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9A unit2语法

发布时间:2013-11-11 12:38:04  

9A unit2语法指南

1.Would rather?.句型的用法

Would rather?than?意思是“宁愿?.而不原,喜欢?.而不喜欢。”在使用时,前面和后面都必须用表示并列的成人它的否定形式应该在would rather 的后面加not,而不是在would的后面加not.如:

① I would rather have the red one than the green one.我宁愿要红的,而

不要绿的。

② “will you join us in a game of cards”“thank you ,but Id rather not”.

“你愿意和我们一起打牌吗?”“谢谢,我不想。”

[注]后跟句子,该从句要用过去时。如:

③ I would rather you posted the letter right now.我倒希望你把这封信寄了。 ③ He would rather you came tomorrow than today.他宁愿你明天来,而不是

今天来。

2.Prefer和prefer?.to的用法

▲prefer 是动词,它的过去式和过去分词都是preferred .它的意思是“宁愿,更喜欢”,后面跟名词或代词,也可接不定式或动名词。如:

① Do you prefer tea or coffee?你更喜欢茶还是咖啡。

① I prefer English but you prefer Chinese.我喜欢英语,而你更喜欢语文。 ② He preferred spending the summer in the country.我倒喜欢在乡下过夏天。 ③ She prefers to stay at home on Sunday.星期天她更喜欢呆在家里。

④ Which do you prefer , a dog or a cat?你更喜欢那个,狗还是猫?

[注]后可接动名词,也可接不定式,但前有情态动词时,其后只能用不定式。试

比较:

① I prefer to do it myself./ I prefer doing it myself.我喜欢自己做这

件事。

② I would prefer to do it myself.我宁愿自己做这件事。

▲ prefer 加名词或动名词,意思是“喜欢?.而不喜欢?.”如:

④ I prefer the town to the country.我喜欢城镇而不喜欢农村。

⑤ She prefers red to blue.她喜欢红色,而不喜欢蓝色。 ,

⑥ I prefer staying at home to going out on Sundays.星期天我喜欢呆在家

里,而不喜欢到外面去。

3、 由some, any ,no, every.构成的复合不定代词的用法

▲ 由some. any no 和every 可以与one ,body ,thing构成复合不定代词,它们的用法

与some. any 的用法相同。如:

以上的复合代词都表示单数的概念,在句子中作主语、宾语或表语。作主语时,谓语动词用单数形式。如:

① I found nobody in the classroom.我发现教室里空无一人。

② I have something important to tell you.我有一些重要的事情要告诉你们。

③ “is there anything wrong with your watch”?“No, Nothing is wrong with it.”

“你的手表有些毛病吗?”“没有,一点毛病没有”。

④ “whats in your pocket”? “你的口袋里有什么?”“没有什么”.

⑤ Ive done nothing today.今天没有做什么。

⑥ “is there anything interesting in todays newspaper ?”“Nothing much”.“今

天的报纸上有些有趣的东西吗?”“没有什么”。

⑦ No one in our class can answer this question.我们班上没有一个人能回答这个问

题。

⑧ Everything is ready. Lets begin our meeting .一切准备就绪。我们开始开会吧! ⑨ Listen! Someone is knocking at the door.听!有人在敲门。

⑩ Would you like something to eat?你想吃点东西吗?

(11)somebody is waiting for you at the school gate, Kate.凯特,有人在校门口等你。

(12)I am looking for something a little cheaper.我正在找稍微便宜一点的东西。 ,,,,

(13)if there is no bread ,we will eat something else.如果没有面包,我们就吃点别的东西。

(14)we will get something to eat at the snack bar.我们去那个零食店吃点什么。

(15)you cannot get anything for nothing你什么都不付出,就想得到点是不可能的。

(16)There is something in what you said , I will take your advice.你说的话有点道理,我会听你的忠告的。

(17)something is better than nothing.有总比没有好。

(18)This is the mysterious something which they have worked so hard to find.这就是他们付出极其艰辛的劳动所要寻找的那种神秘的东西。

(19)if you see somebody drowning what you will do?如果你看到有人快要淹死了,你应该怎么办?

(20)I think anyone can learn skating.我认为任何人都可以学会溜冰的。

(21)has anything unusal happened?有什么不平常的事发生了吗?

[注]一般来说,当主语是指人的复合代词,如everybody, nobody, anybody 等时,其反意疑问句后面的主语通常用代词they;当前面句子中的复合代词指物,如everything ,something, anything, nothing 等时,其反意疑问句后面的主语通常用代词用it.如:

① Everyone is here ,aren’t they?人都到了,是吗?

② Everything is ready, isn’t it ?一切准备好了,是吗?

① Somebody is waiting for me at the gate , aren ’t they?有人在门口

等我,是吗?

[注]当形容词或else(别的,其它的)修饰复合不定代词something , everything , nothing ,anybody ,nobody 等时,该形容词或else必须放在复合不定代词的后面。如: ① Do you have anything interesting to tell me?你有什么有趣的事情要告诉我吗? ②I have answered several questions .Do you have anything else to ask?我回答了好几个问题。你还有别的要问吗?

② is there anybody else in the room?屋子里还有别的人吗?

[注]一些有关复合不定代词词组的用法

① something like 有点像,大约,极好的。

The building looked something like a church.这个建筑物看起来有点像教堂。

There are something like 10,000 people present.今天大约有一万人到场。

It is something like a ball.它有点像一只球。

② something of 在某种意义上,在某种程度上

he has something of the musician in him .在某种程度上,他有几分像音乐家。

He is something of an expert on growing vegetables.他可以说是一位种植蔬菜的专家。 ③ something to do with与?.有关

His job has something to do with oil.他的工作与石油有关。

I think he has something to do with it.我认为他与那件事有关。

④ or something大概是?.之类的(东西)

she has got a cold or something 她大概受了凉。

She is writing a dictionary or something她正在写字典之类的书。

He hit a tree or something.他撞上了一棵树或其它之类的东西。

⑤ or somebody 诸如此类的人

this job needs a repairman or a builder or somebody.这项工作台需要一名修理工,或建筑工或诸如此类的人。

⑥ all to nothing 百分之百(常用来作表语)

it is all to nothing that they will succeed.他们一定会成功。

⑦ be nothing to?对?.来说无足轻重,与?不能相比

she is nothing to him她对他无所谓。

Both money and honor were nothing to him.金钱和名誉对他来说都无所谓。

My effort is nothing to yours.我的努力和你的比起来,真是微不足道。

⑧ for nothing 无报酬,免费,无缘无故

he worked for nothing.他工作无报酬。

They will repair it for nothing他们将免费修理它。

They quarreled for nothing.他们无缘无故地大吵了一场。

⑨ have nothing to do with?.与?.无关

it has nothing to do with me.它与我无关。

The man has nothing to do with the bank robbery.那人与银行抢劫案无关。

⑩ mean nothing to do? 对?..微不足道

money means nothing to him so he gives most of it away to poor people.金钱对他来

说无关紧要,因此他把大部的钱捐献给穷苦的人了。

(11)next to nothing?.几乎什么没有,几乎没有

I know next to nothing about English.我几乎不懂英语。

(12)nothing but?.除?以外什么都没有,只有,只不过

There is nothing but a card in the box 盒子里除了一张卡片之外,什么也没有了。 We could see nothing but water.我们只看到一大片水。

▲ 一些容易混淆的词的用法

① none 可指没有人或没有东西,在句中作定主语或宾语。作主语时,谓语动词可用单

数。也可用复数。如:

“how many birds are there in the tree?”“None”.“树上有多少只鸟?”“一只也没有”。

“Are there any students in the classroom?”“None”.“教室里有学生吗?”“一个也没有。”

None of the money is mine 这些钱都不是我的。

I understood none of the questions.这些问题我都不懂。

I wanted some a ropes but there was none in my house .我需要几根绳子,但家里一根绳子都没有。

“Are there any tomatoes left?”“No ,none at all.”“还有西红柿剩下吗?”“没有,一点也没有了。”

None of them has come back yet. 他们中一个人也没有回来。

English is the first language in none of these countries.英语不是这些国家的第一语言。

I bought many books but none of them is about French.我买了很多书,但没有一本是关于法语方面的。

[注]none ,nothing 和no one 的区别; none既可指人,也可指物,它只是指在一定范围内,代替上下文已出现过的名词。Nothing表示“没有什么东西”,只能指物,不能指人,同时没有任何限制。No one 一般用来指人,使用时不受一定范围的限制,后面一般不接引导的介词短语,如:

“Have you bought any clothes”? “None”.“你买衣服了吗?”“一件没买”。 “What did you buy yesterday?” “None”“昨天你买什么了?”“没有买什么”。

“did anyone come to see me ?”“一个人也没有”。

“are there any birds in the tree now ?” “None”.“现在树上有鸟吗?”“一只也没有。”

“what is in the bag?” “None”“袋子里有什么?”“什么也没有。”

② anyone, any one 和anybody的区别

▲ anyone=anybody指任何人,不能指物,也不可以与of引导的介词短语连用。Anyone作

主语时,谓语动词用单数形式。Anyone/anybody属于单数,其对应的代词要用him/his.如:

anyone /anybody who refused to leave was thrown into prison.拒绝离开的人被投入监狱。

If anyone/anybody comes ,please ask him to wait.如果有人来,请叫他等一下。

[注]回答与表示一个范的of 介词短语连用进,anyone须写成两上单词any one.如: You may choose any one of them.你可以任选一个。

I dont like any one of them.他们中任何一个我都不喜欢。

[注]anyone 不与动词的否定形式连用,如果要表示否定意义,则必须用no one 和none. None of the boys likes climbing hills.这些男孩中没有一个人喜欢爬山。

No one in our class can answer this question.我们班上没有人能回答这个问题。 ,

[语法专项训练]

一、 用something, anything, nothing, somebody, anybody, nobody, everything, everybody,

everyone, someone, anyone, none, no one, no等填空,有时可能有多个答案。

1 Therein this bag, its empty.

3 I didn’t invite all of them , buthas come.

Of the people were afraid of danger.

6 There isn’twatching TV at the moment.

7 “Shall I make youto eat?”“yes ,please, Im really hungry , I’ve had hardly all day.”

8 itknows about it.

9 Will you ask carry this bag for me ,please?

10 “is thereis wrong”. ,,,,

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