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人教版新课标七年级英语下册知识点归纳(1)

发布时间:2013-11-12 09:35:32  

初一英语人教版下册知识点内容

Unit 1、 Where is your pen pal from?

学习内容

A. 主要句型:

1. Where is your pen pal from ? 你的笔友来自哪里?2. She is from Mexico. 她来自墨西哥。

3. Where does she live ? 她住在什么地方?4. She lives in Mexico City . 她住在墨西哥城。

5. What language does she speak ? 她讲什么语言?6. She speaks English and Spanish . 她讲英语和西班牙语。

7. Does she speak French ? 她讲法语吗?

B. 主要词汇:

Countries :

Brazil , South Korea , Japan , The United States , Canada , Australia , Mexico , Argentina , China , The United Kingdom , France , Germany , New Zealand

Languages : Chinese , Japanese , German , French , English , Spanish , Portuguese , Korean

Other words : pal , pen pal , south , country , New York , Rio de Janeiro , Tokyo , live , language , easy , step , beginner , advanced , conversational , introduce , written , world , Ottawa , place , physics , enjoy , frequency , nationality , dislike

难点解析

1. 询问人们来自哪里。

a. be from “来自”

(1)Where is your pen pal from ? “你的笔友来自哪里?”

(2)Mary and Tony are from the United States .“Mary 和Tony来自美国。”

(3)I’m / I am from China . “我来自中国。”

b. come from “来自”

(1)Where do you come from ? 你来自什么地方?

(2Where does your pen pal come from ? “你的笔友来自哪里?”

(3)My pen pal comes from Korea . “我的笔友是韩国人。”

(4)They come from Russia . “他们来自俄罗斯。”

2. 询问人们讲什么语言。

(1)What language do you speak ? 你讲什么语言?(2)I speak Chinese . 我讲汉语。

(3)What language does your pen pal speak ?你的笔友讲什么语言?

(4)He speaks Japanese and a little English . 他讲日语,也讲一点英语。

注意:“说”某种语言,要用“speak”. 不能用其他的动词。

3. 询问人们居住地。

(1)Where do you live ? 你住在哪里?I live in Beijing . 我住在北京。

(2)Where does your pen friend live ? 你的笔友住在什么地方?She lives in Washington . 她住在华盛顿。 注意:表示在某个城市,介词用“in” 如:in New York in Tokyo in Mexico City

4. I like going to the movies with my friends and playing sports . like“喜欢”,后多跟动词ing形式。

如:I like listening to music ! My father likes watching TV. Boys like playing balls.

5. Can you write to me soon ? 你可以快些给我写信吗? write to sb . “给某人写信”

I write to my pen pal twice (两次)a month . 我每月给我的笔友写两次信。

Sometimes I write to my parents .

6. I enjoy physics class at school .enjoy “非常喜欢”,指可以从中得到乐趣。

e.g. I enjoy listening to classical music .

听古典音乐是种享受。

He enjoys his meals . 他非常满意饭菜。

Unit 2、Where’s the post office?

重点词汇

掌握表示地点的词汇和短语:hotel, bank, park, supermarket, street, avenue, new, clean, quiet, big, small, dirty, old, busy, left, right, near, pay

post office, video arcade, next to, pay phone, across from, between…and, turn left / right, go straight, take a walk, excuse me, go through, take a taxi, arrive at

问路和指路。

句型:Is there a … near hear/ in the neighborhood?

Go straight and turn left/right.

It’s down …on the left/right.

Unit 3、 Why do you like koalas?

二、学习向导

语言目标:使用like的一般现在时句型,使用like的一般现在时的疑问句,并作肯定与否定回答。

学会使用What animals do you like ? I like koalas .

Why do you like koalas ?

Because they’re cute .

重点词汇:

Zoo , animal , tiger , elophant , koalas , dolphin , panda , lion , penguin , gireffe , smart , cute , kind of

三、重点句型

Why do you like pandas ? Because they ‘re very cute . Why does he like koalas ?

Because they’re kind of interesling . What animals do you like ? I like elephants .

Unit 4、I want to be an actor

1.知识目标

1)词汇:doctor, reporter, police officer, waiter, bank clerk, sales assistant, dangerous

2)句型: —What does he do? —He is a waiter.

—What do you want to be? —I want to be an actor.

—Where does he work? —He works at a bank.

1.重点

1) --What do you do? --I am a reporter.

2) --What does he do? --He is a student.

3) --What do you want to be? --I want to be an actor.

4) --What does he want to be? --He wants to be a bank clerk.

2.难点

一般现在时态的概念和用法: 当主语用第三人称单数时, 谓语动词的相应变化。

Unit 5、 I’m watching TV

1.语言知识:

本单元要求掌握以下词汇(phone, mall, movies, sound, show, boring, library, soccer. watch TV, do homework, eating dinner, talking on the phone)

语言结构(日常交际用语):

What are you / they doing ?

I'm / We're/ They're watching TV.

Is he/ she watching TV?

Yes, he/ she is. / No, he/ she isn't.

2.语言技能:

(1)能用现在进行时的各种形式进行准确的描述和表达正在发生的动作。

(2)能掌握现在进行时态及一些表示具体动作的词组搭配,

如:watch TV, read books, play soccer, talk with/ to , be boring, go to the movies, want to do sth.等。

Unit 6、 It’s raining!

描述天气,描述正在发生的动作

语言目标:

How’s the weather? It’s raining.

How’s it going? It’s great.

Is Aunt Sarah there? Yes, she is.

What’s she doing? She’s cooking.

语言结构:

How 引导的特殊疑问句 Yes/ No 问句及简短回答

现在进行时的用法

重点词汇:

raining, sunny, cloudy, snowing, windy, cold, hot, cool, warm, humid, cooking, playing, watching, studying

Unit 7 、What does he look like?

词汇:

名词:hair, height,build,captain,team,bit,joke,person,heard,grasses,mustache,image,winner etc. 形容词:short,curly,straight,high,thin, heavy,etc

2.短语:look like, good一looking,a little bit,etc

3. 句型:What does he/she look like? --He/She is tall. What do you look like? --I’m thin.

4. 语法:What does he/she look like? --He/She is tall. What do you look like? --I’m thin.

单元总体目标

1. Master the vocabulary.

2. Master and use:---What does he/she look like?

---He/She is tall.

---What do you look like?

—I’m thin.

Unit 8、I’d like some noodles

重点词汇

would like noodles dumpling soup porridge beef mutton special bowl size medium 目标语言

What would you like? I’d like some chicken.

What kind of noodles would you like? I’d like mutton and potato noodles.

What size bowl of noodles would you like?] I’d like a small/medium/large bowl of noodles.

语言技能目标

能运用would like 自如地表达自己或朋友想要的食物

Unit 9、How was your weekend

学习目标:

过去的时间状语连用。

日常交际用语:

(1) What did you /your friend/he/she/they do last weekend?(2) How was your weekend?

(3) It was great!/It was OK./It wasn’t very good.

(单词的词义/词的搭配和它们在一般过去时中的用法是难点)

知识点:一般过去时知识点

⑴用法:一般过去时指的是过去某一时间发生的动作或存在的状态。

⑵分类:

Ⅰ以Be动词作谓语的一般过去时 Ⅱ 以实义动词谓语的一般过去时

⑶一般过去时的时间状语

①yesterday ②the day before yesterday ③at that time④----ago 构成的短语 two days/ one hour/ three years ago ⑤last构成的短语 last week/ month/ year ⑥in + 过去的年代in 1990/2002 ⑦just now

⑷以Be动词 作谓语的一般过去时构成

① be动词的变化

② is/ am --- was are ---- were

③ ②was/ were 和人称的搭配

was: I / he/ she/ it/ 单数第三人称/ 可数名词单数/ 不可数名词were: we/ you/ they/ 复数人称/ 可数名词复数

③肯定句:主语+ was/were+其他+时状.

④否定句:主语+was/were +not+其他+时状.

⑤一般疑问句:Was/Were+主语+ 其他+时状?

肯定回答:Yes,主语 +was/were. 否定回答:No, 主语+wasn’t/ weren’t.

⑸ 以实义动词作谓语的一般过去时(助 动词只有did)

① 肯定句:主语+V.(过去式)+其他+时状.

② ②否定句:主语+didn’t +V. (原形) +其他+时状.

③一般疑问句:Did +主语+V(原形)+ 其他+时状?

肯定回答:Yes,主语 +did. 否定回答:No, 主语+didn’t.

[ 实义动词一般过去时用法歌诀:动词一般过去时,表 示过去发生事。句中谓语用过去式,过去时间作标记。否定句,很简单,主语之后didn’t添。疑问构成也有法,主语前面did 加。还有一点不能忘,后面的动词要还原。]

④ 动词过去式的规则变化:

⑤动词过去式的不规则变化:笔记unit8 I’d like some noodles.

⑥动词过去式的读音:清后清,浊后浊,/t/,/d/后面读/id/

Unit 10、Where did you go on vacation

语言知识目标:

(1).Read the article in 3a fluently.Grasp the words and prases in the text.

(2).Write some past tense sentences,using the words and phrases in this unit.

(3).Talk about somebody’s vacation,using the sentences in this unit.

情感态度目标:

Know about good things and bad things.Learn how to face them.

Know about some places of interests in China.Let students

love our great motherland.

学习策略:

(1)主动预习,积极思考,记好笔记,在学习中大胆发言,学会运用所学知识。

(2)在课堂上,积极参与小组活动,自主学习,用多种方式完成学习目标。

2、重、难点

重点:语言知识目标 1、2、3 难点:语言知识目标 3

Unit 11、What do you think of game shows

一. 教学内容: Unit 11 What do you think of game shows?

二. 语言功能:Give opinions: talk about likes and dislikes发表意见:谈论喜欢和不喜欢

三. 目标语言:1. What do you think of soap operas? I can’t stand them.

2. What does she think of sports shows? She doesn’t mind them./ She doesn’t like it./ She loves it.

四. 重点单词和词组

1. mind v. 介意,反对 常用于否定句,疑问句和条件句中。后跟名词,代词,动名词或从句。 I don’t mind the heat. 我不在乎炎热。

Would you mind closing the window? 关上窗户好吗?

Would you mind if I moved the table? 我移动这张桌子你会介意吗?

n. 精神,意见

You should keep his words in mind. 你应该牢记他的话。

Nothing in the world is impossible if you set your mind to do it. 世上无难事,只怕有心人。 Unit 12、Don’t eat in class

1. 表示规则的句型:

--- Don’t run in the hallways. --- Sorry, Ms Mendoza.

Don’t watch TV after school. Don’t go out on school nights.

1. 思考、谈论规则。

Don’t talk loudly. Do your homework after school! Practice your guitar every day. 引导、启发、教授需学内容。

2. Can for permission, such as: We can do….

We can’t do….

Can we do…?

--- What are the rules?

--- Well, we can’t arrive

late for class.

--- Can we listen to

music, Alex?

--- We can’t listen to

music in the hallways,

but we can listen to it

outside.

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