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2013新人教版八上英语unit1导学案(1)

发布时间:2013-11-07 09:35:45  

2013-2014学年度新人教版八年级上册导学案

【课 题】 Unit 1 Where did you go on vacation?

Section A-1

八年级 主备课人:李亚民 审核:耿鹏 时间:2013年9月6日

姓名:____________ 班级:____________

【学习目标】

1、学会谈论过去发生的事件—学习一般过去时的用法

2、掌握规则动词的变换规则

3、熟记一些常用的不规则动词

【学习重点难点】复习一般过去时态的构成及用法;

进一步学习一般过去时态针对地点的提问及回答;

【课前预习】

一)、试一试你能写出下列各词的过去式吗?

stay_________ do_________ stop_________ play_________

is_________ go_______ buy_______ have _______

like_________ visit_________ are_________ carry_________

二)、快乐译一译

stay at home_________ go to summer camp_________

go to New York city______ go to the mountains_________

visit my uncle_________ go to the beach_________ visit museums _______

三)、考考你的迁移能力

1. Lucy usually______to school early. But today she ______to school late. (go)

2一What___________you__________(do) on your vacation last year?

--–We___________(play) on the beach.

3.I______ (call) you just now. But there_______ (be) no answer.

4.Where __________you(study) at home las night?

一No, I__________(help)my mother__________(clean) the room.

5. The students of Class One go to see the old woman __________ (one) a month.

【课堂探究】( 15分钟)

探究一、I、语法:一般过去时态的运用

1.

2 表示过去连续发生的动作时,要用过去时。这种情况下,往往没有表示过去的时间状语,

而通过上下文来表示。

The boy opened his eyes for a moment,looked at the captain,and then died.

那男孩把眼睛张开了一会儿,看看船长,然后就去世了。

3 表示过去一段时间内经常或反复的动作常与 always,never 等连用。

Mrs. Peter always carried an umbrella.彼得太太过去老是带着一把伞。

I、用be动词的适当形式填空

①I _______ at school just now.

② He ________ at the camp last week.

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③ We ________ students two years ago.

④They ________ on the farm a moment ago.

⑤Yang Ling ________ eleven years old last year.

⑥ There _______ an apple on the plate yesterday.

⑦There _______ some milk in the fridge on Sunday.

⑧The mobile phone _____ on the sofa yesterday evening.

II. 用动词的适当形式填空:

1.Tom and Mary ___________ (come) to China last month.

2.Mike _____(not go) to bed until 12 o’clock last night. So I_____(get ) up late.

3.Mary __________ (read) English yesterday morning.

4.There _________ (be) no one here a moment ago.

5.I ___________ (call) Mike this morning.

6.I listened but ___________ (hear) nothing.

7.Tom ___________ (begin) to learn Chinese last year.

8.Last week we _________ (pick) many apples on the farm.

9.My mother ________________ (not do) housework yesterday.

10.She watches TV every evening. But she ______ (not watch) TV last night. III、用括号内动词的正确形式填空

Last year Mr. Smith _____ (go ) to China and Japan. He _____ (have) a wonderful time. He _____ (do) a lot of different things and _____ (talk) to a great number of different people. He _____ (eat) Chinese and Japanese food and _____ (visit) a lot of interesting places. When he _____ (go) back to England, he _____ (be) very tired.

IIII、按要求变换句型:

1. I saw a lot of children ____________ on the playground.(正在打篮球)

2. Yesterday we went to the park. We had a great time there.(改成近义句) Yesterday we went to the park. We _________ _________ there.

3. I paid 20 yuan for the new book. (改成近义句)

I _______ __________ _________ ______ the new book.

4. My family and I visited some places of interest.(变成疑问句)

_____________________________________________

5. We did our homework.(变成否定句)

_______________________________________________

【教学反思】

【课 题】 Unit 1 Where did you go on vacation? 2

Section A -2

八年级 主备课人:李亚民 审核:耿鹏

班级:____________ 时间:2013年9月6日 姓名:____________

【学习目标】学习掌握有关复合不定代词和副词的用法; 继续学习Where的特殊疑问句及回答;

【学习重点难点】

学习掌握有关复合不定代词和副词的用法;

运用Where的特殊疑问句及回答编写对话

【课前预习】(3分钟)

一)、熟记下列短语并翻译

1. somewhere interesting __________ 2. feed some hens __________

3. buy something for my father___________ 4.照相__________

5. seem to be bored __________ 6. Go out with someone___________

7. buy something special __________ 8 写日记__________

9.大部分的猪_______________________ 10.去度假____________________

二)、一般过去时态检测

Dear bill,

How was your vacation? Did you do _________ interesting? Did ________ in the family go with you? I went to a friend’s farm in the countryside with my family. _________was great. We fed some hens and saw some baby pigs. They were so cute! The only problem was that there was ______ much to do in the evening but read. Still ___________ seemed to be bored. Byefor now! Mark

三)、背一背吧、

1. Long time no see.好久不见(2d)。用于口语中,是老朋友之间的客套语。

2.visit“拜访;探望”,后接表示人的名词或代词。

visit还可以意为“参观;游览”,后接表示地点的名词 拓展:visitor意为“参观者;游客”。

3.buy“买;购买”。其过去式为______ 。 buy sth. for sb.=buy sb. sth. 意为“给某人买某物”。My uncle_____ _____a bike.= My uncle_____ _____for me.

4.辨析:anywhere与somewhere

anywhere意为“在任何地方”,常用于否定句和疑问句中。 eg:I can’t find it anywhere.

somewhere意为“在某处;到某处”,常用于肯定句中。 eg:I lost my key somewhere near here.

5. .辨析: few /a few 几乎没有/有几个, little/a little没有/有点.few/a few修饰可数名词,little/a little修饰不可数名词;few little表示否定,a few/a little表示肯定。

6.take photos 照相,拍照片。

4..Bye for now.用于新建的结束语 “到此为止吧”

5.feed 喂养 过去式(fed)常见词组:feed on“以……为食” feed…to…. “把…喂…”

6、seem + 形容词 看起来?.. You seem happy today.

seem + to do sth. 似乎、好像做某事 I seem to have a cold

I seems / seemed + 从句 看起来好像?;似乎?. It seems that no one believe you.

seem like ?.好像,似乎?.. It seems like a god idea.

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7、太多,后接可数名词复数: Mother bought too many eggs yesterday. 太多,修饰不可数名词,修饰动词作状语。

We have too much work to do. Don’t talk too much. 太,修饰形容词或副词。

The hat is much too big for me. You’re walking much too fast.

分辨三者的口诀: too much, much too, 用法区别看后头: much 后接不可数, too 后修饰形或副。too many 要记住,后面名词必复数。

【课堂探究】(15分钟)

复合不定代词和不定副词的构成及其用法

1. 构成:由some, any, no, every分别加上-body, -thing, -one构成的不定代词叫做复合不定代词;加上-where构成副词。

2. 用法:

(1)复合不定代词在句中可以作主语,宾语或表语等。

Nobody will listen to him. He wants something to eat.

(2)不定代词作主语时,谓语动词要用单数。

There is nothing wrong with the TV. Everybody likes to be free.

(3)some-不定代词,通常用于肯定句中;any-不定代词则多用于否定句、疑问句和条件状语从句中。但some-可用于表请求、邀请、预料对方会作肯定回答时的疑问句中。

Someone called on her last week. There isn’t anyone else there.

Is anybody over there? (4)形容词修饰不定代词时,形容词要后置。There is something wrong with your eyes.

(5)somewhere, anywhere, nowhere, everywhere用作副词。

Trees turn green and flowers come out everywhere.

肯定句 somebody=someone某人 something某物 somewhere某地

否定句 not any=no anybody= anyone anything anywhere

否定意义(没有)nobody= no one nothing/^/ nowhere

everybody=everyone每人 everything每样东西 everywhere每个地方 巩固练习:用不定代词或不定副词填空:

1. I can’t hear anything = I can hear _________.

2. There is __________ on the floor. Please pick it up.

3. Did _____ go to play basketball with you ?

4. I phoned you last night, but ________ answered it.

5. I don’t think ___________ telephoned.

6. Why don’t you ask _________ to help you ?

7. If you want __________ , please let me know.

8. Shall we get _________ to drink ?

9. Don’t worry. There’s ______ wrong with your ears.

10. There’s __________ in the box. It’s empty.

11. Maybe __________ put my pencil _________. I can’t find it ___________.

课后练习(6分钟)

用所给词的正确形式填空。

1. Did you have fun __________(talk)with me?

2. My mother usually goes __________(shop)on Saturday afternoon.

3. She __________ __________ (not have)any time for the housework yesterday.

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4. All my __________(teacher)are friendly to us __________(student).

5. Look at the sky. Can you find the bird __________(fly)there?

6. Listen! It __________ __________(rain)again.

7. Is it time for us __________ __________(have)an exam?

Thursday July 28th

Today I’ll go a great time here, in Hainan Province(省). The (万泉河). It was amazing.

Five days ago, I went to Sanya by myself in the beautiful scenery(风光)the bus. There were many visitor visiting “Tianya Haijiao”, I spent all day there.

( )1. A. on B. back C. back to D. to

( )2. A. have B. had C. were D. spent

( )3. A. weather B. water C. sky D. food

( )4. A. go B. walk C. walks D. went

( )5. A. feel B. was C. have D. to fell

( )6. A. swam B. played C. visited D. looked

( )7. A. plane B. train C. bike D. bus

( )8. A. is B. was C. were D. had

( )9. A. lost B. spent C. enjoyed D. thought

( )10. A. in B. on C. outside D. with

【教学反思】

___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

【课 题】 Unit 1 Where did you go on vacation?

Section B

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八年级 主备课人:李亚民 审核: 耿鹏 时间:2013年9月6日

班级:____________ 姓名:____________

【学习目标】词汇:不定代词; 学习巩固复合不定代词的用法

【学习重点难点】复合不定代词的用法

【课前预习】

1、家中某个人 朋友的农场在乡村 喂鸡 看见仔猪

似乎 再见 有很多要做的事情

【课堂探究】(15分钟)复合不定代词用法大盘点

复合不定代词是由some-,any-,no-,every-加上-one,-body,-thing等所组成的不定代词。复合不定代词包括 something, somebody, someone, anything, anybody, anyone, nothing, nobody, no one, everything, everybody, everyone 等十二个。这些复合代词具有名词性质,在句中可用作主语、宾语或表语,但不能用作定语。使用时注意以下几点:

一)、复合不定代词的指代对象

1、含-body和-one的复合代词只用来指人,含-body的复合不定代词与含-one的复合不定代词在功能和意义上完全相同,可以互换。只是用-body时显得较通俗些,多用于口语中,用-one时显得较文雅些,更常见于正式场合及书面语中。如:

Someone/Somebody is crying in the next room.有人在隔壁房间哭。

No one/Nobody is stupid. 没有谁是愚蠢的。

2、含-thing的复合不定代词只用来指事物。如:

I can hear nothing but your vioce. 我只听到了你的声音。

二)、复合不定代词的数

1、复合不定代词都具有单数的含义,因此通常被看成是单数第三人称。当它们充当句子的主语时,其后的谓语动词用单数形式。如:

Is everyone here today? 今天,大家都到齐了吗?

Nothing is difficult if you put your heart into it. 世上无难事,只怕有心人。

2、当要对一群人讲话时,可使用以复合不定代词作主语的祈使句,句中的动词用原形。如: Nobody move!= Don’ anybody move! 都别动!Everyone lie down! 统统趴下!

三)、复合不定代词的定语:复合不定代词的定语必须后置,即放在复合不定代词的后面。

四)、含some-和any-的复合不定代词间的用法区别

由some-和any-所构成的复合不定代词(即something和anything;someone和anyone;somebody和anybody)之间的区别跟some和any的区别一样。

1、something,someone,somebody通常用于肯定句中,而anything,anyone,anybody一般用于否定句,疑问句或条件状语从句中。如:

Do you have anything to say ?你有话要说吗?

I can’t meet anybody on the island. 在岛上,我没遇见任何人。

2、在表示请求、邀请、提建议等带有委婉语气的疑问句,和希望得到对方肯定答复的疑问句,以及表示反问的问句中,也用something,someone,somebody等复合不定代词。如: Would you like something to eat?要些吃的东西吗?

Isn’t there something wrong with you? 难道你没问题吗?

练习:

I、用anyone ,something, anything, everything, nothing, everyone , no one 填空。

1. Linda: Did you do ____________ fun on your bacation, Alice?

6

Alice: Yes, I did. I went to Sanya.

Linda: How did you like it?

Alice: Well, it was my first time there, so __________ was really interesting.

Linda: Did you go with ___________?

Alice: Yes, I did. I went with my sister.

Linda: Did you go shopping?

Alice: Of course! I bought _________ for my parents. But __________ for myself.

Linda: Why didn’t you buy __________for yourself.

Alice: I didn’t really see___________ I liked.

II、用所给词的适当形式填空。

A: Where did you ________ (go) on vacation.

B: I ________ (go) to New York City.

A: Oh, really? ________ you go to Central Park?

B: Yes, _________ _________ . It _________ (be) really nice.

A: What about _________(your), Kevin?

C: I went to the beach.

A: Oh, that _______ (be) nice. _______(do) you play volleyball?

C: No, ________(me) didn’t.

A: Well, did you ________ (swim) ?

B: Yes, I ________(do). The water ________ (be) really warm

III、用括号内词的适当形式填空:

1. She _________(not visit) her aunt last weekend. She ________ (stay) at home and _________(do) some cleaning.

2. When _____ you _________(write) this song? I ______(write) it last year.

3. Carol___________(study) for the math test and __________(practice) English last night.

4. --________ Mr. Li __________(do) the project on Monday morning?----Yes, he _________.

5. :How _________(be) Jim's weekend? :It _________(be not) bad.

ust, our class_________(do) something very special on our school trip. We __________(go) to mount Tai. We_________(start) our trip at 12:00 at night. Everyone in our class_________(take) a bag with some food and water. After three hours, someone looked at the map and _________(find) out we __________(be ,not) anywhere near the top. My legs ________(be) so tired that I wanted to stop. My classmates_________(tell) me to keep going, so I _________(go) on. At 5:00 a.m., we got to the top! Everyone _________(jump) up and down in excitement. Twenty minutes later, the sun ________(start) to come up. It was so beautiful that we ________(forget) about the last five hours!

【教学反思】

_____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

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