haihongyuan.com
海量文库 文档专家
全站搜索:
您现在的位置:首页 > 初中教育 > 初中英语初中英语

初一英语知识点复习

发布时间:2013-11-11 09:35:39  

初中英语定语从句用法及配套练习

一、定语从句的概念

在复合句中,修饰某一名词或代词的从句叫定语从句。被修饰的名词或代词叫先行词,定语从句一般放在先行词的后面。

二、定语从句的关系词

引导定语从句的关系词有关系代词和关系副词,常见的关系代词包括that,which,who(宾格whom,所有格whose)等,关系副词包括where,when,why等。关系代词和关系副词放在先行词及定语从句之间起连接作用,同时又作定语从句的重要成分。

三、定语从句的分类

根据定语从句与先行词的关系,定语从句可分为限制性定语从句及非限制性定语从句。限制性定语从句紧跟先行词,主句与从句不用逗号分开,从句不可省去,非限制性定语从句主句与从句之间有逗号分开,起补充说明作用,如省去,意思仍完整。

四、关系代词的用法

1. that 既可以用于指人,也可以用于指物。在从句中作主语或宾语,作主语时不可省略,作宾语可省略。例如:

Mary likes music that is quiet and gentle.玛丽喜欢轻柔的音乐。(that作主语)

The coat (that) I put on the desk is blue.我放在桌子上的那件外套是蓝色的。(that作宾语)

2.which用于指物,在句中作主语或宾语,作主语不可省略,作宾语可省略。例如:

The building which stands near the train station is a supermarket.位

于火车站附近的那座大楼是一家超市。(作主语)

The film (which) we saw last night was wonderful. 我们昨天晚上看的那部电影很好看。(作宾语)

3.who,whom用于指人,who 用作主语,whom用作宾语。在口语中,有时可用who代替whom, 也可省略。例如:

The girl who often helps me with my English is from England.经常在英语方面帮助我的那个女孩是英国人。(作主语)

Who is the teacher (whom) Li Ming is talking to?正在与李明谈话的老师是谁?(作宾语)

注意:

(1)当定语从句中含有介词,介词放在句末时,who,that,which可省略,但介词在关系代词前时,只能用“介词+which/whom”结构。例如: This is the house in which we lived last year.这是我们去年居住的房子。 Please tell me from whom you borrowed the English novel.请告诉我你从谁那借的这本英文小说。

(2)含有介词的固定动词词组中,介词不可前置,只能放在原来的位置上。例如:

This is the person whom you are looking for. 这就是你要找的那个人。

(3)that 作介词的宾语时,介词不能放它的前面,只能放在从句中动词的后面。例如:

The city that she lives in is very far away.她居住的城市非常远。

(4)关系词只能用that的情况:

a. 先行词被序数词或形容词最高级所修饰,或本身是序数词、基数词、形容词最高级时,只能用that,而不用which.例如:

He was the first person that passed the exam. 他是第一个通过考试的人。

b.被修饰的先行词为all, any, much, many, everything, anything, none, the one等不定代词时,只能用that,而不用which.例如:

Is there anything that you want to buy in the shop? 你在商店里有什么东西要买吗?

c.先行词被the only, the very, the same, the last, little, few 等词修饰时,只能用that,而不用which.例如:

This is the same bike that I lost.这就是我丢的那辆自行车。

d. 先行词里同时含有人或物时,只能用that, 而不用which.例如:

I can remember well the persons and some pictures that I saw in the room.我能清楚记得我在那个房间所见到的人和一些照片。

e.以who或which引导的特殊疑问句,为避免重复,只能用that.例如: Who is the girl that is crying? 正在哭泣的那个女孩是谁?

f.主句是there be 结构,修饰主语的定语从句用that,而不用which.例如: There is a book on the desk that belongs to Tom. 桌子上那本书是汤姆的。

(5)关系词只能用which,而不用that 的情况:

a.先行词为that, those时,用which, 而不用that.例如:

What‘s that which is under the desk? 在桌子底下的那些东西是什么? b.关系代词前有介词时,一般用which,而不用that.例如:

This is the room in which he lives. 这是他居住的房间。

c.引导非限制性定语从句,用which, 而不用that.例如:

Tom came back, which made us happy. 汤姆回来了,这使我们很高兴。

五、关系副词的用法

(1)when指时间,其先行词表示时间,在句中作时间状语。例如: This was the time when he arrived.这是他到达的时间。

(2)where指地点,其先行词表示地点,在句中作地点状语。例如: This is place where he works.这是他工作的地点。

(3)why 指原因,其先行词是原因,起原因状语作用。例如:

Nobody knows the reason why he is often late for school. 没人知道他为什么上学总迟到。

练习题

I.单项填空

1. -Do you know the man ______is talking with your father? -Yes, he‘s our headmaster.

A. he B. who C. which D. whom

2. Is this the river _____I can swim?

A. which B. in which C. that D. the one

3. This is the best hotel in the city _____I know.

A. where B. which C. that D. it

4. Can you lend me the dictionary ______the other day?

A. that you bought B. you bought it

C. that you bought it D. which you bought it

5. Anyone ______with what I said may put up you hands.

A. which agrees B. who agree

C. who agrees D. which agree

6. My watch is not the only thing ______ is missing.

A. that B. it C. which who

7. The man ______coat is black is waiting at the gate

A. who‘s B. whose C. that of which.

8. The girl ______ is reading under the tree _____my sister.

A. which; is B. whom; was C. who; is D. who; was

9. I love places ______the people are really friendly.

A. that B. which C. where D. who

10. The world ______ is made up of matter.

A. in that we live B. on which we live

C. where we live in D. we live in

Ⅱ、用适当的关系代词that, which, who, whom填空。

1. The first thing ______you must do is to have a meal.

2. April 1st is the day _____is called April Fool’s Day in the west.

3. The family _____had lost everything in a big fire got much help from their friends.

4. The house _____we live in is very old.

5. Didn’t you see the man ______I talked with just now? 参考答案:

I.1-5BBCAC 6-10 ABCCD

初一上册词组

1. a big cake

2. a small desk

3. your friend 一块大蛋糕 一张小书桌 你的朋友

4. cold cola 冷饮

5. a map of China 一张中国地图

6. What’s your name? 你叫什么名字?

My name is Jack. 我叫杰克。

7. Thank you. 谢谢。

一本英语书

没关系。 8. an English book

10. in English 9. It doesn’t matter.

11. in the picture

12. Good morning.

14. Good evening.

15. How are you ?

16. Fine, thanks.

18.write down 用英语 在图画里 早上好 晚上好 你好 见到你很高兴。 13. Good afternoon. 下午好 很好,谢谢。 写下 17. Nice to meet you.

19.What’s your first name?你叫什么名?

20.What’s your last name?你姓什么?

21.What’s your telephone number? 你的电话号码是多少?

22. his family name

23.her first name

24.Sit down ,please.

26.your backpack

28.his dictionary

29.my friend

30.Excuse me. 他的姓 她的名 请坐。 25.Spell the word orange, please. 请拼橘子这个词。 你的双肩背包 他的字典 我的朋友

这是…这是… 27.his pencil sharpener 他的卷笔刀 打扰了/请问。

寻找/找到 31.This is…this is … 32..look for/find

33.How do you spell book?

你怎么拼book? B-O-O-K.

34.Can you spell book? 你会拼book 吗?

Yes, I can. B-O-O-K.

35.What’s this in English? 这个用英语怎么说?

It’s a /an…

36.Call me at 110

37.call 110 打我的电话110. 打110电话。

38.play a computer game 玩电脑游戏

39.lost and found case 失物招领箱

40.an ID card 一张身份证

校卡

一串钥匙 41.school ID card 42.a set of keys

43.an eraser

44.two buses

45.three fish

47.five knives 一块橡皮 两辆公共汽车 三条鱼

四块手表 六张照片 五把小刀 46.four watches 48.six photos

49.seven dictionaries 七本字典

50.eight pencil cases 八个文具盒

51.nine backpacks

52.ten children

53.black and white 54.a black key

55.a blue pen 九个书包 十个孩子 黑白相间的 一把黑色钥匙

它是什么颜色?

它们是什么颜色?

一张好看的地图

一个好橘子 一支蓝色钢笔 56.What color is it? 58.a nice map 59.a white jacket

1. talk about 57.What color are they? 一件白色夹克衫 60.a good orange 谈论

2. thanks for /thank you for 为…而谢

3. a picture of Jim’s family=

4. Jim’s family photo 吉姆的家庭照片

5. family tree 家谱

家庭照片

把…带到…

把…拿到…

非常(句尾)

这些女孩 那些男孩 他的父母 你的哥哥/弟弟 亲爱的妈妈 一个快乐的家庭 6. family photo 7. bring ….to … 8. take … to… 9. very much 10. 11. 12. 13. 14.

16.

17. these girls his parents dear mom those boys your brother 15. a happy family my father’s parents 我父亲的父母 love them very much 非常爱他们

汤姆的家谱 18. my friend’s grandparents我朋友的祖父母 Tom’s family tree

1. behind the sofa

2. on the chair

3. under the desk 在沙发后面 在椅子上 在书桌下

在我的卧室内

在厨房里 4. in my bedroom 6. in the kitchen

8. Where is the…?

9. Where are the …?

10.

11.

12.

13.

14. I don’t know. in the tree on the tree in the wall 5. in her pencil case 在她的铅笔盒内 7. under Lily’s backpack在莉莉的书包下 我不知道。 物品在树上 果实长在树上 穿过墙 在墙面上 on the wall

15. 16. 17. 18. 19. 20. 21. 22. 23. 24. 25. 26. 27. 28. 29. 30. 31. 32. 33. 34. 35. 36. 37. 38. 39. 40. 41. 42. 43. 44. 45.

46. on the bed in bed look at video tape take …to… 物品在床上 人躺在床上 看 录像带 我的数学书 把…带到 把…带来 在门后 在抽屉里 my math book bring …to… in the drawer on the dresser in front of behind the door next to/beside the chair在椅子旁边 在梳妆台上 在…前面 have a soccer ball 有一个足球 have a ping-pong ball 有一个乒乓球 have a tennis racket有一个网球拍 play soccer 踢足球 打棒球 打篮球 play baseball play basketball play volleyball 打排球 play ping-pong 打乒乓球 Let’s play tennis. 让我们打网球吧。 That sounds good. 那听起来太好了。 join us 加入我们 join your school sports club 加入你们学校体育俱乐部 have a table tennis bat 有一个乒乓球拍 play chess 下象棋 有两个足球 eight volleyballs 8个排球 have two footballs baseball bat ping-pong bat a tennis racket 棒球球棒 乒乓球拍 一个网球球拍 play sports/do sport 做运动

47. a great sports collection收藏大量的体育用品 48.

49.

50.

51.

52.

53.

54.

55. have seven watches 有7块手表 watch TV 看电视 是有趣的 let sb do sth 让某人做某事 be interesting be interested in 某人对…感兴趣 watch sports on TV 在电视上看体育 play sports every day 每天做运动 have some more paper 有更多的纸

健康的食物

吃很多面包 吃薯条 1. like eating bananas 喜欢吃香蕉 2. healthy food 3. eat much bread 4. eat French fries

6. have some tea

8. a cup of milk

10.

11.

13. 5. lots of books /a lot of books 很多书 喝一些茶 两杯咖啡 一杯牛奶 7. two cups of coffee 9. have rice for lunch 午饭吃米饭 have ice cream for dessert甜食吃冰淇淋 have some chicken for dinner晚饭吃鸡肉 like doing sth./ like to do sth. 12. have hamburgers for breakfast早饭吃汉堡包

= enjoy doing sth. 喜欢做某事

14 would like to do sth.=want to do sth.想要做某事 15 like …a little

17.

18.

19.

20.

21.

22. 有点喜欢 一点也不喜欢 去野餐 16. like …a lot = like …very much 非常喜欢 don’t like … at all eat well go on a picnic make a list of the same …as 吃得好 制造…名单 像…一样 在同一个学校 in the same school

23.

24.

25.

in different schools welcome to … Here you are. 在不同的学校 欢迎来到… 给你。 26. Here is your family photo.这里是你的家庭照片。

1. How much is/are…?

It’s /They are ¥10.

2. How many +(可数名词复数)多少? How much+ (不可数) 多少?

3.at a very good price 以最优惠的价格

4. have a look

5.Here you are. 看一看 给你。

谢谢你。

不用谢。 have a look at + sth. 看…东西 6.Thanks a lot./ Thank you. You are welcome. 。。。多少钱?

7.Can I help you? 你要买什么? What can I do for you?

Is there anything I can do for you?

8.help sb. (to) do sth.

help sb. with sth. 帮助某人做某事

9. want sth. 想要某物 want to do sth. 想要做某事

want to be a teacher 想成为一名老师 want sb. to do sth. 想让某人去做某事

10.What color…? 什么颜色?

11. I’ll take it. 我买了。

12.20 dollars 20美元

13.this red T-shirt 这件红色T恤衫

14. that black bag 那个黑色的包

15.I’m sorry. 对不起。

16.Come and buy at + store 快来买…

17.great sale 大减价

18.on sale 出售/上市

for sale 待售

19.sell it at/for $ 2 以2美元价格卖出

20.What’s the price of …?

=How much is/are…? …的价格是…?

21. in + color 穿…颜色的服装

22. can /can’t afford sth. 买得起…东西

23.come and see 来看看

24. have a sale 做买卖=do business with

25.buy … from…

26. sell… to 从…处买 …把某物卖给某人

27. buy sth. for sb. 为某人买某物

28.Which one? 哪一个?

1. Happy Birthday. 生日快乐。

2. Happy birthday to you.

Thank you. 祝你生日快乐。谢谢。

3.basketball game

4.on Christmas Day

at Christmas 在圣诞节

5.October fifth 十月五日

6.school trip 郊游

7.English speech contest英语演讲赛

8. an English party 英语晚会

9.birthday party

10. piano concert

11.Art Festival

12.pop music

13.School Day

school day

14.in January

in 1993 生日晚会 钢琴音乐会 艺术节 流行音乐 校庆日 学校上课日 在一月 在1993年 篮球赛

on September 3rd 在9月3日

15.It’s time for sth.

It’s time to do sth. 该做…了./到…时间了

16.What festivals do you have? 你们有什么节日?

How old are you?

What’s the age of you?

What’s your age? I’m 13.

18 .I’m in Class 7 Grade 1

No. 1 Middle School. 我在一中一年七班

19.After school 放学以后

after class 下课以后

20.基数词 1---100 序数词 第1---第100

1. go to a movie 去看电影

go to see a film/movie

go to the cinema

2.want sth. 想要某物

want to do sth. 想要做某事 want to be a teacher 想成为一名老师 want sb. to do sth. 想让某人去做某事

3. go to comedies 去看喜剧片

4. my favorite actor 我最喜爱的演员

5.What kind of movies do you like? 你喜欢哪一种电影? a kind of 一种

对某人好 all kinds of movies 各种电影 be kind to sb.

6. stay at home 呆在家里

7.on weekdays 在平时(星期一到星期五)

8.on weekend 在周末(六、日) on weekends

at the weekend

at the weekends

9.take turns to do sth. 轮流去做某事 你几岁? 我13。

10. learn a lot about Chinese history 学习很多关于中国历史

11.a movie star 一位电影明星

12.a great actor 一位伟大的演员

13.tell sb. about sth. 告诉某人关于某事

14.in fact 事实上

15.What do you think of…?

How do you like…? 你认为…怎么样?

16. a successful thriller 一个成功的恐怖片

17.action movies 动作片

18.documentaries 记录片

19.tragedies

20.Romances 悲剧片 情感片

21.cartoon movies 卡通片

22.science movies 科幻片

1.play the guitar 弹吉他

2. play chess 下棋

3. want to do sth. 想要做某事

4. Come and join us. 来加入我们吧

5. join the art club 参加美术俱乐部

6. take part in 参加(活动)

7. speak English 说英语

8. be good at 擅长

9. do well in 在…做得好

10. be good with sb. 和某人相处很好

11. help sb. with sth. 帮助某人做某事

Help sb. to do sth.

12. need help for sth. 在某事上需要帮助

13. musicians wanted for music festival 音乐会招收音乐人

14. be in our school music festival 参加我们学校的音乐会

15. rock band 摇滚乐队

16. What can you do? 你会干什么?

17. show sb. sth./show sth. to sb. 给某人看某物

18. can do Chinese kung fu 会中国功夫

19. learn about sth. 学习关于某科目

20. What’s your e-mail address?

My e-mail address is … 我的email地址是…

21. Here is a card. Please fill it out/in. 这是一张卡片,请填充

22. join us in the game 加入我们的游戏

1. What time is it?/What’s the time?

It’s + time. 几点了?

2. at six o’clock 在六点钟

3.It’s time to do sth. 到了…时间了

It’s time for sth.

4. go to school 去上学

5. get to school 到达学校

6. go to work 去上班

7. get up 起床

8. eat breakfast 吃早饭

9. put on your hat/pt your hat on戴上帽子 put it on/put them on把它/他们穿上/戴上 take off 脱下

10. take /have a shower 洗淋浴

11. in the morning/in the afternoon/ in the evening/ at noon/ at night 在上午/下午/傍晚/在中午/在晚上

12. do one’s homework 做某人的作业

13. practise doing sth. 练习做某事

14. work very long hours 工作时间很长

15. take the number 17 bus 乘17路汽车

Which bus do you take to school?

16. all night 整夜 all day整天

17. listen to the teacher 听老师讲课

18. watch morning TV 看早间新闻

19. go to bed 去睡觉

20. love to do sth./love doing sth.

=like to do sth./like doing sth. 喜欢做某事

1. What’s your favorite subject?

What subject is your favorite?

What subject is your favorite? 你最喜爱的科目是什么?

2. play with sb. 和某人一起玩

3. on Wednesday 在星期三

4. his favorite subject 他最喜爱的科目

5. my mother’s favorite color 我妈妈最喜爱的颜色

6. science teacher 科学老师

7. TV show/TV play 电视剧

8. his father’s favorite sport 他爸爸最喜爱的运动

9. after class/school 下课以后/放学以后

10. be strict with sb .对某人要求严格 be strict in sth. 对某事要求严格

11. have math 上数学课

12.on Thursday 在星期四

13. be really busy 真的很忙

be busy doing sth. 忙于做某事

be busy with sth.

14. after class/school 下课后/放学后 before lunch 午饭以前

15. have volleyball for two hours 打两个小时排球

16. an hour 一个小时

two hours 两个小时

half an hour 半个小时

one hour and a half 一个半小时

one and a half hours 一个半小时

17. be very tired but happy 很累但是很开心

18. Chinese history club 中国历史俱乐部

19. It’s really interesting. 的确有趣

20. ask sb. 问某人 21. play with my dog 和我的狗玩 22. run around with me 围着我跑 23. run with sb. 和某人一起跑 24. on Sunday 在某个星期天 25. on Sundays 在每逢星期天

/ε?/ air/ε?/ tear/tε?/ care/kε?/ dare/dε?/ fair/fε?/ there/eε?/ /u?/ tour/tu?/ poor/pu?/ sure/?u?/ moor/mu?/(停泊) your/ju?/

/p/ pea/pi:/ pie/pai/ top/t?p/ cap/k?p/ people/pi:pl/ pride/praid/ /b/ bee/bi:/ by/bai/ buy/bai/ black/bl?k/ bear/bε?/

/t/ let/let/ sat/s?t/ feet/fi:t/ team/ti:m/ tide/taid/

/d/ led/led/ sad/s?d/ feed/fi:d/ do/du:/ dear/di?/

/k/ lack/l?k/ take/teik/ clock/kl?k/ class/kla:s/ weekend/′wi:kend/ /g/ big/big/ lag/l?g/ glass/gla:s/ gum/g?m/ good/gud/

guest/gest/

/f/ face/feis/ fast/fa:st/ leaf/li:f/ surf/s?:f/ favorite/′feiv?rit/ /v/ very/′veri/ five/faiv/ fever/′fi:v?/ serve/s?:v/ never/′nev?/ /θ/ bath/ba:θ/(v洗澡) thick/θik/ mouth/mauθ/ breath/breθ/(n呼吸)

thought/θ?:t/ author/′?θ?/ truth/tru:θ/

/e/ the/ e?/ they/eei/ that/e?t/ mother/′m?e?/thus/ e?s/ then/een/

/s/ face/feis/ mouse/maus/ cakes/keiks/

caps/k?ps/ likes/laiks/ stops/st?ps/

/z/ close/kl?uz/ keys/ki:z/ boys/b?iz/ pens/penz/ halves/ha:vz/ /t?/ catch/k?t?/ cheep/t?i:p/ rich/rit?/ watch/wt?/ child/t?aild/ question/kwest??n/ teach/ti:t?/ challenge/t?lind?/ /d?/ orange/′?rid?/ large/la:d?/ juice/d?u:s/ job/d??b/ /tr/ tree/tri:/ try/trai/ true/tru:/ trouble/traubl/ track/tr?k/

/dr/dry/drai/ dream/dri:m/dress/dres/drink/dri?k/ hundred/′h?ndrid/

/?/ she/?i:/ sharp/?a:p/ fish/fi?/ shock/??k/ shoe/?u:/ /?/ pleasure/′ple??/ measure/′me??/ television/′telivi??n/

/ts/ let′s/lets/ sports/sp?:ts/ puts/puts/ writes/raits/ seats/si:ts/ /dz/ hands/h?ndz/ birds/b?:dz/ friends/freindz/

beds/bedz/ stands/st?ndz/

/h/ he/ hi:/ hard/ha:d/ him/him/ heard/h?:d/ half/ha:f/ /l/ like/laik/ late/leit/ learn/l?:n/ lead/li:d/ light/lait/ /m/ my/mai/ more/m?:/ seem/si:m/ meat/mi:t/

mind/maind/ men/men/

/n/ nice/nais/ wind/waind/ mind/maind/ rain/rein/ fine/fain/ /?/ sing/si?/ wing/wi?/ ring/ri?/ long/l??/ beautiful/bju:t?fl/ /j/ you/ju:/ few/fju:/ yard/ja:d/ music/′mju:zik/

student/′stju:dnt/ excuse/ik′skju:z/

/w/ work/w?:k/ way/wei/ well/wel/ what/w?t/

twelve/twelv/ twin/twin/

/r/ red/red/ road/r?ud/ write/rait/

wrong/r??/ problem/′pr?bl?m/

音标综合练习

1./i:/ /i/ /e/ /?/

/wil/ /fil/

bit week deal real kid dig quick tip zip rid will fill

perhaps

/b?:′lesk/ /′m?:d?/

burlesque murder

3./ei/ /?u/ /ai/ /au/ /?i/

/′?uv?/ /sait/

kape great main propose motion stone over sight

rhyme doubt typist oust moist oyster

4./i?/ /??/ /u?/

/vi?/ /?′f??/ /d??/ /sk??/ /bu?n/ /gu?d/ /′ru?r?l/ /?′pi?/ veer affair dare scare bourn gourd rural appear Colombia

/m?ti?ri?l/ /misti?ri?s/

material mysterious

5./θ/ /e/

month thief that than faith together thank themselves

The sun Tongue Twister(绕口令)

(1)There are thirty-three trees there. (θ, e)

(2)A big black bug bit the back of the big black bear. The big black bear beat back the big black bug. (/b/)

(3)She sells seashells on the seashore,and the shells she sells are seashells. I′m sure because if she sells shells at the seashore,the shells she sells are seashells for sure.

(/ θ/,/s/,/z/,/?/)

(4)There is a kitten in the kitchen.In the kitchen,I fly the chicken.A fly flies into the kitchen while I′m frying the chicken.( /t?/)

(5)You are no need to light a night light on a light night like

tonight.For a night,light′s a slight light and tonight′s a night that′s light.When a night′s light like tonight′s light,it′s really not quit right to light night lights with their slight light′s on the light night like tonight.(/n/--/l/)

(6)The sun shines on the small shop signs.(/s/--/?/)

(7)Why didn′t you do that what I told you to do? (/ /--/ /)

(8)The doctor′s daughter knocked at the locked door.

(9)Mike likes to write by the nice bright light at night.

(10)Is this pair of scissors of his sister′s? Yes,this is the pair of scissors of his sister′s . (/s/--/z/)

(11)Pete picked up a piece of paper and put it into the paper basket. (/p/)

(12)William wants to know whether the weather will be wetter tomorrow. (/w/)

unit 1

pen pal 笔友 Australia 澳洲 Japan 日本 Canada 加拿大 France 法国 the United States 美国 Singapore 新加坡 the United Kingdom 英国 country 国家 Sydney 悉尼 New York 纽约 Paris 巴黎 Toronto 多伦多 Tokyo 东京 live 住 lauguage 语言 world 世界 in English 用英语

Japanese 日本人 French 法语 any 任何一个 dislike 不喜欢 Jodie 朱迪 Andrew 安德鲁 Lucy 露西 King 金(姓)

Sam 萨姆 Julie 朱丽

unit 2

post 邮件 office 办公室 post office 邮局 restaurrant 餐馆 library 图书馆 supermarket 超市 bank 银行 park 公园

pay 付钱 pay phone 投币式公用电话 street 街道 center 中央 mail 邮件 near 近 across 在对面 across from 在...对面

between 介于两者之间 front 前面 in front of 在...之前 behind 在...之后

there 在那里 avenue 大街 excuse 原谅 neighborhood 在附近

staight 一直 turn 转弯 left 向左 right 向右 down 向下 open 开着的 clean 清洁的 quiet 安静的 dirty 脏的 market 市场

house 房子 garden 花园 district 区域 enjoy 欣赏 walk 散步 through 通过 beginning 开始 tour 旅行 visit 拜访 place 地方

have fun 玩得开心 if 如果 hungry 饥饿的 arrive 到达 taxi 的士 airport 私人飞机 pass 通过 hope 希望

yours 用在信末署名前,做客套语 Nancy 南希

unit 3

koala 树袋熊 zoo 动物园 panda 熊猫 cute 可爱的 map 地图 tiger 老虎 elephant 大象 dolphin 海豚 lion 狮子 penguin 企鹅

giraffe 长颈鹿 smart 漂亮的 animal 动物 box 方格 kind of 有几分 Africa 非洲 bingo 宾戈 ugly 丑陋的

friendly 友好的 clever 聪明的 beautiful 美丽的 other 其他的 dog 狗 grass 草 so 因而 sleep 睡觉 during 在...期间 she’s=she is

meat 肉 leaf 树叶 lazy 懒惰的 relax 放松

Henry 亨利 Molly 莫莉 Larry 拉里

unit 4

actor 演员 assistant 助手 shop assistant 店员 doctor 医生 reporter 记者 policeman 男警察 waiter 侍者 bank clerk 银行职员

hospital 医院 policewoman 女警察 nurse 护士 money钱 give 给 wear 穿 uniform 制服 sometimes 有时 dangerous 危险的 thief 小偷

TV station 电视台 police 警方 station 局 police station 警局 talk 说话 out 在外 newspaper 报纸 hard 辛苦的 as 作为 summer 夏天 story 故事 magazine 杂志 young 年轻的 play 戏剧

school play 校园剧 news 新闻 international 国际的 coach 教练

skill 技能 sir 先生 madam 夫人 Susan 苏珊 Betty 贝蒂 Karen 卡伦 Frank 弗兰克

unit 5

clean 打扫 read 读 happy 快乐的 apartment 公寓

TV show 电视节目 sure 当然 wait 等 toy 玩具 shopping 购物 mall 商业街 pool 水塘 camera 照相机 bird 小鸟 Steve 史蒂夫

unit 6

rain 下雨 windy 有风的 cloudy 多云的 sunny 阳光充足的 snow 下雪 weather 天气 Moscow 莫斯科 Boston 波士顿

cook 煮 study 学习 how’s=how is bad 坏的 terrible 可怕的 pretty 很 hot 热的 cold 冷的 cool 酷的 warm 暖的 humid 湿润的 vacantion 假期 lying 躺 beach 沙滩

group 组 beach volleyball 沙滩排球 surprised 感到惊讶的 heat 热

relaxed 放松的 winter 冬季

scarf 围巾 everyone 每人 man 男人 like 象

Review of units 1-6

blank空白 London 伦敦 direction 方向 describe 描述

found find的过去式 unit 单元 most 最 following 下列的 in order to 为了 improve 改进

Module 1

*buy v.买 call v.打电话 drive v. 开车 enjoy v. 享受 lie v. 躺下 *shop v. 逛商店;购物 *take v. 获得;拿;抓 take photos 拍照 *tell v. 讲;告诉 *wait v. 等

*for prep. 为;为了 *wait for 等待;等候 *postcard n. 明信片 the Great Wall 长城 *really adv. (表语气)真的吗 a good time 美好时光

a lot 非常 anyway adv. (转换话题、结束谈话时说)无论如何,反正 car n. 小汽车 put on 穿上 *thing n.事情;东西 leave v. 离开 work n.&v. 工作 at home 在家 pub n. 洒馆 *restaurant n. 饭馆

opera n. 歌剧 ballet n. 芭蕾舞 sleep n&v. 睡觉

*wash v. 洗;洗涤 dress v. 穿衣服 *start n&v. 开始

midday n. 正午 *hot dog 热狗 coffee n.咖啡 see v. 探望;看见

greeting n. 问候;致意 at the moment 现在,此时 look at 看…… *soon adv. 立刻;不久 *love n.&v. 爱;热爱 See you later 再见。

*night n. 夜晚 good night 晚安(打招呼用语) *street n. 街道

Module 2

festival n. 节目 Spring Festival 春节 ready adj. 有准箭的 get ready for 为……准备好 *clean v. 打扫;弄干净

*cook v. 做饭;烹饪 meal n. 一餐,一顿饭 *learn v. 学;学会 dragon n. 龙 dragon dance 舞龙 lantern n. 灯笼

Lantern Festival 元宵节 sweep v. 打扫 sweep away 扫去 *floor n. 地板 *happen V. 发生 *help v. 帮助 at work 在工作

*tradition n. 传统 bad adj. 坏的;不好的 *luck n. 运气

*paint v. 涂;绘域 *mean v. 意思是;意味 decorate v. 装饰 decc)ration n. 装饰 paper cut 剪纸 everyone pron. 每个人; haircut n. 理发 *give v. 给 New Year 新年

New Year's Eve 新年前夜 dumpling n. 饺子;团子 sweet adj. 甜的

pudding n. 布丁;甜点心 fireworks n. (复)焰火 few n. 小多,很少

a few 一些 *want v. 要;想要 *week 星期 round adj. 圆的

adv. 在周围 all the year round 一年到头 *bring v. 带来 colour n. 颜色 *something pron. 某事;某物 *cut v 剪;切 *Christmas n. 圣诞节 *long adj. 长的

Module 3

*plan n.&v.计划;打算 revise v. 温习;复习 revise for 温习;复习

*picnic n. 野餐 *have a picnic 吃野餐 test n.&v. 测试;测验 walk up 沿……走;登上 *forward adv. 向前 *look forward to 期待 daughter n. 女儿 granddaughter n. (外)孙女

*because conj. 因为 *plane/pleIn/n. 飞机

sightseeing n. 游览;观光 do some sightseeing 游览

*culture n. 文化 beach n. 海滨;海滩 *sea n. 海;海洋 wife n. 妻子 *cook n. 炊事员;厨师 *why adv. 为什么 foreign adj. 外国的 get(from…)to… (从……)到达

go sightseeing 去观光 *cycle v. 骑白行车 go cycling 去骑自行年 shopping n. 买东西;购物 go shopping 去买东两;去购物 *early adj.&adv. 早 *out adv. 出外;在外 go out 外出

Module 4

*life n. 生活;生命 future n. 将来;未来 in the future 在将来;在未来

cable TV 有线}电视 calculator n. 讣钟:器 cell phone 移动电话 chalk n. 粉笔 paper n. 纸 ruler n. 直尺 satellite TV 卫星电视

*no/nou/adj. 没有 no one 没有人;无人 *farm n. 农场 *holiday/'holldeff/7. 假日;节日 *rain n. 雨;雨水 v. 下雨 *weather n. 天气 wind n. 风 So conj.因此;所以

cheap adj. 便宜的 fuel n. 燃料 *expensive adj. 昂贵的 *short adj. 短暂的;短的;矮自 *get 变得;得到;拿到

get warm 变暖 rough adj. (海浪等)汹涌的. spring n. 舂天 autumn n. 秋天 heavy rain 大雨;暴雨

*strong adj. 强烈的;强壮的;强大的

comfortable/.kAmflobl/adj. 舒适的;舒服的 heat v. 加热

machine n. 机器 dull adj. 单凋的;枯燥的 job n.工作

free adj. 自由的 climate n. 气候 technology n. 科技;技术 transport n. 运输 *easy adj. 容易的 interesting adj. 有趣的 *difficult adj. 困难的 smooth adj. 平静的;平稳的

uncomfortable adj.不舒服的 weak adj. 弱的 *dream n. 梦想

阅读理解练习 (A) The Sawyers live at 87 King Street. In the morning, Mr Sawyer goes to work and the children go to school. Their father takes them to school every day.Mrs Sawyer stays at home every day. She does the housework. She always eats her lunch at noon. In the afternoon,she usually sees her friends. They often drink tea together. In the evening, the children come home from school. They arrive home early. Mr Sawyer comes home from work.He arrives home late. At night, the children always do their homework, Then they go to bed. Mr Sawyer usually reads his newspaper,but sometimes he and his wife watch television, 1. Where do the Sawyers live?___________________ 2. What does Mrs Sawyer do every day?____________________ 3. Who does Mrs Sawyer see in the afternoon?_____________________ 4. Do the children arrive home early?_______________________ 5. Does Mr Sawyer arrive home early?_____________________- 6. What do the children often do at night?_______________________ 7. Does Mr Sawyer usually read his newspaper at night?______________ (B) It is eight o’clock. The chilren go to school by car every day, they are going to school on foot.It is ten o’clock. Mrs Sawyer usually stays at home in the morning, but this morning, she is going to the shops. It is four o’clock.In the afternoon, Mrs Sawyer usually drinks tea in the living room. But this afternoon, she is drinking tea in the garden. It is six o’clock, In the evening, the children usually do their homework, but this evening, they are not doing their homework. At the moment, they are playing in the garden. It is nine o’clock. Mr Sawyer usually reads his newpaper at night. But he’s not reading his newspaper tonight. At the moment, he’s reading an interesting book. 1.The children go to school ______ every day.A. by car B. on foot C. by bike D. by bus 2. Mrs Sawyer is going to ___ this mornig? A.staying at home B. go shopping C. drinking tea D. watching TV 3. Mrs Sawyer usually drinks tea in the evening at ______in the living room. A. 8:00 B. 16:00 C. 18:00 D. 21:00 4. Are the children doing their homework at the moment? A. Yes, they do. B. No, they don’t. C. Yes, they are. D. No, they aren’t 5. At the moment ,Mr Sawyer is_________ A. watching TV B. reading his newspaper

(C) There is a car race near our town every year. In 1995,there was a very big race.There were hundreds of people there. My wife and I were at the race. Our friends Julie and Jack were there, too. You can see us in the crowd. We are standing on the left. There were twenty cars in the race.There were English cars, French cars, Geman cars, Italian cars, American cars and Japanese cars. It was an exciting finish. The winner was Billy Stewart. He was in car number fifteen. Five other cars were just behind him. On the way home, my wife said to me, “Don’t drive so quickly!You’re not Billy Stewart!” 1.Is there a car race near our town every year? _________________ 2.How many people are there in the big race of 1995? _____________ 3.Who was at the race with the author(作者)? ______________________ 4.Are they standing on the left?_____________________ 5.Were there thirty cars in the race?____________________ 6.Were there any Chinese cars in the race?__________________ 7.The finish was exciting, wasn’t it?_______________ 8.Who was the winner of the race?__________________ (D) Last week Mrs Milly went to London. She does not know London very well,and she lost her way.Suddenly, she saw a man near a bus stop.”I can ask him the way,” she said to herself. “Excuse me,” she said. “Can you tell me the way to King Street, please?” The man smiled pleasantly. He did not understand English! He was a tourist. Then he put his hand into his pocket, and took out a phrasebook. He opened the book and found a phrase. He read the phrase slowly.”I am sorry,” he said.”I do not speak English.” ( )1.Mrs Milly went to London last week. ( )2.Mrs Milly asked a man the way to a bus stop. ( )3.The man didn’t know the way to King Street. ( )4.The man was a tourist and he knew English well. ( )5.The phrasebook was in the hand of the man. (E) Nigel is our new next-door neighbour. He’s a pilot. He was in the R.F.A. He will fly to New York next month. The month after next he’ll fly to Tokyo. At the moment, he’s in Madrid. He flew to Spain a week ago. He’ll return to London the week after next . He’s only forty-one years old, and he has already been to nearly every country in the world. Nigel is a very lucky man. But his wife isn’t very lucky. She usually stays at home! 1. Nigel’s job is a ________. A. teacher B. doctor C. actor D. pelot 2. ____ Nigel will fly to Tokyo. A.next month B.the month after next C.a week before D.We don’t know in the text. 3. How old wil he be the next year?__________ A.forty B. forty-one C. forty-two D. forty-three 4. What does Nigel’s wife usually do? A. Goes to every country in the world with Nigel. B.Goes to work C. Fly to New York and London. D. Stays at home. 5. Is Nigel’s wife lucky? A. Yes, she is. B. No, she isn’t. C. She is lucky. D.No, she is. (F) Eric and Susan are very good friends. They grew up together, they went to high school together, and they went to collge together. Now Eric lives in California, and Susan lives in New Jersey. Even though they live far apart, they’re still very good friends. They write to each other very often. He writes her letters about life on the West Coast, and she writes him letters about life on the East C.playing in the garden D. reading an interesting book.

Coast, They never forget each other’s birthday. Last year he sent her some CDs, and she sent him a wallet. Eric and Susan help each other very often. Last year he lent her money when she was in the hospital, and she gave him advice when he lost his job. Eric and Susan like each other very much. They were always very good friends, and they still are. ( )1.Eric and Susan grew up and went go high school together. ( )2.Now Eric lives in California, and Susan lives in New Jersey. ( )3.They never forget each other’s birthday. ( )4.Susan sent Eric some CDs last year and Eric sent Susan a wallet last year. ( )5.Susan lost her job and Eric gave her advice. (G) Joan got home late from work today, and she was very happy. When she opened the refrigerator, she was upset. There was nothing to eat for dinner. Joan sat down and made a shopping list. She needed a head of lettuce, a bunch of carrot, a quart of milk, a dozen eggs, two pounds of tomatoes, half a pound of chicken, and a loaf of bread. Jone rushed out of the house and drove to the supermarket. When she got there, she was very disappointed. There wasn’t any lettuce. There weren’t any carrots. There wasn’t any milk. There weren’t any eggs. There weren’t any tomatoes. There wasn’t any chicken, and there wasn’t any bread. Joan was tired and upset. In fact, she was so tired and upset. In fact, she was so tired and upset that she lost her appetite(食欲,胃口),drove home, didn’t have dinner, and went to bed. 1.Was there anything to eat in the refrigerator? A. Yes, there was. B. No, there wasn’t. C. Yes, there wasn’t. D. No, there was. 2.Did Joan need any fish? A.Yes, she did. B. No, she didn’t. C. Yes. she didn’t. D. No, she did. 3. How did Joan go to the supermarket? A. By bus. B. By bike. C. By car. D On foot. 4.Joan bought _____________ in the supermarket. A. carrots B. milk C. tomatoes D. nothing 5.What did Joan do after she drove home from supermarket? A. She watched TV. B. She ate dinner. C. She went to bed. D.She went to work. (H) I’m tired of winter. I’m tired of snow. I’m tired of cold weather,and I’m sick and tired of winter coats and boots! Just think! In a few more weeks it won’t be winter any more. It’ll be warm, It’ll be warm. It won’t snow any more. It’ll be sunny. I won’t have to stay indoors any more. I’ll go outside and play with my friends. We’ll ride bicyside and play baseball again. In a few more weeks our neighborhood won’t look sad and gray any more. The flowers will bloom, and the trees will become green again. My family will spend more time outdoors. My father will work in the yard. He’ll cut the grass and paint the fence. My mother will work in the yard, too. She’ll buy new flowers and plant them in the garden. On weekends we won’t just sit in the living room and watch TV. We’ll go for walks in the park, and we’ll have picnics on Sunday afternoons. I can’t wait for spring to come! Hurry, spring! 1.Does the author like spring or winter?__________________ 2.Is it warm now?________________ 3.What will the author do in a few more weeks?__________________ 4.Where will the author’s family spend more time in a few more weeks?____________ 5.Will the author’s father cut the grass and paint the fence?__________________

6.Will the author’s mother water flowers?___________________ 7.What will they do on Sunday afternoons?_________________________ 8.Do you like spring or winter? Why?______________________________ (I) Amy’s apartment building is in the center(中心) of town. Amy is very happy there because the building is in a very convenient(方便的) place. Across from the building, there’s a bank, a post office, and a restaurant. Next to the building, there’s a drug store and a laundromat(洗衣店). Around the corner(角落) from the building, ther are two supermarkets. There’s a lot of noise near Amy’s apartment building. There are a lot of cars on the street, and there are a lot of people one the sidewalks(人行道)all day and all night. However, Amy’s isn’t very upset(不安) about the noise in her neighborhood(附近). Her building is in the center of town. It’s a very busy place, but it’s a convenient place to live. 判断正(T)误(F) ( )1.Amy’apartment is in a convenient place. ( )2.There’s a drug store around the corner from her building. ( )3.There are two supermarkets in her neighborhood. ( )4.There are a lot of cars on the sidewalk. ( )5.The center of town is very noisy. 根据短文,回答问题 6. Where is Amy’s apartment building? ________________________________________ 7. What’s across from her building? ______________________________________ 8. Is there a laundromat near her building? ________________________________ 9. Why is there a lot of noise near Amy’s building? _______________________________ 10.Why is Amy happy there? _________________________________

网站首页网站地图 站长统计
All rights reserved Powered by 海文库
copyright ©right 2010-2011。
文档资料库内容来自网络,如有侵犯请联系客服。zhit326@126.com