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初中英语的定语从句课件

发布时间:2013-09-18 18:35:22  

定语从句 Attributive Clause
1.What is it ? I’ve never heard it.

Let’s learn it carefully!

Apple?

Which apple do you prefer? I prefer the red apple.
I prefer the green one.

Cat?

the cat in the tree the cat in the box Which cat do you prefer? I prefer the cat in the tree.

I prefer the cat in the box.

Robot?

Hello, I can play

Hi, I can clean

the guitar.

the house.

Which robot do you prefer?

I prefer the robot which can play the guitar.

I prefer the robot which can clean the house.

Guess?

I prefer the robot which
can sing.

1. Now do you know what it is? It is a clause which we use to describe a noun. 2. Then how to make attributive clause?

?

a. What can you find?
? I prefer the robot which can play the guitar. ? I prefer the robot which can clean the house. ? I prefer the robot which can sing.

b. How to make it ? I prefer the robot the robot

can The robot play the guitar
which

Think and conclude
1.意义: 定语从句是用来修饰名词的句子. 2.写法: ①找出两个简单句的共有成分; ②将从句中的共有成分去掉; ③用关系词引导剩下的从句,并紧 接在被修饰词之后.

简化图示
主句: 共有词 从句:

共有词

关系词
共有词 关系词 主句 从句

Example I prefer the robot the robot

can The robot play the guitar
which

Let’s have a try!
1. Yibin is a very beautiful city. It is called Liquor City. Yibin is a very beautiful city which is called Liquor City. 2. Here are the farmers. They discovered the old vase. Here are the farmers which discovered the old vase.



×

Why is it wrong?

Why?

?

3. 关于关系代词
定语从句中关系词分为关系代词和关系副词, 其中关系代词为:which, who, whom, that, whose. 关系代词的选用取决于被修饰词(先行词)
物 被修饰词 (先行词) 关系代词 人 人,物 所属关 系 通用 whose

主 宾 which who whom that who

1.Here are my neighbors ______ home whose was destroyed by the earthquake.

Let’s have a try!

2.The terrible shaking of the building woke up all the people _________ were asleep. who/that

3. several days later most of the buildings __________ had been which/that damaged were repaired.

4. This frightened boy _____ mother whose

was lost in the disaster is looking for her now.

5. We went to see our teacher _____ whose husband lost his life in the earthquake.
who/that 6. “Is this the young man _______ saved several people trapped under buildings?” She asked.

whose 7. A number of children ______ parents had died in the quake were sent to live with families in other cities.

关系代词在定语从句中做主语时,谓语

动词的单复数应与先行词保持一致。
1) I prefer shoes that are cool.

2) I like a pizza that is really delicious.
3) I love singers who are beautiful.

4) I have a friend who plays sports.

On a distant land, there is a paradise(天堂). It is said that anybody or anything that is s

ent there can be changed into a prince or a princess. And he or she will live a happy life forever.

Now here are 2 girls, 2 men and 2 pianos, and you can choose one of them to sent to the paradise. Let’s have a look.

She often smiles Her parents died. to others

He can cook delicious food

He likes teaching.

It belonged to It helps a group of Beethoven children.

Group work

Every 6 students a group to

discuss which one you will choose.

example

Tr: Which one will you choose?

S: We will choose the girl.

Tr: Which girl?

S: The girl who often smiles to others.



Let’s have a try!
1.This is the park. We visited the park last year. This is the park (that / which )we visited last year.



2.This is the park. We held a party in the park. This is the park (that / which ) we held a party.

×

Why is it wrong?

Why?

?

4. 关于关系副词
定语从句中关系词分为关系代词和关系副词, 其中关系副词为:where, when, why.(可转换 为:介词+which
在定语从句 中做状语

地点 where

时间 原因(先行词
只能是reason)

关系副词

when

why for which

? 定语从句关系副词的用法:
1、Where指地点,在从句中充当地点状语。 This is the place where (in which) we lived ten years ago.
2、 When指时间,在从句中充当时间状语。 He told me the date when(on which) he joined the Party.

3、Why指原因,在定语从句中充当原因状语。 I know the reason why(for which) she was so angry.

关系副词when, where和关系代词that, which的区别:

同样是修饰一个地点,有时使用where, 有时使用that/which;同样是修饰一个时 间,有时使用when, 有时使用 that/which。这主要看两点: 一:先行词在从句中所作成分; 二:定语从句中的谓语动词是否 一 个及物动词。

Let’s have a try!
1) This is the house ______ once Lu Xun where in which lived . This is the house __________ once Lu which/that Xun lived in.

这就是鲁迅曾经住过的房子。

Let’s have a try! where 2) Gaoxian is the place ________ I was born. = in which

Gaoxian is the placewhich/that I _________ was born in. 高县是我出生的地方。

What should we pay more attention to?
What?

5.which和that的区别:
1. 介词后只能用which(先行词指物)
The school in which he once studied is very famous. 2. 非限制性定语从句只用which The book is very interesting, which my brother bought me .

3. 只用that不用which
1) 先行词既有人又有物时;
The film star (人) and her film (物) that you have just talked about is well-known.

2) 先行词前面有最高级或序数词修饰时;
① He is the first person that passed the exam.

② He is the hardest man (that) I have ever met.

3) 当先行词前面有the only, the same, the last, the very时;
The only thing (that) I want to do is to have a rest.

4.在who, which引导的特殊疑问句中, 定语从句 中避免重复,一般也只用that; 1

) Who is the man that is standing there? 2) Which is the T-shirt that fits me most? 5. 当先行词是anything, everything, nothing, few, all, none, little, much 等代词时,或者是 由 any, all, no, only 等修饰时; 1) Is there anything that you don’t know? 2) I want to read all the books that were written by Lu Xun.

注: 当one, ones, anybody, anyone, all, none, those, he, they, that, you 等作先行词时 ( 指人)一般用who,不用that. Those who want to go to the cinema will have to wait at the gate of the school. 想去看电影的人必须在校门口等。

6.关系代词前介词的确定

1) This is the car ____which I bought / last year. for 2) This is the car ____which I paid 100$. 4) This is the car ____which I go to work in every day. 6) This is the car ____which the window of

3) This is the car ____which I spent 100$. on

5) This is the car about which we talked . _____

was broken.

1) The book __________ I heard was of which written 20 years ago. to whom 2) The people __________ the man spoke weren’t listening. 3) The film __________ I fell asleep was in which very boring. 4) The pen __________ she wrote that with which book can now be seen in a museum. 5) The little creature _________ in which scientists are interested is known as ET.

Let's check.

1. The place ____ interests the B children most is the children's palace. A. what B. that C. where D. in which 2. The mountain ____ we visited last D summer is the highest mountain in Europe. A. where B. on which C. what D. which 3. This is the park ____ I visited last A week. A. which B. when C. what D. where

A. who B. which C. that D. whose E. whom 1. This is the scientist ____ name is D known all over the country. A 2. I have found a man ____ can help you. A 3. He ____ plays with fire gets hurt. 4. Which statement ____ is made C according to the passage is right? 5. Is there anything more in this article____ you think is wrong? C

A. Who B. which C. that D. whose E. whom 6. The young man was very happy to get back the gold ring ___ he had lost on the B train. A 7. The man ___ is shaking hands with the headmaster is a policeman. 8. The famous basketball star ___ you wish E to see has come. 9. She spent the whole evening talking C about the things and persons ___ none of us has ever heard of.

A. who B. which C. that D. whose E. whom 11. This the best film ___ I have ever C seen. A 12. Those __ break the law must be punish. C 13.This is the only answer ____ we think is right. E 14. I know the student from ____ you borrowed the dictionary. 15. That is the factory in ____ they once B worked.

合并句子:
1. I like the movie. The movie is exciting.

I like the movie that is exciting . 2. The man is a worker. The man is speaking at the meeting. The man who is speaking at the meeting is a worker.

3. The woman is a teacher.

The woman lives next door.
The woman who lives next door is a teacher. 4. Mary is a girl. Mary has long hair. Mary is a girl who

has long hair.

1. 这就是救了那个孩子命的医生. This is the doctor who saved the boy’s life. 2. 正在跑步的那个人是我的叔叔. The man who is running is my uncle.

3. 我喜欢可以随之而唱的音乐.
I like the music that I can sing along with. 4. 住在隔壁的那个女的是一名教师.

The woman who lives next door is a teacher.

Homework 1.Do exercise book. 2.Write 6 sentences with attributive clause.

Bye-bye Have a nice day!


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