tidy up 收拾，
fan扇， fan oneself ,给某人自己扇风，
fan the flame煽动情绪， a movie fan , 影迷，
祈使句，肯定以动词原形开头，反问用will you ?/won’t you?，否定用Don’t +动词原形，反问用will you ?，Let’s …用shall we?
take up占据，代词放中间 , take away拿走 ,
take sth. back,收回某物 take ….to … 把…带到….
take off脱 下，起飞 .take place发生 ,
take a rest 休息一下,
a bit ,a little ,作状语时可互换
a bit of =a little,有点儿，修饰名词
on time按时 ,
in time及时 , from time to time有时 ,
a long time很长时间 , for the first time首次,
have a good time ,玩得高兴
be/get /become interested in 主语是人，某人对某事产生兴趣
play the violin ;弹奏乐器，play +the+乐器， 球类，play+球，
世上独一无二的加the ，前面出现过的用the ，
make+宾语+宾语补足语(使..处于某种状态,地位)make sb.do sth.使某人做某事，
后接动词不定式作宾语，不要to 的有，一感feel，二听hear,listen to，
三让have let make，四看see,look at ,watch ,notice，半帮助help，
make sb.sth=make sth for sb.为某人做某事
make a living谋 生，
make friends with sb.与某人交朋友，
make war 开战，
make a fire生火，
make a face做鬼脸，
make fun of 取笑，与…开玩笑
make room for 为…让地方，
make up 编造， make up one’s mind 决心，拿定主意，
at the end of 在…尽头，在…末尾，（时间，位置） by the end of =not later than by the end of 到…末为止,+过去时间，用于过去完成时
by the end of+现在时间，用于现在完成时
in the end =at last =finally,最后
end（动词） up with以…结束
come to an end 告终，结束
begin with以…开头 , sth happen to sb某事发生在某人身上 .happen to do sth.碰巧发生某事 .happen是偶然发生的
be famous for因..而出名，外界客观,
be famous as作为….而出名，本身身份 ,
be good for 对…有益
be good at擅长, a collection of….的收藏 ,
take an interest in 对某事感兴趣,
give an interview,会面，做访谈
as a result结果, as a result of 由于，因为,
also 也，肯定句中,too也，肯定，句末，逗号 ,either也，否定，句末，逗号, as well也，肯定，句末,
in life一生中, all one’s life一生，终身
buy sb .sth=buy sth for sb .
think about考虑，思考，想起 ,
think of想起 think over思考
look after=take care of =care for,照顾 look over, 检查，查看 , look for寻找, look up 查找,
be popular with,受…的欢迎
when , while,as的用法：
be useful to/for 对….有用, be useful in (for )doing sth,有助于 useful 反义词useless ,比较级前加more ,最高级前加most ,
develop ,名词development ,developing 发展中.developed 发达的,
success名词 ,succeed动词, successful形容词 ,successfully副词
some…the others某一范围的 “一些….其他”的，表全体，
one ….the other两者中的“一个，另一个”
花费: sb.spend (s) some money on sth.
sb.spend(s) some time on sth.
sb. spend(s)some money (in) buying sth.
sb.spend(s) some time (in) doing sth.
pay: sb.pay(s) some money for sth.
cost: sth cost sb. some money/time
take :It takes sb. sometime to do sth
It takes sb .some money to buy sth .
It’s +adj.+for sb. +to do sth .外界原因，
It’s +adj. +of sb. +to do sth .人的品质，
remember/forget to do sth.想起/忘记要做某事，
remember/forget doing sth.想起/忘记做过某事。
in the way 以这种方式,
such as 像…，例如， for example 句首,句中，用逗号隔开，缩写e.g，
as well as连接两相同的内容 ，
come out 出版 ，开放，出现，
what do you think of =how do you like .
show sb .sth =show sth to sb.
try to do sth 努力做某事，
try doing sth.尝试做某事
try one’s best 尽某人的最大努力
try out试验 ,
try on 试穿
a piece of music一首乐曲,
动词后只跟 Ving 的有：finish ,practice ,mind ,feel like ,miss ,kee p,pardon,
excuse ,suggest consider,give up ,can’t help,
need to do sth 需要做某事，主语是人
dress sb给某人穿衣 , dress oneself 自己穿衣
be/get dressed in=dress in +衣服或颜色 , find out查明，
就近原则： not only…but also ,不仅.而且 either…or ..不是…就是，或者..或者
neither…nor 既不…也不…, there be 动词以最近的主语为标准
现在完成时：表过去发生或已经完成的某一动作，对现在造成的影响和结果，或持续到现在的动作。常用词语already,yet ,ever ,never,just ,before, for + some time ,since，
主 谓 表
主 谓 间宾 直宾
主 谓 宾 宾补
系动词：be ,look,seem ,become,feel ,get ,turn ,grow,smell,taste ,keep, sound
4、主语+及物动词+间接宾语+直接宾语（SVOO）直接宾语在前，加for或to连接间接宾语。Give,show ,send,bring ,pass, lend ,leave ,hand ,teel ,return,
promise ,refuse,throw 用to ,make ,buy ,do ,get ,play ,order, sing,pay用for .
there be 句型。
1. How did you become _______ (interest) in music. He shows great_______ (interest) in foreign cultures . The Great Wall is a place of _______ (interest).
2. When he was at teenager, he started _______ (play) he piano as a hobby.
3. My father is a ________ (music),he has lots of ________ (music) instruments.
4. I often heard her ________.(play) the violin in the next room.
5.I can’t imagine _______ (finish ) _______ (do) such a difficult task.
6. That man is an old friend of my ________(father).
7. The mother made her son ________（sweep) the floor twice a day.
8. He has made me ______（wait) for him for an hour.
9. Reading is very ______(relax),it often makes me feel ______(relax)
10.The problem with making cakes is that the kitchen is too________ (tidy ).
11.He works hard from day to night, but he gets the ________(little) money.
12.My mother gave me a new kind of stamp for my ________(collect).
13.We ________(play）football yesterday afternoon.
13.She ________ ________(be）ill for three days.
14—When ________ she________(leave）?—Two hours ago.
15.—Where is Jack？
—He ________ _______(go）swimming.He ________(go）out twenty minutes ago.
16. —________you ________(see）the film before?
—Where________ you ________(see）it？
—The Queen’s Cinema.
17.She________ ________(be）a teacher since 1990.
18.They usually________(go）fishing when they lived there.
19.________you ever ________(be）to Nanjing？
20.Japan is a ______（develop）county，but China is still a ________（develop）county.
21.Jack is _____________(creative) than his brother.
22.His grandfather ______(die) for ten years,he ______(leave) his hometown in 1999.
23.His hobby has brought his______ (enjoyment) and______ (successful)
1.收拾；整理____________ 2.一直；始终____________3.对… 感兴趣___________
4.出版____________ 5.占用_________ 6.稍微；有点儿______
13集邮__________ 14.接受采访_____________ 15.使某人做某事____________
1. The teacher asks us_______ in the street,because it’s dangerous .
A. play B. to play C. of playing D.not to play
all his free time on it.
A. takes B. spends C. costs D. pays
3. I will help my mother the pet dog while she is abroad.
A. looking after B. take care C. keep D. keeping
4 Daming’s hobby is collecting tickets. He them for two years.
A. collects B. collected C. will collect D. has collected
5 --- When did your book _______? --- In 2004.
A. come out B. come on C. come to D. come in
6-- ______ do you like the TV play ? --- It’s exciting.
A. What B. How C. Why D. When
7 ----- Must I get up early tomorrow ? ----- No, _________.
A. you mustn’t B. I don’t think you have to
C. you can’t D. you need
8.We like travelling from one place to ______to learn about different cultures.
A.other B.another C. others D. the others
9 ---- Who’s the man over there? Is if Mr Black ?
----- It ________ be him. He is much taller.
A. can’t B. mustn’t C. should D. may
10. Our job is very tiring. We _______ have to stop to have a rest.
A. some time B. some times C. sometime D. sometimes
11.The students can not only use the machines with safety but also ________ them.
A. to repairing B. to repair C. repairing D. repair
12. He didn’t practise, and _______ he lost.
A. by the result B. as a result C. for the result D. so
13. He was ______ excited ______ he couldn’t say a word.
A. so ; that B. such ; that C. too ; to D. enough ; to
14. The children look very ______ today. They are playing ______ in the park.
A. happy ; happy B. happily ; happily C. happy ; happily D. happily ; happy 15 It’s better ______ the book to the library as soon as you finish it.
A. return B. to return C. returning D. returned
16. I watch him ______ basketball when I got there.
A. playing B. to play C. played D. play
17. It was really an _____ movie. I enjoyed it a lot.
A. interest B. interested C. interesting D. interests
18. The room is dirty. Let me _______.
A. tidy it up B. to tidy it up C. tidy up it D. to tidy up it
19. Which hobby do you think ____ the least space?
A. puts up B. taking up C. take off D. takes up
20. There _____ an football match this Friday afternoon.
A. has B. is going to have C. will have D. will be
21.Danny did all kinds of things to make the baby _____.
A. To stop crying B. Stop crying C. To stop to cry D. Stop to cry