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七年级下册英语复习笔记

发布时间:2013-11-12 09:35:30  

七年级下册英语复习笔记

Unit 1 Where’s your pen pal from?

一.Where +be+主语+from?=Where +do/does+主语+come from? Where are you from?=Where do you come from?

Be from = come from

联系动词 实义动词

例:Stone is come from China.(×)

注:be动词与实义动词永远不能连用。

二.国家 国人 国人复数 语言 首都

(the people Republics of China ) (P. R. C.)

Chinese Chinese Chinese Chinese Beijing

Canada Canadian Canadians English, French Ottawa France French Frenchmen French Paris

Japan Japanese Japanese Japanese Tokyo

(the United States of America )(U.S.A.)

America American Americans English Washington.D.C. (theunited Kingdom)

England Englishman Englishmen English London Australia Australian Australians English Canberra

三. Where does he live? He lives in Beijing.

Where对地点提问的秘诀是:一定,二改,三组合一定,确定疑问词Where二改,将原句改为一般疑问句,将第一人称改为第二人称

三组合,把前面的部分及后面部分组合

例:I live in Kunming(画线提问) Where do you from?

Live是一个不及物动词及物动词后可以直接加宾语,不需要加任何介词。不及物动词后不可以直接加宾语,但可以单独使用。如果想要加宾语,需要加上介词。四. What language does she speak?

Speak:既可以做及物动词,也可以做不及物动词。翻译为“说,讲话”做及物动词时,只能接某种语言做宾语。

例:1. He speaks (vt) English.2 .Mr stone is speaking. (vi)

Speak to sb 和某人讲话

Say: 翻译为“说,述说”用系统语言表达自己的想法,后面必须跟说话的内容,宾语只能是话语,而不能是人。

例:He says he is a boy.

Tell: 翻译为“告诉,讲述。”尤其用在讲故事,讲笑话(tell stories/jocks) Tell sb sth (告诉某人某事) tell sb to do sth(告诉某人做某事)

例:My mother tells me to study well.

Talk: 翻译为“交谈,谈论。”后面常跟to, with表示与某人谈话。如果跟about, of表示谈话的内容。 Talk to sb=talk with sb和某人谈话 Talk about sth=talk of sth谈论某事

五.interesting与interested

interesting :指事情本身有趣,意为“有趣的,令人感兴趣的”厂子句中作定语,表语 Interested:指人对……感兴趣(be interested)

例句:This is an interesting story I am interested in learning English.

六.a little 和 little

A little:修饰不可数名词,表示肯定含义,意为“有一些,少量” 如:There is little water in Mr. Stone’s

cup

Little: 修饰不可数名词,表示肯定,翻译为几乎没有。 如:I know little Japanese

拓展:Many+可数名词复数 eg:Many books Much+不可数名词 eg: Much money

Some+可数名词/不可数名词 eg:Some book/water A lot of +可数名词/不可数名词

七.I like gong to the movies with my friends and playing sports.

1 2 3

1.like doing sth:喜欢干某事,表示个人兴趣爱好,经常性的动作。

Eg: I like playing football

Like to do sth:表示想去做某事,表示最近想去干某事。

2.去看电影

Go to the movies Go to a movie Go to the cinema Go to see a movie

3.and 和with

And连接两个主语,通常放在句首,其谓语动词复数。(连词) with为介词,后面跟名词或代词的宾格,通常放在句末。

Eg: He and I are both students He lives in China with his parents.

Unit one 重点词组

1.pen pal 笔友 2.speak English讲英语 3. be from=come from来自4.on weekends在周末

5.write to do 给某人写信5.live in 居住7.a little一些8.likes and dislikes喜欢/不喜欢9.like doing sth喜欢做某事

10.like to do sth想去做某事11. tell sb about sth 告诉某人关于某事

12.tell sb to do sth 告诉某人去做某事13. talk to/with sth 1和某人谈话

4.talk of /about sth 谈论某事15. be interesting in对……感兴趣

16.go to the movies=go to the cinema =go to see a film 去看电影17.hear from sb收到某人来信 Unit 2 Where’s the post office?

一.语言目标:问路,指路

问路的常用句型:

Excuse me:1.Where’s the post office 2.Is there a post office near here?

3.Which is the way to the post office? 4.Could you tell me how to get to the post office?

5.Could you tell me how can I get to the post office? 6.Could you tell me where the post office?

(特殊疑问句跟在宾语从句后,其语句用用陈述句语序)

二.Is there a bank near here?

There be 句型:表示某地有某物,表示客观存在。否定形式只需在there be + not

Eg: There isn’t any water in the cap.

疑问句:Be + there + 其他 Eg: Is there a zoo near hear?

have/has:表示某人有某物 从属关系 Eg: We have a bed in the room?

如果后接门牌号,用介词at Eg: He lives at 88 Hua Xing street. 在街道上,in the street英国人用法 ,

on the street美国人用法。Eg: He lives in/on the street. In the neighborhood of 在……的附近

三.Just go straight and turn left.

指路常用句型:1. Walk on and turn left 2.It is +介词+地点 3.It’s about +(具体数

字)……meters from here

4. Take the second turning/crossing on the right 5. Turn right/left at the second turning.

四.1谢谢的说法

1. Thank you very much. 2. Thanks a lot. 3. Thanks 4. Many thank. 5. Thanks a million.

回答谢谢:

1. That’s all right. 2. You’re welcome. 3. Not at all. 4. Anytime 5. Don’t mention it 6. It’ s my pleasure

Welcome to+地点 表示欢迎来到某地 Enjoy 后加 doing sth Take a walk

五. Through ,across,over(穿过,通过) 1. Through:表示从中间穿过,通过。强调动作在里面进行。

Eg Mr. Stone walks through the park. 2. across:表示动作在某一物体表面进行

Eg:We walk across the road. 3.over:多指在空间范围上通过,越过或垂直在上,与表面不接触。

Eg:The birds fly over the city.

六.With与in“用” In:强调使用的材料或颜色 In+语言 In+颜色 (表示某人穿什么颜色的衣服)

Have fun=have a good time =enjoy oneself Have fun doing sth Be busy doing 忙于某事

七.方位介词

1.next to 在……旁边 2.in front of内部in the front of 外部 在……前面 3.Between ……and……两者之间

4.behind 在……后面 5.across from 6.over在……之上

八. I know you are arriving next Sunday

1.are arriving 用进行时表将来时 表示位置移动的词(go, come, leave, arrive)通常用现在进行时表一般将来时。

2.arrive,get to, reach(到达) arrive不及物动词,后要加at/in 后要加地点名词 get to:经常用于口语中reach:及物动词,后直接加地点名词

Eg: arrive in Beijing = get to Beijing =reach Beijing

Unit 2 重点词组

1. in front of / in the front of在前面 2. Turn right/left向左/右转3. go straight向前直走4. across from在……对面

5. Between ……and……在两者之间6. the beginning of……的开始7. take a taxi=by taxi打车8. on one’s way to在某人去某地的路上

9. In the neighborhood在附近10.take a walk散步11.go through穿过12.next to紧挨13.have fun=enjoy oneself=have a good time玩得开心,过得愉快14.let sb do sth让某人做某事15.arrive in/at=get to到达16.be busy with sth忙于某事17.be busy in doing sth忙于做某事

18.take a look at= have a look at看19.take your time 不要急20.take off脱掉21.enjoy doing sth喜欢做某事22.on the road=in the road在路上

Unit 3 Why do you like koalas?

一.Let’s see the pandas first. 1. Let’s let us Let’ s后加动词原形 Let sb do sth让某人做某事注:let 后面用人称代词作宾语,用宾格形式。

2.提出建议的其他表达方式

1. Let’s do…… 2. Shall we……Eg:Shall we go shopping. 3.Hou/What about……怎么样? Eg:What about going shopping?

4.Why not……Why not后加动词原形 Eg:Why not have a rest?

二.Why与how come均表示为什么,但在完整问句中,有所差别

Why后面必须接倒装语序,而how come后不须接倒装句型,即how come+主语+动词。 Eg:Why is Mr. Stone crying

How come Mr. Stone is crying?

三.1.kind of 有一点=a little 2.a kind of一种 3.all kinds of各种各样 4.kind 和蔼 例:It’s very kind of you.你真好。

四.Do you like giraffes? 1. like(vt):喜欢,愿意,想要。 2. like+n. 喜欢做某事 Eg:I like music I like children

3.like to do sth 想做某事 (表示一lik次性的,未发生的动作) Eg:I like to take with you tonight

4. like sb to do sth Eg:I like student to tell truth.

5.would like to do sth 希望做某事 Eg:I would like to go there

6.like doing sth喜欢做某事(长期习惯性的动作,尤其指个人爱好) Eg:I like reading in bed

7. How do you like sth?你觉得……怎么样? Eg:How do you like China? Like 还可以做形容词adj(相像的),介词prep(像),连词conj(如同)。

Eg: The twins are very like (adj.) Like father, like son (prep.) Do it like I tell you (conj)

区别:be friendly with sb 和某人关系好 be friendly to sb 对某人友好 be+数词+years old 某人多大 other:表示其他的。后常跟复数

如果other与表示数量意义的词一起作定语,必须位于数量词之后。

五.Isn’t he cute? 否定疑问句,常用来表示反问。翻译为“难到……不?” Eg:Can’t you play football?

回答否定疑问句,常用yes/no.但这时yes翻译为“不”,no翻译为“是的”。 Eg:-Doesn’t he have a brother?

-Yes, he does不,他有。

-No, he doesn’t 是的,他没有。

六.He sleeps during the day. go to bed 和 sleep go to bed指上床睡觉,强调从脱衣服到上床这一动作,表示准备睡觉,不含睡着的意思。

Sleep指睡觉,睡觉的全过程,用于现在进行时态中,表示正在睡觉。

Eg:It’s time to bed My mother is sleeping

相关词组:go to sleep入睡,想方设法入睡=Fell asleep入睡,强调状态 Sleepless失眠的Sleepwalker梦游者 Sleepy困倦的

Unit 4重点词组

1. be from=come from2. kind of=a little3. all kinds of4. be quiet5. during the day6. get up7. play with

8. be friendly with sb 和某人关系好 9. be friendly to sb 对某人友好10. like doing sth11. like to do sth12. like sb to do sth

13. go to bed 14. fall asleep=go to sleep

Unit 4 I want to be an actor

一. 询问职业的方式1. What do you do?2. What’s your job?3. What are you?4. What’s your work?5. What’s your occupation?

二. 名词所有格

定义:英语名词可以加“’s”来表示所有关系。如果该名词本身是以s结尾的复数形式,其名词所有格只需要

加“ ’ ”.

用法:1.表示有生命的东西的名词或表示时间、国家、城镇、机构等名词构成所有格,通常加’s.

Eg:1. the teacher’s desk 2.today’s newspaper 3.women’s day 4.China’s culture 中国文化

2.并列名次各自的所有格,在每个名词后加’s,;表示几个名词共有的则在最后一个名词后加’s.

Give sb sth=give sth to sb Get from 从……取得 介词后通常跟宾格形式。 Put on强调动作 Wear强调状态

三. Sometimes, some times ,sometime some time

1.sometimes译为有时,表示频率和频度的副词。 He sometimes writes to me.

2.some times:名词短语,意为“几次,几倍” I have been to Beijing some times.

3.sometime副词,意为“某个时候”经常用在将来时当中. I will go to see a doctor sometime tomorrow.

4.Some time:名词短语,意为一段时间,此时的time是不可数名词,翻译为时间。 I’ll stay in China for some time

三. Problem和question

1. problem指疑难或难以解决的问题,如数学,人口,环境污染问题,以及令人困惑的是或情况等。

2.Question多只要求回答的问题 Eg:Mr. yang likes to ask all kinds of question

辨析: in hospital住院 In the hospital在医 At table进餐吃饭 At the table在桌子旁边 Go to school去上学

Go to the school到学校 Job:可数名词,指具体某项工作,多指雇佣的、招聘的、有报酬的工作 Work:不可数名词,主要指脑力和体力劳动,表示抽象活动

四. We have a job for you as a waite As:1.prep.介词:作为,当作。 Eg:Mr. Stone works in Yilin as an English teacher

2. conj:连词:像……一样 Eg:English is as easy as Chinese 英语像汉语一样简单。

3.Conj连词:按照 Eg:He does as his mother says他按照他妈妈说的去做

Call sb at+电话号码 给某人打电话

五. We need an actor today! 1. need n.需要,必要 2. need v.(1) 人+ need+ to do sth 需要做某事Eg;I need to have a rest

(2) 人/物+ need + doing sth 应该做某事Eg: The room needs cleanng. 3. need情态动词,后加动词原形 Eg: I need go home to see my mother

Unit 4 重点词组

1. shop assistant店员2. bank clerk银行职员3. in the restaurant在饭店4. go out外出5. TV station电视台6. in/during the day在白天

7. work with和某人一起工作8. at night在晚上9. in the evening在傍晚10. talk to/with sb和某人说话11.in hospital住院

12.in the hospital在医院里13. ask sb sth和某人说要某物14.give sb sth=give sth to sb给某人某物

15.work late工作很晚

16.want sb to do sth想要某人做某事17.get ……from……从……得到18.want to do sth=would like to do sth 常用于口语

19.get back回来20.get up起床21.get on上车22.get off下车23.need doing sth24.need to do sth

Unit 5 I’m watching TV

八种时态:

两种一般时:一般现在时、一般过去时 两种完成时:现在完成时、过去完成时

两种将来时:一般将来时,过去将来时 两种进行时:现在进行时、过去进行时

一?现在进行时

1) 定义:表示现在进行或发生的动作,还可以表示前一段时间的活动或现阶段正在进行的动作(现在进行时经常与时间状语now连用或用在look! Listen!引出的句子中)

2) 构成:主语+be(am.ia.are)+动词的现在分词(doing)

3) 用法:1.表示现在或现阶段正在进行的动作 如:He’s running.

2.表示位置移动的动词,如:come、 go 、arrive 、arrive、 fly 等通常用现在时表示一般将来时。

Eg:I’m leaving for Beijing next week下周我将要去北京

4) 现在分词构成

1. 一般情况下在动词后直接加s2. 以不发音字母e结尾的动词,去e再加ing

3. 以重读闭音节结尾的并且末尾只有一个辅音字母的动词,双写该辅音字母,再加ing.4. 以辅音字母结尾的重读音节叫做闭音节。

二?watch、look 、see 与read区别

1. watch译为观看、注视,指长时间观看某一活动的场面,如看电视、看比赛等。例:watch a football match watch sb 观察,注视某人

2. look:强调看的动作,不强调结果,是不及物动词,后跟宾语时,必须加介词at例:Look at the blackboard ,please

3. see:强调看的结果,是及物动词,后面可以直接跟宾语Eg:Can you see the clouds in the sky?

See sb do sth 看见某人干某事的全过程See sb doing sth 看见某人正在干某事

4. read:译为看,读,其宾语常为报纸、书、杂志等例;He’s reading a book

三.At ,in, on

a) in在一天当中的早晨、上午、下午、晚上或年、季节、月前用inin summer in the morning in May in 2008

b) on指具体到某一天上午、下午、晚上用onon Saturday c) at通常用在时刻前

the photo of me 一张我的照片 the photo of mine我的一张照片

Unit 5 重点词组

1. do homework做作业2. watch TV看电视3. eat dinner吃晚饭4. play basketball打篮球5. wait for等待6. talk on the photo通过电话通话

7. talk to sb=talk with sb 和某人谈话8. talk of/about sth谈论某事9. read books读书10. TV show电视节目

11. go to the films/movies=go to the cinema =go to see a film=go to a movie/film去看电影 Unit 6 It’s raining

一、 How’s the weather in Shanghai?1. How’s the weather?加地点 2. What’s the weather like? 加地点

3. 考点:weather 不可数名词 n.天气(同音词whether=if是否)例题:What D fine weather(day)!

A. aB. anC. theD. /

感叹句构成:what + adj+名词+主语+谓语cook 1.v.烹调 及物动词 2.n.厨师Cooker厨具例:I cook breatfast by myself every morning

Pretty:1.adj.漂亮的=beautiful She is a pretty girl

2. adv.相当,很3. 副词只能修饰动词(study hard),形容词(pretty good),副词本身(very we二.join与take part in

1. join是指某一组织团体,成为成员。如果后加表示人的名词或代词,此时译为加入某人,加入某些人的行列中去。

例:May I join you?2. join sb 加入某人3. take part in 参加会议或群众性活动4. join in = take part in

show:1.n.节目 TV show 2.v给……看,展示 show sb sth shou sth to sb

There be 句型表示某地有某物,遵循就近一致原则。

例题: There is (be)a book and two pens on the desk A dancer and singer is (be)in this room

三.1. Some… others 一些…一些…2. Some… the others表示特定范围内的一些,另一些

3. One …the other 一个…另一个…

Look:1.vi look at看过程

2.连系动词 看起来 +adj作表语

Be surprised at Be surprised to do sth

四.Everyone 每一人 Every one 每一人、事(常与of连用)

Unit6重点词组

1. Read a book2. play computer3. pretty good4. take photos5. look cool6. lie on the

beach7. thank sb for doing sth8. on vacation

9. in surprise10. be surprised in11. to one’s surprise 12. have a good time =enjoy oneself Unit 7 What does he look like?

Stop: stop doing sth 停下做某事 Eg: Stop murmuring! 不要小声说话! Stop to do sth停下来去做另一件事

Eg: stop to talk! 停下来去说话(开始说话)

Stop sb from doing sth 阻止某人做某事 Eg :My mother often stops me from going outside at night

Remember :

Remember doing sth 记得曾经做过某事 I remember meeting you Remember to do sth 记得去做某事

Remember to have supper. Remember sb to sth代某人问好

一.What does he look like? ? 用于询问人的外貌,特征 ? Look like=look the same看起来一样 ? Look:

1.动词vi. Eg: Look at the blackboard2.联系动词,看起来 Eg : You look very tired 3.名词,外表,长相 Eg:Her look is nice.

4.like:

? 动词vt. 喜欢 Eg:She likes playing computer games. ? 介词 prep. 像…… Eg: He looks like his father.? 名词 n. 爱好 Eg: Likes and dislikes

Like当名词讲,通常用复数形式 ? 形容词.相像的 Eg: Mr. Stone and Mr. Wang are very like.

二.And和or的区别 “和”

1.and通常用于肯定句中 2.or通常用于否定句和疑问句中Eg:She has no legs and no armsShe has no legs or arms当两个名词前后都有否定词修饰时,用and不用or.

三.She’s good-looking but she’s a little bit quiet Good-looking 复合形容词构成

1. 形容词+动词ing Eg:easy-going 2. 名词+动词ed形式 Eg: man-made 人造的 3. 数词+名词单数 Eg: two-year-old

4. 数词+名词ed Eg: three-legged 5. 形容词+名词 Eg: full-time 全职的

A little bit, a little ,a bit

共同点:当这三个词语作状语时,可以通用,但a little bit 比例另两个所表示的程度要浅。

不同点:a little 和a bit修饰名词作定语用法不同,a little后直接跟不可数名词而a bit需要加of再加不可数名词

Eg:a little water=a bit of water

四.Love和like的区别

Like是强度最弱的一个,指对某人、某物感兴趣,表示单纯的兴趣、满意、好感。其后通常加名词、动词不定式或动名词。

Love包含感情色彩最强,意为“爱、热爱、喜欢”其后跟名词、动词不定式或动名词。

Eg: Mr. Stone loves watching football match very much.

考点:love一般不用于进行时态,如果love表示喜欢时,一般不用于否定句,love如果用于否定句,只能表示爱。

Eg:l like(喜欢) him。But I don’t love(爱) him

Well:1.adj 身体好 2.adv 好地 例:Study well Not……any more=no more

五.I don’t think(否定转移) he’s so great. Think引导的句子中如果表示否定意义,否定词转移到think前边

如果think后面从具有否定意义,往往把否定词转移到主句,叫做否定转移。 Eg:I don’t think you are right.

Unit7 重点词组

1) Look like2) Curly hair3) Medium height4) Pop singer5) Like doing sth6) Like to do sth7) Love doing sth8) Love to do sth

9) Tell jokes10) Stop to do sth11) Stop doing sth12) Remember to do sth13) Remember doing sthX kb 1 . c o m

14) Be of + n.表示人特点性质=be+ adj.15) Play chess16) Have a joke with sb 和某人开玩笑

17) Play a joke on sb 戏弄某人

18) Not……any more =no more19) Not……longer=no……any longer20) Go

shopping\swimming

Unit 8 I’d like some noodles

I’d=I would

一、 Would like=want想要、愿意

1.Would like 比want语气委婉Would like sth = what sth 想要某物Would like to do sth =what to do sth 想要做某事

Would like sb to do sth =what sb to do sth 想要某人做某事

2.与would like相关的句型 ? What would you like? =What do you want?

该句型回答必须用I’d like…… Eg: I would like a bowl of sliced noodles without eggs.

Would (情态动词)you like sth……?一般疑问句,你想要某物吗? 这个问句的肯定回答是:Yes, please \Yes, ok\All right

否定回答是:No, thanks Would you like to do sth? 你愿意做某事吗?表示有礼貌提出建议、邀请的句型。

其肯定回答是Yes,I’d like to(to不可省) 否定回答:Sorry, I can’t \Sorry, I have to do

二.可数名词与不可数名词

1) 可数名词变化规则 一般可数名词在词尾后加s 以s、x、sh、ch、结尾的词在词尾后加es 以f、fe、结尾的,变f、fe、为v,再加es

以辅音字母加y结尾的词,变y为i,加es 以o结尾的词,有生命加es,无生命加s(一般情况下) Negro-negroes hero-heroes tomato - tomatoes Potato – potatoes piano-pianos zoo –zoos photo – photosradio-radios

2) 考点:部分不规则名词的复数变化

man – men woman–women tooth –teeth foot-feet child-children mouse–mice

deer–deer sheep-sheep Chinese-Chinese Japanese – Japanese

3) 可数名词变复数巧记歌 可数名词有变化, 复数要把尾巴加, S尾巴最常见,特殊常加es 包括s、x、sh、ch 辅音加y,y变i

再把s加上来,遇见f,fe末尾变ves 特殊变化特殊记, 终身享用不忘记 例题:Apple and orange ice-cream is my favorite

三.Also,too,as well,either和as well as Also:通常用在行为动词前,be动词,情态动词,助动词后。在表示强调时,也可放在句末。

Eg:I also speak English I am also a student

Too:多用于口语当中,通常放在句末,前边必须用到逗号隔开;也可放在句中,这是前后均有逗号。在简略回答中,too常位于代词的宾格形势之后。

Eg:I am a teacher ,too -How are you? -Fine ,thanks, and you? -Me ,too!(反义句:me nether!)

As well:通常用于否定句中,表示也,但只能放在句末。

Eg:He plays the piano as well.

Either:只能用于否定句中,通常位于句末 Eg:I don’t like you either

As well as:作连词表示“也,还,而且”用来连接两个并列成分 Eg:He as well as his parents goes (go) to the park every morning.

注:当as well as 连接的两个名词或代词做主语时,谓语动词在人称和数的变化上,要与第一个主语保持一致,即就远原则。

Unit 8重点词组

1) orange juice2) help sb with sth3) green tea4) ice cream5) have a drink6) what size7) what kind of8) would like sth = what sth 想要某物

9) would like to do sth =what to do sth 想要做某事10) would like sb to do sth =what sb to do sth 想要某人做某事

11) kind of =a little =a little bit 12) all kinds of13) as well as 14) help sb (to) do sth

Unit 9 How was your weekend?

Did:

Vt. 做、干、打 助动词,无意义(帮助动词完成他的疑问和否定)

一, 一般过去时 定义:表示在过去的时间里发生的动作或状态。 肯定式:谓语动词用过去式 Eg: My weekend was great.

疑问式:连系动词be的疑问句,把句中的was、were提到句首 实义动词的疑问句在句首加助动词did,后用动词原形。

Eg:Was your weekend great? Did you go to the park yesterday?

否定式:连系动词be的否定句,在was、were后加not 实义动词的否定句在实义动词前加didn’t,谓语动词用动词原形。

Eg:I wasn’t born in 1997. I didn’t play computer games yesterday.

动词过去式构成:

一般的在动词词尾后加ed 以e结尾的动词在e后加d 重读闭音节并且末尾只有一个辅音字母的,双写该辅音字母再加ed

以辅音字母加y结尾的词,变y为i加ed 不规则的特殊记:

原形 过去式 过去分词 原形 过去式 过去分词

be was/were been beat beat beaten become became become begin began begun bend bent bent bet bet bet

bite bit bitten blow blew blown break broke broken bring brought brought

broadcast broadcast broadcast build built built

burst burst burst buy bought bought catch caught caught choose chose chosen come came come cost cost cost

creep crept crept cut cut cut deal dealt dealt dig dug dug

do did done draw drew drawn

drink drank drunk drive drove driven eat ate eaten fall fell fallen

feed fed fed feel felt felt

fight fought fought find found found flee fled fled fly flew flown

forbid forbade forbidden forget forgot forgotten

forgive forgave forgiven freeze froze frozen get got got give gave given

go went gone grow grew grown

hang hung hung have had had hear heard heard hide hid hidden

hit hit hit hold held held hurt hurt hurt keep kept kept

kneel knelt knelt know knew known lay laid laid lead led led leave left left lend lent lent let let let lie lay lain

light lit lit lose lost lost make made made mean meant meant

meet met met pay paid paid put put put read read read

ride rode ridden ring rang rung rise rose risen run ran run

say said said see saw seen seek sought sought sell sold sold send sent sent set set set sew sewed sewn/sewed shake shook shaken shine shone shone shoot shot shot

show showed shown/showed shrink shrank shrunk shut shut shut sing sang sung

sink sank sunk sit sat sat sleep slept slept slide slid slid

speak spoke spoken spend spent spent spit spat spat split split split

spread spread spread spring sprang sprung stand stood stood steal stole stolen

stick stuck stuck sting stung stung

stink stank stunk strike struck struck swear swore sworn sweep swept swept

swim swam swum swing swung swung

take took taken teach taught taught tear tore torn tell told told

think thought thought throw threw thrown

understand understood understood wake woke woken wear wore worn weep wept wept win won won write wrote written

用法:一般过去时表示过去某一确定时间内发生的动作或存在的状态,经常与表示过去的时间状语连用。 例:Mr. Stone went to Tibet three years ago. 过去时中常见的时间状语

1. last week \month \year 2. Yesterday 3. the day before yesterday 4. 时间段+ago 5. in+

年 6. just now 7. this morning

Eg: John got (get) up at 7 this morning

一般过去时表示过去一个时间内的习惯性动作。

Eg:I often went to my hometown when I was a little boy. 同义句:When I was a little boy,I often went to my hometown。

注:当时间状语放在前面,用,与主句隔开。 一般过去时可以了表示过去某个时间内连续发生的动作 例:He came into the room, turned on the light, sat on the table and began read a book.(并列谓语)评价已故的历史人物或名人,常用一般过去时。

二, spend 、pay、 take 、cost区别

Spend:其主语必须是人。 Spend time\money on sth Eg:I spent 100 yuan on this coat Spend ……(in) doing sth Eg: I spent an hour (in) doing my homework

Pay: 其主语必须是人。不能表示花费时间。 Pay……for…… Eg: I paid 100 yuan for this coat Take :其主语必须是物。(it) It takes sb some time to do sth Eg: It takes me half an hour to help my mom clean the room.

Cost:表示花费钱,主语是物。 Eg:A bowl of noodles cost me 3 yuan

三. A few ,few的区别

A few 修饰可数名词,表肯定。“有一些” 例:I have a few Japanese friend. Few: 修饰可数名词,表否定“几乎没有”

例: There are few apples in the box.

Every one +人

Every one of +名词复数谓语动词用单数 Everyone表示人,每一个人 Every one of the books(定

语) is(与主语保持一致) very interesting。

Watch sb do sth全过程 Watch sb doing sth正在进行 感观动词加不带to的动词不定式或doing Unit 9重点词组

have a party stay at home play tennis do some reading clean one’s room go to the cinema go shopping

talk show go to the beach practice doing sth study for the test do one’s

homework go for a walk

have a good trip have a bath=take a shower spend……(in)sth spend on sth enjoy doing sth

watch sb do sth watch sb doing sth It’s time to do sth It takes sb some time to do sth花费某人多长时间去做某事

Unit10 Where did you go on vacation?

On vacation=on holiday 例题:Who wants (want) to go shopping.

1. who做主语,后用陈述句语序,谓语动词通常用单数形式 2. to do 中,to是动词不定式符号 to doing 中,to是介词

同义词组:go to+ some place Visit+ some place Pay a visit to some place Visit sb 看望某人=pay a visit to sb

Listen to sb doing sth听某人做某事

All与whole All:指全部的,整个的,与复数名词连用时,指所有的

修饰不可数名词时,指整个范围或全部的数量。All在句子中,用于定冠词the和形容词性物主代词及其它

限定词前。

Eg:all my books All the year around

Whole:表示全部的,一般修饰单数的可数名词,如果与名词复数联用时,指整个的,强调整体的概念。Whole在句子中用于定冠词the和形容词性物主代词及其它限定词后.

Eg: the whole morning=all the morning

Watch\hear\see\listen to\look at \find + sb doing sth sb do sth做宾语补足语

have fun doing sth做某事愉快、高兴 enjoy、practice、discuss、mind加doing sth

find sb doing sth发现某人正在干某事(doing现在分词做宾语补足语)

find 、look for、find out 的区别

find:表示寻找的结果 look for:表示寻找的过程 Eg:I can’t find mf pen. I am looking for it find out:发现、找到……的答案

in the corner、 on the corner 、at the corner In the corner、屋子里的一个角落 on the corner 、at the corner大街的某一个拐角

例题: They were standing talking on\at the corner of the street 他们站在街道的角落正在谈话。

Help sb to do sth Help sb do sth Help sb with sth

Make 1.制造,制作 2.使役动词,使……怎么样 Have 、let \ make sb do sth 动词原形做宾补 使役动词后要跟动词原形做宾补 Come back 回来 go back回去 Get back 取回 give back归还

Discuss sth讨论某事 Discuss sb with sth和某人讨论某事 Discuss doing sth

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