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牛津英语9A Unit2 Grammar CD部分 教案及练习(含答案)

发布时间:2013-11-11 08:03:08  

牛津英语9Aunit2第六课时教案

总 课 题 9A Unit2 Colour 第 6 课时

课 题 Grammar C and D

教学目标

知识目标

1.To learn the indefinite pronouns “someone/somebody, anyone/ anybody” and “no

one/nobody”

2. To learn the indefinite pronounces “something,

anything , nothing and none”

能力目标 1.To use the indefinite pronouns “someone/somebody, anyone/

2. (pronouns)“something,

情感目标 To learn to care about the things and people around.

教学重点 1.To use the indefinite pronouns “someone/somebody, anyone/

2. (pronouns)“something,

教学难点 To learn the differences between these indefinite pronouns.

课前预习 1. Preview the new words and phrases

2. Read the contents of the grammar

Teaching procedures

STEP1. Revision

1? To review the part A on page 31 by asking the students to perform or recite the conversation.

2..Tell Ss that we use the “would rather…than…” structure to talk about preferences, i,e, that we like one thing more than another. When we write or talk to our friends, we use the contracts form “I?d rather…”

3.Use ?I?d rather … than …? to make sentences

Eg. I?d rather wear blue than pink.

I?d rather go shopping than stay at home.

He?d rather have a red T-shirt than a black one.

Joy would rather wear her hair in a ponytail than bunches.

prefer…to…

My mother prefers cakes to bread.

Eddie prefers eating and sleeping to walking and running.

Which do you prefer, country life or city life?

我宁愿呆在家里也不愿去购物。

than

to 2.Ask a student to write the structure

Would rather do would rather not do

would rather与than连用,构成“would rather+省略to的不定式+than+省略to的不定式”结构。例如:

Tom would rather read than talk.=Tom prefers reading to talking.汤姆喜爱读书胜过与人交谈。

Step2 Presentation (Part C)

1. Remind students that the pronouns “someone somebody, anyone anybody, no one nobody” are used to refer to people. We use them when we do not know who the person is. We can not use them to refer to objects.

2. Go through rules 1,2 and 3 on page 33 with students. Then ask Ss to read the rules aloud, with each student reading one sentence.

3.Check whether students understand the rules by writing the following sentences on the board. Is there__________ in the bathroom? (anyone/anybody)

__________ recognized Millie because of her new hairstyle.(No one/ Nobody)

Look,_________ has dropped 100 yuan.(Someone/Somebody)

4.Ask the students to complete Millie?s diary on page 34.Then check the answers, Ask Ss which words should go in the gaps. If Ss got some answers wrong, you may need to go through the rules again in more detail.

5.Ask the students to explain the main words or phrases in this part.

Review “bad mood, cheer up, secret, normal”

1)wonder=want to know wonder---- wonderful

2)if clause

If it doesn?t rain, I?ll go skating.tomorrow.

I don?t know if it is going to rain tomorrow.

3)in a bad mood 4)cheer him up

5)keep doing sth 6)so..that

7)seem to do sth It seemsthat It seems that he is ill.= He seems to be ill.

8) have a secret 9) act normally

6.Read the diary ?A strange day?fluently.

Step3 Part D

1. Remind Ss that “something, anything, nothing and none”are used to refer to things. We use them when we do not know or do not need to say. Say some sentences with these words.

1).someone / somebody: one person

some people: more than one person

Someone is on the phone now, you have to wait for minutes.

Some people are waiting in a line outside the shop.

2).anybody / anyone in positive sentences:

any persons

Was anybody at home at that time?

Anybody who breaks the law will be punished by the law.

2.Ask a student to read rules 1,2 and 3 on page 35 to the class. Tell them to follow the rules. Ask them if they have some questions.

They found something. =They didn?t find anything.

There is nothing in Millie?s bag.= There is not anything in Millie?s bag.

3.Doing the exercise.

4.Ask one student to read one paragraph at a time. Repeat the correct answers so Ss can understand clearly.

5.Read the e-card together.

Step4 Language points

1.由some, any ,no, every.构成的复合不定代词的用法

由some. any no 和every 可以与one ,body ,thing构成复合不定代词,它们的用法与some. any 的用法相同。如:

以上的复合代词都表示单数的概念,在句子中作主语、宾语或表语。作主语时,谓语动词用单数形式。如:

I found nobody in the classroom.我发现教室里空无一人。

I have something important to tell you.我有一些重要的事情要告诉你们。 Is there anything wrong with your watch”? “No, Nothing is wrong with it.”“你的手表有些毛病吗?”“没有,一点毛病没有”。

“What?s in your pocket”? “你的口袋里有什么?”“没有什么”.

I?ve done nothing today.今天没有做什么。

“Is there anything interesting in today?s newspaper ?” “Nothing much”.“今天的报纸上有些有趣的东西吗?”“没有什么”。

No one in our class can answer this question.我们班上没有一个人能回答这个问题。

Everything is ready. Let?s begin our meeting .一切准备就绪。我们开始开会吧!

Listen! Someone is knocking at the door.听!有人在敲门。

Would you like something to eat?你想吃点东西吗?

(11)Somebody is waiting for you at the school gate, Kate.凯特,有人在校门口等你。

(12)I am looking for something a little cheaper.我正在找稍微便宜一点的东西。

(13)If there is no bread ,we will eat something else.如果没有面包,我们就吃点别的东西。

(14)we will get something to eat at the snack bar.我们去那个零食店吃点什么。

(15)You cannot get anything for nothing你什么都不付出,就想得到点是不可能的。

(16)There is something in what you said , I will take your advice.你说的话有点道理,我会听你的忠告的。

(17)Something is better than nothing.有总比没有好。

(18)This is the mysterious something which they have worked so hard to find.这就是他们付出极其艰辛的劳动所要寻找的那种神秘的东西。

(19)If you see somebody drowning what you will do?如果你看到有人快要淹死了,你应该怎么办?

(20)I think anyone can learn skating.我认为任何人都可以学会溜冰的。

(21)

有什么不平常的事发生了吗?

[注]一般来说,当主语是指人的复合代词,如everybody, nobody, anybody等时,其反意疑问句后面的主语通常用代词they;当前面句子中的复合代词指物,如everything ,something, anything, nothing 等时,其反意疑问句后面的主语通常用代词用it.如:

① Everyone is here ,aren?t they?人都到了,是吗?

② Everything is ready, isn?t it ?一切准备好了,是吗?

Somebody is waiting for me at the gate , aren ?t they?有人在门口等我,是吗?

[注]当形容词或else(别的,其它的)修饰复合不定代词something , everything , nothing ,anybody ,nobody 等时,该形容词或else必须放在复合不定代词的后面。如: ① Do you have anything interesting to tell me?你有什么有趣的事情要告诉我吗?

②I have answered several questions .Do you have anything else to ask?我回答了好几个问题。你还有别的要问吗?

is there anybody else in the room?屋子里还有别的人吗?

one ,none与nothing之别

1.no one

1)不与of连用;2)谓语动词用单数;3)只能指人,但不具体指什么人;4)一般用来回答who,及含 anyone,anybody引起的疑问句。如:

1)No one like a person with bad manners.

2)——Who is in the room?

——No one.

3)——Is there anyone in the room?

——No one.

2.none

1)可与of连用;2)谓语动词用单或复数;3)具体指什么人或物;4)一般用来回答how many +n,how

much +n及含any+n引起的疑问句。请看:

1)None of us have/has seen him.

2)——How many students are there in the room? ——None.

3)——Is there any water in the thermos? ——None.

4)——How much money do you have on you? ——None.

3.nothing

1)指物;2)谓语用单数;3)一般用来回答含anything的一般问句及what引起的特殊问句。请看:

1)——What is in the box? ——Nothing.

2)——Is there anything in the sky? ——Nothing.

3)——Can you see anything without glasses? ——Nothing.

下面的顺口溜将帮你记得更清楚。

No one与none好分辨。/具体人,物把none填。

不知何人与何物,/No one nothing是一路。

No one人nothing物,/保你不会出错误。

“Have you bought any clothes”? “None”.“你买衣服了吗?”“一件没买”。

“What did you buy yesterday?” “None”“昨天你买什么了?”“没有买什么”。

“Did anyone come to see me ?”“一个人也没有”。

“Are there any birds in the tree now ?” “None”.“现在树上有鸟吗?”“一只也没有。”

“What is in the bag?” “None”“袋子里有什么?”“什么也没有。”

anyone, any one 和anybody的区别

anyone=anybody指任何人,不能指物,也不可以与of引导的介词短语连用。Anyone作主语时,谓语动词用单数形式。Anyone/anybody属于单数,其对应的代词要用him/his.如:

anyone /anybody who refused to leave was thrown into prison.拒绝离开的人被投入监狱。 If anyone/anybody comes ,please ask him to wait.如果有人来,请叫他等一下。

[注]回答与表示一个范围的of 介词短语连用进,anyone须写成两上单词any one.如: You may choose any one of them.你可以任选一个。

I dont like any one of them.他们中任何一个我都不喜欢。

Step5 Practice

1. Do the exercise.

How to modify: 后置定语

? Is there anything interesting in today?s newspaper?

? I don?t think there?s something wrong with the computer.

? Do you have anything to say for yourself?

? Anybody who got it should put up his hand.

tag questions:

? There is someone in the fitting room, ______________?

? There isn?t anything unusual this morning, ___________?

? Nobody was in, ____________?

? Nothing can be seen, ___________?

? Something must be done right now, ______________?

Show the answer to the tag questions

There is someone in the fitting room, There isn?t anything unusual this morning,

nobody / no one & none

No one asked for help during the trail.

? Nobody is on the phone now.

? None of them will go to Shanghai.

? None of us have / has been abroad.

Step6.Have a quiz.

Step7 Assignment

9Aunit2 第六课时学案

复习题:

1. would rather…than…的用法及和prefer…to…的同义句转换

I?d rather wear blue than pink.

I?d rather go shopping than stay at home.

He?d rather have a red T-shirt than a black one.

Joy would rather wear her hair in a ponytail than bunches.

prefer…to…

My mother prefers cakes to bread.

Eddie prefers eating and sleeping to walking and running.

Which do you prefer, country life or city life?

我宁愿呆在家里也不愿去购物。

than .

to Tom would rather read than talk.=Tom prefers________ to _______.

2.Recite the note on p31.

课前预习

1.Ask the students to read the exercises on page 33-35.

2.Preview the language points.

Language points

1.由some, any ,no, every.构成的复合不定代词的用法

由some. any no 和every 可以与one ,body ,thing构成复合不定代词,它们的用法与some. any 的用法相同。如:

以上的复合代词都表示单数的概念,在句子中作主语、宾语或表语。作主语时,谓语动词用单数形式。如:

I found nobody in the classroom.我发现教室里空无一人。

I have something important to tell you.我有一些重要的事情要告诉你们。

“is there anything wrong with your watch”? “No, Nothing is wrong with it.”“你的手表有些毛病吗?”“没有,一点毛病没有”。

“What?s in your pocket”? “你的口袋里有什么?”“没有什么”.

I?ve done nothing today.今天没有做什么。

“Is there anything interesting in today?s newspaper ?” “Nothing much”.“今天的报纸上有些有趣的东西吗?”“没有什么”。

No one in our class can answer this question.我们班上没有一个人能回答这个问题。 Everything is ready. Let?s begin our meeting .一切准备就绪。我们开始开会吧!

Listen! Someone is knocking at the door.听!有人在敲门。

Would you like something to eat?你想吃点东西吗?

(11)Somebody is waiting for you at the school gate, Kate.凯特,有人在校门口等你。

(12)I am looking for something a little cheaper.我正在找稍微便宜一点的东西。

(13)If there is no bread ,we will eat something else.如果没有面包,我们就吃点别的东西。

(14)we will get something to eat at the snack bar.我们去那个零食店吃点什么。

(15)You cannot get anything for nothing你什么都不付出,就想得到点是不可能的。

(16)There is something in what you said , I will take your advice.你说的话有点道理,我会听你的忠告的。

(17)Something is better than nothing.有总比没有好。

(18)This is the mysterious something which they have worked so hard to find.这就是他们付出极其艰辛的劳动所要寻找的那种神秘的东西。

(19)If you see somebody drowning what you will do?如果你看到有人快要淹死了,你应该怎么办?

(20)I think anyone can learn skating.我认为任何人都可以学会溜冰的。

(21)Has anything unusal happened?有什么不平常的事发生了吗?

[注]一般来说,当主语是指人的复合代词,如everybody, nobody, anybody等时,其反意疑问句后面的主语通常用代词they;当前面句子中的复合代词指物,如everything ,something, anything, nothing 等时,其反意疑问句后面的主语通常用代词用it.如:

① Everyone is here ,aren?t they?人都到了,是吗?

② Everything is ready, isn?t it ?一切准备好了,是吗?

Somebody is waiting for me at the gate , aren ?t they?有人在门口等我,是吗?

[注]当形容词或else(别的,其它的)修饰复合不定代词something , everything , nothing ,anybody ,nobody 等时,该形容词或else必须放在复合不定代词的后面。如: ① Do you have anything interesting to tell me?你有什么有趣的事情要告诉我吗?

②I have answered several questions .Do you have anything else to ask?我回答了好几个问题。你还有别的要问吗?

is there anybody else in the room?屋子里还有别的人吗?

one ,none与nothing之别

1.no one

1)不与of连用;2)谓语动词用单数;3)只能指人,但不具体指什么人;4)一般用来回答who,及含 anyone,anybody引起的疑问句。如:

1)No one like a person with bad manners.

2)——Who is in the room?

——No one.

3)——Is there anyone in the room?

——No one.

2.none

1)可与of连用;2)谓语动词用单或复数;3)具体指什么人或物;4)一般用来回答how many +n,how

much +n及含any+n引起的疑问句。请看:

1)None of us have/has seen him.

2)——How many students are there in the room? ——None.

3)——Is there any water in the thermos? ——None.

4)——How much money do you have on you? ——None.

3.nothing

1)指物;2)谓语用单数;3)一般用来回答含anything的一般问句及what引起的特殊问句。请看:

1)——What is in the box? ——Nothing.

2)——Is there anything in the sky? ——Nothing.

3)——Can you see anything without glasses? ——Nothing.

下面的顺口溜将帮你记得更清楚。

No one与none好分辨。/具体人,物把none填。

不知何人与何物,/No one nothing是一路。

No one人nothing物,/保你不会出错误。

“Have you bought any clothes”? “None”.“你买衣服了吗?”“一件没买”。

“What did you buy yesterday?” “None”“昨天你买什么了?”“没有买什么”。

“did anyone come to see me ?”“一个人也没有”。

“are there any birds in the tree now ?” “None”.“现在树上有鸟吗?”“一只也没有。”

“what is in the bag?” “None”“袋子里有什么?”“什么也没有。”

anyone, any one 和anybody的区别

anyone=anybody指任何人,不能指物,也不可以与of引导的介词短语连用。Anyone作主语时,谓语动词用单数形式。Anyone/anybody属于单数,其对应的代词要用him/his.如:

anyone /anybody who refused to leave was thrown into prison.拒绝离开的人被投入监狱。 If anyone/anybody comes ,please ask him to wait.如果有人来,请叫他等一下。

[注]回答与表示一个范围的of 介词短语连用进,anyone须写成两上单词any one.如: You may choose any one of them.你可以任选一个。

I don,t like any one of them.他们中任何一个我都不喜欢。

3.不定代词的用法(肯定句/否定句/疑问句)

1.someone / somebody: one person

some people: more than one person

Someone is on the phone now, you have to wait for minutes.

Some people are waiting in a line outside the shop.

2.anybody / anyone in positive sentences:

any persons

Was anybody at home at that time?

Anybody who breaks the law will be punished by the law.

3.How to modify: 后置定语

? Is there anything interesting in today?s newspaper?

? I don?t think there?s something wrong with the computer.

? Do you have anything to say for yourself?

? Anybody who got it should put up his hand.

4.tag questions:

? There is someone in the fitting room, ______________? ? There isn?t anything unusual this morning, ___________? ? Nobody was in, ____________?

? Nothing can be seen, ___________?

? nobody / no one & none

? Something must be done right now, ______________?

5.nobody / no one & none

No one asked for help during the trail.

? Nobody is on the phone now.

? None of them will go to Shanghai.

? None of us have / has been abroad.

? He did none of his task.

none可指人也可指物。

none of + C.N. / U. N.

A: How many students can you see there?

B: _____________.

A: Who can you see in the classroom?

B: ______________________.

Practice:

1) 有人在更衣室里。

There in the fitting room.

2) 他们发现东西了吗?

Did they find 3) 冰箱是空的。里面什么也没有。

in it.

4) 教室里有多少学生?一个也没有。

How many students are there in the classroom? 5) 如果你有问题,你可以问任何一个人。

6) 你想吃些东西吗?

Would you like to eat?

7) 今天的报纸没有重要的内容。

There is not in today?s newspaper. 答案:

Practice:

1) There is someone in the fitting room.

2) Did they find anything?

3) The fridge is empty. There is nothing in it.

4) How many students are there in the classroom?Nothing.

5) Anyone.

6) Something

7) Anything important

当堂测试题:

II. 用所给词的适当形式填空:

1.I have difficulty________(do) my homework.. It?s very_______(difficult) for me________(work) out this problem.

2.I prefer to___________(go) there.

3.I?d rather________(buy) this one than that one.

4.A teacher with her two students________(talk) in the office now.

5.I prefer_________(go)shopping to_________(stay) at home.

6.The girls are singing and dancing___________(happy).

7.Sandy _________(prefer) to go out.

8.You can use a__________(shop) basket when you are in a supermarket.

9.He picked up the wallet __________(lie) on the ground.

10.Do you mind________(open) the window?

III.句型转换:

1. They found nothing.(同义句)

2. in Millie?s bag.(对划线部分提问)

3. Nothing is wrong with your eyes.(同义句)

_______ _________ ________ __________with your eyes.

4.I would rather walk there than take a bus.(改为一般疑问句)

5.Mr Li would rather listen to rock music.(改为否定句)

6.I have problems with my computer. 同义句转换:

_________ ___________ _______ _________ with my computer.

7.The new computer cost me too much money.

I________ too much money________the new computer.

8.English is such a useful language that we should learn it well.

I think __________ very important _________us__________learn English well.

9.I like swimming best of all.

Swimming is ____________ __________ ________________.

10.Mrs Read is busy doing the housework.

11.(has) ?(反意疑问句)

?(反意疑问句)

IV.选择题

1. Is there anyone in the classroom? ____ _________________

A. No one B. None C. nobody D. Someone.

2.How many do they find?

A. Nothing B. None C. No one D. Something

3.He knew _______ about the accident until his sister told him last night.

A. something B. anything C. nothing D. everything

4.Have you bought any clothes?

A. No one B. Nothing C. None D. Three

5.Who is in the room?

A. No one B. None C. Someone D. Anyone.

6.He doesn?t know if it————tomorrow.

A. rains B.doesn?t rain C. is going to rain D.is fine

7. If he _______, I can know if he ________ me presents this afternoon.

A.will come, will give B.comes, gives C.will come, gives D. comes, will give 8 — Which of these shirts do you like best?

— I?ll take _____. They are both expensive and out of fashion.

A. neither B. either C. none D. both

9 I didn?t see all the students there, because __________ was ill and didn?t come to school.

A. no one B. someone C. none D. anyone

10. —Is your mother badly ill?

—No, _________, only a little cold.

A. serious anything B. serious nothing

C. nothing serious D. anything serious

当堂测试题答案:

I.in the sitting room 2.buy a present for someone

3.go shopping for clothes 4.in a bad mood

5.all the afternoon 6.cheer him up

7.keep doing sth 8.seem to have a secret

9.act normally 10.my friends?strange behaviour

11.think of anything to give you 12.the colour orange represents joy

13.feel more peaceful

II.

1.doing,difficult.to work 2. go 3.buy 4.is talking 5.going. staying

6.happily 7.prefers 8.shopping 9.lying 10.opening

III.

1. They didn?t fnd anything.

2. What?s in Millie?s bag?

3. There isn?t anything wrong

4. Would you rather walk there or take a bus?

5. Mr Li would rather not listen to rock music.

6. There is something wrong

7. spent on

8. it?s,for.to

9. my favourite sport

10. is busy with

11. had he

12. isn?t it

IV.1.B 2.B 3.C 4.C 5.A. 6.C 7.D 8.C 9.B 10.C

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