9A Unit 6 Grammar
Reported speech with tense changes
Detective Lu said that the victim was attacked with a knife and bled to death as a result.
quotation Detective Lu said, ‘He was charged mark with breaking into several computer
systems over the last year.’
Detective Lu said that the victim was guilty of computer crimes in the past.
Detective Lu said, ‘We’re not sure whether this has made him some enemies.’
‘I’m scared,’ said the witness.
The witness said (that) she was scared.
‘The thief is running away,’ said Mrs Ma. Simple present Simple past Mrs Ma said (that) the thief was running away. Present continuous Past continuous
‘I’ve finished my report,’ said Detective Lu.
Detective Lu said (that) he had finished his report. Present perfect Past perfect ‘I heard about the case,’ said Mr Wu.
Mr Wu said (that) he had heard about the case. Simple past Past perfect
‘We’ll look for more clues,’ said Detective Lu. Simple present Simple past Detective Lu said (that) they would look for Present Past continuous more clues. continuous Simple future …would… Present perfect Past perfect
I am good at dancing.
She said she She said she was had She saidcall on she would been to many good at dancing. you the next day. countries.
I visited the Great Wall.
She said she She said she had She said she had would call on visited many been tothe Great Wall.the next day. you countries.
He said he had been to many countries.
She said she She said she had Iwould beenon have call to been tocountries. many many next day. you the countries.
He said he would call on me.
She said she She said she had Iwould manyyou. willto call on call on been you the next day. countries.
Just try! 1. ‘I have a tough case,’ said the detective. The detective said that _______________________. he had a tough case 2. ‘We’re looking for more evidence,’ said the detective. The detective said that _______________________ they were looking for _________________. more evidence 3. ‘The two men in black often ate in our restaurant,’ the waitress said. The waitress said the two men in black had often eaten in their restaurant.
Just try! 4. ‘We’ll try our best to arrest the murderer,’ said the policemen. The policemen said that they would try their best to arrest the murderer. 5. ‘I am happy the police found the criminals,’ one victim said. One victim said that he / she was happy the police had found the criminals.
He said, ‘It is 9 o’clock now.’ He said it was 9 o’clock then. He said , ‘I haven’t seen her today.’ now ? then He said he hadn’t seen her that day. She said , ‘I went there yesterday.’ today ? that day She said she had gone there the day before. yesterday ? there tomorrow.
’ She said , ‘I will go the day before
She said she would go there the following / next day. tomorrow ? the next / following day
then today that day tonight that night this morning / week that morning / week tomorrow the following day/the next day yesterday the day before last month the month before ago before here there
1. He said, ‘I am busy now.’
He said that he was busy then. 2. She said, ‘I saw a film yesterday.’ She said that she had seen a film the day before.
3. He said, ‘I’ll come back next week.’ He said that he would come back the next week. 4. Tom said, ‘We will try to find the clue tonight.’ Tom said that they would try to find the clue that night.
Keys to A1:
2. had seen
3. had seen, the day before
4. (that) his cousin had noticed a man running down Upper Street the night before.
5. (that) she did not dare to go out alone at night then and that there was a risk of getting killed.
Keys to A1:
6. (that) she would move to Moon Town for safety. 7. (that) the police would catch the murderer soon. 8. was running out. 9. would put up; the next day / the following day
Simple present →Simple past Present continuous →Past continuous Present perfect →Past perfect Simple past →Past perfect Simple future →…would…
‘Wh-’ questions & ‘Yes’/’No’ questions:
1. ‘Where is the body?’ asked the policeman. The policeman asked where theV… was. ‘Wh-’questions: …wh-+S+ body
2. ‘Who is the murderer?’ she asked.
She asked who the murderer was. 3. ‘Does he know the victim?’ I asked.
I asked if / whether he knew the victim.
‘Wh-’ questions & ‘Yes’/’No’ questions:
‘Wh-’questions: …wh-+S+ V…
She asked when the victim was found.
‘Yes’/ ‘No’ questions: …if / whether+S+ V…
She asked if / whether the police could find the murderer.
Why did you become a detective?
The tiger asked me why I had become a detective.
How many cases have you solved?
The tiger asked me how many cases I had solved.
Did you know each other before working together?
The tiger asked me whether / if we had known each other before working together.
Will you continue to be a detective?
The tiger asked me whether / if I would continue to be a detective.
Were you scared to see a murder?
The tiger asked me whether / if I had been scared to see a murder.
Keys to A2:
1. The interviewer asked Detective Lu how many crimes he had solved.
2. The interviewer asked him why he had become a detective.
3. The interviewer asked him when the Valley Town murder had taken place.
Keys to A2:
4. The interviewer asked if / whether there had been more than one attacker. 5. The interviewer asked if / whether he had solved the Valley Town murder. We do not use _______________ (full stops, quotation marks quotation marks) with reported speech.
ses Pronouns The word order Adverbials A full stop
Add if / whether
A detective story
We had better call the police.
A detective story He was murdered. We will start looking for clues.
A detective story I don’t know. I’ve never seen him before.
A detective story We didn’t see or hear anything. We were having a party.
A detective story I’ll have to check
these for fingerprints.
A detective story You’re under arrest for murder.
Statement s ‘I was not there at (that) he had not The suspect said that time yesterday’, the suspectat that time the day before. been there said.
‘Why did he he had a detective?’ He asked whybecomebecome a he asked. detective.
‘Yes’/ ‘No’ questions
‘Has asked whether /case?’ She he solved the if he she asked. the case. had solved
Tenses Pronouns Adverbials The word order A full stop Add if / whether
Finish the exercises on p. 40---43 of the
Thanks a lot!
then, that day that week the day before the week before four days before two days before the next/following day the next/following month there go, take could, might, had to
时 间 状 语
now, today this week yesterday last week four days ago the day before yesterday tomorrow next month
地点状语 方向性动词 情态动词
here come, bring can, may, must