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2013年中考英语 完形填空训练导学案

发布时间:2013-11-09 10:40:09  

中考选择性 完形填空专题

Ⅰ. Teaching Aims and Demands:

To learn to grasp the steps of doing cloze exercise.

To learn to grasp some useful skills of doing cloze exercise.

Ⅱ. Teaching Key &Difficult Points:

To grasp the steps and skills of doing cloze tests

领悟基础知识我能行

Step1. Introduce the main features of cloze tests. 完形填空题是中考的主流题型,是考查词汇、语法与阅读理解等多种内容的综合填空题。完形填空题的设置,目的是考查学生的阅读理解能力和综合语言知识的运用能力。其特点如下:

1、体载、题材多样,考查学生涉猎各种信息的能力

2、侧重整体理解,考查学生快速阅读能力

3、侧重基础知识,考查学生语言知识的掌握能力

4、上下对照,考查学生捕捉关键词的能力

5、设置语境,考查学生的分析推理能力

6、结合生活,考查学生利用常识解题的能力

Step2. Please fill in the blanks with right words and then summary right ways to solve the cloze exercises.

Question 1. What’s the most suitable way to solve the cloze tests?(八字方针) Question2. What’s your biggest problem ?

Cloze Test

(A)--- 2011三市一企中考试题

Dear Students,

I am very happy to be your guest speaker today. It is a great pleasure to visit your school and to meet all of you.

I would like to tell you about 1 . I have been a news reporter for the past fifteen years. I __2__ this job so I could travel the world,but job has taught me many unforgettable lessons. The work is sometimes __3__. I have seen famines(饥荒),earthquakes,poorness and death. But I have __4__ seen courage,hope and happiness.

In India,I visited a city where there were many homeless children. Some were 5 as four years old. They lived in the __6__ and depended on themselves by begging or stealing. But then a wonderful lady called Rosa opened a home for them. Within one year,she was __7__ two hundred children. She clothed them,fed them and taught them. She gave them __8__.

__9__ time,I was in Turkey after a terrible earthquake. In one place,I found an old lady whose house was destroyed. Her son was missing and rescue(救援) workers said 10 no chance that he was still alive. But the old lady did not __11__ hope. For four days,she moved heavy stones one at a time by herself. She did not stop 1

__12__ she found her son. He was alive.

Here in China,I met a young boy 13 was seriously ill. He had had twenty operations and spent nearly his whole life in hospital. I thought he would be __14__,but when I met him,his smile was so warm and welcoming. __15 ,we need good models that we can admire and learn from. When my life is difficult,I try to remember the courage and goodness of these three people.

( )1. A. myself B. me C. us D. ourselves

( )2. A. found B. had C. chose D. liked

( )3. A. interesting B. important C. easy D. difficult

( )4. A. never B. also C. ever D. already

( )5. A. as young B so little C. as small D. so old

( )6. A. hotels B. streets C. houses D. classrooms

( )7. A. looking after B aiming at . C dealing with D. thinking about

( )8. A. money B. food C. medicine D. hope

( )9. A. One B. Another C. The other D. Other

( )10. A it turned . B. it seemed C. there was D. there were

( )11. A. give out B. give up C. give back D. give off

( )12. A. until B. while C. when D. after

( )13. A. which B what . C. whose D. who

( )14. A. happy B. unlucky C. sad D. friendly

( )15. A. At school B At work . C. In life D. In hospital

Ask the students to solve these questions by themselves in the own group.二级题:3、4、14、14。

Analyse important problems through asking students to explain them. 一级题:1、2、5、9、10.

掌握基本技能我最捧

Step3 题型解读

(一).词、句、语法型

以考查语法为目的而设置的空白。解此类题需要根据词与词、句与句之间的关系来判断各种时态和语态的运用,动词及其短语的搭配和用法等。一般地说,考查的语法以实词为主,兼顾虚词和语法结构。(单纯语法题减少)

1)When two people are in a conversation, the speaker will only look at the listener from time to time, in order to make sure that the listener does pay attention 48 what he or she is speaking?

( )48. A. for B. of C. with D. to

2)In the morning, the king went to visit the pond. To his surprise, the pond was only filled with water! What happened? Yes! Everyone had the same idea 48 that man.

( )48. A. with B. of C. as D. for 方法归纳:联系整句,关注词法、句法及语法结构,搭配合理得当。

(二).浅层文意分析型

考查以实词为主,虚词为辅,凸显新课程倡导的综合语言运用能力的考查目标。实词侧重考查语境分析能力和逻辑推理能力,学生必须依据上下文提供的信息和暗示的线索来做出选择,考查目标为“运用”。 重阅读,考推理;重运用,轻死记;重语篇,轻语法。

3)All over the world people swim for fun. Swimming is enjoyed by people of 32 ages, from the very young to the very old. There are many places for people to swim 2

in swimming pools.

( )32. A. all B. none C. both D. neither

4)The car hit a police motorbike down and stopped. Mr. Smith shouted,“Help! Help!”Then he 14 back to grab the man’s gun. At the same time the policemen heard the 15 and quickly caught the gunman.

( )14. A. got B. looked C. turned D. came

( )15. A. sound B. man C. voice D. noise

方法归纳:瞻前顾后,合理推断,切勿以偏概全。

(三).深度逻辑推理型

考查考生对文章内容进行逻辑分析、上下联系、综合判断的能力,主要是对片段或全文中心意思的考查。要求考生能正确理解上下文(包括上下段)之间的连贯意义,对文章的主旨能准确判断

5)Mr Brown began to walk at eight in the morning. Now the sun was about to set. He was tired and hungry. He was walking slowly towards the 1 and his shadow lay long behind him. He had to look for a place for the night.

( )1.A. east B. west C. south D. north

方法归纳:立足全局,把握主题,强调逻辑,合理判断。

Step4 Comment on Cloze Test B

(B)—2012三市一企中考试题

Life is full of surprise. When I asked my daughter which item she would keep: the phone, the car, the cooker, the computer, the TV, or her boyfriend, she said“ 1 ”. Personally, I could do without the phone completely, which makes me 2 , because the telephone is changing our lives more than 3 invention. The telephone created the need to 4 , in the same way that more roads create more 5 . My daughter comes home from school at 4:00p.m.and then 6 an hour on the phone talking to the very people she has been at school with all day. If there was no phone, would she have anything to 7 ? The mobile phone means that we are never 8 . “The mobile saved my life,”says Crystal Johnstone. She had 9 in her car on the highway between Otley and Skiption. Trapped(被困0 inside, she succeed in making the call 10 brought the ambulance( 救护车) to save her.

The mobile removes our privacy.(隐私) It allows Carl Morgan, a marketing manager, 111 his sales staff all around the world at any time of day to ask where they are, where they are going, and 12 their last meeting went.

The telephone allows us to reach out beyond(超出?范围) our own 13 . Today we can talk to several complete strangers on chat lines at the same time (at least my daughter does. I wouldn’t know what to talk about). We can talk across the world We can 14 talk to astronauts(if you know any) while they 15 in space. And, with the telephone hooked up(连接) to the computer, we can surf the Internet, the biggest library. on Earth.

( )1. A. the computer B. the phone C. the cooker D. the car

( )2 .A. unusual B. unlucky C. uncomfortable D. unhappy

( )3. A. other B. the other C. any other D. 3

another

( )4. A. speak

( )5. A. traffic

business

( )6. A. takes

( )7. A. talk with

about

( )8. A. safe

( )9. A. a dream

sleep

( )10. A. whose

( )11. A. to call

care

( )12. A. where

( )13. A. life

( )14.A. yet

( )15. A. are walking B. interview C. explain D. communicate B. station C. pollution . D. B. spends C. costs D. pays B. think of C. t talk about D. think B. free C. bored B an accident . C. a headache D. alone D. a B. when B. to help B. why B. lives B. ever B. walk C. who D. that C. to notice D. to C. how D. what C. lifestyle D styles. C. never D. even C. are surfing D. surf 一级题:2、4、5、7、11、12、13、15 二级题:3、6、10、14

Step5 Summary all the key points to solve cloze tests

完形填空的解题步骤

(把握整体 具体分析)

细读首句, 通读全文,把握大意

结合选项,综合考虑,初定答案

瞻前顾后,先易后难,个个击破

侧重整体,再读全文,带入检查,

四.达标测评 基本题型我过关

完形填空(共15小题,计15分 )

通读下面短文,掌握其大意,然后在各题所给的四个选项(A、B、C和D)中选出一个最佳选项。 Lill was a French girl who moved to America with her family. She 1 school at the age of 16.She had to work to support the family. Her 2 was very poor. She didn’t have the confidence to knock on the door of a company to ask for a job. One day, Lill saw a sign at a company. “Help wanted,” the sign said. She walked up to the office and knocked on her very 3 door. She 4 by the office manager, Margaret Costello. n her broken English, Lill told her she 5 the secretarial(秘书的)position, and said that she was 19.Margaret knew 6 wasn’t right, but decided to give the girl a 7.

Margaret sat her down at a typewriter and said, “Lill, let’s see how good you really are.” She let Lill 8 a single letter, and then left. Lill looked at the clock and saw that it was 11:40am. Everyone would be leaving for lunch at noon. She thought that she could slip away(溜走)in the crowd then. But she thought she should 4

at least try the letter. On her first try, she got through one 9 . It had five words, and she made four mistakes. She pulled the paper out and threw it away. The clock now read 11:45. On her second try, Lill got through a full paragraph, but still made many mistakes. Again she pulled out the paper, threw it out and started over. This time she completed the letter, but there were 10 many mistakes. She looked at the clock: 11:55. Just then, Margaret walked in. She read the letter and then said, ‘Lill, you did a 11 job!’ Lill was surprised. With those simple words of encouragement, her 12 began to grow. She thought, “Well, 13 she thinks it’s good, then it must be good. I think I’ll 14 !

Lill did stay at the company for 51 15 and through two world wars—all because someone gave a shy and uncertain young girl of self-confidence when she knocked on the door.

( )1.A. started B. left for C. dropped out of D. came to

( )2. A. family B. English C. schoolwork D. French

( )3. A .first B. heavy C. last D. next

( )4.A.was told B. was seen C. was asked D. was met

( )5.A.was worried about B. gave up C. found out D. was interested in

( )6.A.something B. anything C. nothing D. everything

( )7.A.job B. chance C. lesson D. reason

( )8.A.write B. type C. post D. have

( )9.A.line B. word C. paragraph D. page

( )10.A.never B. even C. hardly D. still

( )11.A.bad B. good C. careful D. awful

( )12.A.happiness B. worry C. courage D. confidence

( )13.A.if B. because C. though D. unless

( )14.A.leave B. do C. stay D. go

( )15.A.months B. years C. weeks D. days

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