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中考英语句型变换题小练

发布时间:2013-11-13 13:52:22  

中考英语句型变换题小练(有解析)

按要求改写下列句子,每空填一个英语单词。

1. Paul did his homework yesterday evening.(改为否定句) Paul ______ ______ his homework yesterday evening.

2. It's raining very heavily. (改为感叹句)

______ ______ it is raining!

3. Lucy asked him to turn down the radio. (对划线部分提问) ______ ______ Lucy ask him to ______?

4. They will be back in two weeks. (就划线部分提问)

______ ______ ______they be back?

5. The box is too heavy for him to carry. (改为同义句)

The box isn't ______ ______ for him to carry.

6. Kate went to bed last night after her father came back home. (同义句)

Kate ______ ______ to bed last night______ her father ______home.

7. Hurry up, or you'll miss the early bus. (改为含条件状语从句的复合句)

______ ______ hurry, ______ ______miss the early train.

8. This text is very difficult. I can't understand it. (合并为同义句)

This text is ______ difficult for me ______ understand.

9. I really don't know what I should do next. (改为简单句) I really don't know ______ ______ ______next.

10. Jack's father asked him, "Have you packed your things?" (改为间接引语)

Jack's father asked him ______ he ______ packed his things.

【答案与解析】

1. didn't do。行为动词的一般过去时改为否定句时,在行为动词前加

didn't,然后加行为动词改为原形,所以在did前加didn't,并把did改为do。

2. How heavily。将how代替形容词或副词前的very, quite等,并将"how+形容词或副词"移致句首,其他部分不变。

3. What did, do。对动词提问就是问某人做某事,即用what...do提问;此句是行为动词的过去时,所以在主语前加did,改asked改为原形ask,变为疑问句。

4. How soon, will。问某事在多久之后才会发生或结束用how soon来提问。

5. light enough。可用"形容词A+enough to do"把"too +形容词A的反义词+to do"来改写为同义句。

6. didn't go, until, return。其中not...until...意为"直到......才......",return=come back。

7. If you, you will。"祈使句+and / or+陈述句"句型中的祈使句就相当于一个if引导的条件状语从句。注意:改写时因为前面用了连词if,后面的连词and / or要去掉。

8. too, to。因为too...to...意为"太......而不能......"正好与前面的意思相吻合。另外,改写后的句子也可说成The text is so difficult that I can't understand it.

9. what to do。当以疑问词引导的宾语从句的主语与主句主语或宾语相同,且宾语从句中的谓语动词是将来时态或含情态动词时,可用"疑问词+不定式"改为简单句。

10. if, had。将一般疑问句的直接引语改为间接引语,就是将其改为一个以if(是否)引导的宾语从句。宾语从句要用陈述句语序,主句中的谓语动词是过去式时,宾语从句的谓语动词也用过去式。

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