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广东省东莞市寮步信义学校八年级英语上册 Unit 4 What’s the best movie theater导学案

发布时间:2013-11-10 13:42:12  

Unit 4 What’s the best movie theater导学案

一、必记单词

1.theater n.(=theatre) 戏院;剧场

2.comfortable adj. 使人舒服的;舒适的 反义词为uncomfortable

comfortably adv. 舒服地;舒适地

3.seat n. 座位;坐处(如椅子等)

常用短语:take one’s seat 就座 take/have a seat坐下

辨析:seat和sit(此处seat为动词)

5.close adj. (在空间、时间上)接近( closer,closest)

close to 离···近 eg. My home is very close to the school.

Notice:close与near都表示“近”,但是close比near更近,而且既表示时间、空间,还表示感情(作adj.时,亲密的)

6.ticket n. 票;入场券

7.worst adj. & adv. (bad和badly的最高级)

最差(的);最坏(的);最糟(的)

worse adj. & adv. (bad和badly的比较级)

更差(的);更坏(的);更糟(的)

8.cheaply adv. 便宜地;低廉地

9.song n.歌曲;歌

10.choose v. (p. chose) 选择;挑选

11.carefully adv.细致地;小心地;谨慎地

12.reporter n.记者

13.fresh adj.新鲜的;清新的

14.service n.接待;服务

15.pretty adv. 相当;十分;很 adj.漂亮的

16.menu n.菜单

17.meal n.早(或午、晚)餐;一餐所吃的食物

18.creative adj.有创造力的;创造性的

19.talent n.天资;天赋

20.magician n.魔术师

21.beautifully adv. 美好地;漂亮地

22.role n. 作用;职能;角色

24.prize n. 奖;奖品;奖金

25.everybody pron. 人人;每人;所有人

26.example n.实例;范例

27.poor adj.贫穷的;清贫的

28.seriously adv. 严重地;严肃地;认真地

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29.give v. 提供;给

30.crowded adj. 人多的;拥挤的;挤满的 反义词为uncrowded

31.performer n. 表演者;演员

performance 也做可数名词,意为“演出;表演”

Eg. He wants to be a famous performer.

This performance is very successful.

32.American Idol 美国偶像(文中为电视节目名称)

33. America’s Got Talent 美国达人秀

二.常考词组及课文知识点

1.movie theater 电影院

2.close to··· 离···近

3.clothes store 服装店

4.in town 在镇上

5.so far 到目前为止;迄今为止 6. 10 minutes by bus 坐公共汽车十分钟的路程(表示距离,而不是一段时间,类似的还有:15 minutes’ walk; two hours by train.

--- How far is it from your home to school?

--- Ten minutes’ walk.

7.talent show 才艺展示

8.more and more··· 越来越···

“比较级+and+比较级”意为“越来越···”

better and better越来越好 hotter and hotter 越来越热

9.around the world 世界各地;全世界

10.in common 共有;共同

Have···in common 有相同特征;(想法、兴趣等方面)相同

11.and so on 等等

12.all kinds of 各种各样的(kind此处作可数名词,意为“种类;类别;性质”。 different kinds of 不同种类的

13.be up to sb.是某人的职责;由某人决定

(常用到的结构为:It’s up to sb.to do sth.)

14.play a role in··· 在···方面发挥作用/扮演角色(其中role作可数名词,意为“作用;职能;角色”)

15.not everybody 并不是每个人

16.make up 编造(故事、谎言等)(be made up是被动)

17.for example 例如

18.take···seriously 认真对待···(seriously是serious的副词形式)

20.come true (梦想、希望)实现;到达(不及物动词短语)

21. Can I ask you some ···?

Can I ···?是向对方提出请求的句型,some通常用于肯定句,修饰可数名词复数或不可数名词。但在向对方提出建议、请求或期望对方做出肯定回答的疑问句中,多用some,而不用any.(中考常考查some在疑问句中的用法)

Eg. Can I borrow some money from you?

22.in town 在城镇里

town比村庄(village)大,比城市city小。通常情况下town之前不加定冠词或其他 2

的修饰成分。而city通常表示较大的、较重要的城市,通常与定冠词the连用。Eg. Do you like living in town or in the city?

23. How do you like···?“你认为···怎么样?”,相当于“What do you think of ···?”。 What do you think of ···? “你认为···怎么样?”是向对方询问对某人或某事的看法,还可以说成“ What do you think about···?”

Eg. --- How do you like Chinese food?= What do you think of Chinese food? --- I like it very much.

24. Thanks for ......意为“因···而感谢”,是向对方表示感谢的句型,后面接名词、代词或动名词,也可说成“ Thank sb. for......”。

Eg. Thank you for telling me the news.

25. No problem.在本单元(p26)用来回答感谢(主要用于美国英语中),意为“不用谢;别客气;没什么”,相当于You’re welcome.或Not at all.

--- Thank you very much.

--- No problem.

26.watch sb./sth. Do sth. 意为“观看某人或某物做某事”。后接不带to的动词不定式作宾补的动词(短语)还有:look at, see, watch, hear, listen to, notice, have, let, make, help(也可带to)等。

Eg. I often hear her sing in the park.

巧记接不带to的不定式作宾补的动词或短语:

三眼,两耳,一注意,加上三个小使役,半个help莫忘记。

(三眼:look at, see, watch;两耳:hear, listen to; 一注意:notice;三个小使役:have, let及make,help后面的动词不定式做宾补时,to可有可无。)(中考常考)

27. However, not everybody enjoys watching these shows.

Not与all,both,every及含有every的不定代词等连用时,并不否定全部,而只否定一部分,其用法如下:

①not与all连用,意为“并不是所有的都;并不都”

Not all the students like English.

I don’t know all your names.

② not与both连用,意为“两个并不都”

Both of them are not good at dancing.

③not与every连用,意为“并不是每个···都”

Not everyone is interested in this movie.

28.give sb. Sth.=give sth.to sb. 把某物给某人

29.finish+名词/代词/动名词(作宾语)

Finish doing sth.

只能接动名词作宾语的及物动词或短语还有:

Enjoy doing sth. 喜欢做某事

Keep doing sth. 持续做某事 Practice doing sth. 练习做某事

Have fun doing sth. 做某事很开心

Feel like doing sth. 想做某事 巧记接动名词作宾语的动词或短语:

想要(feel like )完成(finish)不间断(keep)

喜欢(enjoy)练习(practice),开心做(have fun)。

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30.one of···意为“·····之一”,后面接名词或代词的复数形式;“one of the+

形容词的最高级+可数名词的复数形式”意为“最···的···之一”。

He is one of my friends.

Yi Jianlian is one of the most famous basketball players in China. One of my friends= a friend of mine One of the boy’s habits= a habit of mine

Notice:“one of+形容词性物主代词或名词所有格+可数名词复数”相当于“a/an +可数名词单数+of +名词性物主代词或名词所有格”

三.语法专项

形容词和副词的最高级

【教材典句】

1. It has the biggest screens.

2. It has the most comfortable seats.

3. You can buy clothes the most cheaply there.

【语法全解】

1. 形容词或副词的最高级的用法

形容词或副词的最高级用于三者或三者以上的人或事(物)之间的比较。在表示最高程度,即其中一个在某方面“最···”时使用。在句中使用时,最高级前一般要加定冠词the,副词的最高级前面可省去定冠词the。句中常含有表示比较范围的介词of或in;of后面一般接表示一群人或事物的代词或名词,in后面一般接表示单位或场所的名词。

Bill is the tallest boy of us.

Jane has the most friends in our class.

He runs the fastest of all.

另外,形容词的最高级还有三个特殊用法:

①序数词后用最高级。在表达“第几(长、大、远···)”时,序数词后用形容词的最高级形式。

The Yellow River is the second longest river in China.

②在表达“最···的···之一”时,用最高级,一般构成“one of the+形容词的最高级+可数名词复数”结构。 Chongqing is one of the biggest cities in our country.

③在表达“某人的最···”时,用“某人的+形容词的最高级+名词”结构。

Linda is my younger sister’s best friends.

2. 形容词、副词的最高级的构成

(1)规则变化

①a.一般情况下,单音节和部分双音节形容词、副词,在原级后加-est,构成最高级。 long--longest, clever--cleverest, fast--fastest, high--highest

b.以不发音的字母e结尾的,直接加-st构成最高级。

nice--nicest, cute--cutest, late--latest

c.以辅音字母+y结尾的双音节、副词,变y为i,再加-est构成做高级。

heavy--heaviest, friendly--friendliest, early--earliest

d.重读闭音节且词尾只有一个辅音字母的,先双写这个辅音字母,再加-est构成最高级。 big--biggest, thin--thinnest, hot--hottest

②多音节和部分双音节形容词、副词,在原级前加most构成最高级。

creative--most creative, popular--most popular, quickly--most quickly 4

③ 由“动词加后缀-ed或-ing”构成的形容词,其最高级形式常在形容词前加most。 most--most interesting, most boring, most relaxed, most excited

④由“形容词+后缀-ly”,构成的副词,其最高级常在该副词前加most。

cheaply--most cheaply, comfortably--most comfortably

(2)不规则动词

有一部分形容词、副词的最高级变化没有规律,称为不规则变化,我们应该牢记。 good/well--best, bad/ill/badly--worst, many/much--most, little--least far--farthest/furthest, old--oldest/eldest

巧记最高级变化歌诀:

最高级有变化,词尾加上-est。结尾若有哑音e,直接加上-est。

辅音字母加y,y变i,再把-est来加。一辅重读闭音节,末尾字母要双写。 形副单词多音节,最高级前most加。

Exercise:

一.单项选择 1. What he said made everyone feel .

A.comfort B.comfortable C.comforting D.comfortably 2. It was raining heavily. Little Mary felt cold, so she stood to her mother.

A.close B.closely C.closed D.closing

3. Would you like tea?

A.any B.some C.few D.a little 4. --- Thanks joining the Talk Show!

--- You’re welcome.

A.by B.on C.of D.for 5. Breakfast is meal of the day. It provides us with energy after a long night without food.

A.important B.more important C.the most important D.very important 6. Who listens , Tom, Jack or Bill?

A.the most carefully B.more carefully C.the most careful D.more careful

7. What do you think the talk show?

A.on B./ C.of D.over 8. Our math teacher has a voice. Everyone in the class can hear him clearly.

A.loud B.quite C.low D.friendly

9. is very important for us to learn more knowledge.

A. It B. That C. This D. All 10. Mary is a friendly girl. in our class loves her.

A. Somebody B. No body C. Everybody D. Anybody

11. My brother drawings.

A.is good with B.is good at C.is good to D.is good for 12. The customers are pleased with the of the restaurant.

A.balance B.experience C.surface D.service

13. What is the best store in town? I’d like to buy a smart hat.

A.dress B.cloth C.food D.clothing

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14. --- the best clothes store in town?

--- I think Miller’s is the best.

A. What B. What’s C. Where’s D. Which

15. Jenny is one of girls in our school.

A.creative B.the creative C.much creative D.the most creative

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