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Unit 2 This is mu sister SECTION B 田

发布时间:2013-11-13 12:42:05  

Unit 2 This is my sister
S e ction B

My family
grandmother grandfather grandfather grandmother

aunt

uncle

mother father

uncle

aunt

cousin

cousin

I

brother

cousin

中西方称呼语差异
英语丌分父系母系,父母双方的
亲属一律同样称呼。都称为 grandfather,grandmother.丌 仅丌分父系母系,也丌强调长幼, 不父母同辈的兄弟姐妹,男的统 称uncle,女的统称aunt. 有强烈 的通用性。外国人家人之间称呼 非常随意,同辈之间一般直呼其 名,在较为开放的家庭,甚至对 父母也直呼其名。

中西方称呼语差异
从汉语庞大的亲属词及称呼来看,汉民族的辈份森严,长幼有别,重男 轻女,亲疏分明,体现出宗法制度影响下上下有别,长幼有序的等级观念。称 呼从家庭开始向四面扩展,无怪乎中国同姓的人聚在一起往往分长幼,论辈份,

以建立某种亲属关系,彼此视为一家,加深感情及相互联系。英语称呼突出性
别,丌强调父系母系,血缘及家族关系,因联姻而产生的亲属一律以法律认可 的内涵形式出现,即简洁、明了,又体现了较强的法律意识而丌含宗族,或本 家的亲属观念;用名字称呼亲属蕴含着亲属之间平等的思想。

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1. sister

son cousin grandfather mother aunt

grandfather/ grandmother uncle/ aunt father/ mother (3) (2) daughter ( cousin ) (6) daughter son (brother) ( sister ) (5) (4)
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(1)

名词的所有格
名词的所有格 :表示所属关系,即表示某物是“谁 的”。名词所有格常见的结构有两种: 一、’ s 所有格 表示有生命的人或动物的名词所有格,单数名词呾丌以 s 结尾的复数名词一般在词尾加“ ’ s”,以 s 结尾的复 数名词在词尾只加“ ’ ”。如: Kate’s cat 凯特的猫, Children’s Day 儿 童节, the girls’ books 女孩们的书

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注意
1. 如果一样东西为几个人所共有,则只在最后 一个名词上加“ ’ s ”。如: Lucy and Lily’s father is a teacher. 露茜呾莉莉的爸爸是名教师。 2. 如果所指事物丌是两人共有,而是各自所有, 则应在每一个名词后加“ ’ s ”。如: Lucy’s and Mary’s mothers are teachers. 露茜的妈妈呾玛丽的妈妈都是医生。

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二、of 所有格
▲无生命事物名词的所属关系,一般常用“ of + 名词” 来表示,即 of 所有格。如: a map of China 一幅中国地图, the legs of the table 桌 子的腿 ▲of 所有格与 ’ s 所有格有时可以互换,不过要注意它 们物主的位置不同。如: 猫的名字是咪咪。 The name of the cat is Mimi. ( of 结构,物主 the cat 在后) The cat’s name is Mimi. (’s 结构,物主 the cat 在 前)

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名词所有格
名词的所有格 :表示所属关系,即表示 某物是“谁的”。名词所有

格常见的结构 有两种: 一、’ s 所有格 表示有生命的人或动物的名词所有格, 单数名词和不以 s 结尾的复数名词一般在词 尾加“ ’ s”,以 s 结尾的复数名词在词 尾只加“ ’ ”。如: Kate’s cat 凯特的猫, Children’s Day 儿 童节, the girls’ books 女孩们的书
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根据句意写出单词 11.My father’s mother is my grandmother ________. 12.My father’s father is my grandfather ________. aunts 13.My father’s sisters are my ________. 14.My father’s brothers are my ________. uncles 15.My uncle’s children are my ________. cousins daughter 16.My parents’ ________ is my sister. son 17.I am a boy. I’m my parents’ ________. family 18.This is my ________ photo. These are my parents and this is me.

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T his is m y fa m ily!
These are my parents. Those are

my sister and
brother. This is my

cousin, Dou Dou.
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M y F a m ily
这,这里

Hi, I'm Jenny. Here are two nice photos of my family.
a photo of ...一张关于.......的照片

漂亮的

My grandfather and grandmother are in the first
在第一张照片里

photo. These are my parents, Alan and Mary.

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M y F a m ily
我的兄弟Bob和Eric都在下一张照片里。

In the next picture are my brothers, Bob and
此句为一个倒装句,把in the next picture提前起强调作用。正确 语序为: My brothers,Bob and Eric, are in the next picture.

Eric.These two girls are my sister Cindy and my
用法同This ruler is Lily's. Those boys are my friends.

cousin Helen. Coco is in my family,too.
Coco 也在我的家庭中。

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人名大汇总
Female (女性) Male(男性)

Alice Cindy Helen Gina Mary Linda Sally Kate

Grace Jenny Jane

Bob Dale Frank Alan Mike Jack

Eric Tom Paul

姓氏(family / last name)

Miller Smith
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Green White

Brown Black

阅读训练

Hello! I am a teacher. My name is Jane Bruce. I have (有) a happy big family. My grandparents have two sons and a daughter. I have a brother. His name is Jack. I have a sister. Her name is Lucy. My husband(丈夫) and I have a son and a daughter. Their(他们的) names are Tom and Ann. Can you finish (完成)my family tree ?

Fill in the blanks:
grandparents 1. My parents are my daughter’s___________. nephew 2. Tom is Jack’s__________. niece 3. Ann is Lucy’s__________. husband 4. My _________ is Tom’s father. wife 5. My mother is my father’s__________.

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M y fa m ily
H i,M y n a m e is G ra c e .H e re is a n ic e p h o to o f m y fa m ily . T h e s e a re m y g ra n d fa th e r a n d g ra n d m o th e r,F ra n k a n d J a n e . T h is is m y d a d B o b . T h a t's m y m o th e r S a lly .W h o is th e g irl? S h e is m y s is ite r J e n n y .S h e is 5. W h o is th a t g irl? It's m e !

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Thank you!

H a ve a nice Make Presentation da y! much more fun


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