haihongyuan.com
海量文库 文档专家
全站搜索:
您现在的位置:首页 > 初中教育 > 初中英语初中英语

八年级英语下知识点归纳

发布时间:2013-09-18 21:35:19  

Unit 1 Will people have robots?

1.

2.

3.

4.

5.

6.

7.

8.

9.

10.

11.

12.

13.

14.

15.

16.

17.

18.

19.

20.

21.

22.

23.

24.

25.

26.

27.

28.

29.

30.

31.

32.

33.

34.

35. fewer people 更少的人(fewer修饰可数名词复数,表示否定) less free time 更少的空闲时间(less修饰不可数名词,表示否定) in ten years 10年后(‘in+一段时间’用于将来时,表示“在?之后”提问用How soon) fall in love with… 爱上… Sb will be +职业 某人将成为? live alone 单独居住 live in ?住在? feel lonely 感到孤独(比较:live alone 等) keep a pet 养宠物 keep/feed a pet pig 养一头宠物猪 fly to the moon 飞上月球 fly rockets to the moon = fly to the moon by rocket 乘火箭飞往月球 hundreds of +名词复数 数百/几百(概数,类似还有thousands of; millions of) the same as…. 同……一样的 Your book is the same as mine. the same + 名词+as 同……一样的? She is wearing the same coat as me. A be different from B A与B不同(There is a difference/There are differences between A and B) wake up 醒来(wake sb. up表示 “唤醒某人” ) get bored/tired/angry/excited 变得厌倦(get/become是连系动词,后跟形等) go skating 去滑冰(类似还有go hiking/fishing /skating/bike riding等) lots of/a lot of 许多(修饰可数名词、不可数名词都可以) at/on the weekends 在周末 study at home on computers 在家通过电脑学习 agree with sb. 同意某人(的意见) I don’t agree. = I disagree. 我不同意 on a piece of paper 在一张纸上(paper 是不可数名词, two pieces of paper) on vacation 度假 help sb with sth/help sb do sth 帮助某人做某事 help do sth 帮助做某事 many different kinds of goldfish 许多不同种金鱼 live in an apartment 住在公寓里/live on the twelfth floor 住在12楼 live at NO.332,Shanghai Street 住在上海路332号 as a reporter 作为一名记者 look smart 显得精神/看起来聪明 Are you kidding? 你在开玩笑吗? in the future 在将来/在未来 in future 今后(= from now on) no more=not …anymore 不再(强调多次发生的动作不再发生) no longer=not… any longer 不再(强调状态不再发生) besides/except /but 除…之外还,包括 除…之外,不包括 be able to与can 能、会

be able to用于各种时态,而can只能用于一般现在时态和一般过去时态中;

have to用于各种时态,而must只能用于一般现在时态.

例如:I have been able to/will be able to speak two languages. (不可以用can)

I had to / will have to stay at home. (不可以用must)

34.be big and crowded 大而且拥挤

36. be in college 在上大学 go to college 去上大学

37. live on a space station 住在空间站

38. 穿得很随意casual clothing 休闲服饰 wear a suit 穿套装

39. win the next World Cup 赢得下一届世界杯 win award 获奖

40. 实现;达到 (I hope my dream will come true.) be used by sb 被某人使用

41. take hundreds of years 花几百年的时间

42. be fun to watch 看起来有趣

43. over and over again 反复地 science fiction movies 科幻电影

44. be in different shapes 形状不同 seem impossible 好像不可能

45. twenty years from now 今后20年 help with the housework 帮忙做家务

46. take a bus to school 乘公共汽车去上学

1

47. There be sb/sth +doing +地点 有…正在做某事

48. It’s +形容词+(for sb)+to do sth 对某人而言,做某事是…的

49. Predicting the future can be difficult.预测未来可能是难的。

50. People will live to be 200 years old.人们会活到200岁的。

They do simple jobs over and over again.他们一遍遍地作简单的工作

Unit 2 What should I do?

1. too loud 太大声

2. out of style/fashion 过时的 in style/fashion 流行的

3. call sb up=ring sb.up=call/ring/phone sb. 给…..打电话

4. enough money 足够的钱(enough修饰名词时不必后置)

5. busy enough (adj/adv +enough) 够忙 (enough修饰形容词或副词时必须后置)

6. be+形容词+enough to do sth.

7. a ticket to/for a ball game 一张球赛的门票

注意:the key to the lock/the key(answer)r to the question)/the solution to the problem .

此处几个短语不能用of表示所有格

8. talk about 谈论

9. 动词不能做主语 ,必须变成动名词。 Watchig TV too much is bad for eyes .

10. on the phone 用电话

11. pay for 给….付款 ask sb. for sth 向某人要某物

12. spend…on +sth.=spend...( in) doing sth. 在…花钱

13. It takes sb. sometime to do sth. 某人做某事花…的时间

14. borrow ….from 从。。。借 lend ……to 借。。。。给别人 keep…+ 一段时间

I borrowed a book from him. He lent his book to me last night.

How long can I keep the book? A week

You can keep the book for a week 你可以借这本书一周。(不用borrow或lend)

15. buy sth for sb 给某人买某物

16. tell sb to do /not to do sth.sth 告诉某人(不)做某事

17. want sb. to do sth.=would like sb. to do 想某人做某事

18. find out 发现;查清楚;弄明白

19. play one’s stereo 放录象

20. fail the test=not pass the test 考试不及格

21. fail in (doing) sth… 做某事失败 fail to do sth. 未能做某事

22. succeed in (doing) sth 在...方面成功

23. write sb a letter/write to sb. 给某人写信

24. surprise sb (surprise/interest/please/amaze+某人) 使某人吃惊

25. to one’s surprise 使某人吃惊的是….. to one’s joy 使某人高兴的是…..

26. look for a part-time job 找一份兼职的工作(不一定有结果)

27. get/find a part-time job 找到一份兼职的工作(有结果)

28. have a bake sale 卖烧烤

29. 与某人争吵

30. have a fight with sb.=fight with 与某人打架

31. drop off 离去;散去;逐渐减少;死去

32. prepare for…=get ready for… 为…做准备

33. after-school clubs(activities) 课外俱乐部(活动)

be/get used to doing 习惯做某事

used to do 过去经常/常常做某事

be used for doing=be used to do sth. 被用于做某事

34. fill… up 填补;装满… be full of装满

35. return sth. to sb.=give sth. back to sb. 把某物归还给某人

36. get on /along well with 与…相处融洽

37. all kinds of 各种各样

38. as much as possible=as much as you can 尽可能多

2

39.

40.

41.

42.

43.

44.

45.

46.

47.

48.

49.

50.

51.

52. take part in=join in 参加(某种活动/集会) a bit =a little 一点儿(当修饰形容词或比较级时) a bit of =a little 一点儿/一些(当修饰不可数名词时) be angry with… 生…的气 by oneself=on one’s own=alone 某人自己/独自地 on the one hand…., on the other hand…. 一方面?,另一方面…. . Sb. find it +形容词+to do sth某人发觉做某事是…的 eg: We find it important to learn English . see/hear/watch sb. doing sth. 看到/听见/注视某人正在做… not…until 直到…才(谓语动词一般是非延续动词) radio advice program 电台提建议的节目 be original 新颖的 sports clothes 运动服 be the same age as=as old as…. 和--- 年龄一样 the tired children 疲惫不堪的孩子

53. complain about sb/sth/doing sth 抱怨… send sb. sth. =send sth to sb 送某人某物

54.

55.

56.

57.

58.

59.

60.

61.

62. take their children from activity to activity 带着孩子参加一个接一个的活动 try to do sth, 尽量做某事 try doing sth 试着做某事 be under too much pressure 压力太大 a mother of three 三个孩子的妈妈 take part in after-school clubs 参加课后俱乐部 compepition starts from a very young age 竞争从很小年纪就开始了 compare…with.. 把….与…相比 learn to relax 学会放松 organized activities 有组织的活动 fit…..into….. 找到时间做某事 表示某人情绪有关的形容词用法:

be/become+upset/tired/excited/interested/worried/surprised/amazed/annoyed

说明:当主语是某人时,注意后面的形容词一般是-ed结尾的单词,

而当主语是某物时或修饰名词时,注意后面形容词一般是-ing结尾单词.

例如:I was surprised/interested/amazed when I heard the surprising/interesting/amazing news.

63. else别的 位于特殊疑问词和不定代词之后(somebody else , what else) other 放在名词之前

64.

65.

66.

67.

68. get on/along well with sb 和某人相处得好 leave sth +介词地点 把…遗忘在… be surprised at sth/doing sth 对…感到惊讶 do wrong 做错事 get sb. to do sth. 使某人做某事 I don’t know what to do 我不知道做什么 (疑问代/副词 + 不定式) talk about谈到,谈论;talk of谈到,说到;have a talk with与..谈谈,做报告;talk to sb对…谈话;talk with sb与…

交谈;talk to sb和talk with sb 均表示“和某人谈话”,“讲话”。talk to sb比较常用,侧重一方谈,一方听;talk with sb侧重双方交谈;talk about sb则表示“谈论某人”

69. It’s time for +名词 = It’s time to do sth 该做…的时候了

70. Everyone else in my class was invited except me 除了我,班里别的任一个同学都被邀请了

My cousin is the same age as me。 I don't want to surprise him. 我不想让他惊异。

我的表兄的与我年龄一样大。 I don’t have enough money. 我没有足够的钱。

71. I don't want to have a fight with my cousin我不想与我的表兄弟争吵 Parents seem to push their children a lot more

父母们好像逼迫他们的孩子们更多

72. They are always comparing them with other children他们一直将他们与别的孩子做比较

Unit 3 What were you doing when the UFO arrived?

1. in front of 在……的前面(外部)

in the front of 在……的前面(内部)

2. in the library 在图书馆

3. get out of …从…出来

4. sleep late 睡懒觉 sleep well 睡得好 get to sleep=fall asleep 睡着

5. walk down/along 沿……走

6. take off (飞机)起飞;脱下(衣帽) .take off from… 从…起飞

3

7. on Sunday evening 在星期日晚上

注意:(特指某日如星期、假日、某月某日或某个特定的上、下午、晚上用on)

8. in the tree在树上 on the tree在树上

9. take photos (take a photo ) 照相 land on …降落

10. at the train station 在火车站

11. run away 跑开,逃跑 call the police 报警

12. as+adj原形 as 和…一样…

例如:She is (not) as beautiful as her sister. I can run as fast as he(him)

13. buy/draw/make sth. for sb. 为某人买/画/制作?

14. at the doctor’s 在医务室 at the barber’s 在理发室 walk home 走回家 at around 10

o’clock 在大约10点钟 .follow sb to do sth 跟随某人做某事

15. in history 在历史上 jump down 跳下来

16. for example 例如

17. in the city of 在……市

18. on the playground 在操场上

19. ten minutes ago 十分钟前

20. take place 发生(强调必然性)

21. happen to sth./sb. 发生(强调偶然性)

例如:What has happened to you?=What’s the matter with you?=What’s wrong with you?

22. of course=sure=certainly 当然

23. all over the world=around the world 遍及全世界

24. outside/inside the station 在车站外/内

25. next to 相邻,紧贴 close to 接近于;在附近

26. be ill in hospital/bed 生病住院/在床

27. hear about/of 听说(间接听到)

28. in silence 沉默地 keep silent 保持沉默

29. You're kidding! 你在开玩笑。

30. an unusual experience 一次不寻常的经历

31. have fun doing sth 干某事有乐趣 have a difficult time doing sth干某事有困难

32. have meaning to 对—有意义

33. become the first Chinese astronaut in space 成为中国第一个太空宇航员

34. a national hero 一个民族英雄

35. be famous all over the world 全世界出名

36. His friends walked home together in silence 他的朋友们默默的一起步行回家了

36. for the first time 第一次

Unit 4 He said I was hard-working

1. every Saturday 每周六

2. have a surprise(surprising) party for sb 为某人举行一个惊喜的聚会

3. at the bus stop 在公共汽车站

4. first of all 首先 (at first )

5. both……and…… 两者都(谓语动词要注意对称原则)

6. neither….nor 两者都不(谓语动词要注意就近和对称原则)

7. most of… 绝大多数

8. an exciting week 令人兴奋的一周

9. agree on something 同意某人的计划;对….取得 一致意见

10. agree to do sth. 答应/同意做…

11. pass on (to) 传递

12. be supposed to do sth. 被期望或被要求做... ...

13. forget to do sth 忘记要做某事 forget doing sth 忘记已做某事

14. be mad at …… 对……疯狂/生气

15. be good at =do well in +名词/代词/doing sth.在…方面做得好

16. be better at =do better in +名/代/doing sth. 在…方面做得更好

4

17.

18.

19.

20.

21.

22.

23.

24.

25.

26.

27.

28.

29.

30.

31.

32.

33.

34.

35.

36.

37.

38.

39.

40.

41.

42.

43.

44.

45.

46. I’m sorry to hear that 听到你那样说我感到难过. Be/keep in good health = be/keep/stay healthy 身体健康,保持健康 report card 成绩单 end-of-year exams (= final-term exams)年终考试 sound /feel /smell /taste /look 它们是连系动词,一般只能跟adj.做表语 look like/ sound like / feel like+sb./sth. 看起来像/听起来像/感觉像某人或某物 smell like/taste like + sth. 闻起来像/尝起来像某物 get over 克服;恢复;原谅 open up one’s eyes to 打开某人的眼界 give sb. a good start in life 给某人提供一个良好的生活开端 change one’s life 改变某人的生活 care for 照料;照顾;意愿;计较 work as 当 in danger 处于危险中 have a (surprise) party for sb. 为某人举行一次(惊喜聚会) one’s own sth 某人自己的事物 (my own work) end-of-year exam=final exam 期末考试 not....anymore 不再 do a home project 做作业 be surprised\happy\excited to do sth 做某事感到惊讶、高兴、激动 be \get nervous 感到紧张 have a very hard time with sth 做某事很吃力/ an disappointing result 令人失望的结果 take\ leave a message 捎(留)个口信 have a big fight 打了一大仗/架 it is a good idea for sb. to do sth 这是某人做某事的一个好主意。 to teach in China’s rural areas 在中国的乡村教书 poor rural areas 农村贫困地区 feel lucky 觉得很走运 people who need help 需要帮助的人 be supposed to do sth 被期望或被要求;应该 make a decision 做出决定 something we can do for them 我们能为他们做的事 there is no difference between…and.. 在…和…之间没有区别

47. return to…回到… (go/come back to )

48. return sth to …把…还给…=give back sth to…

49.

50.

51.

52.

53.

54.

1.

2.

3.

4.

5.

6.

7.

8.

9. In English I'm reading than listening. 在英语方面,我更擅长读、听 the Hope Project 希望工程 How's it going? 近况如何? I hope you are in good health. 我希望你健康。 I finished my end-of-year exams 我结束了我的期末考试 I can open up my students' eyes to the outside world and give them a good start in life 我能让学生面向外面的世界开阔眼界,并且给他们一个好的生活的开端。 Groups and the work they do Unit 5 If you go to the party,you’ll have a great time! at the party 在晚会上 ask sb. to do sth. 请某人做某事 stay at home 呆在家 half the class/students 一半学生 get injured 受伤 end-of-year party 年终晚会 have a great time =have a wonderful\good time 玩得高兴 take …away 运走,拿走 put away 收起来,放好 all the time=always 一直,始终 Let’s have/make it …让我们约定在 make a living (by doing sth) 谋生

5

10.

11.

12.

13.

14.

15.

16.

17.

18.

19.

20.

21.

22.

23.

24.

25.

26.

27.

28.

29.

30.

31.

32.

33.

34.

35.

36.

37.

38.

1. in order to do sth… 为了做某事 have a party 举行聚会 go to college 上大学 be famous for… 因……而著 be famous as… 作为…而出名 make money =earn money 挣钱 in fact 事实上 laugh at… 嘲笑 too much 太多(修饰不可数名词) too many 太多(修饰可数名词复数) much too+形容词/副词 太… get exercise 锻炼 注意(exercise当“锻炼”是不可数名词;而当“操”“练习”是可数名词) travel around the world 周游世界 work hard 努力工作 wear jeans 穿牛仔裤 let ... in 允许……进入, keep…out 不允许…进入 get an education 获得教育 take… away 拿开,拿走 study for the test 准备考试 make some food 准备食物 make dumplings 做水饺 make the bed 整理床铺 half the class 一半的学生 the rules for school parties 学校派对的规则 children’s hospital 儿童医院 at the bus stop 在公共汽车站 join the Lions 加入狮队 give money to schools and charities 给学校和慈善组织捐钱 become a professional soccer player 成为一个职业的足球运动员 organize the games for the class party 为班级派对准备游戏 play sports for a living 靠体育运动为生 I think I'm going to go to the party with Karen and Ann. 我想我打算与Karen 和Ann一起去参加聚会 When is a good time to have the party? 什么时候开晚会合适? If we have it today, half the class won't come 如果我们今天举行的话,一半学生不会来的。 I want you to remember the rules for school parties .我想让你去记得学校聚会的规则 Don't bring food to the party If you do , the teachers will take it away . 不准带食物到聚会中,如果你做的话,老师会将它拿走的 For many young people, becoming a professional athlete might seem like a dream job对许多年轻人来说,成为一名专业运动员看起来好像是一份梦想的工作 You will have a difficult time knowing who your real friends are .你了解谁是你真正的朋友是困难的 Unit 6 How long have you been collecting shells? raise money for 筹钱 thanks for sth /doing sth 谢谢你…

collect stamps 集邮 less than …少于…

2.

3.

4.

5.

6.

7.

8.

9.

10.

11.

12.

13.

14.

15.

16.

17. Sb.run out of sth. 某人用完了某物 sth run out. by the way 顺便说一下 on the way to.. 在…的路上 be interested in 对…感兴趣 more than=over 超过 fly kites 放风筝 start class 开始上课 start a snow globe collector’s club 开办雪球仪收集者俱乐部 the first …to do sth 做某事的第一个人 (eg She is the first student to get to school .) the most common(unusual, interesting) hobby 最普通的爱好 listen to music videos 听音乐碟片 organize a talent show to raise money for charity 为慈善机构捐钱而举办的才艺展示 extra English lessons 额外的英语课 finish doing sth 做完某事 the whole five hours =all the five hours 整整五个小时 the capital of Heilongjiang Province 黑龙江的省会 the capital of … …的首都/省会 an interesting city with a colorful history 一个有着丰富多彩历史文化的有趣的城市 three and a half years =three years and a half 三年半 on my seventh birthday 在我第七个生日 be interested in sth /doing sth对…感兴趣 It was interesting for me to learn history. 学习历史对我来说很有趣.

6

18. the +比较级,the +比较级 越…,就越… eg: The more trees we plant , the more beautiful our school is . 我们种的树

越多,我们的学校就越美.

19. 比较级+and+比较级 越来越…

20. When did you get your first pair of skating ? 你什么时候买的第一双滑冰鞋?

21. Students are skating to raise money for charity.学生们正在为慈善团体捐款

22. Alision was the first one to start and has been skating for the whole five hours Alison 是第

一个开始的人,并且已经滑了整整五个小时

23. How long have you been playing ?你打了多长时间了?

24. We've run out of room to store them 我们已经用完了储存他们的空间

25. If you know anyone else who collects them, please tell me

如果你认识一些收集他们的一些人的话,请告诉我

26. This is on interesting city with a very colorful history

这是一个拥有丰富多彩历史的有趣的城市

27. be far (away) from 很远,远离 (表距离) The factory is far (away) from his home. 工厂离他家很远。

28. a pair of skates/shoes/glasses/trousers/jeans 一双滑冰鞋/一双鞋/一副眼镜/一条裤子/牛仔裤

? How much is a pair of skates/shoes/glasses/trousers/jeans? ? 29. 被动语态:1)被动语态的基本构成形式:主语+助动词be+过去分词

30. 2)被动语态的时态:被动语态的时态是通过助动词be的变化来体现。这个助动词必须与主语的人称和数相一致。3)

主动语态和被动语态的结构相比(箭头表示动作方向)

主动语态:主语(动作发出者)→谓语(及物动词)→宾语(动作承受者)

被动语态:主语(动作承受者)←谓语(be+动词过去分词)←宾语(动作发出者)

He wrote the letter. →The letter was written by him.

Unit 7 Would you mind turning down the music?

1. turn… down/turn… up 关小声/调大声音(电器)

2. turn… on/ turn …off 打开/关闭(电器)

3. move the bike 移动自行车

4. in a minute/right away/in no time/at once 立刻,马上

5. be late for school/class=arrive late for school 上学/上课迟到

6. go back to… (return to ) 回到…

7. wait in line=stand in line 排队等候

8. cut in line=jump a queue 插队

9. get mad/annoyed/angry 变得生气

10. sth happen to sb 发生在…身上 happen vi (常指偶然地) 发生 take place

11. half an hour 半小时

12. at first首先 he way to… 去…的路

13. welcome to… 欢迎到…

14. at last=in the end=finally 最后

15. allow sb. to do /not to do sth. 允许某人做/不做某事

16. be allowed to do /not to do sth. 某人被允许做/不做某事

17. in public 当众地;公开地;公然地

18. in public places 在公共场所

19. break the rules 不遵守规则,违反规则

20. pick… up 捡起

21. put …out 熄灭

22. drop litter 扔垃圾

23. close to=next to… 靠近…

24. keep the voice down 控制声音,压低声音

25. do/wash the dishes 洗碗碟

26. put on another pair of jeans 穿上另一条牛仔裤

27. be at a meeting 在开会

7

28.

29.

30.

31.

32.

33.

34.

35.

36.

37.

38.

39.

40.

41.

42.

43.

44.

45.

46.

47. help me in the kitchen 进厨房帮帮我 make some posters 做一些海报 clothing store 服装店 follow sb. around 跟着某人转来转去 some time 一段时间 sometime 某时 sometimes 有时 some times 几次 want to be polite 要有礼貌 cut in line= jump a queue 插队 have different ideas about 有不同的见解 feel uncomfortable 感到不舒服 in all situations 在任何场合 in an English-speaking country 在一个说英语的国家 take care=be careful 小心,当心 take care (not) to do sth. 小心(不要)做某事 if possible 如果可能的话 give some suggestions/advice 提建议 a bit of +不可数名词=a little +不可数名词 a bit + 形=a little + 形 一点… stand in the subway door 站在地铁门口 the rules of etiquette 行为规范 have a conversation 进行交谈 one of the +最高级+复数名词 ….中的之一 eg: One of the most polite ways

48. Would you mind doing sth? 你介意(反对)做某事吗?

49. <否定形式> Would you mind not doing sth.? 你介意不做某事吗?请你不要做…?

50. Could/Would you please do sth? 请你做某事,行吗?

51. <否定形式> Could/Would you please not do sth.? 请你不要做…?

52. get annoyed when someone thanks to me while I'm reading. 当我看书时。有人跟我说话我会生气。

53. .In fact, we should also take care not to cough or sneeze loudly in public. 事实上,我们也应该注意不要在公共场合大

声咳嗽好打喷嚏。

54. .If we see someone breaking the rules of etiquette, we may politely give them some suggestion. 如果我们看到有人违反

礼节规则,我们可以有礼貌的给他们一些建议。

55. ---Nncy,would you mind getting out of the bathroom? 南希,你能不能从浴室出来。

----OK, I'll them in a minute. 好的,我立刻去做。

56. If you finish these tasks, we can go to a move tonight.

如果你完成这些任务,我们今晚可以去看电影

57. Your barber gave you a terrible haircut. 我的发型师给你理了一个很糟糕的发型。

58. The store clerk gave you the wrong size. 店员给你量错尺寸了。

59. The waitress brought you the wrong food. 服务员给你上错菜了。

60. The pen you bought didn't work. 你买的钢笔坏了。

Unit 8 Why don’t you get her a scarf?

1.

2.

3.

4.

5.

6.

7.

8.

9.

10. Why don’t you + 动词原形?= Why not + 动词原形? 何不……呢? (用于提建议) What/how about +名词/代词/动名词? ……怎么样? That sounds good. 那听起来不错. (sound +形) fall aslee入睡 receive sth. from….=get sth. from… 从某人处收到某物 photo album 影集,相册 pot-bellied pig 大肚子猪 get sb, sth 给某人买某物,让某人拥有某物 give… away 赠送;分发 What a lucky guy ! 多幸运的小伙子! on stage 在舞台上

8

11.

12.

13.

14.

15.

16.

17.

18.

19.

20. rather than 宁愿…而不是,胜于 would do…rather than do 宁愿…不愿做 hear of… 听说 make friends with 和……交友 advantages and disadvantages 优点和缺点 too personal 太私人化 not interesting\special \creative enough 不够有趣 make a special meal 做一顿特别的饭 an 8-year-old child 一个六岁的孩子 6-year-old 合成形容词 (数词+单数名词+形容词) too+ 形容词/副词+to +动原 太…而不能…(=not +too+形容词/副词反义词+ enough to do sth) The scarf is too

expensive for us to buy. The scarf isn’t cheap enough for us to buy.

21. Sth/sb. + be +difficult/easy+to do… 某人/某事很难/容易去… Her sister is easy to get on well with. 她姐姐很容易

相处融洽。

22. these days 最近 not…at all 根本不

23. different kinds of 不同种类的

24. make her happy 使她高兴

25. someone else 别人(else总是后置)

26. improve English 提高英语

27. in different ways 以不同的方式

28. encourage sb to do sth 鼓励某人做某事

29. make(great) progress 取得进步

30. take an interest in/be interested in 对……感兴趣

31. make sb. interested in 使某人对…感兴趣

32. on my twelfth\twentieth birthday 在我12/20岁生日那天

33. on one’s+ 序数词+birthday 在某人的…生日时

34. a goldfish—two goldfish 一条金鱼—两条金鱼

35. a pig named\called Connie 一头叫Connie的猪

36. from across China 来自全(中)国各地的

37. enter a contest by singing popular English songs 参加英语流行歌曲的比赛

38. come from all age groups 来自所有年龄组

39. the winner of the women’s competition 女子组比赛的获奖者

40. win the prize 得奖

41. across China = all over China 全中国

42. try to speak English more 尽量多说点英语

43. a spokesperson from the Olympic Committee 一位奥委会的代言人

44. all day 整天

45. many other fun ways to learn English 许多学英语的有趣的方法

46. make friends with a native speaker of English 跟讲英语的本地人交朋友

47. find a good way to learn English 找到一个学英语好办法

48. instead of 代替

49. by doing sth 通过做某事的方式

50. as well as 和…一样地好

目标句型: 1.What should I get my mom for her birthday? 妈妈过时生日我应该送什么?

2.How about a scarf? 围巾怎么样?

3.No, what's too boring. 不,那太乏味了。

4.What's the best gift you have ever received? 你曾经收到的最好的礼物是什么?

5.Who gave it to you? 谁送个你的?

6.However, life with a pig isn't always perfect. 然而和一头猪在一起生活并不总是那么如意

7.Some presents are never too small. 一些礼物从来不会太小

8.Thesame gift may be give away to someone else. 这份礼物可能以后被赠送给其他人。

9.Some people ask their families and friends to give money to charity rather than buy them gifts 一些人不让他们的家人和朋友买礼物,而是请他们把钱捐到慈善机构

10.Today many Chinese people want to improve their English in different ways. 如今许多中国人想以不同的方式提高他

9

们的英语水平。

11.Nearly all the singers sang very clearly and looked comfortable on stage. 几乎所有的歌手演唱的都非常流畅清晰,并且在舞台上表现的落落大方。

12.The winner of the men’s competition was a 40-year-old man from Xi'an. 男子组比赛的冠军是一位来自西安的四十岁的男子。

13.It suggests way for Beijing to take an interest in learning English. 它向北京人推荐了对学习英语产生兴趣的方法。

14.Maybe you could even make friend with a native speaker of English. 也许你甚至还可以同以英语为母语的人交朋友

Unit 9 Have you ever been to an amusement park?

1. take a ride 兜风 on board 在船(车/飞机)上

2. an amusement park 游乐园

3. take the subway 乘地铁 take different routes 走不同的路线

4. have been to, have gone to 曾经去过,去了

5. on the one hand, on the other hand 一个方面,另一个方面。(一个角度,另一个角度)

6. a good place to practice your English一个你练习英语的好地方 (practice sth/doing sth)

7. outside of China 在国外,在中在国之外

8. end up 结束 during the day time 在白天

9. take a holiday/vacation 度假 be awake 醒着的

10. leave school 离校 take lessons at a school 在一所学校上课

11. all year round 全年

12. such as 例如

13. a zoo called/named… 一个叫做……的动物园

14. three quarters of… ……的四分之三(分子用基数词,分母用序数词)

15. wake up 醒来

16. wake somebody up 唤醒/叫醒某人

17. have a great/nice/wonderful/great time 玩得高兴

18. a wonderful place to take a holiday/to visit 一个度假/游览的好地方

19. an English-speaking country 一个讲英语的国家

20. be asleep=fall asleep 睡着 choose to do sth. 选择做某事

21. go on a DISNEY cruise 去一个迪斯尼邮轮.

22. travel to another province of China 到中国的另一个省旅游

23. the reasons for learning English 学英语的原因 .in Southeast Asia 在东南亚

24. an exchange student 一名交换生 win an Oscar 赢得奥斯卡奖

25. improve my listening skills 提高我的听力技能

26. one….,the other.. 一个…另一个(两个中的)…

27. have some problems (in) doing sth. 做某事有困难

28. Three quarters of the population are Chinese. 四分之三的人口是中国人(谓语动词用复数形式)

29. What’s the population of China? 中国的人口是多少?(不用how much提问)

30. the population of China is 1.3 billion 中国的人口是13亿。(谓动词用单形式)

31. as well as 不但…而且,既…又 ( 强调的重点在前面,翻译时先译后面)

目标句型:1.Have you ever been to an amusement park? 你去过游乐园啊?

2.Me neither. Let's go to Water City tomorrow. 我也没去过,明天我们去水城把。

3.Disneyland is an amusement park, but we can also call it a theme park. 迪斯尼乐园是一座游乐园,但是我们还可以把它称为主题公园。

4.The boats take different routes, but they all end up in the same place. That is Disney's own island. 游船会有不同的进行路线,但它们都到达同一个目的地。那里是迪斯尼自己的小路。

5.When I was a young girl, all I ever wanted to do was travel, and I decided that the best way to do this was to become a flight attendant. 当我还是小女孩时,我想做的就是旅行,我认为现实这个愿望最好的方法是成为一名空姐。

6.I discovered that the most important requirement was to speak English well. 我发现最重要的一个要求是讲一口流利的英语,

7. It was because I could speak English that I got the job. 正应为我会讲英语我才拥有了这份工作。

8. For many Chinese tourists, this small island in Southeast Asia is a wonderful place to take a holiday. 对于所有中国游客来说,这个位于东南亚的笑道是一个度假的好地方

10

9.If you're feeling Drave, Singapore is an excellent place to try new food. 如果你自我感觉很勇敢,那么新加坡也是一个品尝新食品的好地方。

10.One great thing about Singapore is than the temperature is almost the same all year round. 有关新加坡一件很棒的事情就是一年到头气温几乎保持不变。

Unit 10 It’s a nice day, isn’t it?

1. feel like doing=want to do sth. 想做某事

2. like to do sth./like doing sth. 喜欢做某事

3. would like to do=want to do 想要做某事

4. want sb. to do 想要某人做某事

5. feel like sth. 觉得像….

6. have a hard/difficult time doing sth 费了很大劲做某事

7. have problem doing sth 做某事有困难

8. have fun doing sth 乐于做某事

9. need to do sth. 需要做某事(主语是人,强调主动)

10. need doing=need to be done 需要被…(主语是物,强调被动)

例如:I need to do my homework The bike needs mending/reparing

11. a thank-you note for.. 感谢信

12. look through 浏览

13. get along/ on well with 相处得好

14. at least 至少 at most 最多 be careful =look out 当心,小心

15. be careful to do/not to do sth. 小心做/不做某事

16. cross a street =go across a street 过街(穿过表面)

17. go through 穿过(空间/房间/森林等)

18. go past 经过/路过 come along 跟着来

19. say in a low/loud voice 小声地/大声地说

20. Sth. cost sb. some money 某物花某人多少钱= something is worth+钱 某物值多少钱

21. Sb. pay some money for sth. 某人为某物付多少钱

Sb. spend some money on sth. 某人花多少钱在某物上

Sb. spend some time (in) doing sth.= It takes sb. some time to do sth. 某人花费多少时间做某事

22. a high/low temperature 高/低温

23. the price is high/low 价格高/低 do/try one’s best to do sth. 努力/尽力做某事

24. by noon 到中午 look through books in a bookstore 浏览书架上的书

25. a boy you’ve never seen before. 你从未见过的一个男孩

26. 以下是带to的动词不定式常见搭配

★希望做某事hope to do sth. ★决定做某事decide to do sth.

★同意做某事agree to do sth. ★需要某人做某事need to do sth.

★使用某物做某事use sth to do sth ★迫不及待做某事can’t wait to do

★准备做某事get/be ready to do ★尽力/努力做某事try to do sth

★计划做某事plan to do sth. ★不得不have to do

★轮流做某事take one’s turns to do sth. ★拒绝做某事refuse to do sth.

★告诉某人做某事tell sb. to do sth. ★请某人做某事ask sb. to do sth.

★希望某人做某事wish sb. to do sth. ★想要某人做某事want /would like sb. to do sth.

★同意某人做某事agree sb. to do sth. ★教某人做某事teach sb. to do sth.

★喜欢/想要某人做某事 like sb. to do sth. ★帮助某人做某事help sb. to do sth/help sb.do

★encourage sb to do 鼓励某人做

★It’s one’s turn to do sth. 轮到某人做某事 例句:It your turn to clean the blackboard.

★It’s time(for sb.) to do sth.是某人做某事时候了 例句:It’s time for me to go home.

★It’s +adj. for/of sb. to do sth. 对于某人来说做某事是……(当adj.是表示性格、品德的形容词时用of)

例句: It is easy for me to learn it well. It is very kind/foolish/nice of you to do so.

★ It takes sb. sometime to do sth. 某人做某事花了某时间

例句: 1.It takes me an hour to get to school by bike. 2.It took me an hour to watch TV last night.

3.It will take her two weeks to finish the work.

★too+adj./adv. to do sth. 太…..而不能 例: He was to angry to say a word.

11

★find/think/feel it +adj. to do sth.发现/认为/感到做某事是… 例: I find/think/feel it hard to learn English well. ★序数词+to do 第…..个做某事 例句:Who is the first to get there?

★我不知/忘记了怎么办。I didn't know/forgot what to do.

★ 离开房间时不要忘记/记住关灯

例句:Don’t forget/Remember to turn off the lights when you left the room

★ be+adj+to do sth 例句:I am very sorry to hear that.

I am ready to help others. I am happy/pleased/glad to meet you.

顺口溜:本领最多不定式,主表定补宾和状;样样成分都能干,只有谓语它不敢;大家千万要小心,有时它把句型改;作主语时用it,自己在后把身藏;七个感官三使役,宾补要把to甩开;疑问词后接上它,宾语从句可充当;逻辑主语不定式,不定式前加for sb.;to前not是否定,各种用法区别开。以下是不带to的动词不定式(即动词原形)的常见用法 ★ let sb. do sth让某人做某事 ★ make do sth使得某人做某事

★ hear do sth do sth听见某人做某事 ★see do sth do sth看见某人做某事

★ why not 或why don’t you +动词原形?为什么不….?(表示建议)例:Why not/Why don’t you take a walk?

★ 某人+had better( not)do 某人最好(不)做某事

★ 情态动词can/may /must /should+ 动词原形(包括情态动词的否定形式+动词原形)

★ 助动词do/does/did/will/would在构成疑问句或者构成否定句即don’t /doesn’t /didn’t /will not /would not+ 动词原形/be going to

+ 动词原形(表示“即将”“打算” 做某事)

目标句型:1.I hope so. 我希望如此

2.It sure is. But it's a little hot for me. 的确如此。但对我来说有点热

3.Their prices are really low. aren't they? 他们的价格确实低廉,不是吗?

4.How much did that shirt cost? 那件衬衫多少钱?

5.Thank you so much for inviting me. 非常感谢你邀请我。

6.I feel like part of the group now. 我现在感觉像是这个集体的一员了

7.He's really good at math, isn't he? 他的数学真的很棒,不是吗?

8.Friends like you make it a lot easier to get along in a new place. 有你们这样朋友(对我来说)去适应这种新环境就容易多了。

9.You’'ve been waiting for ten minutes. 你已经了十分钟了

10.Everyone is here, aren't they ? 大家都来了,是不是?

11.Something is wrong with your bike, isn't it? 你的自行车坏了,是不是?

12

网站首页网站地图 站长统计
All rights reserved Powered by 海文库
copyright ©right 2010-2011。
文档资料库内容来自网络,如有侵犯请联系客服。zhit326@126.com