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2013秋新目标英语七年级上册unit1知识讲解与练习

发布时间:2013-09-18 18:35:22  

Unit1 Where did you go on vacation ?

SectionA

学习目标

? 知识目标:1.复合不定代词(anyone,anything,something,

everything,nothing)含义及用法。2.一般过去式的规则动词与不规则动词。

? 能力目标:Learn to talk about past events using the simple past tense.

? 情感目标:Talk about own vacation experience and enjoy the life. 合作探究 A: Where _did you go on vacation?

你去哪儿度假了? B:I _went_ to the mountains.我去爬山了。

1a.Match the activities with the pictures[a-g] 1.stayed at home _2.went to New York City._3.visited my uncle._4.went to summer camp._5.went to the mountains._6.went to the

beach._7.visited museums._(你会读并翻译它们吗?)

2cRole-play conversations between Grace,Kevin and Julie.

? A: Grace, where did you go on vacation ?

? B: I went to New York City.

? A: Oh, really? Did you go with anyone?

? B: Yes, I went with my mother.

2d Role-play the conversation.

? Rick: Hi,Helen.Long time no see.

? Helen: Hi,Rick.Yes,Iwas on vacation last month.

? Rick: Oh, did you go anywhere interesting?

? Helen: Yes,I went to Guizhou with my family.

? Rick: Wow!Did you see Huangguoshu Waterfall?

? Helen: Yes,Idid.It was wonderful!We took quite a few photos there .What about you? Did you do anything special last month? ? Rick: Not really.I just stayed at home most of the time to read and relax.

3a.Fill in the blanks with the words in the words in the box and practice.

anyone something anything everything nothing

? Linda:Did you do_anything fun on your vacation,Alice?

? Alice:Yes,Idid.Iwent to Sanya.

? Linda: How did you like it?

? Alice:Well,it was my first time there, so_everything was

really interesting.

? Linda:Did you go with__anyone __?

? Alice:Yes, Idid.I went with my sister.

? Linda:Did you go shopping?

? Alice:Of course!I bought__something _for my parents,but__nothing _for myself.

? Linda:Why didn’t you buy _anything _for yourself?

? Alice:Ididn’t really see__anything _I liked.

3b.Fill in the blanks in the e-mail message with the words in the box. anything everything nothing everyone no one

? Dear Bill,

? How was your vacation?Did you do_anything interesting?Did _everyone _in the family go with you?I went to a friend’s

farm in the coutryside with my family._ Everything _was

great.We fed some hens and saw some baby pigs.They were so cute! The only problem was that there was _nothing much to do in the evening but read. Still_no one seemed to be bored. Bye for now! Mark.

点拨提升

1.Where did you go on vacation ?

1)翻译:__你去哪儿度假了?___

2)本句是一般过去式的特殊疑问句,由_where _引导,询问_地点 _;_did _是助动词do 的过去式,在句中帮助构成疑问句或否定句。 _where_ did you __have__ _lunch_yesterday?(昨天你去哪儿吃午饭了?)

3) on vacation 意为___在度假__.相当于___on holiday _.去度假:___go on vacation . 2. Did you do anything special last month?

1)翻译:__上个月你做什么特别的事了吗?__

2)anything special意为__任何特别的事情__,复合不定代词

(some/any/no/every + thing/one/body)被形容词修饰时,形容词应后置作定语.There is __something wrong_ with my bike.(我的自行车出了毛病。)Everything __goes _(go)well.

复合不定代词作主语时,谓语动词用__单数 _形式。

合成不定代词和不定副词的构成及其用法

1. 构成:由some, any, no, every分别加上-body, -thing, -one构成的不定代词叫做合成不定代词;加上-where构成副词。

2. 用法:

(1)合成不定代词在句中可以作主语,宾语或表语等。 Nobody will listen to him.

He wants something to eat.

(2)不定代词作主语时,谓语动词要用单数。 There is nothing wrong with the TV.

Everybody likes to be free.

(3)some-不定代词,通常用于肯定句中;any-不定代词则多用于否定句、疑问句和条件状语从句中。但some-可用于表请求、邀请、预料对方会作肯定回答时的疑问句中。

Someone called on her last week.

There isn’t anyone else there.

Is anybody over there?

Could you give me something to eat?

(4)形容词修饰不定代词时,通常要放在不定代词之后。

There is something wrong with your eyes.

(5)somewhere, anywhere, nowhere, everywhere用作副词。

Trees turn green and flowers come out everywhere.

巩固练习:用不定代词或不定副词填空:

1. I can’t hear anything = I can hear _________.

2. There is __________ on the floor. Please pick it up.

3. Did _____ go to play basketball with you ?

4. I phoned you last night, but ________ answered it.

5. I don’t think ___________ telephoned.

6. Why don’t you ask _________ to help you ?

7. If you want __________ , please let me know.

8. Shall we get _________ to drink ?

9. Don’t worry. There’s ______ wrong with your ears.

10. There’s __________ in the box. It’s empty. 11. Maybe __________ put my pencil _________. I can’t find it ___________.

3.No one seemed to be bord.

1)翻译:___没有人好像无聊。

2)Seem是系动词,意为_似乎,好像_,其用法如下:

a.seem +(to be )名词/形容词(作表语) He seems to be happy. b.Seem +to do sth.The students seemed to understand the word. c.It seems that从句。It seems that he is happy.

达标检测

? 一.填词:1.I don’t like the film.Ifelt b_ored _.

? 2.He s_eemed_to be quite sad.3.Did you buy anything for ___yourself ___(你自己)?

? 二.单选题

? ( B )1.The teacher will tell us ___after school.

A.important somethingB. something important

C. important anything D. anything important

? ( C )2.-Excuse me,is there _______ in today’s newspaper? - No, nothing.

A.something new B.new something C.anything new

三.汉提完句: 1.__How was_ your vacation?(你的假期过得怎么样?) 2.I have ___nothing to do__ in the evening.(晚上我无事可做。)

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