave me a new kind of stamp for my ________(collect).

13.We ________(play)football yesterday afternoon.

13.She ________ ________(be)ill for three days.

14—When ________ she________(leave)?—Two hours ago.

15.—Where is Jack?

—He ________ _______(go)swimming.He ________(go)out twenty minutes ago.

16. —________you ________(see)the film before?

—Yes,I ________.

—Where________ you ________(see)it?

—The Queen’s Cinema.

17.She________ ________(be)a teacher since 1990.

18.They usually________(go)fishing when they lived there.

19.________you ever ________(be)to Nanjing?

20.Japan is a ______(develop)county,but China is still a ________(develop)county.

21.Jack is _____________(creative) than his brother.

22.His grandfather ______(die) for ten years,he ______(leave) his hometown in 1999.

23.His hobby has brought his______ (enjoyment) and______ (successful)

二.写短语

1.收拾;整理____________ 2.一直;始终____________3.对… 感兴趣___________

4.出版____________ 5.占用_________ 6.稍微;有点儿______

7.结果___________8.山地自行车运动____________ 9在某事上花费时间.

_____

10.夏令营____________11.去野营____________ 12.擅长___________

13集邮__________ 14.接受采访_____________ 15.使某人做某事____________

16.比如_________17.用这种方法 _______18.我爸爸的朋友中的一个_________

三.单项选择题

1. The teacher asks us_______ in the street,because it’s dangerous .

A. play B. to play C. of playing D.not to play

all his free time on it.

A. takes B. spends C. costs D. pays

3. I will help my mother the pet dog while she is abroad.

A. looking after B. take care C. keep D. keeping

4 Daming’s hobby is collecting tickets. He them for two years.

A. collects B. collected C. will collect D. has collected

5 --- When did your book _______? --- In 2004.

A. come out B. come on C. come to D. come in

6-- ______ do you like the TV play ? --- It’s exciting.

A. What B. How C. Why D. When

7 ----- Must I get up early tomorrow ? ----- No, _________.

A. you mustn’t B. I don’t think you have to

C. you can’t D. you need

8.We like travelling from one place to ______to learn about different cultures.

A.other B.another C. others D. the others

9 ---- Who’s the man over there? Is if Mr Black ?

----- It ________ be him. He is much taller.

A. can’t B. mustn’t C. should D. may

10. Our job is very tiring. We _______ have to stop to have a rest.

A. some time B. some times C. sometime D. sometimes

11.The students can not only use the machines with safety but also ________ them.

A. to repairing B. to repair C. repairing D. repair

12. He didn’t practise, and _______ he lost.

A. by the result B. as a result C. for the result D. so

13. He was ______ excited ______ he couldn’t say a word.

A. so ; that B. such ; that C. too ; to D. enough ; to

14. The children look very ______ today. They are playing ______ in the park.

A. happy ; happy B. happily ; happily C. happy ; happily D. happily ; happy 15 It’s better ______ the book to the library as soon as you finish it.

A. return B. to return C. returning D. returned

16. I watch him ______ basketball when I got there.

A. playing B. to play C. played D. play

17. It was really an _____ movie. I enjoyed it a lot.

A. interest B. interested C. interesting D. interests

18. The room is dirty. Let me _______.

A. tidy it up B. to tidy it up C. tidy up it D. to tidy up it

19. Which hobby do you think ____ the least space?

A. puts up B. taking up C. take off D. takes up

20. There _____ an football match this Friday afternoon.

A. has B. is going to have C. will have D. will be

21.Danny did all kinds of things to make the baby _____.

A. To stop crying B. Stop crying C. To stop to cry D. Stop to cry

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