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九年级人教版unit8Grammar focus

发布时间:2013-11-06 10:46:37  

Unit 8

I’ll help clean up the city parks.
Section A
Grammar Focus

Grammar
短语动词
由动词加某些介词或副词构成的、起动词 作用的短语叫做短语动词。 短语动词的构成基本有下列几种:

★动词+ 介词 此类短语动词可以用作及物动词,后面必须 接宾语。 Look at the blackboard, please! 请看黑板! 此类短语动词还有listen to, depend on / upon, look for, deal with, look after, take after, wait for等。

★动词+ 副词
此类短语动词既可以用作及物动词,也可 以用作不及物动词。 I get up very early every morning. 我每天早晨都很早起床。

注意: 当此类短语动词用作及物动词时,如果宾语 是名词,可以将其放在短语的后面,也可以放在 动词和副词之间;如果宾语是代词,则必须将 其放在动词和副词之间。 He put on his clothes quickly. = He put his clothes on quickly. 他快速地穿上了衣服。 Please wake me up at five tomorrow morning. 请明天早晨五点钟叫醒我。

此类短语动词还有:
clean up, cheer up, give out, eat up, fix up, give up, give away, hand out, help out, put off, put up, take off等。

★动词+ 副词+ 介词 此类短语动词可以用作及物动词。 We’re running out of water.

我们的水快用光了。
此类短语动词还有come up with, do well in,

look forward to, look down upon, look out of,
put up with等。

★动词+名词+介词 此类短语动词的意义取决于名词,而不是动词, 修饰时不用副词而用形容词。 We should take good care of our parents. 我们应该好好照顾我们的父母。 此类短语动词还有make use of, take pride in, make friends with, pay attention to等。

根据句意及括号内的汉语提示,用短语的正 确形式填空。 think up 1. Can’t you _______ _______ (想出) a better excuse than that? 2. Your desks are too dirty. You should them up _______ _______ ______ (打扫它们) at once. clean 3. The school has _______ ______ (开办) a set up special class to help poor readers.

cheer her up 4. We should try our best to _____ _____ _____ (使
她开心起来).

come up with 5. Who can _______ ______ ______ (想出) a good
idea for our party? put up 6. The teacher _______ ______ (挂起) a Chinese map on the wall of the classroom yesterday. giving out / __________ 7. There are some people __________ handing out (分发) papers at the shopping center every day.

根据汉语意思完成下列句子 1. 这房间太脏了,请把它打扫干净。 This room is too dirty. Please ______ ______ clean it up ______. 2. 让我帮你做家务活吧。 help Let me ________ you ________ your with housework. 3. 露西,你能帮我把地图张贴到墙上吗? put up Lucy, could you help me ______ ______ the map on the wall?

根据句意, 从方框中选择正确的短语, 并用 其正确形式填空。

hang out
take after

write down
fix up

hand out
work out

ask for

run out of

tak

e away from

hang out, write down, hand out, take after, fix up, work out, ask for, run out of, take away from

fix up 1. Don’t worry. I will help you _______
your computer.

2. The problem is too difficult for me to
__________. work out 3. Who is helping the teacher _________ hand out the students’ homework?

hang out, write down, hand out, take after, fix up, work out, ask for, run out of, take away from 4. I have two children. My son looks like takes after me and my daughter _________ her mother.

5. Please wait a minute! I’ll get a pen to
__________ your telephone number. write down

ask for 6. If you have any problems, you can _______
help.

hang out, write down, hand out, take after, fix up, work out, ask for, run out of, take away from be taken away from 7. These books mustn’t ___________________ the library. hanging out / to hang out 8. I like ________________________ with my friends after school. run out of 9. Have you ____________ all of your money?

短语动词 单项选择 1. You are so handsome. I think you might _______ your father. A. look after B. take after C. look up D. look for

2. My pet dog is lost. Could you please help me _______? A. look it for B. look them for C. look for it D. look for them 3. The computer doesn’t work. Let’s _______. A. fix up it B. fix it up C. fix up them D. fix them up

4. Bob can’t buy any new books because he has _______ his money. A. run out B. run out of C. ran out D. ran out of 5. The tree is very tall. I can’t _______ now. A. get down B. turn down C. get out D. turn off

6. I’m going on vacation. Could you please _______ my dog while I am away?
A. take care C. took care B. take care of D. took care of

7. You must pay attention _______ your pronunciation. A. at B. with C. to D. in
8. I think parents should be strict _______ their children. A. is B. about C. of D. with

【2011山东济宁】18. -Could you please provide us ______ some information about the students’ health ? -Of course, it’s my pleasure. A. to B. of C. from D. with

答案:D 【解析】介词的用法。provide sb. with sth.意为 “向某人提供某物”,为固定短语。故选D。

【2012 福建福州】 It was such a funny show that people couldn't help _______ again and again. A. laugh B. to laugh C. laughing 【解析】考查固定搭配。can’t help doing sth. 意为“禁不住做某事”,此处句意为: 这是一场如此有趣的表演,以至于人们忍 不住笑了一次又一次。故选C。

【2012贵州贵阳】 When you leave the reading room, you should remember to ______ the lights. A. turn on B. turn down C. turn off 【解析】考查动词短语的用法。turn on 意为“打开”;turn down意为“关小”; turn off意为“关上”。根据句意:当你 离开阅览室时,你应该记住把灯关上。故 选C。

【2012安徽省】--- Smoking is bad for your health. ---You're right. I decide to_________. A. take it down B. find it out C.

turn it off D. give it up 【答案】D 【2012 甘肃鸡西市】 My grandpa is sleeping. Will you please _____ the radio? A. turn down B. turn up C. turn on 【答案】A

【2012 湖北黄石】We should learn how to ______ well with people around us. A. get along B. get down C. get to D. get up 【答案】A 【2012· 湖北· 荆州】 — I don’t think we can find a new day to work out the problem. — But we’d better not ________. A. end up B. hand out C. give up D. put out 【答案】C

【2012 浙江杭州】 He failed in the math test and looks sad. Let's ________. A. put him up B. set him up C. cheer him up D. clean him up 【答案】C 【2012 重庆市】 You don’t have to worry about me. I’m old enough to ______ myself. A. look after B. look for C. look up D. look at 【答案】A


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