before, discover , fast, in, come, watch , so, fast it, ago , shine, not can Light travels at a speed(速度) which is about a million times 1 . ________ than that of sound. 2. ________ one second, light travels about 300,000 kilometers, but sound travels only 340 meters. You can get some idea of this difference by 3. ________ the start of a running match. If you stand far away from the starter(发令员), you can see smoke
4.________ from his gun 5.________ the sound reaches your ears.
The fast speed of light produces some strange facts. The nearest star is 6. ________ far away that light which you can see from it tonight started to travel to you four years 7. ________ at a speed of nearly two million kilometers every minute. The light from some of tonight's started on 8. ________ journey towards you even before you were born. So, if we want to be honest(诚实), we 9. ________ say , " The stars are shining brightly tonight." We have to say, " The stars look nice. They were 10. ________ four years ago but their light has just reached our earth. "
other, move, enough, find ,desert, make, use , another, friend , carry , trouble, friend
You may think there is nothing but sand in the desert of the world, but it is not true. In the desert we can 1._______ stones. We can see hills, too. There is a little rain in the 2.________, but it is not 3. ______ for most plants.
The animals are 4. _______ to the desert people in many ways. The desert people eat the meat and drink the milk of the animals. They use their skins to 5. ________ shoes, water bags and even tents(帐篷). They use the camels(骆驼) for 6. _______ things.
The people of the desert have to keep 7. _______ from places to place. They must always look for grass or desert plants for their animals. They usually live in the tents. When there is mo more food for their animals, they take down their tents, put them on the camels and move to 8. _______ place. The desert people are very 9. _______. No man in the desert would ever refuse to help the people in 10._______ and give them food and water.
The world of the out-of doors is full of secrets. And 1. ________ are so interesting that quite a lot of people are busy studying them. All
around us are birds, animals, trees and flowers. The facts about
2.________ they live and grow are as interesting as anything could be. Do you know that one of the great presidents of the United States 3 ________ hours and hours studying birds? A businessman who lives near New York City became so interested in insects(昆虫) that he began to collect them. He now has more than one thousand different kinds 4. ________ kept in the glass boxes.
Come then with me, and I will help you find some of Nature's secrets. Let us go quietly through the woods and fields. Here we shall find how a rabbit tells the other rabbits that there is danger. We shall follow a mother bear and her young ones as they search for food and get ready for 5. ________ sleep. We shall watch bees 6. ________ in the air to let other bees know where they can find food. I will 7.________ you many other interesting things, but the 8. ________ thing that I can teach you is to keep your eyes and ears 9.________ when you go out of doors. Nature tells her secrets 10.________ to people who look and listen carefully.
Mr Hill arrives at London Airport, at the end of a three-week holiday in 1. ________. Usually he wears a beard(蓄着胡须). Since it has been
2.________ there, he has taken it off (剃掉). But his passport photo shows him with his 3. ________.
An officer looks at the 4. ________for a moment, and says，"Will you excuse me? Please sit down. I shan't keep you long." With this, he walks away, shows the photo to a second 5.________, and says: "I know that face." The second officer looks at the 6. ________ and asks where Mr Hill has come from. When he hears that Mr Hill has arrived back from Paris, the 7.________ officer smiles and says: "An Englishman with a beard stole a painting in Paris on Friday, And that man looks just the kind of man..."
8.________ it comes to the first officer who Mr Hill is. He returns to him, and asks: "Did you
9. ________ at the No.2. High School?" When Mr Hill answers, 10. ________, that he did, the first officer smiles and says: "I thought so. I'm Jack Smith. You taught me French. You haven't changed a bit."
Thomas Edison was a great American 1.________ . When he was a
child, he was always 2.________ questions and trying out new ideas. No matter 3.________ hard it was, he never gave up.
Young Tom was in school for only three months. His teacher didn't understand why he had 4.________ many strange questions. Most of them were not about his lessons. The teacher didn't want to teach Tom any 5.________ . He asked Tom's mother to take the boy home. Tom's mother taught him to read and write, and she found him 6.________ a very good pupil. He learnt very fast and became very 7.________ in science.
One day , he saw a little boy 8.________ on the railway tracks at a station. A train was coming near quiclly, and the boy was too frightened to move. Edison rushed out and carried the boy to 9 .________. The boy's father was so 10.________ that he taught Edison to send messages by telegraph.
"Dreams (梦 ) may be more important than sleep. We all need to dream," some scientists say.
Dreams take up about one quarter of our 1 .________ time. People have several 2. ________each night. Dreams are like short films. They
are usually in colour. Some dreams are 3. ________ old films. They come to us over and over 4. ________. That may be because the dreamer is worrying about something. Dreaming may be a way of trying to find an answer.
Some people get new ideas 5. ________ their work from dreams. They may have been 6. ________ about their work all day. These thoughts can carry over into dreams.
Sometimes we 7. ________ with a good feeling from a dream. But often we can't remember the dream. Dreams can disappear (消失) 8. ________ from memory (记忆).
Too much dreaming can be harmful (有害的). The 9. ________ we sleep, the longer we dream. The mind is hard at work when we dream. That is 10. ________ we may have a long sleep and still wake up tired.
More than seven hundred years ago, the Prince of Wales had a very big and brave dog called Gelert.
One day the Prince wanted to go 1. ________ with his men. He told his 2. ________ to stay at home and look after his baby son. The baby
was in a wooden cradle (摇篮), which was like a small bed.
When the Prince came back from hunting, Gelert ran out to meet his master. He wagged his tail and jumped up to put his paws （前爪）on the Prince's chest. Then the Prince saw the blood on Gelert's jaws and head. "What have you done?" the Prince said. He rushed into his house and 3. ________his baby son. The cradle was lying on its side on the floor. The clothes were torn and there was blood on them.
"So you have killed my son?" the Prince said angrily. "You unfaithful dog!" He took out his sword（剑） and 4. ________ the dog. Just as Gelert was 5. ________ , he managed to bark. Then the Prince heard a baby call to the dog.
The Prince ran out of the house and saw his son lying on the ground unhurt. Near him was a dead 6. ________. Then the Prince knew that Gelert had defended（保卫） the baby and killed the wolf.
The Prince ran 7. ________ into the house but he was too late. Gelert was dead. The Prince was very sad indeed. 8. ________ ran down his face when he realized 'he had killed 9. ________faithful friend. The Prince carried the body of his brave dog to the top of a mountain and buried him there. After this, the Prince never smiled again. Every morning at dawn, he walked up the mountain and stood by the dog's
grave for a few minutes.
If you go to Mount Snowdon in Wales, people will show you where Gelert is buried. There is a sign by his grave. It 10. ________people of a brave and faithful dog.
My teachers thought I was the worst student. My family also had the thought as my teachers.
When I was going to give up my studying, a new teacher, Miss White came to our school. She was young, 知识渊博的).
One day, I was sitting alone in my , Miss White came up to me and talked to me happily. Soon her smile away my unhappiness.
“Do you think I can go to college?” I didn’t 14_____ why I asked such a question. I thought she must say “no”. 15______ everyone else said so. But she said, “Dear, you can do 16______ you want. Just try, and you’ll get closer to success. I believe you are the best!”
I was touched 17______ by her words. I decided to study hard. From then on, we became good 18______. She often helped me with my study in her free time.
In the end, I 19._______ well in my studies and went to a good college. Miss White is an angel(天使). Her words have kept me going forward. She helped me to see that I am special and can be 20.____ in life.
【江西省2011】（B）请先阅读下面短文，掌握其大意，然后从各小题所给的A,B,C,D四个选项中选出最恰当的10个，用其适当形式填空白，并将答案写在答题卷的相应位置。每个词限用一次。（每小题1分） so start easy badly someone difficult if thank class reporter medical succeed
Proving Them Wrong!
I' m John Wood, a doctor at a famous Boston hospital.
During the first two years of high school, I found biology
very _____. My report cards always said things like becoming a doctor. I lost confidence, so I left high school x j at sixteen and working at a supermarket.
One evening I saw a documentary about Albert Einstein. According to the documentary, Einstein had done really at school. I began to think that Einstein could _________, then I may have a night school to finish high school. Two years later, I went to a ________university.
I've often thought I should contact the the Einstein documentary
and him. As for the biology teacher, I might contact her, too, one day - but not to thank her!
Bob lived in a small town. Later, he got a job in a big city so he had to his new red car out of the garage(车库). He it when a
neighbor came by. he saw Bob’s car, the neighbor stopped The neighbor said, “
"Sometimes" Bob answered.
The neighbor was puzzled. "Sometimes?" he said, "What do you belongs to my daughter. When there's a football game somewhere, it belongs to my son. When I've washed it, and it looks really nice and dirty, it's mine."
(he, the, grow, high, until, one, fail, loud, speech, when)
Sir Edmund Hillary was the first man to climb Mount Everest. On May 29, 1953 he climbed and measured 61)__________ highest mountain then known to man—29,000 feet straight up. He was spoken
62)__________ of for his efforts when he came back. He even made advertisements for big companies. However, 63)__________ we read his book, High Adventure, we don't understand that Hillary had to grow into this success.
You see, in 1952 he tried to climb Mount Everest, but
64)__________. A few weeks later a group in England asked him to give a 65)__________ to its members. Hillary was given a warm welcome
66)__________ walking on stage. People there thought him as a hero, but Edmund Hillary saw 67)__________ as a failure. He moved away from the microphone and walked to the side of the stage.
He lifted one hand and pointed at a picture of the mountain. He said in a 68)__________voice, “Mount Everest, you beat me the
69)__________ time, but I’ll beat you the next time because you’ve
70)__________all you are going to grow, but I'm still growing!”
China has the largest number of smokers in the world. __86______year, about one million Chinese die from smoking-related illness. Official statistics(统计) in 2007 has 300 million smokers, with another 540 million people forced to breathe in.
China began taking part world Health Organization Framework Convention on Tobacco Control(《烟草控制框架公约》）in 2006. Governments at different levels have paid more tobacco control in the last few years. Beijing , Shanghai and Hangzhou have Half of China’s public health institutions have been non-smoking spaces since2010. Smoking in some indoor public spaces and special __91_______work spaces has not been allowed since January 2011.
Selling to tobacco to anyone seller should ask the buyer to show his or her ID card if the seller can not Now at least 23 countries use pictures on the packages to warn more people of the dangerous of The picture warnings now warning clearer.
For others and for yourself, please give up smoking.
Once there was a teacher who took all his students for tea. What made the students Each of them took a cup and started their own tea, looking at the cups.
The teacher said; "Do you notice your 羡慕) tea. You all have the same thing in your cups— your own life when you envy someone else's life. So now, taste your own tea! Does it matter from which cup it comes from?"
Years ago, I lived in a house in a large city. The house next door was only a few meters away from __76_____. Through the window, I could often see a woman __77_____ I had never met doing some reading in the house every afternoon.
Several __78______ went by, I began to notice that her window was dirty. Everything was not very clear through the dirty window. I wondered why the woman didn’t wash her window. It __79_____ looked terrible.
One bright morning, I decided to clean my house, including __80_____ the window inside. Late in the afternoon when I finished all the cleaning, I sat down by the window with a cup of coffee for a rest. How __81______! I found that the woman’s window was actually so clean that she could __82__ _____clearly sitting by the window.
That was quite an __83_______ lesson for me. how often had I looked at others through my own shortcomings (缺点)。
Since then, I __84______ used to asking myself whether I am looking through my own dirty window. Before I want to judge (判断) someone, I always think __85________ than before and try to clean the dirty window
so that I may see the world around me more clearly.
area because help means its during
better answer new
What’s the most popular school activity among American students? The the school dance. Most American high schools have at least two dances Students attend these events it’s a great opportunity for them to meet At the dance, there will be snacks and photo booths (机器拍照亭), as well as strict（严格的） rules to create a healthy and enjoyable evening for all students. And all the dancers will be given a security check（安检）before they come into the dance is acceptable. But some rules may be a little bit over the top（过分). For example, a school once asked students to keep a standing position while they were dancing. That the students couldn’t do anything freely. You’d not break the rules because you’ll be asked to leave there, or even worse, be placed on a do not
People are so busy these days that many people have no time This becomes a problem, because most love home cooking! The food tastes good and warm, and a family meal brings everyone . In some families, meals are often the only times everyone one another at the same time.
Another reason people enjoy home cooking is that it is often a way of love. A parent who makes some cookies is not just satisfying a sweet tooth. She or he is sending a message. The message says, “ I care about you enough to spend an hour making cookies that you will eat up fifteen minutes if I let you. ”
There is also something about the smell of home cooking. The smell of home cooking pleases people of ages. It makes most of us feel good and , even if we are the ones doing the cooking! Next
time you smell a cake making, stop and pay attention to your mood（心情）.
Most of us have probably heard of Mickey Mouse, Donald Duck, and are now several different Disneyland amusement parks world. theme park. It has all the normal attractions that you can find at an theme of the roller coaster is Disney characters. This 73________ that you can find Disney characters all over the roller coaster. You can also Disney gifts. And you can see Disney-characters walking around Disneyland all the time!
take, bad, medicine, careful, nothing, come,
month ,something, and, wrong
Mr. Shute lives in a village. He has got a big family and a strong dog. and finds work there.
Once he stayed in a city for two . When New Year was coming, he went back home to see his wife and his children. On his way home, something was with his eyes. When he knocked on the door, his dog out and was not friendly to him. His wife hurried to drive it away. The next morning he went to see a doctor. The doctor looked over his eyes left, he told the doctor about his dog. When he heard this, the doctor began to laugh and said, “Maybe something is wrong with your dog’s eyes, too.”
When Mr. Shute got home, he told his wife about it. The woman said,
“I’m afraid it’s true. If a thief comes into our house, it won’t see him and he’ll steal here.”
Mr. Shute thought his wife was right. He then made his dog his medicine instead.
Most people have their jobs. They go to work nearly every day. Some people are they have very interesting jobs or they make a lot of money. Most people are not so lucky. Either their jobs are not very interesting or they don’t make money. The most interesting jobs are often the most difficult. People spend a long time how to do them. Doctors study for at least six years after Some young people have interesting and high-pay jobs. Many young players do their work successfully. Football and tennis stars are usually under 35 years old. Older people usually cannot play these sports very they can play it successfully.
Most people work they are 60 or 65 years old. Then they retire(退休) and have a lot of time. Some people never retire though. These people usually have very interesting jobs. Writers, artists, scientists and actors usually work until they die. Their work is 10___________ life.
My name is Jim White. I live in America. I had a very experience on Sunday. I saw a UFO in the daytime. this , “What is that?” “A UFO!” I shouted excitedly. Ithe center.
for a moment, we found it seemed that it had wings, but it was still round. Bill would not believe me when I
But soon it disappeared. I guessed we scared it off.
Do you believe me? It’s a true story.
“Thank you” is widely (76) in a modern society. It is a very
good manner. You should say “Thank you” (77) others help you
or say something kind to you. For example: when someone (78)
the door for you, when someone says you have done your work well,
when someone says you have (79) a nice shirt, or your city (80) very beautiful, you should say “Thank you”. “Thank you”
is used not only between friends, (81) between parents and
children, brothers and sisters, husbands and wives.
“Excuse me” is (82) short polite usage. We use it as the same
as “Thank you”. When you hear someone say so behind you, you’d got to
know that somebody wants to walk past you without you. It is not polite to interrupt (打断) others while they
are say “Excuse me” (85), and then begin to talk. You should also do so
when you want to cough or make any unpleasant noise before others. Let’s
say “Thank you” and “Excuse me” on the right occasion.